Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa formerly the North-West Frontier Province, or NWFP, runs for over 1,100 kilometres along the border with Afghanistan. Peshawar is the capital, and the heart of the province is the fertile Vale of Peshawar, which is watered by the Kabul and Swat rivers. This was the centre of the ancient kingdom of Gandhara and is rich in archaeological remains. It is bounded by Afghanistan to the west and north,Punjab province to the southeast, and Balochistan province to the southwest. On the western boundary of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, along the Afghan border, are the federally administered tribal areas, a series of semi autonomous areas that are ethnically homogeneous with the province but not politically connected to it.
|Established:||1 July 1972|
|Largest city:||Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Peshawar|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+05:00)|
|Governor:||Iqbal Zafar Jhagra|
|Total Area:||74,521 km²|
|Provincial:||Pashto, and English|
|Other:||Chitrali, Kohistani, Urdu and Hindko|
|Established:||14 August 1947 re-established 1 July 1970|
|Coordinates :||34.00°N 71.32°E|
|Governor:||Iqbal Zafar Jhagra (PML(N)|
|Chief Minister:||Pervez Khattak (PTI)|
|Chief Secretary:||Abid Saeed|
|Legislature:||Unicameral (124 seats)|
|High Court:||Peshawar High Court|
|Area • Total:||74,521 km2 (28,773 sq mi)|
|Population (2011) • Total:||27,296,829|
|Density:||370/km2 (950/sq mi)|
|Time zone:||PKT (UTC+5)|
|ISO 3166 code:||PK-KP|
|Notable :||Peshawar Zalmi|
|sports teams:||Peshawar Panthers Abbottabad Falcons|
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) is located in the north-west of Pakistan. Its total area is 74,521 square km. It is bounded by Gilgit-Baltistan on the northeast, Azad Kashmir on the east, and Punjab on the southeast. A narrow strip of land belonging to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) borders it to the south and directly below that is Balochistan. KP and Balochistan do not share a border. FATA lies to its west and Afghanistan to its northwest. The total population of KPK in 1998 was 17.7 million. According to the 2011 Census Bureau of statistics Pakistan house listing operation, the population of KP was estimated to be more than 26.6 million. The main ethnic group in the province are the Pashtun or Pathan people; other smaller ethnic groups include most notably the Hindkowans, Dards, Chitralis Kalash and Gujjars.
The provincial language is Pashto, spoken by the majority as first language; Urdu, the national language, is widely spoken as a second language. English, the official language of Pakistan, is mainly used for official and literary purposes. The provincial capital and largest city is Peshawar.
Cultural and Tourism
Nature has gifted Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with rich cultural and tourism friendly environment.It has the potential of becoming a big tourist attraction in the world, due to its scenic beauty, geographical location, climate and natural resources.Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is exceptionally rich in terms of multitudes of tourist attraction. The essence of this attraction is visible from the remarkable natural picturesque comprising beautiful rivers, splendid waterfalls, spell-bound lakes mostly in the mountainous region and green valley’s in most parts of the province. Due to its geographical location, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has had been a confluence of different civilizations which flourished and vanished with the passage of time.
List of Cities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The following is a list of major cities in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
- Akora Khattak
- Banda Daud Shah
- Darya Khan
- Dera Ismail Khan
- Lakki Marwat
- Saidu Sharif
- Shewa Adda
List of NGOs based in various small cities and town of Khyber(NWFP) Province.
NGOs in Major Cities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa(the lists provided on separate pages for major cities)
- Dera Ismail Khan-NGOs
- Gilgit Baltistan-NGOs
- Azad Kashmir-NGOs
Places Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Just near Mardan in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa sits Takht Bahi, a mysterious Buddhist monastic complex dating to the 1st century BCE, with a small fortified city nearby and rolling green pastures famous for sugar cane, wheat, maze,orchards cultivation and ofcourse the city for aromatic chapli kebabs
The White Palace of Marghazar was built in 1940 by the first king of the Swat, Miangul Abdul-Wadud in the small town of Marghazar situated at about 13 kilometers away from Saidu Sharif. The name was given to the palace as it was built of white marble. The palace now serves as a hotel. The White Palace at Marghazar was the summer residence of the Wali of Swat, Miangul Jehanzeb. Located at 7,000 feet above sea leavel on Marghazar Hill, it was later converted into a tourist resort.
This small picket on a hill top is famous, as Sir Winston Churchill, in 1895, when he was a lieutenant and was accompanying Malakand Field Force, spent a week in this picket, when this place was surrounded by a Lashkar of local tribesmen.Close to the Chakdara Fort, a picket crowns the hillock towards the west. This is known as the Churchill Picket because Winston Churchill came here during the Pathan Revolt of 1879. This place was used by him for sending reports. He was then a war correspondent. KPK Pakistan
Swabi is the capital of Swabi District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
It is located at 34°7’0N 72°28’0E.
Mardan known as The city of hospitality, is a city and headquarters ofMardan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan.
It is the de facto headquarters of the Yousafzai tribe and the second most populous city in the province, located at 34°12’0N 72°1’60E
and an altitude of 283 metres (928 ft) in the south west of the district. Mardan is a federation of a number of small towns coming together to form a large city.
It is the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is a frontier town and quite different from any other city in Pakistan. It has a modern university, first-class hotels, international banks and one of the best Museums in Pakistan. The Bala Hisar Fort overlooks the mass of narrow streets in the old town and the elegant Mughal Mosque. On the other side of the railway track is the cantonment, its wide tree lined streets bordered by gracious administrative buildings and spacious bungalows in large gardens.
In ancient times a major settlement called Pushpapura was established in the general area of Peshawar by the Central Asian Kushans. It was during the Mughal period that the current city was established by Emperor Akbar in the 16th century and received its name Peshawar. During much of its history, the city was one of the main trading centres on the ancient Silk Road and was a major crossroads for various cultures between South and Central Asia and the Middle East. Located on the edge of the Khyber Pass near the Afghan border, Peshawar is the commercial, economic, political and cultural capital of the Pashtuns in Pakistan.
Kaghan is a jewel among the many beautiful valleys in the Mansehra District of Hazara in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. This 160 kilometer long valley is most popular summer holiday spots for both Pakistanis as well as foreigners. The valley features pine forests, alpine meadows, crystal clear lakes and cool mountain streams. Kunhar River, the main feature of the valley, is famous for its trout. Nestled along the banks of the river are the towns of Balakot, Paras, Mahandari, Kaghan and Naran. The local people are friendly and simple. Gujar nomads are one of the most interesting features of the Kaghan Valley. They take their herds of cattle to the high pastures of the upper Kaghan Valley in spring and bring them down again in autumn. While going to Kaghan you will find them camped along the road in their traditional tents or moving up and down the valley with their herds of pack animals, sheep and goats.
The region of Hazara is unique. For it opens up to visitors, a world replete with natural beauty. It was a favorite gateway from the plains into Kashmir during Mughal, Durrani and Sikh rules. It is a large area some 10,000 sq. km. The world famous Karakoram Highway starts from Havelian, a town in this region at a distance of 101 km from Islamabad. The mighty “Lion River” Indus or Abasin flows through the entire length of Hazara. It is strategically located between the Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir, Punjab and the rest of the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Hill stations collectively known as the Gallis and the Kaghan valley are the best known parts of Hazara. Domestic and foreign tourists throng to its cool and serene valleys during sizzling summer months.
Bara Gali is one of the tourist mountain resort towns of the Galyat area is situated at an altitude of 2350m. Bara Gali lies on the road between Abbottabad and Murree; 15 miles from Abbottabad and 25 miles from Murree. Bara Gali is also the summer campus of the University of Peshawar.
Changla Gali is another tourist mountain resort towns in the Galyat area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Its altitude is 2559m.During British rule it was the headquarters of the Northern Command School of Musketry.
Dir is a town in Upper Dir District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. It is sometimes known as Dir Proper or Khas Dir to distinguish it from the district. It lies at the foot of the Lowarai Pass, the main motor road to Chitral, on the Dir River, a tributary of the Panjkora River.
Tangi is a town and union council of Charsadda District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwaprovince of Pakistan. It is one of eight towns in Hashtnagar and is located at 34°18’0N 71°39’14E with an altitude of 327 metres (1076 feet) lying to the north-west of the district capital – Charsadda.
Mingora (also spelled Mingawara or Mangora or Mingaora) is the largest city in Swat District, Khyber-
province of Pakistan.
It is located at an altitude of 984 metres (3,228 ft) and lies on the banks of River Swat about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Saidu Sharif, the present capital of Swat. As of 1998, the population of Mingora was about 175,000.
Nowshera – known locally as Nowkhaar is the chief city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan.
It is also one of the largest cities of the province and lies on theGrand Trunk Road 27 miles due east of Peshawar at 34°0’55N 71°58’29E.
Government ofKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
- Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Mr. Pervez Khattak
- Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Mr. Iqbal Zafar Jhagra
The Government of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa functions under the provision of the Constitution of Pakistan (1973).
The Province has a Provincial Assembly with 124 elected members, constituent of 99 Regular seats, 22 seats reserved for Women and 3 seats for Non-Muslims. The Provincial Assembly elects the Chief Minister of the Province who forms a Cabinet of Ministers to look after various Departments. The Chief Minister is the Chief Executive of the Province. The Federal Government appoints a Governor as head of the Provincial Government.
The bureaucratic machinery of the province is headed by a Chief Secretary who coordinates and supervises functions of various Departments headed by Departmental Secretaries. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for the Planning & Development Department the incharge is the Additional Chief Secretary who reports to the Chief Secretary. All the Secretaries are assisted by Additional Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, Section Officers and other staff. The Departments may have attached Departments and autonomous or semi-autonomous bodies to look after various functions.
The Province is divided into 25 districts.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Ministers
|1||Mr. Shahram Khan Tarakai||Senior Minister For Health and ST&IT; Department|
|2||Mr. Muhammad Atif||Minister of Elementary and Secondary Education, Minister of Energy & Power|
|3||Mr. Imtiaz Shahid Qureshi||Law, Parliamentary Affairs and Human Rights|
|4||Mr. Muzafar Said||Finance|
|5||Mian Jamshid ud Din||Excise & Taxation|
|6||Mr. Shah Farman||Information Department|
|7||Mr. Qalandar Khan Lodhi||Food|
|8||Mr. Mushtaq Ghani||Higher Education|
|9||Mr. Ikram ullah khan Gandapur||Agriculture|
|10||Mr. Habib Ur Rehman||Directorate of Zakat & Ushr|
|1||Mr.Akbar Ayub||Communication & Works|
|2||Haji Abdul Haq||Inter Provincial Coordination|
|3||Malik Qasim Khan Khattak||Prison|
|4||Mr. Shakeel Ahmad||Population Welfare|