Namaz (Culture)

Article Upload Date: 2017,May 05

In Arabic, it is called "Salat". The term "namaz" is the same term that Zoroastrians use for their prayers. It simply means "ritualistic prayer to the God". Although its origin may be Zoroastrian (or even before), after the conversion of Persia to Islam, it has mainly been used to denote the muslims' daily prayers.

Title Description
Languages: Arabic
pray time : 5 times pray namaz a day
Namaz Name: Fajr. Zuhr , Asr . Maghrib . Isha
EID-UL-FITR PRAYER : Eid-ul-Fitr prayer consists of two rak'ah
Eid-ul-Adha prayer : Eid-ul-Adha prayer consists of two rak'ah
Arabic, it is called : The term
Namaz: is the best among all acts of worship
Dawn prayers (Fajr): 2 Rak'ats. Midday
prayers (Zuhr): 4 Rak'ats.
Afternoon prayers ('Asr): consisting of 4 Rak'ats
Dusk prayers (Maghrib): 3 Rak'ats
Night prayers ('Isha) : 4 Rak'ats.
How to Perform Salah : Having cleansed yourself by Wudu, you may proceed to perform Salah
called Namaz.: The Muslim prayer is called Namaz. In Islam,
Funeral Prayer : Salatul Janzah is Fard Kafayah
Tahajjud Prayer: prayer performed by becoming awake after sleep at night







Namaz is the best among all acts of worship. If it is accepted by the Almighty Allah, other acts of worship are also accepted. And, if prayers are not accepted, other acts are also not accepted. Offering of prayers five times during day and night purifies us of sins in the same manner as bathing five times during day and night makes our body clean of all filth and dirt. It is befitting that one should offer prayers punctually. A person who considers prayers to be something ordinary and unimportant is just like one who does not offer prayers at all. The holy Prophet has said that a person who does not attach any importance to prayers and considers it to be something insignificant deserves chastisement in the hereafter. Once, while the holy Prophet was present in the Mosque (i.e. Masjidun Nabi), a man entered and began offering prayers but did not perform the Ruku' and Sajdah properly. The holy Prophet said: "If this man dies and his prayers continue to be this way, he will not depart on my religion". Hence, one should not offer one's prayers hurriedly. While offering prayers one should remember Allah constantly and should offer the prayers humbly and with all solemnity. One should keep in mind the Greatness of Almighty Allah with whom one communes while offering prayers and should consider oneself to be very humble and insignificant before His Grandeur and Glory. And if a person keeps himself absorbed in these thoughts while performing prayers he becomes unmindful and oblivious to himself, just as when an arrow was pulled out of the foot of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (peace be on him) while he was offering prayers but he did not become aware of it.[1] offering prayers  -  Not become aware of it Furthermore, one who performs prayers should be repentant and should refrain from all sins and especially those which are an impediment in the way of acceptance of one's prayers (e.g. jealousy, pride, backbiting, eating haraam things, drinking intoxicating beverages, non-payment of Khums and Zakat). In fact, he should refrain from all sins. Similarly, he should avoid acts which diminish the reward for prayers like praying when one is drowsy or restless because of an urge to urinate, and while offering prayers he should not look up towards the sky. On the other hand, one should perform such acts which increase the reward like wearing an Aqiq, wearing clean clothes, combing the hair, brushing the teeth and using perfume.[2] diminish the reward -  prayers like praying The following six prayers are obligatory: Daily Namaz. Namaz-e-Ayaat. Namaz-e-Mayyit. Namaz for the obligatory Tawaf of the holy Ka'bah. Qadha Namaz of father which are, as a precaution, obligatory upon his eldest son. Namaz which become obligatory on account of hire, vow or oath. Namaz-e-Jumuah is included in the Daily Namaz. It is obligatory to perform the following five prayers during day and night:[3] It is obligatory to perform -  Following five prayers Dawn prayers (Fajr) - 2 Rak'ats. Midday (Zuhr) and Afternoon prayers ('Asr) - each one consisting of 4 Rak'ats. Dusk prayers (Maghrib) - 3 Rak'ats and Night prayers ('Isha) - 4 Rak'ats.

Amounts of Rakat for each time


  1. First two rakat Sunnat Mokadda
  2. Two rakat Fard


  1. Four rakat Sunnat Mokadda
  2. Four rakat Fard
  3. Two rakat sunnat Mokadda
  4. Two rakat Nafl (Optional but spiritually beneficial)


  1. Four rakat sunnat ghair mokadda (Optional but spiritually beneficial)
  2. Four rakat Fard


  1. Three rakat Fard
  2. Two rakat Sunnat Mokadda
  3. Two rakat nafl (Optional but spiritually beneficial)


  1. Four rakat sunnat e Ghair Mokadda (Optional but spiritually beneficial)
  2. Four rakat Fard
  3. Two Rakat Sunnat Mokadda
  4. Two rakat Nafil (Optional but spiritually beneficial)
  5. Three rakat Wajib
  6. Two rakat Nafil (Optional but spiritually beneficial)
Must be with Wudu for all Salahs. Do you know how to perform Wudu? Click here for instructions.[4] Namaz -  Amounts of Rakat for each time

How to Perform Salah

Having cleansed yourself by Wudu, you may proceed to perform Salah. Wudu is a ritual cleansing. Before you begin your Salah, however, you must make sure that you have a clean body, a clean place to pray, and that you are wearing clothing free of impurities. The minimum clothing required during Salah is:[5] How to Perform Salah -  For male And Female
  • For males: Any clothing that covers from the naval to the knees. It is preferable to cover the shoulders.
  • For females: Any clothing that covers all of the body (including the head) except the face, hands, and according to Imam Abu-Hanifah the toes and a portion of the front of the feet.

Prayer is called Namaz.

The Muslim prayer is called Namaz. In Islam, we believe in a direct connect between every human and God. No person is more "blessed" or at a "higher position" then another. We need no intermediate link/person to help us communicate with god. All of us are equal. This communication is facilitated via namaz.   Since you ask what we actually pray, Let me try and make this answer as simple as possible for you. Each namaz, consists of repetitions of a single unit called a rakaat. Each rakaat consists of the following:[6] The Muslim -  prayer is called Namaz
  • Step 1
We raise our hands as shown in the below pic and we say "Allah-u-akbar" (God is the greatest).
  • Step 2
We now recite the first chapter of the Quran called the Surah Fateha. This is followed by any part of the Quran one wishes to recite. (It could be a single verse or a couple of chapters , anything we want) While reciting these , we stand straight , with our hands folded on our chests
  • Step 3
We now bow and say Subhanna rabbiyal 'adheem” (3 tmes) ­  (Which means- 'Far removed from every imperfection is my Lord, the Great)
  • Step 4
Rise up again and while rising we say “Sami'Allahu li man hamdidah (Translation : Allah hears the one who praises Him) Once we are standing straight , we then say "Rabbana walakal-hamd” (O our Rabb (Lord)! All the praise is due to You)
  • Step 5
Completely prostrate on the ground in the following manner and say "Subhaana Rabiyyal-'Alaa” (3 tmes) (Far removed is my Rabb, the Most High, from any Imperfection)
  • Step 6
Sit up
  • Step 7
(Repeat Step 4) and say "Subhaana Rabiyyal-'Alaa” (3 tmes) (Far removed is my Rabb, the Most High, from any Imperfection) This is usually repeated in couplets ( All 7 steps done twice ). [7] This is usually -  All 7 steps done twice

Additional info

We pray 5 times a day as follows[8] Additional info  -  We pray 5 times a day
  1. Fajr - Early morning prayer (2 rakaats)
  2. Zuhr - Afternoon prayer (4 rakaats)
  3. Asr - Evening prayer (4 rakaats)
  4. Maghrib- After sunset prayer (3 rakaats)
  5. Isha- Night prayer (4 + 3 rakaats)

Funeral Prayer

 Funeral Prayer

Funeral Prayer

Salatul Janzah is Fard Kafayah, that is, if one prays the prayer than all are bareeuz zimma otherwise all those who received the news but did not come are sinners. Jammat is not a condition for this prayer, it is sufficient even if one person prays, and to deny the fardiat, compulsion, of this salah is kufr, an act of disbelief.[9] Salatul Janzah -  Funeral Prayer There are two parts of this Salah:
  1. To say Allahu Akbar four times
  2. Qayam which was three Sunnat Mukeda: Sana, Durood Shareef, and Duaa for the deceased


Namaz EID UL Fitr

Namaz EID UL Fitr

Eid-ul-Fitr prayer consists of two rak'ah in congregation.  After the niyah: Navaiytu-an Usalli Rak'aatil Wajibi  Salaatha Eid il Fitr Ma'a Takbeerathi-Wajibah" The Imam and the followers say Allahu Akbar and fold hands just as in any other

Prayer and recite quietly thana

  •   Subhaanaka Allahumma Wabi Hamdika Wa Tha Baarakasmuka
  •   Wa Tha 'Aala Jadduka, Wa Laa Ilaaha Ghairuk
  • Then the congregation says Allahu Akbar Seven times. Everytime raising hands to the
  • ears and dropping them except the last time hands are folded and then the Imam
  • Recites  Surah-e-Fatiha and another Surah. Then the congregation performs ruku
  • and Sajuud as in other prayers.  This completes the first rak'ah.
  • During the second rak'ah, after the congregation rises up from the first rak'ah
  • and folds hands, then the Imam says five takbirat, followed by the congregation,
  • every time raising the hands to the ears and dropping them except the last
  • time when the hands are folded.  The Imam recites Surah-e-Fatiha and another
  • Surah and the second ruku and sajuud  are performed as in other prayers.
  • After the Eid prayer is completed, there is a Khutbah, or Sermon.

perform Eid-ul-Adha prayer

Namaz EID UL Adha

Namaz EID UL Adha

Eid is a special occasion and one of the things which makes it so is the Eid-ul-Adha congregational prayer. Since this prayer comes only once a year, there is often confusion about how to perform this prayer. Here is how to do it:[10] Eid-ul-Adha -  Congregational prayer In general, when praying any Salah, always follow the Imam in prayer. Do not make your movements (i.e. bowing, prostrating, etc.) before he does or different from him. Eid prayer consists of two units (Rakat in Arabic, singular is Raka). The main difference in the way this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat is performed is the number of Takbirs that are done. Takbirs is an the Arabic word referring to when "Allahu Akbar" is said and the hands are raised to the ears.[11] Arabic word referring to when -  Allahu Akbar
  • Step 1 Make an intention of doing two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs.
  1. The First Raka
  • Step 2 After the Imam has said "Allahu Akbar" the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer.
  • Step 3 There will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting Quran. Each time the Imam says "Allahu Akbar", you should follow by raising your hands, then putting them on your sides.
  • After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on top of the left.
  • Step 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah.
  • Step 5 When the Imam says "Allahu Akbar" go into Ruku (the bowing position).
  • Step 6 Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him), and say "Rabbana lakal Hamd" (our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice.
  • Step 7 When the Imam says "Allahu Akbar" go into Sujud (prostration). You will do two prostrations as in normal prayer
2 . The Second Raka
  • Step 8: The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran (first Surah Al Fatiha and another Surah.
  • Step 9: After the recitation, before going into Ruku, there will be 3 Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each "Allahu Akbar". After the third Takbir, go into Ruku (the bowing position).
  • Step 10: Stand up straight when the Imam says Sami Allah huliman Hamidah, and say "Rabbana lakal Hamd" in a low voice.
  • Step 11: When the Imam says "Allahu Akbar" go into Sujud. You will do two prostrations.
  • Step 12: After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud.
  • Step 13: After the Imam ends the prayer by turning to his face to the right first and saying "Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah" and then to his left and doing the same, you should follow.
  • Step 14: Do not get up right away. The Imam will give a short Khutbah (speech). Please stay still and listen. It is recommended to do so.

Tahajjud Prayer The Night Prayer



Tahajjud prayer (prayer performed by becoming awake after sleep at night) and other prayers offered at night-time Every time has a specific feature in Allah's sight. However, certain times are more valuable than others, and they are to be taken advantage of. And night-time is one of these times that the Qur'an and the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh) describe as valuable. The value that Allah ascribes to night-time and the secrets hidden in it are countless. Allah says: " The night and its homing[12] becoming awake after -  sleep at night

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