Punjab is a province of Pakistan that has a provincial government regulated under the 1973 constitution of Pakistan. It has unicameral legislation which consists of 297 members. Governor is operating as a provincial head while Chief Minister is an administrative leader assisted by Chief Secretary. Lahore is the headquarters of the Punjab administration and all of the issues are reported here to the authoritarians of the government.
Punjab has a total of forty-eight departments headed by a minister each. The provincial ministers report to the Chief Minister who is appointed by the Prime Minister. Furthermore, there are many districts in Punjab which is administrated by District Commissioners assisted by Tehsildar and additional secretary.
They report to the Chief Secretary directly. This article comprises all the details about the government including the Government of Punjab History.
|The seat of Government:||Lahore|
|Speaker:||Rana Muhammad Iqbal Khan|
|Local Language Name:||حکومت پنجاب|
|Chief Minister:||Shehbaz Sharif|
|Governor Punjab:||Rafique Rajwana|
|High Court:||Lahore High Court|
|Chief Justice:||Justice Khawaja Imtiaz Ahmad|
|Members in Assembly:||371|
|Metro Projects:||Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi|
|Ministry Executives:||Chief Minister Punjab: Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif, Governor Punjab: Rafique Rajwana since 10 May 2015|
|Major Functions:||Pubic funds, Financial rules, Civil Service Rules, Administration of provincial loans, Examination, Administration of emoluments, Audit matters|
|Departments :||48 departments in the Punjab government|
|Departments headed by:||Provincial Minister & Provincial Secretary|
|Legislature with:||297 elected Members and 74 reserved seats|
|Metrobus Projects:||Lahore Metro Completed|
|Islamabad Metrobus:||Inaugurated on 4 June 2015|
|Multan Metrobus:||Inaugurated on 24 January 2017|
|Faisalabad Metrobus:||Have also been planned|
Government of Punjab History
Punjab’s history roots back to Alexander 3AD. He conquered most of the areas of Pakistan including Punjab. After Alexander’s death in 4 AD, the province is conquered and occupied by the Sikhs followed by Mangol and Mughal Rulers. Mughals remained in power till 1752AD. Their architectures of the age still exist in Lahore. The province was considered to be the capital of the Mughals.
The architecture of Mughals was mentioned by the famous English poet, John Milton, who considered Lahore and Agra as The Seat of Great Mughals. After Mughal’s rule, the region was occupied by Ahmad Shah Durrani, who invaded the Mughals in 1761 and occupied Punjab and Kashmir.
After Durrani’s rule, the region came in control of the British Raj after 1857 and ruled Punjab till the independence of Pakistan. Many departments including Railway were established under British Rule but they exploited the resources of Punjab and as a whole of Pakistan and exported it to foreign countries including Arabs and Europe.
In 1947, after the division of the Subcontinent, Punjab was made a province of Pakistan and Lahore was made the capital of Punjab and a provincial government was set up in the province.
Moreover, by population, Punjab is considered to be the largest province of Pakistan and several autonomous departments report directly to the provincial Chief Secretary. The office of the Additional Inspector General and Sub-secretariat has been established for the improvement of the management system.
After the independence of Pakistan, Punjab was made a separate province and Governor was made the head of the province by the provincial government while Chief Minister was appointed as an administrative leader. The Prime Minister of Pakistan has the authority to select the Chief Minister of a province.
Furthermore, Lahore was made as provincial headquarters and Chief Secretary was appointed to assist Chief Minister and directly report to him. The political history of overall Pakistan remained disturbed due to Martial Laws and the governor’s power was immensely increased.
During martial laws of 1958 and 1977, a direct governor rule came into being as assemblies were dissolved and provincial chief ministers were removed from their posts. As of now, the governance system is structured under the constitution of 1973 of Pakistan.
The provincial assembly of Punjab has unicameral legislation which contains 297 members/ seats which contain sixty-six seats of women and 8 seats of minorities.
The government of Punjab is structured under the constitution of 1973 of Pakistan. Governor is elected by the members of the provincial assembly. The governor has not that much power as a provincial Chief Minister has, who is directly appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Although the assembly was dissolved many times due to martial laws and Chief Minister’s post was removed by the Martial Administrators but reappointed on their posts in civil governments.
Furthermore, Chief Minister is the administrative leader who assists the chief minister in almost all of the issues. The province is divided into many departments which has a separate minister of each. Moreover, there are many districts headed by district commissioners who are assisted by tehsildar, assistant commissioner as well as other officials and directly report to the provincial chief secretary.
Government of Punjab Departments
There are a total of 48 administrative departments in Punjab headed by a provincial minister each. The list of provincial departments is as follow:
- Higher Education
- Board of Revenue
- Disaster Management
- Excise and Taxation
- Human Rights
- Industries and Commerce
- Bait –ul- Maal
- Environment Protection
- Information and Culture
- Information and Technology
- Law and Parliamentary Affairs
- Management and Professional Development
- School Education
- Social Welfare
- Public Prosecution
- Zakat and Ushr
- Literacy and Non – Formal Education
- Services and General Administration
- Planning and Development
- Special Education
- Labor and Human Resources
- Mines and Minerals
- Population Welfare
- Livestock and Dairy Development
- Youth Affairs and Sports
- Housing and Urban Development
- Governor – Mohammad Server
- Chief Minister – Sardar Usman Buzdar
- Chief Secretary – Jawad Rafique Malik
Speaker and Deputy Speaker
- Speaker – Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Pakistan Muslim League –N)
- Deputy Speaker – Dost Mohammad Mazari (Pakistan Tehreek –i- Insaaf)
List of Governors of Punjab
- Chaudhry Altaf Hassan – (1994 – 1995)
- Raja Saroop Khan – (1995 – 1996)
- Khwaja Tariq Raheem – (1996 – 1997)
- Shahid Hamid – (1997 – 1999)
- Mohammad Safdar – (1999 – 2001)
- Khalid Maqbool – (2001 – 2008)
- Salman Taseer – (2008 – 2011)
- Rana Mohammad Iqbal – (2011 – 2012)
- Latif Khosa – (2011 – 2012)
- Syed Ahmad Mehmood – (2012 – 2013)
- Mohammad Sarwar – (2013 – 2015)
- Malik Mohammad Rafique Rajwana – (2015 – 2018)
- Mohammad Sarwar – (2018 – Present)