The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim (Urdu: بندر گاہ محمد بن قاسم Bandar-gāh Muhammad bin Qāsim), also known as Port Qasim, is a deep-water seaport in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, on the coastline of the Arabian Sea. It is Pakistan’s second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation’s cargo (17 million tons per annum). Port Qasim and Karachi Port, the busiest port of country, together handle more than 90% of all external trade of Pakistan.
|In Urdu:||پورٹ قاسم|
|Federal Minister (Ports & Shipping):||Mr. Mir Hasil Khan Bizenjo|
|Fax No:||+92 21 34730108 & +92 21 34730109|
|Telephone:||+92 21 99272111- 30 & +92 21 34730101- 3|
|Owned By:||Ministry of Ports and Shipping and Government of Pakistan|
|Type of Harbor:||Artificial|
|Land Area :||12,200 acres|
|Employees:||1,855 (1,576 Staff and 279 Officers)|
|Chairman:||Agha Jan Akhtar|
|Vessel Arrivals:||1,238 (FY 2008-09)|
|Annual Cargo Tonnage:||16.6 million metric revenue tons including 5.429 million MT of dry cargo and 11.185 million MT of liquid cargo (FY 2008-09)|
|Container Volume Annual:||681,000 [TEU]s with tonnage of 8.419 million MT (FY 2008-09)|
|Tidal Variation:||0.5 to 3.5m (at channel mouth and port)|
|Deadweight Tonnage:||75,000 DWT|
|Ranking:||121st busiest container port (TEU Container Traffic)in 2007|
|Mr. Muhammad Saqib:||Secretary|
|Mr. Nouman Bashir:||PS to Minister (P&S) & Manager Liaison Office Port Qasim|
|Mr. Asad Rafi Chandna:||Director General (P&S)|
|Mr. Mathar Rana :||Joint Secretary, Ministry of (P&S)|
The port encompasses a total area of 12,000 acres (49 km2) wherein many industrial zones operate. In addition to the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) and KESC Bin Qasim Power Plant, around 80% of the Pakistan’s automotive industry is located at Port Qasim. The port also provides direct waterfront access to two major nearby industrial areas, Export Processing Zone (Landhi) and Korangi Industrial Area. Approximately 60% of country’s export and import is originated from these areas. Port Qasim is managed by Port Qasim Authority, a semi-autonomous government body.
The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is a port in Karachi, located at 24°46′00″N, 67°20′00″E (24.766667, 67.333333).
It was constructed in the late 1970s to relieve congestion at Karachi Port. Port Qasim was named after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who captured the area around 712 CE. The port was developed close to the Pakistan Steel Mills complex near the Indus River delta. Port Qasim’s residential area is a neighbourhood of Bin Qasim Town of Karachi.
Port Qasim is managed by Port Qasim Authority. Port Qasim is Pakistan’s second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation’s cargo (17 million tons per annum). It is located in an old channel of the Indus River at a distance of 35 kilometers east of Karachi city centre. The total area of the port comprises 1,000 acres (4 km²) with an adjacent 11,000 acre (45 km²) industrial estate. The approach to the port is along a 45-kilometre long Navigation Channel which provides safe navigation for vessels up to 75,000 DWT. The geographic position of the Port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes. One of its major advantages is the proximity to national transport facilities – 15 kilometers from the Pakistan National Highway, 14 kilometers from the National Railway network through six railway tracks located immediately behind the berths and 22 kilometers from Jinnah International Airport.
In the 1970s, as a part of Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s program for economic reforms and establishment of heavy industries, country’s first steel mill (Pakistan Steel Mills) was established near the southern city of Karachi. A purpose-built specialised port facility was also decided to be established for bulk handling of the massive imports of raw materials for steel production by the Pakistan Steel Mill of Pakistan. In addition to the future economic demands and strategic needs, this port was also meant to relieve congestion at the only seaport Karachi Port of the country. This port was named as Port Muhammad bin Qasim (also known as Port Qasim), after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who conquered Daybul and the coastal areas of Sindh around 712 CE
The Port has nine cargo-handling berths:
- Multipurpose Terminal with four multi-purpose berths each of 200 meters length.
- Qasim International Container Terminal with two berths each of 300 meters length.
- Engro Vopak Chemical Terminal with one berth.
- Fotco Oil Terminal with one berth but the potential for four additional berths.
- Iron Ore and Coal Berth (279 metres long) for Pakistan Steel Mills.
Future expansion of the port includes the deepening and widening of the navigation channel and the establishment of a liquid cargo terminal, a liquefied petroleum gas terminal, grain handling and storage facilities, a textile complex and a desalination plant.
The area around the port includes several mangrove forests which are constantly under threat from human activities.The beach immediately west of the navigation channel was the scene of a major oil spillage when the Greek-registered Tasman Spirit ran aground in August 2003. The environmental impact included large numbers of dead fish and turtles and a key mangrove forest, as well as dozens of people suffering nausea.
Land Allocation for Port and Industrial Zones
The total area of the port comprises 3,520 acres (14.2 km²) with an adjacent 8,700 acres (35 km²) industrial estate. Port Qasim has been divided into three main zones as following
|Zone||Total Area (Acres)||Area Reserved for|
Port Services (Acres)
|Area Reserved for|
Industrial Use (Acres)
|North Western Industrial Zone (NWIZ)||2,920||904||2,016|
|South Western Industrial Zone (SWIZ)||1,000||125.5||874.5|
|Eastern Industrial Zone (EIZ)||8,300||2,490||5,810|
Currently Port Qasim is offering following facilities:
Port Qasim has planned for a major expansion in coming years with FDI of US$ 1.22 billion approximately. Major expansion projects of the port are as following:
Integrated Cargo Container Control IC3 Facility
The country’s first Integrated Cargo Container Control (IC3) facility is being constructed at Port Qasim with a joint investment over US$ 8 million by Pakistan Customs and the US Customs and Border Protection.
The purpose of the IC3 programme is to enhance international maritime trade security considering post 9/11 security issues. The IC3 programme envisages joint screening of US-bound containerised cargo from Pakistan via live video link by the customs authorities of Pakistan and the US . The US Customs will not subject the screened cargo to re-examination on arrival at US ports. This facility will support trade in terms of reduced time and cost of shipments.
Port Qasim is located on the northwest edge of the Indus Delta system. The system is characterised by long and narrow creeks, mud flats and the Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves, one of the largest mangrove forest ecosystems found in an arid climate. In 1972 eight species of mangrove trees were recorded from Pakistan, however, only four continue to thrive. Several species of reptiles, birds, and terrestrial mammals inhabit the project area, wherever suitable habitats are found. These are constantly under threat due to increased shipping and industrial activities in the area.
Aerial picture of Port Qasim, with surrounding Mangrove forests.
WWF Pakistan has taken a mangrove conservation initiative recognising the social, ecological and economic significance of the mangrove forests in the coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan. As a part of this, initiative has been taken on conservation of the mangrove ecosystem in the Korangi – Phitti Creek system, in the Indus Delta (including Port Qasim area). The project aims to conserve selected degraded mangrove forests in the Korangi – Phitti creek area through involvement of community, local schoolchildren and other stakeholders like Port Qasim Authority and the Government Forest Department.
Tasman oil spill 2003 at Karachi Beach
In August 2003, the beach immediately west of the Port Qasim navigation channel was the scene of a major oil spillage when the Greek-registered Tasman Spirit ran aground. The environmental impact included large numbers of dead fish and turtles and a key mangrove forest, as well as dozens of people suffering nausea. At that time, it was feared that this incident will harm the coastal life in the Port Qasim area, however no major impact was observed near the Phitti Creek (waterway entrance to Port Qasim).
Recently Port Qasim Authority (PQA) has announced that an implementation agreement is being signed for the development of a ‘pollution-free’ Coal, Cement and Clinker Terminal (CCCT) worth $175 million with a handling capacity of up to eight million tons per year at port. This step would save the environment from irreparable damages and the health of the port workforce and nearby populations from serious respiratory diseases which would have been a serious threat if the powdery coal was handled in open/bulk on berths at port.
Port Qasim Authority
- Bin Qasim, Karachi-75020, Pakistan
- Telephone : PABX Nos. +92 21 99272111- 30 & +92 21 34730101- 3
- FAX No.+92 21 34730108 & +92 21 34730109
|Name||Designation||EXT.||Direct No.||Fax No.|
|Ministry of Ports & Shipping|
|Mr. Mir Hasil Khan Bizenjo||Federal Minister (Ports & Shipping)||051-9210322|
|Mr. Mumtaz Ali Shah||Secretary, Ministery of (P&S)||021-99205811|
|Mr. Mathar Rana||Joint Secretary, Ministry of (P&S)||051-9201058||051-9202764|
|Mr. Asad Rafi Chandna||Director General (P&S)||021.99206405-6||021.99206407|
|Mr. Nouman Bashir||PS to Minister (P&S) & Manager Liaison Office Port Qasim||051-9210344||051-9213557|
|Mr. Agha Jan Akhtar||Chairman||4545||021-99272147||021-34730109|
|Mr. Muhammad Saqib||Secretary||4133||021-99272156||021-34730108|
|Mr. Shahnawaz Mangrio||Deputy Secretary||4117||021-99272184||021-34730108|
|Mr. Naseer Ahmed||Private Secretary to Chairman||4539||021-99272147||021-34730109|
|Mr. Jahangir Sajjad||SO (Coord) to Chairman||4312||021-99272149||021-34730109|
|Syed Muhammad Arshad||Special Assistant to Chairman||4310||021-99272149||021-34730109|
|Syed Mumtaz Hasan||Confidential Secretary to Chairman||4519||021-99272147||021-34730109|
|Mr. Khalil Ahmed Chandio||Public Relations Officer (PRO)||4262/4226||021-99272179|
|Mr. Ahsanullah Larik||Director (Internal Audit)||4641||021-99272176||021-99272176|
|Mr. Tariq Iqbal Yousufi||Director (Legal)||4133||021-99272164||021-34730108|
|–||Manager (Legal Affairs)||4608||021-99272164||021-34730108|
|Capt. Noman Hassan||Director General (Operations)||4553||021-99272151||021-34730105|
|Mr. Roshan Ali Dero||Director (Cargo Ops.)||4220||021-99272166||021-34730105|
|Mr. Kamaluddin||Director (Ops. Maintenance)||4228||021-99272159||021-34730105|
|Capt. Nouman Hassan||Director (Marine Ops.)||4151||021-99272162||021-34730105|
|Mr. R.D. Memon|
Mr.Naseer Ahmed Arian
|Manager (Cargo Ops.-I) Import|
Manager (Cargo Ops.-II) Export
|Capt. Rizwan S.K. Ghauri||Harbour Master||4294||021-99272172||021-99204284|
|Capt. Syed Kazim Abbas||Dock Master||4295||021-99272180||021-99204284|
|Mr. Anwer Baloch|
Mr. Wajid Rauf
Mr. Kamran Iqbal
|Manager (Marine Operations)|
Operation Room Officer (ORO)
Operation Room Officer (ORO)
|Mr. Najaf Quli Mirza||Director General (Administration)||4510||021-99272153||021-34730149|
|Mr. Muhammad Nauman Khan||Director (Administration)||4240||021-99272181||021-99272181|
|Mr. Sirajuddin Chandio||Director (Human Resources)||4611||021-99272167||021-99272167|
|Syed Sajjad Haider Shah||Director (Security)||4627||021-99272163||021-34730149|
|Mr. Liaquat A. Samejo||Director (E&S)||4202||021-99272165||021-34730149|
|Lt. Col ( R) Tanveeruddin Farooqui||Director (Stores)||4667||021-99272169||021-99272171|
|Cdr ( R) Mashhood Ahmed||Director (Industrial Relation & Welfare)||4654||021-99272157||021-34730149|
|Mr. Shabbir Anwar Kazi||Director General (Technical)||4514||021-99272150||021-34730107|
|Mr. Ramesh Lal Lund||Director (Civil Maintenance)||4252||021-99272158||021-34730107|
|Mr. Ghulam Qadir Baloch||Director (Mechanical & Electrical)||4552||021-99272182||021-34730107|
|Mr. Jawadudding Ather Chughtai||Director (Channel Dredging)||4288||021-99272175||021-34730107|
|Mr. Jamil Ajmal||Director (Private Sector Projects)||4118|
|Mr. Sardar Jang||Director (Hydrography)||4234||021-99272161||021-34730107|
|Mr. M. Naveed Ashraf||Head (Information Technology)||4136||021-99272190||021-34730107|
|Mr. Farukh Jamil||Director General (Finance)||4520||021-99272152||021-34730106|
|Mr. Saqib Bashir||Director (Finance)||4223||021-99272160||021-34730106|
|Mr. Jamil Ajmal||Director (Management Accounts)||4266||021-99272173||021-34730106|
|Mr. Rehan Suleman||Director (Revenue)||4164||021-99272177||021-34730106|
|Mr. Aamir Ibrahim Zahidi||Director (Accounts)||4241||021-99272200||021-34730106|
|Planing & Development Division|
|Dr. Kazim Hussain Jatoi||Director General (P&D)||4517||021-99272155||021-34730147|
|Mr. Muhammad Aleem Shaikh||Director (P&D)||4264||021-99272168||021-34730147|
|Mr. Hamzo Khan Gabol||Director (Industrial Management)||4238||021-99272154||021-99272189|
|Mr. Altaf Hussain Gilal||Manager (Estate)||4346||021-99272189|