Abbottabad, the city of pines, is located in the Hazara region of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in Pakistan. Abbottabad is also known as the City of Pines, as you can see a lot of pine trees everywhere in this city. Rawalpindi and 150 kilometres (93 mi) northeast of Peshawar at an altitude of 1,260 metres (4,134 ft) and is the capital of the Abbottabad District. Kashmir lies to the east of the city.The city is well known throughout Pakistan for its pleasant weather, high-standard educational institutions and for hosting the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul. It remains a popular hill station attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year.Abbottabad is located in the Orash Valley, 50 km northeast of the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. Abbottabad is the capital of the Abbottabad District. The city is blessed to have a pleasant weather all year round. Further it is known among the country because of its good educational institutions and military establishments, as the renowned military academy, Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) is located at Kakul near Abbottabad. Further, the city is also famous for its Abbottabad Public School (APS), Burn Hall School and many Medical colleges like Ayub Medical College.Abbottabad (Urdu, Hindko:ایبٹ آباد ) is a city located in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in northeastern Pakistan. The city is situated in 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of the capital Islamabad, 130 kilometres (81 mi) from
|City Council:||Government of KPK|
|Type:||City located in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province|
|Local Language Name:||92.32% Hindko 7.67% Pashto|
|Elevation:||1,256 m (4,121 ft)|
|Government Type:||Government of KPK|
|Total Area:||1,967 km2 (759 sq mi)|
|Density:||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+5)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with A and random four numbers|
Under the British Raj, Abbottabad was the headquarters of the Hazara District. Abbottabad got its name from the founder of the town, Major James Abbott. He founded the town in January 1853 after the invasion of Punjab. From 1849 to April 1853, Major Abbott was the first Deputy Commissioner of the Hazara district. It is an interesting fact that Major Abbott also wrote a poem titled Abbottabad in which he wrote how much he liked the city and was gloomy when leaving it. Abbottabad became an important military cantonment, in the early 20th century. Punjab. Abbottabad became an important military cantonment and sanatorium, serving as the headquarters of a brigade in the Second Division of the Northern Army Corps The garrison consisted of four battalions of native infantry, of the Frontier Force (including the 5th Gurkha Rifles) and two native mountain batteries. Â The people of Abbottabad are known to be peaceful and educated .Unfortunately Abbottabad was ill famed in 2011, when Osama bin Laden was found and killed by American forces in the shadows of night. It should not be said that there are no friendly and hospitable people in Abbottabad, hardly anyone knew about the fact that Osama bin Laden lived in the city. One of the reasons why Osama stayed in the city could be the peaceful environment of the city.Abbottabad, was the headquarters of the Hazara District during British rule of the Indian Subcontinent. It was named after Major James Abbott who founded the town and district in January 1853 after the annexation of
Abbottabad is the headquarters of Hazara Division and Abbottabad District. The District Nazim, Commissioner, Inspector General and Forest Conservator all reside in Abbottabad. The city is divided into localities, towns, colonies and neighbourhoods. In addition to the civil administration, the town is also the regimental headquarters for the Frontier Force Regiment, the Baloch Regiment and Pakistan Army Medical Corps.
Abbottabad has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm temperatures during the spring and autumn months, hot temperatures during June and July, and cool to mild temperatures during the winter. The temperature can rise as high as 38 °C (100 °F) during the mid-summer months and drop below 5 °C (23 °F) during the extreme cold waves. Snowfall occurs occasionally in December and January, though it is sparse, while the heavy rainfall events occurs during the monsoon season stretching from July to September that frequently cause flooding in lower lying parts of the city. Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west and Islamabad Capital Territory to the south.The city is bounded at all four sides by the Sarban hills, from which residents and tourists can see breathtaking views of the region and city. The location of the city and the hills allows Abbottabad to experience pleasant weather in the summer and cold winters. The Dor river flows south of Abbottabad through the town of Harnol, eventually reaching Tarbela Dam, situated west of Abbottabad. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north,
Abbottabad has been attracting tourists to the city since the colonial era, as it is a major transit point to all major tourist regions of Pakistan such as Nathiagali, Ayubia and Naran. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, “the town is picturesquely situated at the southern corner of the Rash (Orash) plain, 4,120 feet (1,260 m) above the sea”. Like much of the mountainous Northern Areas, tourism is an important source of income in Abbottabad. In the summer when temperatures rise to around 45 degrees Celsius in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a large number of tourists travel to Abbottabad. The Karakoram Highway, which traces one of the paths of the ancient Silk Road, starts from Hasan Abdal on the N5 and heads north passing through the city, eventually reaching Khunjerab Pass. The Karakorum Highway is a major attraction itself for its views. The Karakoram, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush ranges can be approached from Abbottabad and it continues to be a transit city for tourists, serving as a base for visiting numerous nearby places, such as Hunza, Gilgit, Skardu and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range.
Some popular tourist destinations in and around Abbottabad include:
- Bara Gali
- Ayubia National Park
- Ilyasi Mosque
- Nathia Gali
- Boi Bazar-Kashmir-Point
Abbottabad’s main public transport consists of modified Taxis, Carry pick-up vans Suzukis, which can accommodate anywhere from 1 to 14 people at one time. Taxis are also available as well as wagons that connect Abbottabad to the surrounding cities and towns (ex. Nawanshahr, Nathiagali, Sherwan, Dhamtour, Haripur, Mansehra) in the region. Abbottabad is also served by Daewoo Express and Niazi Express, the NATCO, Skyways and many other bus services. Pakistan Railways does not serve Abbottabad, however a PR Reservation Office is located in Fawara Chowk in the city centre. The nearest railway station is located in Havelian, which is the last and most northern station on the Pakistan Railway network. The station is approximately thirty minutes drive south from Abbottabad city centre.
Abbottabad has one of the country’s highest literacy rates with 67% in 2007, and 87% in 2011 ranking first in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and second overall in Pakistan(proof). The city also has a young demographic (ages 15-30) due to a large number of students who have come from across the country to study in its schools.
- Army Burn Hall College
- Army Public College and Abbottabad Public School
- Ayub Medical College
- Frontier Medical College
- University of Engineering & Technology
Abbottabad is also home to the Pakistan Military Academy, a four-year coeducational federal service military academy that provides training to the officers of the Pakistan Army. The academy has three training battalions, and 12 companies. Another 2,000 guests each year, from over 34 countries, receive some training at PMA.According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2014, Abbottabad is ranked 37 out of 146 districts in Pakistan in terms of the quality of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 67 out of 146. A detailed picture of the district education performance is also available online.
The Abbottabad Falcons are the professional cricket team of Abbottabad plays in the national Twenty 20 and List A cricket tournaments. Apart from cricket, field hockey and taekwondo are the other popular sports here. Sports facilities in the city include:
- Abbottabad Hockey Stadium
- Abbottabad Cricket Stadium
- Abasin Karate & Martial Arts Training Center
- Jansher Khan Squash Complex
- Nawanshehr Football Ground
- Banda Lamba Football Ground
- Barrahottar Cricket Stadium
Population of District Abbottabad Census 2017
There is a town in Abbottabad District known by the name of Nawanshehr. The oldest and largest mosque of Abbottabad, Ilysai Masjid is found to be there. Since the weather of Abbottabad is pleasant, many people from other parts of the country come to visit this historic mosque.
The major language spoken in the Abbottabad district is Hindko (94.26% of the total population). Hindko sounds like Punjabi. Other languages spoken are Urdu, Pushto and Punjabi.
Customs and Traditions
Abbottabad is a well- cultured area, with a combination of modern and ancient cultures. The religious bonds are very tight and majority of the people are fond of Islamic traditions and they follow the path of Allah. The customs of the city include Hujra meetings (sitting), the Islamic traditions are quite prominent in rural areas and they have high moral values in the society.
The common dress of the people is Shalwar Qamiz, but the Government officials and students mostly wear coats and trousers. The traditional Turban, Kraquli, Patti caps are also worn by people. Wearing waistcoats and coats over Shalwar Qamiz is also a trend. For the women, they wear the national dress, Shalwar Qamiz, Dupatta and Chaddar.Abbottabad is becoming a modern city as the women will find Bareeze, Stylo and many other stores in the city.
The people of Abbottabad are fond of maize, wheat and rice. In Rural areas, Desi Ghee and Lassi are mostly consumed.People of Abbottabad are fond of eating out since it is the only major source of entertainment for them. There are many famous restaurants in Abbottabad including Red Onion, Kaghan Café, which serves a variety of Pakistani cuisine, Chinese, Bar-B-Q, beverages and many more. The Chicken Karahi, Chicken Korma, Sajji are very much popular. The fast food chains like KFC are also present in Abbottabad.Further the town in Abbottabad, Nawanshehr has an old bazaar which is famous for its Chapli Kebab.