The Night of Destiny Laylat Al-Qadr
- One the 27th night of Ramadan, 13 B.H (before Hijrah), Prophet Muhammad's soul was summoned to the highest universe and the whole Quran was revealed to him. Subsequently, the Quran was released to Muhammad's memory a few verses at a time, with the assistance of angel Gabriel, over a period of some 23 years. Here are some related verses from the Quran:
- We have sent it down in a blessed night, for we are to warn. In it (the scripture), every matter of wisdom is clarified. (44:3-4)
- Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or traveling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation. (2:185)
- Most glorified is the One who summoned His servant (Muhammad) during the night, from the Sacred Masjid (of Mecca) to the farthest place of prostration,* whose surroundings we have blessed, in order to show him some of our signs. He is the Hearer, the Seer. (17:1)
- Say, "The Holy Spirit has brought it down from your Lord, truthfully, to assure those who believe, and to provide a beacon and good news for the submitters." (16:102)
- Sura 97, titled Al-Qadr (Destiny), is one of the short chapters in the Quran and it deals exclusively with the subject of "night of destiny." The importance of this special Ramadan night is given by the full text of Sura 97 as follows:
- We revealed it in the Night of Destiny. How awesome is the Night of Destiny! The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by their Lord's leave, to carry out every command. Peaceful it is until the advent of the dawn. (97:1-5)
- However, the exact date for this unique night has become a long-standing bone of contention within the Muslim communities. Just as they argue about when Ramadan starts and ends, they also disagree on the date of this night. To some, this night is so elusive that they try to stay up all nights during the last ten days of Ramadan so as not to "miss out" any chances of experiencing it. Others hold the opinion that the exact date of this night is the 27th of Ramadan. Many, if not all, of these varying opinions are based on the hadith or historical records dating back to early Islam
- The following information pinpoints the date of this special night as the 27th night of Ramadan. The information is not completely new; part of it has been around among the traditional circles for
- some time. What makes it interesting is that it is purely derived from the Quran, from the very sura that deals with this subject, namely Sura 97 quoted above.
- Sura 97 (Al-Qadr) contains three occurrences of the phrase "laylat al-qadr" (the night of destiny). The Arabic phrase "laylat al-qadr" itself consists of nine letters. Therefore, within this sura, there are 27 (3 X 9) letters that participate in the proper name of this very special night.
- "Peaceful IT is until the advent of the dawn" (Arabic: salamun HIYA hatta mathlail fajr). The word IT (HIYA) refers to the night in question. It is interesting that the location of this word is 27th out of the 30 total words that comprise this sura.
- Hence, the exact time of "laylat al-qadr" is hinted at within the text of the Quranic chapter that deals with this very subject.Â  The Night of Destiny (Laylat Al-Qadr)
Laylat al-Qadr and its significance
- Laylat al-Qadr (night of Decree) is one of the major blessings of Ramadan. During this night, Quran was sent to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.). About this night, the prophet has informed us that all our sins could be forgiven. Worshipping Allah on that night is better than worshipping Him for 1000 months.
- The following ahadith shed light on the days of observing Laylat al-Qadr.
- According to a hadeeth narrated by Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both), the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Seek it in the last ten days of Ramadan, when there are nine days left, and seven days left, and five days left. (Narrated by al-Bukhari, 4/260
- ishah who said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Seek Laylat al-Qadr in the odd-numbered nights of the last ten nights. (Narrated by al-Bukhari, 4/259
- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Seek it in the last ten nights, on the odd-numbered nights. ( Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1912, see also, 1913. Also narrated by Muslim, 1167, see also 1165
- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Seek it in the last ten nights of Ramadan, when there are nine left, when there are seven left, when there are five left Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1917-1918
Shaykh al-Islam ibn Taymiyah said: But odd-numbers have to do with what is past , so it should be sought on the twenty-first, the twenty-third, the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth; or it may be with regard to what is left, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: when there are nine left, or seven left, or five left, or three left. On this basis, if the month has thirty days, these will be even-numbered nights, so on the twenty-second there will be nine days left, on the twenty-fourth there will be seven days left. This is how it was explained by Abu Seed al-Khudri in the saheeh hadeeth, and this is how the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed qiyaam during this month. If this is the case, then the believer should seek it in all of the last ten days. ( al-Fataawaa 25/284, 285).  Laylat al-Qadr and its significance
FASTING DURING JOURNEY
- It has been left to the option of the individual to observe or not to observe fasts during a journey. Some of the Companions of the Noble Prophet observed fasts and some did not when they were on a journey with him and neither raised any objection against the other. The Noble Prophet himself sometimes observed fasts on a journey and sometimes did not. Once the Prophet (SAS) saw people gathered round a man who had fallen to the ground and asked what was the matter with him. He (Prophet) was told that the man had become too weak to stand on account of observing fasts; then the Prophet (SAS) remarked that it was no virtue to observe fasts in such a condition.
- During the time of war, the Prophet (SAS) used to issue orders for postponing the fasts. Hadrat 'Umar (RA) has related that they did not observe fasts twice during the month of Ramadan when they went to war under the command of the Noble Prophet: (1) on the occasion of the battle of Badr and (2) at the conquest of Makkah. Ibn 'Umar says that on the eve of the conquest of Makkah, the Noble Prophet (SAS) declared, "As we are going to fight our enemy you should postpone your fasts so that you may conserve your strength to fight."
- There is a difference of opinion as to whether the people of a city, which is attacked by an enemy, can postpone the fast for the sake of Jihad, inspite of being the residents. Some scholars do not allow this. But Imam Ibn Taimiyyah has maintained with strong arguments that postponement of the fast under such circumstances is permissible.  FASTING DURING JOURNEY
Lailatul Qadr Facts
- An entire chapter of the Quran, called "Al-Qadr" is devoted to explaining the merits of worshipping on Lailatul Qadr.
- According to Islamic tradition, the following are signs of The Night of Power every year: A peaceful night with moderate temperatures, no shooting stars, and a moon that shines without rays. The sun, when it rises, will appear as a disk with no beams of light coming out of it.
- Some Muslims believe that the entire Quran was revealed to Angel Gabriel on this night, who conveyed it to Muhammad verse by verse over a period of twenty-three years, when ordered to do so by God.
- Muslims who can afford to take time off work spend every single one of the last ten nights in prayer, hoping to find Laylatul Qadr, trying to emulate the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad. They fast during the day and study the Quran and pray during the night. The Prophet Muhammad used to do the same. In fact, according to his wife, he would tighten his belt and pray all night, and encouraged his family members to pray all night as well. (Bukhari, Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 32, Number 241)  Lailatul Qadr Facts
What Do People Do
Laylat al Qadr marks the time when the Qurans first verses were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammed. It is also believed that this night marks their fate in the following year. Therefore, many Muslims pray in the night to God for mercy, forgiveness, and salvation. This practice is also called Ehyaa.
This "Night of Power" is considered the most appropriate time of the entire year to pray for salvation and blessings. It is believed that a Muslims past sins are forgiven if the person prays throughout this night. Many people assemble at mosques during the Isha prayer, with many prayers being made until midnight.  What Do People Do?