oba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 18th Century when a canal system was built. People from all over the Punjab (currently Indian and Pakistani Punjab) moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar,hoshiar pur districts. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:
“Tahsil of the new Lyallpur District, Punjab, lying between 30°50′ and 31°23′ N. and 72° 20′ and 72°54′ E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including
|City Council:||Toba Tek Singh|
|Local Language Name:||ٹو بہ ٹیک سنگھ|
|Coordinates :||31°58′16″N 72°28′57″E|
|District:||Toba Tek Singh|
|Weather::||36°C, Wind S at 14 km/h, 48% Humidity|
|Elevation:||149 m (489 ft)|
|Highest elevation:||149 m|
|Native Language:||urdu english etc|
|City:||4,364 km2 (1,685 sq mi)|
|Vehicle registration:||DPO Toba Tek Singh|
Toba Tek Singh emerged as separated district on the map of Punjab with effect from its July 1982 after detaching it from Faisalabad district. It derives its name from the headquarters town named Toba Tek Singh. This town was founded some times in the beginning of the colonization era. It was named after a Sikh saint. Tek Singh who maintained a pond and used to serve drinking water to the passers-by. He thus rendered a great humanitarian service throughout his life to the community around him. He carried good name through his selfless services rendered to the people and gradually the pond came to be called as Toba Tek Singh meaning thereby the pond of Tek Singh. There was a small Mandi (market) nearby this pond, which subsequently flourished and also named after this pond.The town and district is named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Mr. Singh a kind hearted man served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travellers passing by a small pond (“TOBA” in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name. There is also a park here named after the Sardar Toba.
Toba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 18th Century when a canal system was built. People from all over the Punjab (currently Indian and Pakistani Punjab) moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar,hoshiar pur districts. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:
“Tahsil of the new Lyallpur District, Punjab, lying between 30°50′ and 31°23′ N. and 72° 20′ and 72°54′ E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (population, 1,874), the head-quarters, and GOJRA (2,589), an important grain market on the Wazirabad-Khanewal branch of the North-Western Railway. The land revenue and cesses in 1905-6 amounted to 4.7 lakhs. The tahsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tahsil, becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tahsil were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District of Lyallpur”
During 1970’s, when many Pakistani cities were renamed to change names given after British Rulers to their original or native names or more acceptable names to local population like Montgomery was renamed to its old original name Sahiwal, Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain its original name mainly because of reputation of Tek Singh. In 1982 Toba Tek Singh, formerly a subdivision, was separated from Faisalabad District and became a separate district.
Toba Tek Singh is located in central Punjab and occupies 3252 square kilometres and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood frequently during the rainy season; the floods originate from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders. The Pre-partition T.T.Singh had a sizeable Sikh population which migrated to Indian Punjab in 1947.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population was 805,580 of this, 520,601 were Muslim and 284,979 were non-Muslim (mainly Christian). According to the 2008 estimate the population had risen to 1.39 million.
Toba Tek Singh (Urdu: ٹوبہ ٹیک سنگھ) a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan is one of the older towns of Pakistan. It is in Punjab and separated from the Faisalabad District in 1982. Named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Mr. Singh a kind hearted man served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travelers passing by a small pond (“TOBA” in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name. During 1970’s, when many Pakistani cities were renamed in an effort to “Islamize”, Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain it’s original name.
Toba Tek Singh occupies 3252 square kilometers and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood regularly during the rainy season; the floods originate frequently from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders.toba tek use to have a big sikh population but majority of them where whiped out in the set up riots.
A census carried out in 1998 reported a population of 1,621,593 of which 18.43% were urban.
- The district has three tehsils: Kamalia, Gojra and Toba Tek Singh itself.
- Toba Tek Singh is district of Faisalabad division and other district of Faisalabad division is Jhang and Faisalabad itself.
- Major towns in Toba Tek Singh District are: Toba Tek Singh, Gojra, Kamalia, Pirmahal, Rajana, Snadhilianwali
- Sadat Hasan Manto, an Urdu Novelist who wrote a screenplay “Toba Tek Singh”, which is a satire on Partition; in the story, an inmate in an asylum frets over the question of whether his home town Toba Tek Singh is now in India or Pakistan. It was adapted into a short movie of the same name, which was directed by Afia Nathaniel in 2005.
- Chaudhry Mukhtar Ahmed Nusrat, a politician who started the first free medical hospital and donated prime land for the school.
- Mohammad Sarwar (born 18 August 1952, Toba Tek Singh), a politician in the United Kingdom who served as the Labour member of Parliament for Glasgow Central, Scotland. He was the UK’s first Muslim MP, and an opponent of the 2003 Iraq war.
- Chaudhry Faisal Qazafi, a politician and businessman who started a new trend in politics to solve people’s problems at their door step.
- Ali Akbar A well educated man. Worked in Habib Bank for a very long time. Is now retired and is father of 8 children. Also is father of 2 children that are in US. Their names are Nighat and Mohammad Rashid Mahmoud. Now lives in Gojra. Is about 65 years old.
- Iqbal Chaudry A man from the village of 290. Is currently residing in Jersey City, NJ. Owns his own trucking business and has three children. He is about 43 years old. He also has property in Toba Tek Singh and also has a brother in U.S.A. whose name is Yousaf Chaudry. They both donated money for Toba Tek Singh. Also his brother named Qasim is chairman.
- The district consists of an area of 3,259 square kilometers. It is divided into three sub-divisions and the area of each sub-division is as under:
- Name of Sub Division Total Area (in sq.km)
- Toba Tek Singh 1,293
- Kamalia 1,115
- Gojra 851
- The district comprises three municipal committees namely Toba Tek Singh, Gojra and Kamalia, a town committee Pir Meehal and 539 villages.
The area now comprising the new district of Toba Tek Singh was originally a part of Jhang District. As a result of reclamation proceeds fresh administrative problems naturally presented themselves and the boundaries of the old district had to undergo extensive modifications and new administrative units were set-up. Lyallpur (Faisalabad) Tehsil in Jhang district was set- up in 1896. Two new Tehsils also in Jhang district were set-up in 1900 with headquarters at Toba Tek Singh and Samundari. The district of Lyallpur (now called Faisalabad) was constituted during 1904 comprising Tehsil Lyallpur, Sammundri and Toba Tek Singh with a sub- Tehsil at Jaranwala. Toba Tek Singh Tehsil was raised to the status of a sub-division in 1930.
The educational facilities available are less than the requirements. The break-up is given below.
- T.T. Singh Kamalia Gojra Total
- Institution Male Female Male Female Male Female
- College 3 1 1 1 1 1 8
- Commercial 1 1 1 – 1 – 4
- High School 31 26 24 6 26 17 130
- Middle School 33 67 13 46 7 30 196
- Primary 243 168 295 125 18 139 1,153
- Total 311 263 334 178 218 187 1,491
- District Toba Tek Singh is lagging behind in industrial growth. The break up of industrial units is as under:
- Sugar Mills 2
- Ice Factory 36
- Ginning Factory 45
- Cold Storage 12
- Oil Expeller 13
- Flour Mill 19
- Poultry Feed 6
Population Size and Growth
The total population of Toba Tek Singh district was 1,621,593 as enumerated in March 1998 with an interregnal percentage increase of 42,9 since March 1981 when it was 1,134,572 souls. The average annual growth rate was 2.1 per cent during this period. The total area of district is 3,252 square kilometer as against 349 persons observed in 1981 indicating a fast growth rate of the district.
As emerge from 1998 Census the population of district is predominantly Muslims i.e. percent. The next higher percentage is of Christians with 2.8 poinsts, followed by Ahmadis 0.1 per cent. While other minorities like Hindu (Jati). Scheduled Castes etc. are very small in number. The proportion of populations of Muslims is equal in rural and urban areas Christians are mostly living in urban areas representing 2.9 per cent as compared to 2.8 per cent in rural areas. Ahmadis are equal in proportion in urban and rural areas. The following table gives percenting of population by religion in rural and urban areas in 1998.
A person was treated as literate in 1998 Census if he could read newspaper of a journal of same standard and could write a simple letter in any language. The literacy is measured as the ration, in percentage, of literate populations to corresponding population aged 10 and over. The literacy ratio in the district has increased from 30.3 per cent in 1981, to 50.5 per cent in 1998. The literacy ratio for males is 61.3 per cent as against 39.1 per cent for females. The ratio is much higher in urban when compared with rural areas both fro male and female.
Economically Active Population
The economically active population is defined here as the persons working, most of the time during the year preceding the census date i.e. 5th March 1998, looking for work, laid off and un-paid family helpers assisting their family. The comically active population as enumerated in the last census was 22.3 per cent of the total population or 31.1 per cent of the population 10 years and over i.e. the population exposed to the risk of entering the economically active life at any time. The formal percentage is known as Crude Activity Rate (CAR) while the latter is known as Refined Activity Rate (RAR). Of the total male population 41.8 per cent were economically active, while 58.2 per cent not economically active, 28.4 per cent children under 10 years, 15.6 per cent students, 2.0 per cent domestic workers while 12.2 per cent were land lords, property owners, retired persons, disabled etc. The participation rate is much higher in urban areas as compared to people living in rural areas. Further detail can be seen in Table2.11
Unemployment rate is measured as ratio of looking for work and laid off in total economically active population comprising employed, looking for work, laid off and un-paid family helpers. Generally representing in percentage. The unemployment rate in the district was 17.3 per cent, which was mainly due to unemployment amongst male representing 17.6 small proportion in their total economically active population. The unemployment rate higher in urban as compared to rural areas representing 18.6 and 17.0 per cent respectively.
Employed Population by Occupation
In 1998 of the total employed persons, 36.5 per cent had skilled agricultural and fishery works. Same percent had elementary occupations, followed by service workers; shop and market sales workers represented 9.1 per cent, craft and related trade workers, 6.3 per cent. In rural areas people having skilled agricultural and fishery works were again in majority, followed by elementary occupations and service workers, shop and market sales workers, represented 43.0,1 35.3 and 6.7 per cent respectively. The highest percentage in urban area is of elementary occupations, followed by service workers, sshop and market sales workers having 42.0 and 19.8 per cent respectively.