The government of KPK is a provincial government structured under the constitution of 1973. It contains a cabinet that comprises members of the civil staff and assembly of KPK. They are appointed by the provincial head. The province has a unicameral legislation governance system and Chief Minister is the head of the provincial assembly who is responsible for government functioning.
The Governor of KPK is the head of the provincial state while the chief secretary is the administrative leader of the province. The province is officially divided into thirty-two districts which are administrated by the head of the province.
The provincial headquarters are located in Peshawar, Capital of KPK, formerly known as NWFP (Northwest Frontier Province). This article contains all the information including the Government of KPK History.
|The seat of Government:||Peshawar|
|Assembly:||KP Provincial Assembly|
|Members in Assembly:||124|
|Governor:||Zafar Iqbal Jhagra|
|Chief Minister:||Pervaiz Khattak|
|Chief Secretary:||Amjid Ali Khan|
|High Court:||Peshawar High Court|
|Chief Justice:||Justice Mazhar Alam Miankhel|
|Departments:||Communication & Works,Elementary & Secondary Education,Energy & Power,Finance,Food,Health,Planning & Development,Housing,Industries,Imformation|
|Ministries:||Minister for Agriculture, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Finance, Minister of Health, Minister of Local Government, Minister of Minerals Development, Minister of Revenue and Estate|
Table of Contents
Government of KPK History
The history of KPK goes back to the Indus Valley Civilization of 1300BC followed by Indo Aryans who invaded the region and traded here for many years. After Aryan, the region entered Gandhara Civilization followed by Persian and Greek invaders. Alexander ruled the area in 327 BC and advanced to Taxila and Vicaea where the king of Taxila, Omphis joined him. After some time Alexander advanced to modern-day KPK and made his base here.
The region was occupied by the Shahis of Kabul after the death of Alexander and made Kallar their capital but Mehmood Ghaznavi invaded the Shahis of Kabul and governed the region for more than a century under Ghaznavi Empire. After Mehmood of Ghazni, Dehli Sultanate and Pashtuns took control of the province. After the decline of the Dehli Sultanate, the Mughals occupied the region in 1505 BC followed by Sher Shah Suri, Durrani, Sikh, and British Raj.
After the invasion of Britain, the region came in their control and signed many treaties with the Pashtuns of FATA and Baluchistan and remained in control till the division of the subcontinent in 1947. Ninety percent of Pashtun tribes favored joining Pakistan before independence.
A political setup is formed after independence and unicameral legislation is established under the constitution of 1973. The province is lead by the Governor, head of the provincial government. Many political leaders who ruled the region under the newly formed political structure among which the parties of ANP, PPP, JUI, and PTI are significant.
The border tension between Pakistan and Afghanistan increased when the Afghan government claimed FATA as the part of Afghanistan, which has now recently merged with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa under the amendment of the constitution. Furthermore, the province was divided into districts, and commissioners are made as to their heads.
They regulate law and ensure security but due to terrorism in FATA, the political system remained disturbed for more than a decade. After PTI came into power, the political system re-established and terrorism reduced in 2018.
The government of KPK regulates under the constitution of 1973 of Pakistan. It contains a provincial assembly of 145 members among which three seats are reserved for minority and twenty-two seats for women. The head of the assembly, Chief Minister of the province is elected by the assembly members who form ministers’ cabinet in order to keep control of many other departments. Chief Minister is considered to be the province’s chief executive.
The Governor of the province is the head of the provincial government who is appointed by the federal government of Pakistan, who is further assisted by the chief secretaries of other departments and additional secretaries.
Furthermore, additional secretaries of all departments are facilitated by DC (Deputy Commissioner), AC (Assistant Commissioner), and section officers of the districts. The Commissioner of the district is the agent of government and responsible for maintaining law and collecting revenues through district police and levies.
According to the 2017 census of Pakistan, the region of KPK has a total area of 101,742 square kilometers.
As per the 2017 census of Pakistan, the province had a total population of 35.50 million inhabitants.
Currently, the province of KPK has unicameral legislation consisted of 145 members under the constitution of 1973. The provincial seats contain 99 permanent seats and the rest contain three seats of minority and one seat of women.
- Governor – Shah Farman
- Chief Minister – Mehmood Khan
- Chief Secretary – Dr. Kazim Niaz
Government of KPK Departments
There are a total of 28 provincial departments among which some are as follow:
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
- Department of Auqaf
- Department of Energy and Power
- Department of Administration
- Department of Food
- Department of Environment
- Department of Finance
- Department of Health
- Department of Industries
- Department of Irrigation
- Department of Law
- Department of Planning and Development
- Department of Excise and Taxation
- Department of Transport
- Department of Local Government
- Department of Zakat and Ushr
- Department of Revenue and Estate
- Department of Housing
- Department of Sports and Tourism
- Department of Mineral Development
- Department of Communication and Works
Government of KPK Ministries
There are a total of twenty-eight ministries among which some are as follow:
- Mohammad Atif – Food Minister
- Amjad Ali – Housing Minister
- Shah Mohammad Khan – Transport Minister
- Shehram Khan Tarakai – Minister of Elementary and Secondary Education
- Shaukat – Minister of Labor and Culture
- Anwar Zeb Khan – Minister of Zakat and Ushr
- Taimur Saleem Khan – Minister of Health and Finance
- Riaz Khan – Minister of Communication and Works
- Abdul Kareem Khan – Minister of Industries and Commerce
- Wazir Zada – Minister of Minority Affairs
- Kamran Khan Bangash – Minister of Higher Education
- Ayesha Naeem – Minister of Administration
- Hisham Inamullah Khan – Minister of Social Welfare
- Taj Mohammad – Minister of Power
- Muhibullah Khan – Agricultural Minister
The Judiciary of the province is an autonomous body that explains and applies the law. The branch is responsible for maintaining justice through hearings and decisions in every type of legal case.
Accountability Commission KPK
In the political history of Pakistan, the government of KPK announced the commission for accountability under which a number of ministers are interrogated and accused of corruption. Millions of Pakistan Rupees were washed and ceased up under fraud by the provincial government.