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NAB
NAB

The National Accountability Bureau is an independent and constitutionally founded federal entity tasked with strengthening anti-corruption efforts and preparing a critical country’s economic intelligence evaluations against economic terrorism for the Pakistani government. It is chaired by Justice (R) Javaid Iqbal.

In addition to the enforcement of operations against corruption or economic terrorism, NAB has powers and authorities to undertake any required prevention. Since its establishment by Pervaiz Musharraf on 16th Nov 1999, it is expanding and extending.

The constitution of Pakistan grants authority to initiate inquiries, investigations, and issuance of arrest warrants against people suspected of economic terrorism, financial mismanagement, corruption in the state sector, private-sector, corporate-sector, and defense sector. This article has all the information, including NAB Objectives.

TitleDescription
Basic Information
Established by:Ordinance No. XIX
Extended powers :Level by the Article 270AA of the Constitution of Pakistan
Regional offices:Four regional offices in the four provinces
First chairman:Lt-Gen Syed Mohammad Amjad
Prosecutor General:General Waqas Qadeer Dar
Details
Motto:Eliminate Corruption
Established:November 16, 1999; 17 years ago
Location:Islamabad Capital Venue
Preceding:Constitution of Pakistan
Jurisdiction:Constitution of Pakistan
Headquarters:Islamabad Capital Venue
Agency executive:Major (Retired) Qamar Zaman Chaudhary, Chairman
Parent department:Autonomous
Authorized By:Government of Pakistan
Local Language Name:قومی احتساب ادارہ‎
Work:Approach encompassing prevention, awareness, monitoring, and combating
Principal Officers:Two Officers
Chairmen:Lt General (R) Syed Muhammad Amjad, Lt General (R) Khalid Maqbool, Lt General (R) Muneer Hafeez, Lt General (R) Shahid Aziz, Naveed Ahsan, Justice (R) Deedar Hussain Shah, Admiral (R) Syed Fasih Bukhari, Qamar Zaman Chaudhary
Current Executive:Major (Retired) Qamar Zaman Chaudhary, Chairman
Since:November 16, 1999; 17 years ago
Website:www.nab.gov.pk

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Vision

The NAB is to be a dynamic, efficient, effective, and credible anti-corruption body striving to create a corruption-free Pakistan.

Mission

It has to perform its duties to eliminate corruption via a comprehensive and useful approach encompassing combating, monitoring, awareness, and prevention.

NAB Objectives

The National Accountability Bureau derives its goals and objectives from its project document entitled ‘National Anti-Corruption Strategy’ and defines these objectives as:

Long Term

The elimination of economic terrorism by involving all stakeholders or investors in the battle against corruption via a program that is progressive, comprehensive, and holistic.

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Short Term

Implementation of systemic improvements that would strengthen the people and national integrity set-up against corruption.

Organization

The two principal and authoritative officers of the Bureau are the Prosecutor General of Accountability and the Chairperson. The chairperson serves as head of the investigation and has a service period of four years. NAB’s 1st chairperson was Lieutenant General Syed Muhammad. Currently, Javaid Iqbal is serving as chairperson NAB.

Prosecutor General is appointed for a period of three years and serves as prosecution head. Currently, Retired Justice Asghar is serving as Prosecutor General.

Salient Features

  1. Setting up of NAB to eradicate corrupt practices and corruption and investigate all those individuals who are accused of corrupt practices.
  2. Take measures for prosecution, investigation, and detection of cases that involve corrupt practices, corruption, abuse/misuse of powers, kickbacks, and commissions.
  3. Implementation of procedures and policies for combating, monitoring, and prevention of corruption.
  4. Amount recovery from those individuals who have become willful defaulters in repayments to DFIs (Development Finance Institutes), banks, and government.

Accountability

Why

  1. For a better and bright future for future generations
  2. Quick accountability drive
  3. For enforcement of transparency

NAB Objectives

How

  1. Provision of proofs against corrupt officeholders
  2. Guidance through constructive suggestions and critique
  3. Provision of information about money siphoned abroad and about foreign assets of escapers

Reward for Informers

Informers get a reward if the provided proofs lead to a conviction. The informer has to provide the following information:

Identity

Name of group or person doing corruption.

Occupation

Status/occupation of the person.

Address

Residential/Business/ Official.

Form of Corruption

Which type of corruption is happening, e.g., bank default, loan write-off, and misuse of power or authority.

NAB Performance Report

Money Recovery

Since its establishment, the institute has recovered more than 240 billion rupees from corruption made by Pakistani elite politicians, ex-army officers, bureaucrats, and all those engaged in white-collar crimes. NAB has mentioned in its 2011’s research studies that the bureau has recovered 119.5 billion rupees from bank defaulters and gave Rupees 60 billion to restructure banks.

Investigations and Prosecution

NAP reported in 2011 that 1791 cases are under prosecution, and the prosecution of 1093 cases has been completed.

Infrastructure

NAB employed a large number of competent officers and trained them in Investigation at COMSATS University in Islamabad. This training was conducted for seven months (2 months on-job, 5 months off-job), and after successfully completing this training, the officers held the posts at different bureaus across Pakistan.

Criticism Faced by NAB

NAB faces criticism by Pakistan Supreme Court for its mismanagement. Justice Jawad of the Supreme Court had criticized the bureau for its plea bargain practice and called it ‘Institutionalized Corruption.’ According to these accusations, NAB arrests suspected individuals and convinces them for out-of-court solution/settlement. And the suspect is asked to deposit an amount demanded by NAB. It has also faced criticism for the mismanagement of the Broadsheet case.

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NAB Chairperson

  1. Commodore Muhammad Zakaullah
  2. Lieutenant General Shahid Aziz
  3. Lieutenant General Mohammad Amjad
  4. Javaid Iqbal
  5. Admiral Faseeh Bukhari
  6. Naveed Ahsan
  7. Deedar Hussein
  8. Qamar Zaman Chaudhary

NAB Offices

  1. Islamabad (Headquarter)
  2. Lahore
  3. Karachi
  4. Sukkur
  5. Multan
  6. Rawalpindi
  7. Quetta
  8. Peshawar

Contact Information

Address: NAB Shahrah-e-Jamhooriyat, G-5/1, Islamabad

Telephone # 111-622-622

Email: [email protected]

Fax: 051-9214503

Social Media Handles

https://www.facebook.com/nab.gov.pk/