There are seven FATA Agencies in Pakistan. They are Bajour, Khyber, Kurram, Mohmand, Orakzai, North Waziristan and South Waziristan. 42 tehsil are the part of these agencies. While six FR Areas are located in six districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. They are F.R. Bannu District, F.R. Kohat district, F.R. D I Khan District, F.R. Peshawar district, F.R. Lakki Marwat and F.R. Tank district.FATA is abbreviation of Federally Administered Tribal Areas.[1] seven FATA Agencies in Pakistan 

Location:Federally Administered Tribal Areas
In Urdu:وفاقی منتظم شدہ قبائیلی علاقہ جات‎‎
Local Language Name:FATA
Coordinates :33°0′N 70°10′E
Provinces:Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan
Consisting Districts:Seven Tribal Agencies and Six Frontier Regions
Country :Pakistan
Administrative Unit :AFederal territory
Administrative Centre:Peshawar
Largest city:Peshawar
Density :180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Population (2017):5,001,676
ISO 3166 Code:PK-TA
Basic Information
Government Type:Pakistan’s federal government
Total Area:Total 27,220 km2 (10,510 sq mi)
Latest survey:2017
Density:180/km2 (480/sq mi)

FATA PakistanPeople of FataFederally Administered Tribal AreasFata FlagFata Pakistan


FATA Pakistan


The Frontier and the Tribal Areas, collectively constituting the Pathan Borderland, lying between the Koh-e-Sufaid and the Indus River, have remained a focal point for conquerors from Central Asia, Russia and Great Britain.  Its strategic location is beyond doubt. The Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Kushans, Huns, Mongols, Mughals, Durranis, Sikhs and British – all had their eyes on the vast and majestic panorama of the area Central Asia stretching from the mighty Indus to the Kazakh Steppe beyond Kizilkum desert.  The consistent exposures of the area to foreign invasions, trade caravans and political turmoil have influenced the society in every sphere of life.  In 1897-99, the year famous for the Tirah Expedition,  Sir, Winston Churchill has aptly remarked that  “Every rock, every hill has its story”.[2]  Introduction 

Historical Respective

The Aryans traversed the passes in the Tribal Areas around 1600 B.C to settle down in the Plains of South Asia.  In their footsteps, Cyrus the Great made the area into a Province of the then Persian Empire in 550 BC.  In 327 BC Alexander the Great along with his Macedonian army marched into North West Frontier via Nava Pass in present day Bajaur Agency.  The tide of armies marching from the west stopped with the rise of Mauryans in India.  Gandhara civilization owes its origin to the period coinciding with 323 BC.  Kanishka – the Kushan King dominated not only Gadhara – the Peshawar Valley –but Afghanistan also.  The downfall of Kushan dynasty around 225 AD provided yet another opportunity for the invaders.  The advent of the white Huns in the fifth Century AD,  saw the downfall of Buddhism and devastation of Gandhara civilization.    With Mehmood Ghaznavi started the fresh wave of invaders from the Central Asia in 1000 AD, and established Afghan domination over the sub continent which lasted for almost 500 years.  The Mughals came into contact with the tribes in early sixteenth till 1707.  Ahmad Shah Abdali laid the foundation of the Durrani Dynasty in 1749, followed by Ranjeet Singh in 1834.[3]  Historical Respective 

Eestward March of the Sikhs

Fata Morgana
The westward march of the Sikhs was followed by a more vigorous, determined and farsighted imperial power – The British.   In 1849 the British annexed Punjab and with this annexation the East India Company established its direct rule in the Frontier and indirect administration over the tribal areas.

Nineteenth Century

Nineteenth Century saw two imperial powers – the Czarist Russia and Colonial British – involved in a frantic race of expansion.  The British were determined to match their onslaught with a formidable defence.  The Afghan wars were fought to this end.  The Political Agencies and tribal area specific system of administration was evolved for the same purpose.  Afghanistan was carved out as a buffer state and an area falling within the exclusive sphere of influence of British and to the exclusion of the Russia in particular. The “Forward Policy”, “The close Border Policy” and above all the “Policy of Masterly Inactivity” were some of the masterpieces produced by tacticians engaged in the “Great Game”.

Became the Part of Pakistan

1839 saw the devastating effects of colonial engagement with the frontier tribes.  It was for the first time in the history of this area that a regular army with all its imperial grandeur marched towards Afghanistan.  The tribes rightly saw this as a permanent threat to their independence that they had retained through out the recorded history.  The tribals consistently insisted on retaining their freedom while the imperial British were worried about the approaching danger of Russian influence.  The struggle concluded in evolution of the existing tribal system.  The epoch making decision of separation of the North-West Frontier from Punjab took place in 1901. It was given the status of a Chief Commissioner’s Province from 1901 to 1931.  In 1932 it was upgraded as Governor’s Province with Sir Ralph Griffith as the first Governor.  In August 1947, the Frontier Province and the tribal areas became part of Pakistan after a plebiscite.[4] Became Part of Pakistan 

The Land

Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Federal Administered Tribal Area (FATA) is a narrow tract of land 600 km long and 130 km at its widest, encompassing an area of 27,220 sq km.  It lies between the north western Himalayan zone and the south western chain of the Sulaiman Mountains.  It has a population of 3.5 million, which is 2.6% of Pakistan’s total population.  To the east is the Province of North West Frontier and to its North West is turbulent Afghanistan.  Beyond Afghanistan are the geo-strategic and economically important Central Asian Republics.  The erstwhile gateway to the South Asian sub-continent is now the gateway to the economic highway of the new millennium.

The tribal areas are generally rugged and inhospitable.  Its long narrow valleys are punctuated by barren hills, scantly clothed with coarse grass and shrubs.  “Almost anywhere the foothills are bleak and uninviting, hard and craggy, splintered by frost and blistered by furnace heat according to the season.” The daunting environment thus offers precious little for survival.  Occasionally, however, the monotony of the craggy hills is interrupted by breathtaking vistas of picturesque valleys,  surrounded by peaks,  which rise to majestic heights of about fifteen thousand feet above the sea level.  A perfect description of the sharp contrast in the landscape is contained in Sir Olaf Caroe’s seminal work on the Pathans wherein he juxtaposes the “burning, boulder strewn hills and torrent beds” of Thall with that of the “Paradise beside the plains and willows that line the streams tumbling with the noise of constant water from the snows of the mountain wall above Parachinar.

Seven Agencies and Six Frontier Regions

FATA comprises seven agencies along with six frontier regions.  Thirty percent of these traditionally independent minded areas were under the direct writ of the British government.  After independence in 1947, the Government of Pakistan gradually extended its writ to 70% of the area.  After the tumultuous events of 9/11, the Army has extended the government’s writ albeit a tenuous one to the remaining 30% of the area, till recently termed variously as “inaccessible”  “no go area”, etc.
The Federally Administered Tribal Areas, since after partition, have been governed under a special dispensation enshrined in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.   This dispensation is a continuation of the method of governance adopted by the British during the Raj, predicated because of their geo-strategic needs viz a vis Russia. [5]  Seven Agencies and Six Frontier Regions 

The People

We, the Pakistanis, know the area as “Federally Administered Tribal Areas” as distinct from the “Provincially Administered Tribal Areas”, of approximately 27,220 Square Kilometers, having a “Pathan” population of about 3.2 million and comprising of seven Agencies and six Frontier regions.

Powendas and Kuchi

FATA Mountains

They are known as “Powendas” in Pakistan and “Kuchi” in Afghanistan.  The third group consists of “Independent or free” tribes. They exist on both sides of the Durand Line and have a highly developed tribal structure. They include, amongst other; Mohmands, Afridis, Shinwaris, Orakzais, Bangash, Zaimusht, Wazirs and Mahsuds. This group lives in the tribal belt of Pakistan; i.e. between the Durand Line and the demarcated boundaries of the settled areas of Pakistan. Some live in settled areas too. The fourth group comprises of Yousafzai, Khattaks, Muhammadzai etc; and they dwell wholly in the settled areas.[6]  Powendas and Kuchi 

Free Tribes

Spain maintains that the “free tribes” have preserved their “Pathan Society” in toto. “They think of themselves as Afridis, Wazirs, Mahsuds etc; and their first allegiance is inevitably to their own clan. They live according to their own law, called Pukhtunwali, ‘the way of the Pathan’. Theirs is a rough and untrammeled democracy tempered only a little by the hereditary prestige of certain families and by the authority of their maliks, or chieftains, whose influence is based primarily on personal bravery, wisdom and strength”.[7]  Free Tribes 

Sir Olaf Caroe

Sir Olaf Caroe, however, draws a clear distinction between those who “inhabit the plains and open plateau on the one hand and the highlanders on the other”. The former he feels are entitled to the Afghan name being of the “senior branch” and can be further sub-divided in “West Afghans” i.e. Abdalis (Durranis) and Ghaljis and “Eastern Afghans” i.e. Yusufzais and some others. In between the Eastern and the Western are thehighlanders and include Afridis, Khataks, Orakzais, Bangash, Wazirs, Mahsuds, Turi etc. These he says are “Pre-eminently the Pukhtuns, or Pushtuns. Generally, he maintains, they live east of Durand Line i.e. Pakistan and that they never ‘fell under the effective sway of any recorded imperial authority and now form the backbone of the so-called tribal belt”.[8]  Sir Olaf Caroe 

Traditional Instruments of Governance and Conflict Resolution

Merging FATA and Khayber Pakhtoonkhwa
The edifice of the tribal society rests on certain institutions that have evolved through centuries.  These institutions not only hold the Pukhtun tribal society together but also act as instruments of conflict resolution.

Concept of Nikkat

The Pukhtuns as a people have unwavering belief in equality among individuals and among the members of the tribe regardless of lineage.  The Pukhtun society is structured in such a manner that the Malik or elder holds no sway or superiority over the humblest member of the tribe.  The emphasis on equality is also reflected through one of their old customs of “Vesh” (the redistribution of the tribal land every thirty years) based on the concept of Nikkat.[9]  Concept of Nikkat 
Nikkat refers to a sacrosanct yardstick for the distribution of share in profit and loss.  Share in all profits accruing to the tribe, be that employment opportunities in the Khassadar force or government works etc.  is based on a pre-determined scale of Nikkat.  This distribution yardstick assumes an even greater significance when one takes into the consideration the fact that almost all lands, pastures, forests in the tribal areas are in collective ownership.


Each section and sub-section within the tribe has its elders who are mandated to represent them.  This mandate is by consent and not unbridled.  These elders act as instruments of conflict resolution whether these conflicts are inter or intra tribal in nature or a running dispute with the government.  It may be pertinent, however, to make a distinction between the tribal elders, commonly called Maliks and the Lambardars in the Punjab or the Tumandars in Baluchistan.  A Malik in the Pushtun Tribal Society is an attorney of sorts of his co-tribesmen, consented to represent them.  He does not, however, enjoy an exalted status or undisputed authority over them.[10]  Casts 

FATA Location

The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are located along Pakistan’s north-western Hamalaya zone and south-western Sulaiman Mountains and runs as a narrow tract along the river Indus with the parallel lines almost north to south. It consists of seven semi-autonomous agencies or administrative units – Khyber, Mohmand, Bajaur, Kurram, Orakzai, North Waziristan and South Waziristan. Additionally, the FATA includes ‘frontier regions’ that adjoin the districts of Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, Tank and Dera Ismail Khan. This tangled mass constitutes an area of 27224 sq kilometres and is inhabited by around 3.17 million people belonging to different Pukhtoon or Pushtun tribes. The 1400 miles (2500 KM) long Durand Line, which was drawn in 1893 by the British colonial rulers of India, geographically divides the Pushtun tribes in the region between Afghanistan and the FATA of Pakistan. The FATA has remained strategically important since the times of “the Great Game” for imperial domination that took place in the 19th century.[11]  FATA Location 



Khyber Agency

The British rulers first established the Khyber Agency in 1879. Though initially there was to be a Political Officer acting as the Administrative Head of the Khyber Agency (Political Agent’s Officer, Khyber Agency), in actual fact in 1902 a full-fledged Political Agency was assigned here. It draws its name from historic Khyber Pass and covers an area of 2576 sq. km. The famous Torkham border links the Khyber agency with Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province. It has an estimated population of 546730 and is comprised of people from Afridi, Shinwari, Mulagoori and Shalmani tribes.

Kurram Agency

This Agency was created in 1892, a year before the demarcation of the Durand Line. It covers an area of 2296 sq. km and has a population of 448,310. It is inhabited by several tribes, the major tribal composition being the Turi, Bangash, Parachinari and Masozai – both Sunni and Shia sects. The Kurram Agency borders Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province in the North West and Paktia province in the South West.

South Waziristan Agency

Two more agencies were created along the Pak-Afghan border in 1895 through the division of what became known as Waziristan. South Waziristan, the largest of all tribal agencies at 6,620 sq. km and is inhibited by a population of around 429,841 persons. The major tribal composition is derived from the Mehsud and Ahmadzai Wazir tribes. South Waziristan borders with Afghanistan’s Paktia and Khost provinces to the west, Pakistan’s Balochistan province to the South, Pakistan’s Dera Ismail Khan district to east and the FATA agency of North Waziristan to the north. 

North Waziristan Agency

Created in 1895 along with South Waziristan, the North Waziristan Agency is the second largest agency in size, covering an area of 4,707 sq. km. It has a population of 361,246 people mainly from the Utmanzai Wazir, Dawar, Saidgai, Kharasin and Gurbaz tribes. The North Waziristan Agency borders the Paktia and Khost provinces of Afghanistan.

Mohmand Agency

The Mohmand Agency was created in 1951, four years after creation of Pakistan as sovereign state in 1947. It covers an area of 2,296 sq. km. and its population is estimated to be around 334,453. The major tribes inhibiting the area are the Mohmand, Safi and Uthmankhel tribes. The Mohmand Agency shares a border with the Bajaur Agency to the north, the Dir district to its east, the district of Peshawar to its southeast and Afghanistan to the west.

Bajaur Agency

Bajaur Agency, the smallest in size at 1290 sq. km, was created in 1973. It has a population of 595,227 persons with tribal composition drawing from the Uthmankhel and Tarkani tribes. Bajaur shares a border with Afghanistan’s Kunar province to the north west; Pakistan’s Dir district to its north east and the Mohmand agency to its west.[12]  Bajaur Agency 

Orakzai Agency

The Orakzai Agency is the only tribal agency that does not share a border with Afghanistan. Created in 1973, it covers an area of 1538 sq. km and has a population of 225,441 persons. It is bound in the north by the Khyber Agency; in the east by the Frontier Region (FR) Kohat; in the south by both FR Kohat and the Hangu districts; and in the west by the Kurram Agency. The major tribal groups are the Orakzai and the Bangash – both Shia and Sunni sects.



FR Peshawar Tribal Area Adjoining Peshawar District

FR Peshawar covers a total area of 261 sq. km, with a population of around 53,841. The Afridi tribe is the only major tribe inhibiting FR Peshawar. It is bounded on the north and west by the Peshawar District, on the south by Tribal Areas Adjoining the Kohat District, and on the east by the Nowshehra District.

FR Kohat Tribal Area Adjoining Kohat District

FR Kohat covers a total area of is 446 sq. km and has a population of around 88,456. The Afridi tribe is the only major tribe inhibiting FR Kohat. It is bounded on the north by FR Peshawar, on the east by the Noshehra District, on the south by the Kohat District and on the west by the Orakzai Agency.

FR Bannu Tribal Area Adjoining Bannu District

FR Bannu covers a total area of 745 sq. km and has a population of around 19593. The Wazir tribe is the only major tribe inhibiting FR Bannu. It is bounded to the north by the Karak District, on the east by Bannu District, on the south by FR Lakki Marwat and on the west by the North Waziristan Agency.

FR Lakki Marwat Tribal Area Adjoining Lakki Marwat District

FR Lakki Marwat covers a total area of 132 sq. km and has a population of around 6987. The Bhittani tribe is the only major tribe inhibiting FR Lakki Marwat. It is bounded on the north by the Karak District, on the east by the Bannu District, and on the west by the North Waziristan Agency.

FR Tank Tribal Area Adjoining Tank District

FR Tank coves an area of 1,221 square kilometres and has a population of around 27,212. The Bhittani tribe is the only major tribe inhibiting FR Tank. It is bounded on the north, south and west by the South Waziristan Agency, on the north-east by the Lakki Marwat District and on the south-east by the Tank District.

FR D.I. Khan Tribal Area Adjoining Dera Ismail Khan District

FR D.I. Khan covers a total area of 2,008 sq. km and has a population of around 38,990. The Ustran and Sherani are the major tribes inhibiting FR D.I. Khan. It is bounded on the north by the South Waziristan Agency, on the east by the Kulachi Tehsil of D.I Khan District, on the south by D.G. Khan Districts and on the west by the Zhob District.[13]  FR D.I. Khan 

Community Appraisal Motivation Programme CAMP

Community Appraisal & Motivation Programme (CAMP) is a national non-profit and non-governmental organisation established and registered in May 2002, under the Societies Act of 1860 (Registration No. 192/5/2946). We work with some of the most underpriveleged communities in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan; responding to emergencies, improving access to quality health and education, creating livelihood opportunities and working closely with communities and government departments to promote human rights, peace and security.

Technical Expertise and Capacity to Manage Projects

CAMP has a long history of working in the tribal region and is considered as an icon of trust and reliability within the rural and tribal communities. Their technical expertise and capacity to manage projects has helped build a good working relationship with the government departments and won the support and trust of the local society. Moreover, our existence in the FATA region as a leading indigenous NGO is recognized due to their knowledge base on local tribal dynamics and culture, transparent and efficient policies, rapport within the local population and representative community institutions, and excellent working relationship with the FATA Secretariat.

CAMP’s approach is based on developing close cooperation with local communities and relevant stakeholders from the start, and relies on detailed assessments to identify and prioritize needs of communities we work with.


To build communities where people can lead their lives with dignity, honour and without any discrimination based on class, race, religion or language.


To provide greater opportunities for marginalized and vulnerable communities in rural areas of FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, for long-lasting peace, security and development.


Promoting effective partnerships among institutions across Pakistan and internationally, through dialogue; to build common perspectives, promote peace, harmony, prosperity and sustainable development for the underprivileged and vulnerable communities of KPK and FATA.

Presence in FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

  1. CAMP has established field offices in Mohmand, Khyber, Kurram, Orakzai and Frontier Region (FR) Kohat, while its research and advocacy projects cover the entire FATA region.
  2. CAMP has Regional offices in Peshawar to support activities in FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa including the earthquake zone.

Main Objectives

The operations of CAMP are based upon and guided by certain organizational objectives that provide, on one hand, the larger framework covering the overall development activities ultimately contributing to the development of the country. And on the other hand, strive to promote the culture of peace and conflict resolution, which has interrupted development.

Providing a sound base for the design and development of model projects/programmes, these objectives are:

  1. Contribute towards bringing about peace and sustainable development in the FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa regions of Pakistan
  2. Advocate and lobby for socioeconomic and governance reforms in FATA
  3. Efficiently respond/ rehabilitate/ reconstruct in cases of man-made and natural disaster
  4. Play an active role in development of the health care system within FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, with particular focus on essential primary health care services, maternal and child health initiatives, and the prevention/management of disability
  5. Advocate and support interventions for gender mainstreaming, basic education, health, livelihood and human rights of most vulnerable communities in Pakistan
  6. Setup and Implementation Capacity

CAMP’s Head Office is based in Islamabad, with Regional Office in Peshawar. We also have Field offices in Khyber, Mohmand, Kurram and Orakzai Agencies and FR Kohat. These offices are fully functional with staff, equipment and necessary software which are needed for the smooth implementation of various activities of the organization.

Information Base on FATA

Over the past five years, CAMP has developed its capacity in conducting research studies and perception surveys in FATA. This has placed CAMP at a position to provide reliable and useful information to all actors involved in the development of FATA. CAMP is committed to work in the best interests of underprivileged communities through research based development strategy. The projects are based on facts and ground realities documented after carrying comprehensive surveys, assessments and feasibilities. An example is a comprehensive research publication on FATA titled “Understanding FATA” a strategy recommendation to help policymakers in taking concrete steps towards ensuring the rule of law, lasting development and better governance system in the tribal areas. CAMP continues to conduct research studies on livelihood, governance, industries and trade, and other development issues in FATA.[14]  Information Base on FATA 

Political Administration

A wide variety of specific power, the exercise of which directly effects individual rights and interests, are vested in a single individual  —  the Political Agent.  He performs not only administrative but judicial and quasi judicial functions also.  Under the powers conferred on him, the Political Agent is vested with jurisdiction of a Session Judge in criminal cases, and with full powers as a court of first hearing in civil cases, whereas, the Assistant Political Agent acts like a first class Magistrate.  They are assisted by a Tehsildar for revenue and treasury work, and Political Naib Tehsildar for revenue and treasury work, and Political Naib Tehsildars along with their Political Muharrars (office assistants) for criminal and civil cases.  The combination of executive and judicial functions has resulted in an arrangement contrary to the established norms of justice.  Hence the system of justice tends to be obscure by having no distinction between judicial and administrative functions.  In case of FRs, DCO of adjoining district holds the judicial powers of PA and extend them through APA.[15]  Political Administration 

Frontier Crimes Regulation FCR

After annexation of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) by the British government in the year 1848, they found that the ordinary civil and criminal laws were not suitable for these areas.  Although civil disputes were quite few in those days, however, the incidence of crimes, especially murders and dacoities, were so alarming that the ordinary laws and courts found it impossible to check them.  The worst affected district was Peshawar.  So, the first Regulation known as the Frontier Crimes Regulation of 1871 was promulgated for the suppression of crime in the frontier district.  Later in order to make the law more effective, the Punjab Frontier Crimes Regulation of 1887 was issued which was again further strengthened in 1901 by the Frontier Crimes Regulation which is still applicable.  It is the much discussed “draconian law” which gives unchecked and unlimited powers to the Political Administration and the same are not challengeable in any court of law.  However from 1997 an appeal in the shape of revision before a tribunal consisting of the Home Secretary and Law Secretary NWFP can be made.  In FRs also FCR is applicable.[16]  Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR)  

Natural Resources

FATA is rich in biodiversity. Wide variations in physical features and climate have produced diverse landscape and ecosystems that need to be investigated. Key measures such as comprehensive analysis of species, development of database and an education and awareness programme to promote conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are necessary. FATA has diversified natural resources with an immense potential to positively contribute to the economic uplift of the poorest sections of society, provided they are managed in an equitable and sustainable manner. [17]  Natural Resources 


Presently FATA has a cultivated area of 200,000 hectares but only less than half i.e. 82,000 hectares are under irrigation, while the rest are rain fed. In addition 180,000 hectares – categorised as culturable waste – can also be brought under productive use with additional investment. With such a huge land resource base, the agricultural sector can play a very important role to alleviate poverty and improved livelihood of the poor and marginalized sections.[18]  Agriculture 


 Due to present subsistence agriculture and limited means of livelihood, the majority of the people have some livestock assets for their daily needs and as an alternate for income. The sector has a potential to generate a considerable economic activity within the area and can play an important role in the economic uplift of the poor people within the medium term. The additional investment will be targeted on breed improvement, semen production, introducing exotic breed, extension services, capacity building of the veterinary workers/extension of veterinary services, feed production units and allied infrastructure facilities.[19]  Livestock 


 An integrated and multi-dimensional approach will be adopted in the Plan to enhance the productive contribution of forests and forestry products in the economy of the area. Additional investment will be targeted to non timber forest products for increasing the economic benefits, on farm forestry to meet the fuel wood demand and to reduce pressure on existing forests, joint forestry management practices for sustainable management of existing forests, community based forest nurseries and afforestation initiatives to increase the forest cover and sustainable management of range lands to provide fodder and complement the livestock sector development.


The fisheries sector has so far been not given due importance in overall development of the existing natural resources, but it has all the potential to act as an immediate economic development instrument provided its existing and future potentials are tapped properly. Additional investment will go into development of new hatcheries, promotion of private hatcheries, expansion of the existing infrastructure for scaling up, capacity building of local communities in fish farming and tapping the potential in fresh water as well as harvested water in small dams.[20]  Fisheries 

Cultural Heritage

The cultural heritage of FATA is rich. The tribal arts and crafts, historical passes/places and the natural beauty of the area have a potential for the development of tourism as additional economic driver in FATA. The Plan’s approach for this important sector will be in phased manner and in short term will focus on promoting inter tribal sports tournaments, tribal visitors events to demonstrate the economic benefits of the tourism within the traditional and cultural boundaries. The additional investment will be targeted in developing tourist facilities and services in the potential areas of the FATA to provide allied infrastructure network necessary for development of the sector.[21]  Cultural Heritage 

Basic Human Services

The provision of basic human services – including clean drinking water, sanitation education and health – is comparable to what exists in the backward areas of the country. Unless the delivery of these services is improved drastically and the coverage is extended adequately economic prosperity alone cannot bring a positive change in the quality of life of the common people. The Plan will, thus, focus strongly on the delivery of basic human services.

Water Supply

The provision and coverage expansion of water supply to majority of the people is constrained due to the limited subsurface source. Plan will target investment in carrying out a detailed study on the source availability, recharge rate vs extraction rate, exploring the potential of feasible surface source and water harvesting options for drinking purposes.


The safe passage of waste water from existing settlements in FATA has been completely ignored resulting in the poor communities spending a considerable amount of monthly income on health care thus draining their limited financial resources. The Plan will target this area on priority and resources will be made available to provide safe sanitation facilities in settlements to reduce health hazards to the residents.


The Plan will emphasise the importance of education and will allocate additional resources for qualitative and quantitative education services. Special incentive packages will be designed both for teaching staff and the students to raise the literacy level in general. The extension of basic education facilities will be taken up on priority basis to provide this facility within accessible distances. Teaching staff capacity building will be done in a phased manner to provide trained teachers at all levels for quality and contemporary education. Higher education facilities will be provided in such locations where maximum number of population can benefit. In addition investment will focus on community clusters schools, provision of buildings to shelter-less schools, upgradation of primary and middle schools fulfilling the requisite criteria, industrial home centre for females in high schools, hostels and transport facility for female teachers and students.


Both preventative health care and curative health care will be targeted in Plan. Extension and up-gradation of existing health facilities will be recommended on immediate basis but in parallel the establishment of new facilities will also be initiated to expand the coverage to larger percentage of population. Primary health care facilities coupled with a comprehensive awareness campaign will be a key short term intervention of the Plan. For ensuring the availability of heath professionals, paramedics and health workers, local youth – both male and female – will be encouraged through a special incentive package and provision of required skill training intervention through the establishment of an exclusive medical college for FATA and public health schools. On the preventive side focus will be on the awareness/vaccination campaign for communicable diseases particularly Hepatitis and the establishment of screening centres. There will be special emphasis on maternal and child health and interventions will focus on improving MCH indicators.

Infrastructure Services

Proper infrastructure is a key to economic, social and human development of an area and therefore is regarded as the backbone of overall development. The Plan will focus on environmentally sound infrastructure and on such areas which have greater multiplier impacts and which can bring a value addition to other services resource.[22]  Infrastructure Services 

Roads and Bridges

FATA has a reasonable network of metalled and un-metalled roads as it has 3000 kms of metalled roads and 2000 kms of un-metalled roads. Additional investment is required for improvement and rehabilitation of existing roads, developing new roads focusing on economic roads that have the potential of generating economic resource development particularly farm to market access. In addition there will be focus on improving/constructing strategic roads and bridges that have more importance in terms of inter agencies connection, tehsil with agency headquarters, inter tehsils connections and opening of new valleys in FATA. The possibility of establishing Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs) in FATA is being explored and the key investments in this sector will provide the basic infrastructural network for the establishment of the proposed ROZs. This services sector will also act as major employer for the FATA population due to its labour intensive nature.[23]  Roads and Bridges 

Trade and Commerce

This is a relatively established sector due to its demand based nature but still needs attention and realignment in the backdrop of geopolitical changes and development in neighbouring areas. Most of the FATA borders Afghanistan, and as the situation in Afghanistan stabilizes in the future its reliance for trade and commerce on FATA will increase. The additional investment will focus on a comprehensive market based studies for capitalizing on its locational advantages additional investment can be made in redirecting and organizing this important component of economic development.


So far in FATA marble related industries are common and no considerable efforts have been made to explore the potential of industrial sector development. Even the establishment and development of cottage based industries has not been explored which can bring quick economic returns at house hold levels and boost the economic activity in the area.  Plan will address this key area on priority basis and through comprehensive market based studies will identify growth centres and clusters for small scale industrial areas and cottage industry development. Investments will be targeted for development of growth centres and clusters to harness and use the local potential for greater economic gains.[24]  Industries 

Human Resource Development

FATA has a large human resource but most of its youth end up as daily wage labourers within and outside the country. The Plan will provide additional investment in market demand oriented skills development for the uneducated and under educated and vocational training to the productive educated sector to find better jobs in the country and outside FATA. The sector will focus on establishment of technical vocational training institutes, skill development centres, feasibility studies and institutional development.[25]  Human Resource Development 

Merging FATA in KPK Province

Now there is plan in front of federal government that the FATA areas should be inserted in the Khyber pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province. Awami National Party (ANP) is holding an Sitin (Dharna) in Islamabad in March.  FUI-F and PTI has also intention for this merger. While Final decision will be taken by the Government of Federal Pakistan, The Pakistan Muslim League (N). How this will benefit the peoples of FATA. It will best judge in future.[26] Merging FATA in KPK Province
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman  Imran Khan  has demanded of the government to merge the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (Fata) with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) before the 2018 elections, claiming that any further delay will keep the issue hanging for another five years. He said “There is a need to reconstruct Fata and it’s not possible without its merger with K-P. If the government fails to fill out the vacuum created due to war, army operations and lack of development, terrorism will spread further in Fata,” 
Khan said successive Pakistani governments had neglected Fata “with a result that today 73% of the Fata residents are living below the poverty line”.Fata was the most peaceful area of Pakistan until the war on terror broke out after 9/11. “At that time, the PTI had opposed sending troops to Fata on the directions of the US. It was a great mistake that destroyed the very fabric of that society and generated extremism there,” . [27] Merge Fata KPK

Community Appraisal Motivation Programme CAMP

  1. Head Office (Islamabad)
  2. House # 25, Street 63, F 10/3, Islamabad, Pakistan
  3. Tel: +92 51 2297647
  4. Fax: +92 51 2297648
  5. Email: camp@camp.org.pk

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