Nawaz Sharif has remained three times the Prime Minister of Pakistan. His administration was mostly seen focused on the economic revival of the country. Sharif has also served as Chief Minister of Punjab twice. His political rivals were Benazir Bhutto, Asif Ali Zardari, and Imran Khan. He is the longest-serving prime minister. This article has all the information about Nawaz, including Nawaz Sharif Biography and Nawaz Sharif Family.
|In Urdu:||نواز شريف|
|Famous As:||Mian Sahib|
|Alma Mater:||University of Punjab|
|Profession:||Businessman and Politician|
|Political Party:||Pakistan Muslim League N|
|Date:||25th December 1949|
|Spouse:||Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif|
|Children:||Maryam Nawaz, Hassan Nawaz Sharif, Asma Nawaz Sharif, Hussain Nawaz Sharif|
|Parents:||Muhammad Sharif, Shamim Akhtar|
|Siblings :||Shehbaz Sharif|
|Relatives:||Ishaq Dar and Hamza Shahbaz|
Table of Contents
Nawaz Sharif Biography
- Sharif belonged to a middle-class family but rose to success and became a successful industrialist. The Election Commission of Pakistan declared him one of the wealthiest people in the country. His wealth originates from his business in steel. He started his political career with Pakistan Muslim League and later joined Islami Jamhoori Ittihad. After a few years, he formed his party Pakistan Muslim League N, which turned to be the most successful political platform for him.
- He was twice elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and 1988. His first tenure as a Prime Minister started in 1990 when he was elected after leading the Islamic Democratic Alliance. In 1997 and 2013, Nawaz was re-elected as the Prime Minister for the second and third time. He was unlucky and could not complete any of his terms as Prime Minister.
Education of Nawaz
Sharif got his early education from St. Anthony’s High School. He later graduated from Government College and studied business and completed a degree in Law at the University of Punjab.
Nawaz Sharif Family
- He belonged to a middle-class family who later became successful industrialists after his father established the Ittefaq Foundry. His family now deals with steel, sugar, paper, and textile. Nawaz Sharif was born to Muhammad Sharif, who has a Kashmiri Origin. His brother, Shahbaz Sharif, served as the Chief Minister of Punjab while his nephew Hamza Shahbaz is one of the party’s senior members and opposition leader of Punjab Assembly.
- Nawaz is married to Kulsoom Nawaz, who died in 2019 after her prolonged illness. One of his daughters, Maryam Nawaz, has served as the Chairperson of the Youth Affairs. His other daughter Asma Nawaz is married to the son of Ishaq Dar. His two sons, Hussain Nawaz and Hassan Nawaz runs their business and are based in England
Nawaz date of Birth
Nawaz Sharif was born on 25 December 1949 in Lahore, Pakistan.
- The political career of Nawaz Sharif started after Ghulam Jilani, the former Director-General of ISI hunted for urban representations. After he found Nawaz Sharif, he was soon linked with the advisory board of Punjab. He openly defended the military regime of General Zia. He was appointed as the Finance a Minister of Punjab in 1981. In few years, he gained wide popularity and was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and re-elected after the end of the military regime in 1988 from the platform of Pakistan Muslim League.
- After the end of Martial Law, Sharif was expected to face problems in the democratic setup, but he never expected anything as a hurdle. After two years, he contested the election from the Islamic Democratic Alliance’s platform and became the 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan. During his campaign for the general election of 1990, he had promised a more liberal economy and privatization that created a prosperous economic environment.
First Tenure as PM
During his first tenure, the paramilitary operation in Karachi was conducted that became one of the worst periods in the history of Karachi. It erupted in violence and caused the economy to halt. He could not complete his tenure as the government was dissolved by the president Ishaq Khan, but till then, he had emerged as a key figure in the democratic system. After the government was dissolved, Sharif served as the leader of the opposition in the National Assembly from 1993 to 1996.
Second Tenure as PM
- He contested the 1997 general election on the ticket of Pakistan Muslim League headed by him and became the 14th Prime Minister of Pakistan. This government of him was more potent than the previous one as he had the supermajority in the country. He also passed the 14th amendment in the constitution that restricted the power of the president that was previously used in the dissolution of the governments. In this term, he also saw a peak in his popularity after the nuclear tests.
- Unluckily, he could not complete this tenure and was removed from his office by general Musharraf after the growing tension with the establishment and especially Musharraf. Sharif was put into Adiala Jail for a trial conducted by a military judge. He was trailed for kidnapping and high jacking and gave him a life sentence. Due to his close relations with Saudi Arab and America, the pressure was built on the establishment that avoided the death sentence. After an agreement, he was exiled for ten years and not to take part in politics for 21 years.
Politics after Exile
- In 2007, he came back to Pakistan but was not allowed to come out of the airport was deported again. After Benazir was allowed to come back to Pakistan, Saudi Arab convinced Musharraf, and Nawaz Sharif was given the permission. He first boycotted the election along with other parties due to the imposed emergency by Musharraf. He severely criticized the government after the rise in militancy. The assassination of Benazir worsened the situation, and Sharif was asked not to conduct political rallies due to security threats.
- He continued the activities that earned him 66 seats in the National Assembly in the 2008 general election. He joined the PPP’s government that forced Musharraf to resign. When the court disqualified Sharif brothers, Zardari declared presidential rule in Punjab. PMLN started a long march to Islamabad for the reinstatement of removed judges. The march ended in Gujranwala as the government accepted their demands.
2013 General Election
- This time Nawaz Sharif faced his new rival in the form of Imran Khan. Khan had emerged as a national leader after a successful rally in 2011 in Lahore. Both of them blamed each other and called each other incompetent to rule any country. Khan was also accused of personal attacks on Sharif. In the 2013 general election, PMLN won 124 seats in the parliament and formed government in the center and Punjab. Nawaz Sharif became the 20th Prime Minister of the country.
- Immediately, Sharif faced one the most vibrant political protest led by Imran Khan against the rigging in the 2013 election. Though the commissioned failed to find any evidence of associated equipment, but the rally created political crises for more than 4 months. Despite the challenges, he led the government successfully. He had to find a solution to militancy, Drone attacks, and energy and economic crises that he managed skillfully.
- During his government, he initiated social reforms and introduced helpline for women against sexual abuse, harassment, and domestic abuse. He also backed the Punjab government policy of banning religious preaching in the education institutions. He also confidently hanged Mumtaz Qadri, who had killed Salman Taseer despite the considerable pressure from the religious class.
- The economic policy also helped the economic development in Pakistan. The inflation dropped from 25 percent to 13 percent. The foreign reserves were in a better position while the current account deficit had come down to 3 %. PILDAT also claimed that the quality of governance improved as compared to the previous governments.
- Sharif also initiated the Prime Minister Youth Program that provided 20 billion free of interest loans. The defense policy helped to make Pakistan safer and better. In his tenure, the target killings in Karachi and bomb blasts daily ended. After terrorists attacked an Army School in Peshawar, a 20 point National Action Plan was adopted to clean the country of militants.
Nawaz Sharif Disqualification
Sharif was unlucky again that he could not remain the Prime Minister even in his third term. In the Panama Leaks, Sharif was named having concealed assets along with other people in the world. Soon Khan took it to the streets, and later Supreme Court took the notice. After the investigation, Sharif was disqualified in 2017 for not being honest, and the court-ordered to file a reference in the NAB as well. He could not also participate in the elections.
2018 General Elections
In 2018, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, along with Maryam Nawaz and Captain Safdar in Avenfield reference. He showed himself as a responsible citizen and returned from London to offer himself in custody. In 2019, the government offered him bail on medical grounds only if he indemnity bonds. In November 2019, Lahore High Court asked the federal government to remove his name from the Exit Control List and granted him bail for four weeks on medical grounds. He also assured the court in an undertaking that he would return if the doctors allowed him.
Social Media Accounts
His social media accounts include