Naushara
Naushara

Naushera, also Naoshera is a historical town of the Soon valley of Salt Range in the Punjab, Pakistan. Naushera is surrounded by high hills, beutifull lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. Naushera is also blessed with ancient civilization , natural resources, and fertile farms. The major settlement of the valley Nausehra lies almost in the geographical centre of the valley and is located at 72 29 north latitude and 32 34 58 west longitude. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3000 feet.[1] naushera – wordpress.com Naushehra, (Urdu: نوشہره), is a town and sub-Tehsil (administrative subdivisions) of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.[2] Local Government – Elections It is the main town of Soon Valley. The town is situated 48 kilometers (30 mi) from Khushab city and 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Kallar Kahar town in the heart of valley, surrounded by high hills, lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. It is also an area of ancient civilization, natural resources, and fertile farms. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2,500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3,000 feet.

TitleDescription
Information
Location:Pakistan
City Council:Government of Punjab
Type:Town and sub-Tehsil of Khushab District
Local Language Name:Pashto
Province:Punjab Province
Coordinates :32°34’08
District:Khushab District
Region:Punjab
Language
Official Language:Urdu
Native Language:Punjabi
Other Languages:Urdu,Punjabi,English
Government
Government Type:Government of Punjab
Area
City:Naushara
Population
Total Population:103,1,000( 2006)
Time zone
Time zone:PST (UTC+5)
Codes
Postal code:24100
Dialing code:454
Vehicle registration:Three letters beginning with N and random four numbers

Naushara NausharaNausharaNausharaNaushara

Details

History

At some time between the era of Mahmud of Ghazni and Sultan Shahab ud din Ghori Arabs marauders captured the mountainous region of Salt range and settled in the mountains after they defeated the Janjuas, Gakhars, and other Rajput tribes until they permanently settled here.[3] History – naushera It is stated in the Imperial Gazetteer of India that They are essentially a tribe of the Salt Range, where they once held independent possessions of very considerable extent, and in the western and central portions of which they are still the dominant race.While writing about the Chiefs of Punjab, Sir Lepel Henry Griffin states in his book entitled, The Panjab Chiefs: the most authentic book on the subject that;
All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of Ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.[4] sites – google.com

People

Awan are the major people inhabiting Naushera. H.A. Rose writes, “But in the best available account of the tribe, the Awans are indeed said to be of Arabian origin and descendants of Qutb Shah.”[5] A Glossary – Tribes Sir Lepel H. Griffin writes in his book The Panjab Chiefs (1865 Edition) that:
All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.The head of the tribe or village in the Soon valley was known as Raees-Azam. The last Raees-Azam of Naushera was Qazi Mazhar Qayyum. With the growth of industrialization in the country and lack of development programs in the area and migration of people of Naushera towards big cities of the country and even foreign countries, the tribal solidarity is becoming weak. The process of industrialisation has been rapidly destroying the age-old customs and traditions of this ancient tribe and patriarchal society. The other sub branches and small tribes of Naushera are Latifal, Jurwal, Radhnal, Sheraal.[6] Sir Michael – O’Dwyer

Martial Race

With the advent of the British Raj a new profession was opened for the local people. The Awans were classified to be “martial race”. The British recruited army heavily from Naushera for service in the colonial army, and as such, the Awans also formed an important part of the British Indian Army, serving with distinction during World Wars II and I. Of all the Muslim groups recruited by the British, proportionally, the Awans produced the largest number of recruits during the First and Second World Wars. Contemporary historians, namely Professor Ian Talbot and Professor Tan Tai Yong, have written works that cite the Awans (amongst other tribes) as being looked upon as a martial race by not only the British, but neighbouring tribes as well.
Of these perhaps the most interesting were the Awans of the Salt Range.It occurred to Wilson and me, who spent much time among them and every year had to send hundreds of them to prison for violent breaches of the peace, that it would be for their good and ours to open a career for the young” bloods” in the Army. A new battalion was then being raised. We induced the Commandant to come down to the great Horse Fair in 1888 or 1889, and persuaded the Awan graybeards to bring in some hundreds of their young men- preferably the wilder spirits. Recruiting caught on like wild-fire, and in twenty years the Awan soldier had made his name and was to be found in nearly every Mohammedan company or squadron recruited in the Punjab. The material benefits were of no small value to a poor and frugal tribe; but they valued even more the increased izzat (honour) which military service confers in the Punjab. In the Great War nearly every fit man of military age came forward from these Awan villages, and an inspiring sight was to see the batches of young recruits escorted for miles on their way by their mothers, wives, and sisters, singing songs of the brave deeds of their forefathers and urging the young men to emulate them.[7] I knew it – 1885-1925

Culture

Being a tribe of Arab origin, the local people follows Islamic culture and traditions. Unlike the other parts of Punjab where most people, follow the Indian form of the marriage ceremony, the marriages in Naushera are still arranged according to Islamic traditions and the wedding ceremony usually takes place at the mosques. Nikah is attended by close family members, relatives, and friends of groom and bride. Usually, the men and women are made to sit separately, in different rooms, or have a purdah (curtain) separating them. Luddi is famous folk dance on occasions of happiness. Also dhol and shehnai are famous musical instruments for celebrations.[1] naushera – wordpress.com

Qazis of Naushera

Naushera has produced families of qadis, Muslim jurists who used to live in the Mahalla Qazian Wala. The best known qazis of this family were Qazi Kalim Allah, Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. Qazi Mian Ahmad, Qazi Mazhar Qayyum, Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Qazi Zafar Hussain.Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad was born of the qadis family of Naushera, Soon Valley. He was a descendant of Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam from Al-Abbas ibn Ali. He was grand son of Qazi Kalim Allah, the Muslim qadi and jurist of Naushera in the time of Mughal emperors. He was a legal scholar of the Hanafi school of Islamic law. During the period of British government, he rendered legal opinions on Islamic laws and Fiqh.Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera was the second son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. He was known as Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera. He was a scholar of Islamic law. In the age of British government when cases were decided according to English law, Muslims consulted him for his legal opinions on Islamic laws. He issued many “fatwas” like his father and was well known in the field Hanafi school of law. His son Dr. Mazafar ul Haq was the first of those Pakistanis who had a M.B.B.S. degree. He died in 1954 and was buried in Naushera.Khan Sahib Qazi Zafar Hussain, was the third son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. In 1945, he was awarded by the title of Khan Sahib by the British Government in recognition of his services. He used his family and political influence to help the people of his area. He died in 1968. He was buried in Naushera, Soon Valley.[8] naushera apageof – history

Tehsils of District Noushera

There are three Tehsils in district Nowshera they are

  1. Jahangira Tehsil
  2. Nowshera Tehsil
  3. Pabbi Tehsil

National Assembly Seats according to 2013 General Elections

  1. NA 5 Nowshera-I MNA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  2. NA 6 Nowshera-II MNA Siraj Muhammad Khan (PTI)

KPK Assembly seats according to 2013 General Election

  1. PK 12 Nowshera-I MPA Khaleeq ur Rehman (PTI)
  2. PK 13 Nowshera-II MPA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  3. PK-14 Nowshera-III MPA Jashaid uddin (PTI)
  4. PK 15 Nowshera-IV MPA Muhammad Idrees (PTI)
  5. PK 16 Nowshera-V MPA Qurban Ali Khan (PTI)

Naushara Union Councils

Naushera District Council LG Elections Held On 30 May 2015Naushera Tehsil CouncilsNaushera Village (Neighborhood) Council
Tehsil Council Pabbi
No. of WardName of Ward / AreaName Of Ward / AreaNo. of WardName Of Ward / Area
Ward No. 1Akbar PuraWard No. 1Akbar PuraWard No. 1Akora Khattak-I
Ward No. 2BaluWard No. 2BaluWard No. 2Akora Khattak-II
Ward No. 3KurviWard No. 3KurviWard No. 3Akora Khattak-III
Ward No. 4Chowki MamrezWard No. 4Chowki MamrezWard No. 4Akora Khattak-IV
Ward No. 5TaruWard No. 5TaruWard No. 5Shaidu-I
Ward No. 6Mohib BandaWard No. 6Mohib BandaWard No. 6Shaidu-II
Ward No. 7Dag BehsoodWard No. 7Dag BehsoodWard No. 7Shaidu-III
Ward No. 8JadozaiWard No. 8JadozaiWard No. 8Bheri Khattak-I
Ward No. 9Shah KotWard No. 9Shah KotWard No. 9Bheri Khattak-II
Ward No. 10Dag Ismail KhelWard No. 10Dag Ismail KhelWard No. 10Marhatti Banda
Ward No. 11Spin KhakWard No. 11Spin KhakWard No. 11mera Misri Banda
Ward No. 12Aman KotWard No. 12Aman KotWard No. 12Misri Banda
Ward No. 13DagaiWard No. 13DagaiWard No. 13Ali Muhammad Meshak
Ward No. 14Aza Khel BalaWard No. 14PabbiWard No. 14Mugelki
Ward No. 15Aza Khel PayanWard No. 15Khudraizi Khan Sheikh GarhiWard No. 15Nandrak
Ward No. 16PirpaiWard No. 16Mian Isa
Ward No. 17Manki SharifWard No. 17Surya Khel
Ward No. 18Pahari Kati KhelWard No. 18Ayyub Abad
Ward No. 19Ziarat Kaka SahibWard No. 19Alhaq
Ward No. 20BadrashiWard No. 20Adam Zai
Ward No. 21Deri Katti KhelWard No. 21Issori Chashmai
Ward No. 22Mera Akora KhatakWard No. 22Mulla Kale (Malikhel)
Ward No. 23Adam ZaiWard No. 23Dang Dang
Ward No. 24KhairabadWard No. 24Kati Miana
Ward No. 25MandoriWard No. 25Nari Nodeh
Ward No. 26InzariWard No. 26Khairabad
Ward No. 27KahiWard No. 27Khawree
Ward No. 28NizampurWard No. 28Hissar Tang
Ward No. 29MugalkiWard No. 29Toha Ghareeb Pura
Ward No. 30Misri BandaWard No. 30Jabbi
Ward No. 31Zara MianaWard No. 31Inzari
Ward No. 32Pir SabaqWard No. 32Khan Koi
Ward No. 33RashkaiWard No. 33Kahi-I
Ward No. 34Bara BandaWard No. 34Kahi-II
Ward No. 35GandheriWard No. 35Shagai
Ward No. 36Kheshki PayanWard No. 36Namal Sara Toya
Ward No. 37Kheshki BalaWard No. 37Garu
Ward No. 38PabbiWard No. 38Nizam Pur
Ward No. 39Khudrezi Khan Sher GarhiWard No. 39Khalilabad
Ward No. 40Aman GarhWard No. 40Ashoorabad
Ward No. 41Nowhera CityWard No. 41Aman Garh
Ward No. 42Chowki TownWard No. 42Shamar Garhi
Ward No. 43Nawan KaliWard No. 43Nawan Kalli
Ward No. 44Kabul RiverWard No. 44Behram Khan Khel
Ward No. 45Akora KhattakWard No. 45Mana Khel
Ward No. 46JahangiriaWard No. 46Bara Khel
Ward No. 47SheduWard No. 47Allah Yar Khel
Ward No. 48Dagi Khel
Ward No. 49Kabul River
Ward No. 50Aza Khel Bala-I
Ward No. 51Aza Khel Bala-II
Ward No. 52Aza Khel Bala-III
Ward No. 53Aza khel Payan-I
Ward No. 54Aza khel Payan-II
Ward No. 55Aza Khel Payan-III
Ward No. 56Aza Khel Payan-IV
Ward No. 57Pirpiai-I
Ward No. 58Pirpiai-II
Ward No. 59Pirpiai-III
Ward No. 60Phari Katti Khel
Ward No. 61Sheikhi
Ward No. 62Spin Kani Kalan
Ward No. 63Manki Sharif
Ward No. 64Meraji
Ward No. 65Tangi Khattak
Ward No. 66Ziarat Kaka Sahib
Ward No. 67Spin Kani Khurd
Ward No. 68Walai
Ward No. 69Manahi
Ward No. 70Badrashi-I
Ward No. 71Badrashi-II
Ward No. 72Badrashi-III
Ward No. 73Badrashi-IV
Ward No. 74Badrashi-V
Ward No. 75Badrashi-VI
Ward No. 76Khat Kallay
Ward No. 77Dheri Katti Khel
Ward No. 78Zara Miana
Ward No. 79Turlandi
Ward No. 80Kandar
Ward No. 81Behram Kalay
Ward No. 82Ganderi
Ward No. 83Rashkai-I
Ward No. 84Rashkai-II
Ward No. 85Rashkai-III
Ward No. 86Mera Kander
Ward No. 87Bara Banda
Ward No. 88Kotar Pan
Ward No. 89Kalinjar
Ward No. 90Kheshgi Payan-I
Ward No. 91Kheshgi Payan-II / Saadat Abad
Ward No. 92Kheshgi Payan-III / Hamza Rashkai
Ward No. 93Kheshgi Bala-I / Batak Zai
Ward No. 94Kheshgi Bala-II / Doranabad
Ward No. 95Kheshgi Bala-III / Tareenabad
Ward No. 96Kheshgi Bala-IV / Baba G Kalay
Ward No. 97Kheshgi Bala-V / Ahmed Nagar
Ward No. 98Peer Sabaq-I
Ward No. 99Pir Sabaq-II
Ward No. 100Zando Banda
Ward No. 101Khudrezi
Ward No. 102Khan Sher Garhi
Ward No. 103Pabbi-I
Ward No. 104Pabbi-II
Ward No. 105Jabba Khalisa
Ward No. 106Taru
Ward No. 107Qasim
Ward No. 108Chowki Mamriz
Ward No. 109Chand Bibi
Ward No. 110Khush Makam
Ward No. 111Kandi Tazadin
Ward No. 112Balu
Ward No. 113Kitara
Ward No. 114Babi
Ward No. 115Ali Baig
Ward No. 116Dag Ismail Khel-I
Ward No. 117Dag Ismail Khel-II
Ward No. 118Chapri
Ward No. 119Dakhli Spin Khak
Ward No. 120Kharji Spin Khak
Ward No. 121Jarooba
Ward No. 122Aman Kot-I
Ward No. 123Aman Kot-II
Ward No. 124Aman Kot-III
Ward No. 125Chowki Drub
Ward No. 126Jaba Daud Zai
Ward No. 127Garhi Momin
Ward No. 128Tarkha
Ward No. 129Mufti Ali Shah
Ward No. 130Zakhi
Ward No. 131Moheb Banda
Ward No. 132Banda Sheikh Ismail
Ward No. 133Banda Malah Khan
Ward No. 134Kurvi
Ward No. 135Akbar Pura-I
Ward No. 136Akbar Pura-II
Ward No. 137Akbar Pura-III
Ward No. 138Dagbehshub-I
Ward No. 139Dagbehshub-II
Ward No. 140Wazir Garhi
Ward No. 141Jalozai Mahal
Ward No. 142Jalozai Mera
Ward No. 143Dagai-I
Ward No. 144Dagai-II
Ward No. 146Pushtoon Garhi
Ward No. 147Banda Nabi-I
Ward No. 148Banda Nabi-II
Ward No. 149Kottli
Ward No. 150Saleh Khana
Ward No. 151Jabba Khattak
Ward No. 152Bakhtai
Ward No. 153Shah Kot

Literacy

Total 593 people in the village are literate, among them 343 are male and 250 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Naushera is 78%. 89% of male and 67% of female population are literate here.[9]  Literacy 

Workers

Naushera has 32% (265) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 11% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 8% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.[10]  Workers 

Percentage of Working Population

Worker (Among total population)Main Worker (Among workers)Marginal Worker (Among workers)Non Worker (Among total population)
Total32.1%28.2%3.9%67.9%
Male52.8%48.2%4.6%47.2%
Female11.2%8%3.2%88.8%