The Government of Balochistan is a provincial government of Pakistan that is headed by the governor of the province. The head of the province is appointed by the President of the country. The Chief Minister of the province is considered to be the Chief Executive of the provincial government who is elected by the provincial assembly of Balochistan.
While Chief Secretary is the administrator of the province who is elected by Pakistan’s Prime Minister. Quetta is the headquarters of all administrative bodies. Baluchistan is the largest province of Pakistan by area which has a history of the Stone Age followed by Alexander, Ghaznavids, Arabs, Mughals, Mongols, and Britains. This article comprises all the information including the Government of Balochistan History.
|Women Members in Assembly :||3 Women’s|
|Votes Turnout :||43% of registered voters|
|Leader of Opposition:||Moulana Abdul Wasey, (JUI-F)|
|Departments headed by:||Provincial Secretaries|
|Quetta Municipal Committee:||Constituted on October 17, 1896|
|Members of Committee:||The committee consisted of 10 members|
|First elections :||In November 1959|
|In 1972:||Quetta Municipal Committee was raised and a full-time Senior Govt|
|In 1979:||local government system was introduced|
|Seat of Government:||Quetta|
|Assembly:||Provincial Assembly of Balochistan|
|Speaker:||Raheela Hameed Durrani|
|Members in Assembly:||65|
|Governor:||Muhammad Khan Achakzai|
|Chief Minister:||Nawab Sanaullah Zehri|
|Chief Secretary:||Saifullah Chattah|
|High Court:||Balochistan High Court|
|Chief Justice:||Justice Qazi Faez Isa|
|Local Language Name:||بلوچستان کی حکومت|
|Departments:||District Database, Finance Department Planning & Development Department,|
Table of Contents
Government of Balochistan History
The history of Baluchistan goes back to Alexander who conquered the region and stayed here for a decade in 312 AD. In 712 AD, Muslim Conqueror, Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi took control of the region, and thousands of people were converted to Islam due to his faithful governance. Their empire lasted till 1213. In 1213, Mangols occupied the region and governed the people brutally.
In 1595, the Mughals invaded the region followed by Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747. The Muslims ruled till the invasion of Britain. Britain occupied the region after 1857 and signed treaties with the people of Kalaat. Afghan Wars of 1839 and 1879 helped the British to take control of the region easily.
Sir Robert Sandeman was the first Chief Commissioner of the province who was employed in Balochistan for implementing British strategies in the province. The British Rule lasted till the independence of Pakistan in 1947 while Balochistan became a separate province of Pakistan in the year 1955.
The political history of the province goes back to Quetta Panclinat when a political agent along some merchant’s class people was used to be the members of the governing body. Quetta Municipal Law was publicized in 1896 which resulted in the constitution of 1896. The committee contained ten members which included a chairman, political agent, four nominated, and five ex-officio members of the committee.
The number of members increased in 1905 and Assistant P.A was nominated as Vice Chairman of the provincial committee. The earthquake of 1935 destroyed most of the city areas which affected the role of the administration. Municipal Law was reorganized by making a new committee under the government’s new rule.
Political Agent along with committee members and Shahi Jirga favored Pakistan to join before the independence and became a part of a new state in 1947.
Current Government System
The current system of governance was set up in the year 1979. The aim of the governing system is to promote people’s interest in development. The election of local bodies was held in 1979 and 48 candidates were appointed as councilors among which one was labor councilor, three lady councilors, and two minority councilors.
BLGO (Baluchistan Local Government Ordinance was introduced in 1980. Zakriya Khan became the 1st Chairman of Municipal Corporation in 1981.
The Mayor of the province is the head of the Municipal Corporation who is appointed by a sixty-six member’s council. Among which one is a worker, two are Non – Muslims, and three are women.
The administrator who is appointed by the provincial government is the head of the Municipal Corporation as the council was suspended by the provincial government. The administrator is assisted by a team containing the Commissioner of Municipality, Engineer, Chief Officer, Account Officer, and a Magistrate.
The Municipality is established in order to:
- Prevent Infectious Decease
- Regulate Drainage and disposal of wastes
- Provide relief procedure in emergency
- Maintain Slaughter House
- Regulate construction of buildings
- Register Birth and Death
The current administrative headquarters is situated in Quetta, capital of Baluchistan. It is the central authority of all departments. All types of provincial decisions are made in the headquarters and secretaries of all districts are under their control. Chief Minister is the head of administration.
Besides the judiciary, all of the provincial departments are controlled by Chief Secretary who is assisted by Section Officers and Deputy Secretaries. All of the provincial departments have their respective Director Generals who facilitate secretaries of the departments of their kind.
At the district level, the government is headed by a Deputy Commissioner (DC), who is assisted by (A-C) Assistant Commissioner, Tehsildar, Magistrate, Naib Tehsildar, and many others. The Deputy Commissioner of the district is the political agent of the state whose function is to collect revenue and maintain law through their police and levies.
The Provincial Assembly of Baluchistan consists of a total of sixty-five members. Among the provincial Assembly seats, 3 seats are reserved for minorities while eleven seats are reserved for women.
Current Administrative Personnel
- Governor – Amanullah Khan Yasinzai
- Chief Minister – Jam Kamal Khan
- Chief Secretary – Mathar Niaz Rana
There is a total of 27 administrative departments that are controlled by ministers and secretaries and headed by the Chief Secretary of the province. Departments of the province are as follow:
- Chief Minister Inspection Team
- Agricultural and Cooperatives
- Environment, Sports and Youth Affairs
- Forest and Wildlife
- Industries and Commerce
- Communication Works, Physical Planning and Housing
- Home and Tribal Affairs
- Board of Revenue
- Mines and Minerals
- Law and Parliamentary Affairs
- Planning and Development
- Population Welfare
- Provincial Transport Authority
- Local Government and Rural Development
- Baluchistan Police
- Energy Department
- Urban Planning and Development
- Science and Information Technology
- Livestock and Dairy Development
- Provincial Disaster and Management Authority
- Civil Defense
- Printing and Stationery
- Women Development Authority
- Excise, Taxation, and Anti–Narcotics
There are five independent bodies of the province which are as follow:
- Balochistan Development Authority
- Balochistan Public Service Commission
- Quetta Development Authority
- Baluchistan Technical and Vocational Training Authority
- Gawadar Development Authority