Pakistan Railways forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of freight as well as passenger traffic. It not only contributes to its economic growth but also promotes national integration.Pakistan Railways endeavours to run the trains strictly in accordance to time table. The progressive freight train support organization operated by professional management and competent staff endeavours to provide reliable, competitive and economical service of recognized standards to its customers.Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight.
|Founded:||13 May 1861 (155 years ago)|
|Predecessor:||North Western State Railway|
|Key people:||Khawaja Saad Rafique (Minister of Railways, 2013)|
|Services:||Rail Transport , Cargo , Transport , Parcel carrier , Catering|
|Revenue:||Increase 31.9 billion (US$300 million) (2015-16)|
|Operating income:||64.2 billion (US$610 million) (2015-16)|
|Net income:||28.0 billion (US$270 million) (2015-16)|
|Owner:||Government of Pakistan|
|Number of employees:||78,031 (2015)|
|Parent :||Ministry of Railways|
|In Urdu:||پاکستان ریلوے|
|Dates of operation:||1861â€“present|
|Track gauge:||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3â„8 in) 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)|
|Length:||7,791 kilometers (4,841 mi) (route) 11,881 kilometers (7,383 mi) (track)|
|Divisional Data Centers Setup:||Karachi, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Multan, Moghalpura.|
|Pakistan Railways provides:||Important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country|
|Standardized fare system Manages:||passenger reservations and ticketing system|
|Payroll System Generates:||Monthly pay slips ( Salary Bills ) from the Railway Headquarters Office Lahore.|
Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight.
Railway Line From Karachi City to Kotri
The possibility of Karachi as a sea port was first noticed in the mid of 19th century and Sir Henry Edward Frere who was appointed Commissioner of Sind after its annexation with Bombay in 1847 sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin survey of sea port. He also initiated the survey for Railway line in 1858 . It was proposed that a railway line from Karachi City to Kotri, steam navigation up the Indus /Chenab upto Multan and from there an other railway to Lahore and beyond be constructed.
First Railway Line
It was on 13th May,1861 that first railway line was opened for public traffic between Karachi City and Kotri, the distance of 105 miles. The line between Karachi City and Keamari was opened on 16.6.1889.By 1897 the line from Keamari to Kotri was doubled.
Railway Line From Peshawar to Karachi
The railway line from Peshawar to Karachi closely follows Alexander line of march through the Hindu Kusch to the sea. Different sections on existing main line from Peshawar to Lahore and Multan and branch lines were constructed in the last quarter of 19th century and early years of 20th century.The 4 sections i.e.Scinde Railways, Indian Flotilla Company, Punjab Railways and Delhi Railways working in a single company were later on amalgamated into Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railways Company and was purchased by the Secretary of State for India in 1885 and in January, 1886 it was named North Western State Railways which was later on renamed as North Western Railways.
At the time of partition, North Western Railway 1847 route mile was transferred to India leaving route miles 5048 to Pakistan. In 1954 The railway line was extended to Mardan and Charsada section and in 1956 Jacababad-Kashmore line was converted into broad gauge. Kot Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 to 1973 providing an alternate route from Karachi to up country.
About Pakistan Railway
The possibility of Karachi as a sea port was first noticed in the mid of 19th century and Sir Henry Edward Frere who was appointed Commissioner of Sindh after its annexation with Bombay in 1847 sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin survey of sea port. He also initiated the survey for Railway line in 1858 . It was proposed that a railway line from Karachi City to Kotri, steam navigation up the Indus /Chenab upto Multan and from there another railway line to Lahore and beyond be constructed.
Railway Lines Opens
It was on 13th May,1861 that first railway line was opened for public traffic between Karachi City and Kotri, the distance of 105 miles. The line between Karachi City and Kiamari was opened on 16.6.1889. By 1897 the line from Kiamari to Kotri was doubled.
Railway Line Extended to Mardan and Charsada
At the time of partition, North Western Railways 1847 route mile was transferred to India leaving route miles 5048 to Pakistan. In 1954 The railway line was extended to Mardan and Charsada section and in 1956 Jacababad-Kashmore line was converted into broad gauge. Kot Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 to 1973 providing an alternate route from Karachi to up country.
In today’s fast paced and demanding business environment, information technology is essential for efficient management of organizational operations and for maintaining high levels of customer service. Information Technology committed to be implemented in Pakistan particularly by the Government of Pakistan to drive maximum benefits and good governance, to achieve cost of effectiveness, increase in revenue and quality services, leading to improve efficiency and customer satisfaction. To keep pace with technology, Pakistan Railway’s Management setup Directorate of Information Technology in 2002 to materialized the above objectives.
Directorate of Information Technology is headed by the Director and assisted by three Deputy Directors Incharge of Software Development, Networking/Hardware and Computer Operation which are IT experts, inducted from the IT Industry.
Art Data Centre
A State of the art Data Centre is setup at Headquarter Office, Lahore. The data Center plays a pivotal role to control the overall system of Pakistan Railway over the network and provide broad based vision to the management authorities for making timely and appropriate decision. Divisional Data Centers are also setup at Karachi, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Multan, Moghalpura.
Fare Management System
The fare Management System has also been developed, and right now IT Directorate is in a position to update the fare for all classes of all trains as and when required. Automated fare increases and fare manuals are also produced by this system. This standardized fare system manages the passenger reservations and ticketing system.
At present the automated payroll is being used for 85.000 employees of Pakistan Railways. Payroll System since its development has been generating monthly pay slips ( Salary Bills ) from the Railway Headquarters Office Lahore. The IT Directorate has started its decentralization to the divisional IT centres and factories including General Store Mughalpura. The main Payroll Server has been installed at Headquarters Office which will be equipped with data backups of all divisions and will contain the historical data in a true sense of data mining: this will be used for the analyzing of employees getting the pay in different divisions. The proper disaster and recovery procedures have been laid down.
For the meaningful implementation of IT Project networking is the essential tool which Provide connectivity to the entire locations spread over the entire system of Pakistan Railway. Major Offices of Pakistan Railway Headquarters Office Lahore has been completed providing 450 nodes over CAT-6 Cable State of the art CISCO Core Switches, Firewall and Edge switches Internet facility using DSL connections. Divisional IT centers at Peshawar and Karachi, along with sixteen reservations and ticketing offices, are networked with the data center, HQ, Lahore using WAN ( Wide area network), sharing applications and databases.
Directorate of Information Technology has developed the software listed below:
- Pension System.
- Statistical System ( Passenger, Goods, Operations).
- Track Management system for IBU.
- Electrical Billing system for Commercial and Residential.
- Railway Employees Card System.
- Accounting System for Benevolent Fund Organization.
- Legal System.
- Advisement Management System for Public Relation Department.
- Monthly Financial Reporting System for the generation of Computerized Tickets which includes Sales Summery and Military Concessions.
- File Management, Inventory Management and Personnel System for Vigilance Directorate.
- Billboard System for Marketing Directorate.
- Website Upgraded.
- Passenger Revenue Reporting System on the website.
Reservation fee will be non-refundable.
- Passengers are responsible for taking care of their belongings.
- Pakistan Railways will not bear any responsibility in case of loss of luggage.
- The person whom Railways has assigned ticket will only be eligible to travel on that ticket, no one else will be allowed to travel on his/her ticket.
- Half fare will be applied to kids between 3 to 10 years of age.
- It is the sole responsibility of the passenger to provide the correct information while booking a ticket online.
- Refund of tickets purchased online will be provided only through the Service Provider who received the payment at the time of booking.
- Passenger must have to show his/her CNIC at the time of refund.
- Passenger has to show the cancellation message/text received from Pakistan Railways to the Service Provider at the time getting refund.
- If ticket is cancelled before 48 hours of the departure of the train then only 10% of the paid amount will be deducted.
- If ticket is cancelled after 48 hours and before 24 hours of the departure of the train then only 20% of the paid amount will be deducted.
- If ticket is cancelled within 24 hours of the departure of the train then only 30% of the paid amount will be deducted.
- There will be no cancellation when departure time of the train is less than 2 hours.
- There will be no refund if user fails to produce cancellation message from Pakistan Railways.
- If train is cancelled or is late more than 6 hours then there will be no deductions, but in this case passenger has to write an application and have to take the sign of station master to conform the scenario.
- If during the journey AC of the train fails then the difference of AC and Economy class will be calculated and refunded to the passenger if guard certificate (CM-109) is issued to the passenger.
- If a reserved seat is unavailable due to any reason then there will be full refund for this reservation, however the passenger has to show the reservation text of Pakistan Railways to the station master before the departure of the train to get full refund.
The Railway Board functioned from 1959 to 2000 and was modified with addition of the “Executive Committee of Railway Board” between 2000 and 2014. However, the Railway Board was reconstituted again on 20 February 2015. The Minister of Railways Secretary serves as the official chairman of the Pakistan Railway Board. The autonomous board consists of:
- Secretary (Minister of Railways)
- Secretary, Communications Division
- Secretary, Finance Division
- Secretary, Planning & Development Division
- General Manager (Operations)
- General Manager (Manufacturing & Services)
Member Finance, Ministry of Railways. This composition could not get parliament approval and presently the Board consists of ex. officio member listed above with three members from private sector, appointed by the Government. The Secretary Railways is also Chairman of the Board. The secretariat of the Board is headed by the Secretary Railway Board. The seat of the Board is the Ministry of Railways, Islamabad.
Pakistan Railways comprises three functional units:
- Welfare & special initiative unit
The operating unit of Pakistan Railways is divided into 3 main departments.
- The Infrastructure Department which oversees civil engineering, signaling, telecommunications, design and the directorate of property.
- The Mechanical Engineering Department which oversees mechanical engineering, purchasing, stores and electrical engineering and the Traffic Department which oversees passenger facilities, operations, marketing and the directorate of information technology.
- Several smaller departments also fall under the operating unit, including the Personnel Department, Railways Police Department, Planning Department, Directorate of Legal Affairs, Directorate of Public Relations and the Pakistan Railways Academy.
Pakistan Railway comprises seven territorial operating divisions:
Pakistan Railways network are divided into main lines and branch lines. The Karachi-Peshawar line serves as the main North-South line while the Rohri-Chaman line serves as the main East-West line.
- Main Line 1 (ML-1) Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line
- Main Line 2 (ML-2) Kotri–Attock Railway Line
- Main Line 3 (ML-3) Rohri–Chaman Railway Line
- Main Line 4 (ML-4) Quetta–Taftan Railway Line
- Main Line 5 (ML-5) Taxila–Khunjerab Railway Line
- Hyderabad–Badin Branch Line
- Hyderabad–Khokhrapar Branch Line
- Bahawalnagar–Fort Abbas Branch Line
- Samasata–Amruka Branch Line
- Sher Shah–Kot Addu Branch Line
- Lodhran–Khanewal Branch Line
- Lodhran–Raiwind Branch Line
- Khanewal–Wazirabad Branch Line
- Shorkot–Sheikhupura Branch Line
- Shorkot–Lalamusa Branch Line
- Golra Sharif–Kohat Branch Line
- Nowshera–Dargai Railway
- Bannu–Tank Branch Line
- Daud Khel–Lakki Marwat Branch Line
- Malakwal–Khushab Branch Line
- Sangla Hill–Kundian Branch Line
- Lahore–Wagah Branch Line
- Shahdara Bagh–Sangla Hill Branch Line
- Shahdara Bagh–Chak Amru Branch Line
- Wazirabad–Narowal Branch Line
Pakistan Railways owns 11,881 kilometres (7,383 mi) of tracks. All the tracks are 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (broad gauge) barring some industrial railways. Pakistan Railways’ broad gauge track axle load limit is 22.86 tonnes with exceptions at the Rohri-Chaman Railway Line (limit 17.78 tonnes) and Quetta-Taftan Railway Line (limit 17.27 tonnes). The maximum speed of trains on most railway lines is 120 km/h, however, certain upgraded sections of the Karachi-Peshawar Railway Line allow speeds up to 130 km/h. Work is in progress to upgrade all main lines to speeds up to 160 km/h.
Passenger traffic comprises 50% of the total revenue annually. During 1999-2000, this amounted to Rs. 4.8 billion. Pakistan Railways carries 65 million passengers annually and daily operates 228 mail, express and passenger trains. Daily the railway carries an average of 178,000 people. Pakistan Railways also operates special trains during occasions such as Eid ul Fitr, Eid ul Azha, Independence Day and Raiwind Ijtema. The railway authorities have set up a website with all information regarding availability, departure and arrival of all trains, which is updated time to time as required. Current system of Pakistan Railways is much more simple and straightforward as the fares and routes calculated as per requirement can be seen directly from website. Also that the reservations of passengers are confirmed by an SMS sent to his mobile containing the details of reservation. This can be stated as the milestone which is achieved in the sole history of Pakistan Railways.