Port Qasim
Port Qasim

The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim (Urdu: بندر گاہ محمد بن قاسم‎‎ Bandar-gāh Muhammad bin Qāsim), also known as Port Qasim, is a deep-water seaport in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, on the coastline of the Arabian Sea. It is Pakistan’s second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation’s cargo (17 million tons per annum). Port Qasim and Karachi Port, the busiest port of country, together handle more than 90% of all external trade of Pakistan.[1] Qasim Port

TitleDescription
Information
Location:Karachi, Sindh
In Urdu:پورٹ قاسم
Federal Minister (Ports & Shipping):Mr. Mir Hasil Khan Bizenjo
Fax No:+92 21 34730108 & +92 21 34730109
Telephone:+92 21 99272111- 30 & +92 21 34730101- 3
Opened:September 1980
Owned By:Ministry of Ports and Shipping and Government of Pakistan
Type of Harbor:Artificial
Land Area :12,200 acres
Available Berths:12
Employees:1,855 (1,576 Staff and 279 Officers)
Chairman:Agha Jan Akhtar
Vessel Arrivals:1,238 (FY 2008-09)
Annual Cargo Tonnage:16.6 million metric revenue tons including 5.429 million MT of dry cargo and 11.185 million MT of liquid cargo (FY 2008-09)
Container Volume Annual:681,000 [TEU]s with tonnage of 8.419 million MT (FY 2008-09)
Tidal Variation:0.5 to 3.5m (at channel mouth and port)
Deadweight Tonnage:75,000 DWT
Ranking:121st busiest container port (TEU Container Traffic)in 2007
Mr. Muhammad Saqib:Secretary
Mr. Nouman Bashir:PS to Minister (P&S) & Manager Liaison Office Port Qasim
Mr. Asad Rafi Chandna:Director General (P&S)
Mr. Mathar Rana :Joint Secretary, Ministry of (P&S)
Website:http://www.pqa.gov.pk/

Port QasimPort Qasim of PakistanQasim PortQasim PortPort Qasim

About

Shipping Activity
The port encompasses a total area of 12,000 acres (49 km2) wherein many industrial zones operate. In addition to the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) and KESC Bin Qasim Power Plant, around 80% of the Pakistan’s automotive industry is located at Port Qasim. The port also provides direct waterfront access to two major nearby industrial areas, Export Processing Zone (Landhi) and Korangi Industrial Area. Approximately 60% of country’s export and import is originated from these areas. Port Qasim is managed by Port Qasim Authority, a semi-autonomous government body.

Detail

Port Qasim
The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is a port in Karachi, located at 24°46′00″N, 67°20′00″E (24.766667, 67.333333).

It was constructed in the late 1970s to relieve congestion at Karachi Port. Port Qasim was named after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who captured the area around 712 CE. The port was developed close to the Pakistan Steel Mills complex near the Indus River delta. Port Qasim’s residential area is a neighbourhood of Bin Qasim Town of Karachi.

Port Qasim is managed by Port Qasim Authority. Port Qasim is Pakistan’s second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation’s cargo (17 million tons per annum). It is located in an old channel of the Indus River at a distance of 35 kilometers east of Karachi city centre. The total area of the port comprises 1,000 acres (4 km²) with an adjacent 11,000 acre (45 km²) industrial estate. The approach to the port is along a 45-kilometre long Navigation Channel which provides safe navigation for vessels up to 75,000 DWT. The geographic position of the Port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes. One of its major advantages is the proximity to national transport facilities – 15 kilometers from the Pakistan National Highway, 14 kilometers from the National Railway network through six railway tracks located immediately behind the berths and 22 kilometers from Jinnah International Airport.[2]  Detail 

History

Port Qasim
In the 1970s, as a part of Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s program for economic reforms and establishment of heavy industries, country’s first steel mill (Pakistan Steel Mills) was established near the southern city of Karachi. A purpose-built specialised port facility was also decided to be established for bulk handling of the massive imports of raw materials for steel production by the Pakistan Steel Mill of Pakistan. In addition to the future economic demands and strategic needs, this port was also meant to relieve congestion at the only seaport Karachi Port of the country. This port was named as Port Muhammad bin Qasim (also known as Port Qasim), after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who conquered Daybul and the coastal areas of Sindh around 712 CE

Terminals

The Port has nine cargo-handling berths: 

  1. Multipurpose Terminal with four multi-purpose berths each of 200 meters length.
  2. Qasim International Container Terminal with two berths each of 300 meters length.
  3. Engro Vopak Chemical Terminal with one berth.
  4. Fotco Oil Terminal with one berth but the potential for four additional berths.
  5. Iron Ore and Coal Berth (279 metres long) for Pakistan Steel Mills.

Expansion

Port Qasim

Future expansion of the port includes the deepening and widening of the navigation channel and the establishment of a liquid cargo terminal, a liquefied petroleum gas terminal, grain handling and storage facilities, a textile complex and a desalination plant.[3]  Expansion 

Environmental Concerns

The area around the port includes several mangrove forests which are constantly under threat from human activities.The beach immediately west of the navigation channel was the scene of a major oil spillage when the Greek-registered Tasman Spirit ran aground in August 2003. The environmental impact included large numbers of dead fish and turtles and a key mangrove forest, as well as dozens of people suffering nausea.

Land Allocation for Port and Industrial Zones

The total area of the port comprises 3,520 acres (14.2 km²) with an adjacent 8,700 acres (35 km²) industrial estate. Port Qasim has been divided into three main zones as following

ZoneTotal Area (Acres)Area Reserved for
Port Services (Acres)
Area Reserved for
Industrial Use (Acres)
North Western Industrial Zone (NWIZ)2,9209042,016
South Western Industrial Zone (SWIZ)1,000125.5874.5
Eastern Industrial Zone (EIZ)8,3002,4905,810
Total12,2203,519.58,700

Terminal Facilities

Currently Port Qasim is offering following facilities:

FacilityBerthsBerth LengthOwned byDeadweight tonnage DWT
Multipurpose Terminal4200 mPQA35,000
Container Terminal3 (Terminal 1) + 2 (Terminal 2)712 m (Terminal) + 615 m (Terminal 2)Qasim International Container Terminal 45,000
Liquid Chemical Terminal1TBCEngro Vopak Terminal Limited75,000
Oil Terminal1TBCFotco Oil Terminal75,000

Expansion projects

Port Qasim has planned for a major expansion in coming years with FDI of US$ 1.22 billion approximately. Major expansion projects of the port are as following:

ProjectCapacityBudgetCompletion Year
Liquid Cargo terminal4 million MT/yearUS$ 15 million2009
2nd Container Terminal1.175 million TEUs/yearUS$ 250 million2011
GasPort LNG Floating Terminal3 million MT/yearUS$ 160 million2010
Grain & Fertilizer Terminal4 million MT/yearUS$ 100 million2011
Coal, Clinker & Cement Terminal8 million MT/yearUS$ 180 million 2011
Granada LNG Terminal3.5 million MT/yearUS$ 274 million2012
2nd Oil Terminal9 million MT/yearUS$ 51.4 million2012
2nd Steel Jetty8 million MT/yearUS$ 150 millionTBC
Deepening & Widening of navigation ChannelUS$ 150 millionTBC
Construction of a fly over and dual carriage wayRs. 2 billionTBC
Infrastructure Development works in Eastern Industrial ZoneRs. 8.8 billionTBC
Textile City with Power Plant & Waste Water Treatment PlantRs. 8.7 billionTBC

Integrated Cargo Container Control IC3 Facility

The country’s first Integrated Cargo Container Control (IC3) facility is being constructed at Port Qasim with a joint investment over US$ 8 million by Pakistan Customs and the US Customs and Border Protection.
The purpose of the IC3 programme is to enhance international maritime trade security considering post 9/11 security issues. The IC3 programme envisages joint screening of US-bound containerised cargo from Pakistan via live video link by the customs authorities of Pakistan and the US . The US Customs will not subject the screened cargo to re-examination on arrival at US ports. This facility will support trade in terms of reduced time and cost of shipments.[4]  Integrated Cargo Container Control 

Environmental Issues

Port Qasim Coal Project Civil Work

Mangrove Forest

Port Qasim is located on the northwest edge of the Indus Delta system. The system is characterised by long and narrow creeks, mud flats and the Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves, one of the largest mangrove forest ecosystems found in an arid climate. In 1972 eight species of mangrove trees were recorded from Pakistan, however, only four continue to thrive. Several species of reptiles, birds, and terrestrial mammals inhabit the project area, wherever suitable habitats are found. These are constantly under threat due to increased shipping and industrial activities in the area.

Aerial picture of Port Qasim, with surrounding Mangrove forests.
WWF Pakistan has taken a mangrove conservation initiative recognising the social, ecological and economic significance of the mangrove forests in the coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan. As a part of this, initiative has been taken on conservation of the mangrove ecosystem in the Korangi – Phitti Creek system, in the Indus Delta (including Port Qasim area). The project aims to conserve selected degraded mangrove forests in the Korangi – Phitti creek area through involvement of community, local schoolchildren and other stakeholders like Port Qasim Authority and the Government Forest Department.

Tasman oil spill 2003 at Karachi Beach

In August 2003, the beach immediately west of the Port Qasim navigation channel was the scene of a major oil spillage when the Greek-registered Tasman Spirit ran aground. The environmental impact included large numbers of dead fish and turtles and a key mangrove forest, as well as dozens of people suffering nausea. At that time, it was feared that this incident will harm the coastal life in the Port Qasim area, however no major impact was observed near the Phitti Creek (waterway entrance to Port Qasim).

Pollution-free terminal

Recently Port Qasim Authority (PQA) has announced that an implementation agreement is being signed for the development of a ‘pollution-free’ Coal, Cement and Clinker Terminal (CCCT) worth $175 million with a handling capacity of up to eight million tons per year at port. This step would save the environment from irreparable damages and the health of the port workforce and nearby populations from serious respiratory diseases which would have been a serious threat if the powdery coal was handled in open/bulk on berths at port.

Contact Info

Port Qasim Authority

  1. Bin Qasim, Karachi-75020, Pakistan
  2. Telephone : PABX Nos. +92 21 99272111- 30  & +92 21 34730101- 3  
  3. FAX No.+92 21 34730108 & +92 21 34730109

Contacts Information

NameDesignationEXT.Direct No.Fax No.
 Ministry of Ports & Shipping
 Mr. Mir Hasil Khan Bizenjo Federal Minister (Ports & Shipping) 051-9210322
021-99205801
051-9215740
 
 Mr. Mumtaz Ali ShahSecretary, Ministery of (P&S) 021-99205811
051-9215336 
051-9215349
 Mr. Mathar Rana Joint Secretary, Ministry of (P&S) 051-9201058051-9202764
Mr. Asad Rafi ChandnaDirector General (P&S) 021.99206405-6021.99206407 
 Mr. Nouman BashirPS to Minister (P&S) &                Manager Liaison Office Port Qasim 051-9210344051-9213557
Chairman’s Secretariat
Mr. Agha Jan AkhtarChairman4545021-99272147021-34730109
Mr. Muhammad SaqibSecretary4133021-99272156021-34730108
Mr. Shahnawaz MangrioDeputy Secretary4117021-99272184021-34730108
Mr. Naseer AhmedPrivate Secretary  to Chairman4539021-99272147021-34730109
Mr. Jahangir SajjadSO (Coord) to Chairman4312021-99272149021-34730109
Syed Muhammad ArshadSpecial Assistant to Chairman4310021-99272149021-34730109
Syed Mumtaz Hasan Confidential Secretary to Chairman4519021-99272147021-34730109
Mr. Khalil Ahmed ChandioPublic Relations Officer (PRO)4262/4226 021-99272179
Internal Audit
Mr. Ahsanullah LarikDirector (Internal Audit)4641021-99272176021-99272176
Legal Cell    
Mr. Tariq Iqbal YousufiDirector (Legal)  4133021-99272164021-34730108
 –Manager (Legal Affairs)4608021-99272164021-34730108
Operations Division
Capt. Noman HassanDirector General (Operations)4553021-99272151021-34730105
Mr. Roshan Ali DeroDirector (Cargo Ops.)4220021-99272166021-34730105
Mr. KamaluddinDirector (Ops. Maintenance)4228021-99272159021-34730105
Capt. Nouman HassanDirector (Marine Ops.)4151021-99272162021-34730105
Mr. R.D. Memon
Mr.Naseer Ahmed Arian
Manager (Cargo Ops.-I) Import
Manager (Cargo Ops.-II) Export
4273
4340
021-99272186
021-99272187
021-34730105
Capt. Rizwan S.K. GhauriHarbour Master4294021-99272172021-99204284
Capt. Syed Kazim Abbas Dock Master4295021-99272180021-99204284
Mr. Anwer Baloch
Mr. Wajid Rauf
Mr. Kamran Iqbal
Manager (Marine Operations)
Operation Room Officer (ORO)
Operation Room Officer (ORO)
4232
4269
4269
021-99272179021-99204284
Administration Division
Mr. Najaf Quli MirzaDirector General (Administration)4510021-99272153021-34730149
Mr. Muhammad Nauman KhanDirector (Administration)4240021-99272181021-99272181
Mr. Sirajuddin ChandioDirector (Human Resources)4611021-99272167021-99272167
Syed Sajjad Haider ShahDirector (Security)4627021-99272163021-34730149
Mr. Liaquat A. SamejoDirector (E&S)4202021-99272165021-34730149
Lt. Col ( R) Tanveeruddin FarooquiDirector (Stores)4667021-99272169021-99272171
Cdr ( R) Mashhood AhmedDirector (Industrial Relation & Welfare) 4654021-99272157021-34730149
Technical Division
Mr. Shabbir Anwar KaziDirector General (Technical)4514021-99272150021-34730107
Mr. Ramesh Lal LundDirector (Civil Maintenance)4252 021-99272158021-34730107
Mr. Ghulam Qadir BalochDirector (Mechanical & Electrical)4552021-99272182021-34730107
Mr. Jawadudding Ather ChughtaiDirector (Channel Dredging)4288021-99272175021-34730107
Mr. Jamil AjmalDirector (Private Sector Projects)4118  
Mr. Sardar JangDirector (Hydrography)4234021-99272161021-34730107
Mr. M. Naveed AshrafHead (Information Technology)4136021-99272190021-34730107
Finance Division
 Mr. Farukh JamilDirector General (Finance)4520021-99272152021-34730106
Mr. Saqib BashirDirector (Finance)4223021-99272160021-34730106
Mr. Jamil AjmalDirector (Management Accounts)4266021-99272173021-34730106
Mr. Rehan SulemanDirector (Revenue) 4164021-99272177021-34730106
Mr. Aamir Ibrahim ZahidiDirector (Accounts)4241021-99272200021-34730106
Planing & Development Division
Dr. Kazim Hussain JatoiDirector General (P&D)4517021-99272155021-34730147
Mr. Muhammad Aleem ShaikhDirector (P&D)4264021-99272168021-34730147
Mr. Hamzo Khan GabolDirector (Industrial Management)4238021-99272154021-99272189
 Mr. Altaf Hussain Gilal Manager (Estate)4346  021-99272189
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