Sukkur

Sukkur (City)

Article Upload Date: 2017,Jan 17

Sukkur has been an important strategic centre and trading route from time immemorial. Alor (present Aror, Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos, when Alexander invaded India in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 km east of Rohri, in Sukkur district. In 711 CE, Arab invaded Sindh, led by 17 years old Muhammad Bin Qasim, and Sukkur (including whole Sindh and lower Punjab) became part of Umayyad Caliphate. Later Mughals and many semi-autonomous tribes ruled over Sukkur. [1] growth - major cities The city was ceded to Mirs of Khairpur between 1809 and 1824. In 1833, Shah Shuja (a warlord of Kandahar, Afghanistan) defeated the Talpurs near Sukkur and later made a solemn treaty with the Talpur ruler, by which he relinquished all claims on Sindh. In 1843, the British (General Charles James Napier) defeated the Talpurs at the battle of Miani and Dubbo near Hyderabad and ruled the Sukkur (including Sindh) until independence of Pakistan. The (current) district of Sukkur was constituted in 1901 out of part of Shikarpur District, the remainder of which was formed into the Larkana District. Sukkur saw a significant socio-economic uplift after 1930s, when British Raj built the world largest barrage here on Indus River. After independence of Pakistan, thousands of Muslim immigrants arrived in Sukkur while a much larger number of Hindus left for India.[2] sukkur - base.pk

Title Description
Information
Location: Pakistan
City Council: Municipal Committee
Towns: 4
Type: City of the province of Sindh
Local Language Name: Sindhi,Urdu
Province: Sindh
Coordinates : 27°42'20
District: Sukkur District
Website: www.sukkur.gov.pk
Region: Sindh
Elevation: 67 m (220 ft)
Union councils: 1
Language
Official Language: Urdu
Native Language: Sindhi
Other Languages: Urdu,Sindhi,English
Government
Government Type: Municipal Committee
Mayor: Arsalan Shaikh
Deputy Mayor: Tariq Chauhan
Area
Total Area: 5,165 km2 (1,994 sq mi)
Population
Density: 164.6/km2
Total Population: 905,114 (2014)
Time zone
Time zone: PST (UTC+5)
Codes
Postal code: 65200
Dialing code: 071
Vehicle registration: Three letters beginning with S and random four numbers


Details

Sukkur

Sukkur

The third largest city of Sindh province is Sukkur. In Pakistan it is located at the west bank of Indus River in Sukkur District. Sukkur is also spelled as Sakharu which means “superior” in Sindhi. Darya Dino is the nickname of Sukkur, as this city would be a desert without the Indus River. According to a survey inhabitants of Sukkur speaks numerous languages including Sindhi, Urdu, Pashto, Punjabi and Balochi and almost 72% of citizens speak Sindhi, 15.5% speaks Urdu, 4%speaks Punjabi, 1.5% speaks Pashto, 1% speaks Balochi and 1% speaks other languages. Sukkur is also the capital of Sukkur Talukas. Sukkar has the headquarters of Sukkur District, which covers an area of about 5,165 square km.[3]  Details 

History

Sukkur

Sukkur

Sukkur has been an important strategic centre and trading route from time immemorial. Alor (or Aror, Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos, when Alexander invaded the region in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Rohri, in Sukkur district. The Rai dynasty built a huge temple of Shiva. In 711 CE, the Arabs taken over Sindh, led by 17-year-old Muhammad bin Qasim, and Sukkur (including all of Sindh and lower Punjab) became part of the Umayyad Caliphate.Later Mughals and many semi-autonomous tribes ruled over Sukkur. The city was ceded to Mirs of Khairpur between 1809 and 1824. In 1833, Shah Shuja (a warlord of Kandahar, Afghanistan) defeated the Talpurs near Sukkur and later made a solemn treaty with the Talpur ruler, by which he relinquished all claims on Sindh. In 1843, the British (General Charles James Napier) defeated the Talpurs at the battles of Miani and Dubbo near Hyderabad. Sukkur, along with the rest of Sindh, was under British rule until the independence of Pakistan in 1947. The (current) district of Sukkur was constituted in 1901 out of part of Shikarpur District, the remainder of which was formed into the Larkana District. Sukkur saw a significant socio-economic uplift after the 1930s, when the British built the world's largest barrage here on the Indus River. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Sukkur.[4] History - sukkur.org

Geography

Sukkur City Chowk

Sukkur City Chowk

The district of Sukkur (whose name is derived from its head quarter Sukkur city) covers an area of 5,165 square kilometres. Geographically it is spanned from 27°05' to 28°02' north latitudes and from 68°47' to 69°43' east longitudes. The city of Sukkur is located at an altitude of 220 feet (67 m) from sea level, having terrestrial coordinates 68°52' east and 27°42' north. It is also the narrowest point of the lower Indus course. Sukkur district shares its northern border with Shikarpur and the recently constituted Kashmore districts. Ghotki is located on the north-eastern side while Khairpur on the south. Sukkur also shares its border with India (Jaisalmer, Rajasthan). Sukkur is also connected by road and by air with all major cities of Pakistan.[5]  Geography 

Sukkur Barrage

Sukkur

Sukkur

The Sukkur Barrage has 66 [6] Barrage - dawn.com [7] Kiana - Khaleeq Gates. The Sukkur Barrage (formally called Lloyd Barrage), built under the British Raj on the Indus River, controls one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. It was designed by Sir Arnold Musto KCIE, and constructed under the overall direction of Sir Charlton Harrison, KCIE, as Chief Engineer. Construction of the barrage was started in 1923 and completed in January 1932. The 5,001 feet (1,524 m) long barrage is made of yellow stone and steel and can water nearly 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of farmland through its seven large canals. Some of the canals are larger than the Suez Canal.In November 2004, the government of Pakistan initiated a rehabilitation project to revitalise its water storage capacity and distribution efficiency. The project was completed in July 2005, (with less than the allocated amount of Rs. 887 million). Experts believe that the rehabilitation of the barrage has enhanced its efficiency for another 60 to 70 years.[8] Barrage - Rehabilitated

Climate

Ayub Bridge

Ayub Bridge

The climate of Sukkur is characterised by very hot and hazy summer with dry and cool winter. Throughout the whole year wind speed is low and sunshine is abundant as the district exhibits a desert climate. Summer is very hot as the temperature can reach 50 °C (122 °F). Dry heat is experienced starting April to early June until the Monsoon season starts to arrive. Monsoons in the city of Sukkur are not very wet, but extremely high dew point couple up with very hot temperature makes the temperatures extremely uncomfortable. Dew point over 30 °C (86 °F) and heat index in excess of 65 °C (149 °F) are recorded on some days, which are some of highest heat indices recorded in the world. Monsoons recede by September, but it is not until late October that the short lived autumn season is experienced. The average annual rainfall of the city is a scanty ... However, winter is mild and cool. Night temperatures rarely fall below freezing while day time temperatures are rather warm and comfortable. It is one of the few districts of Sindh to experience foggy conditions similar to that of north and central Punjab.[9] www.oldsukkur - org

Agriculture

Sukkur City View

Sukkur City View

Sukkur had a large fertile and cultivable land area. During kharif, rice, bajra, cotton, tomatoes and peas are cultivated; whereas during rabi the main crops are wheat, barley, graham and melons. Sukkur is famous, world over, for its dates. Sukkur also has a large Riveraine forest along the course of the Indus. These tropical forests are found within the protective embankments on either side of the Indus. During 1997-98 the total area under forests was 510 km2 which yielded 55,000 cubic feet (1,600 m3) of timber and 27,000 cubic feet (760 m3) of firewood besides other mine products.[10] sukkur - city.com [11] Pakistan - findpk.com

Education

IBA Sukkur

IBA Sukkur

  • BEDIL BEKAS MODEL HIGH SCHOOL ROHRI NEAR CHANNA HOUSE
  • EdFort Sukkur
  • Government High SchoolHoly City School Bhutta Road Sukkur
  • Holy City SADI (Skills & Arts Development Institute) Bhutta Road Sukkur
  • Apwa Excellent World School
  • Islamia High School
  • Government Girls High School Barrage Colony
  • Army Public School and College
  • Railway Girls School
  • Beaconhouse School System
  • M K High School
  • Air Foundation School System [12] www.sindhi - shaan.com
  • Government Degree College
  • Cadet College Sangi
  • Government Polytechnic College

Industry

Sukkur Barage

Sukkur Barage

Sukkur is a hub of many small and large scale industries. Among important industries are Biscuit factories, Vegetable (Cooking) oil and Vanaspati Ghee Mills, cotton textiles, cement, leather, tobacco, paint and varnish, pharmaceuticals, agriculture implements, metal foundries, hand pumps, lock making, rice-husking, and sugar Small-scale cottage industries comprise hosiery, boat making, fishing accessories, thread ball spooling, trunk making, brass-wares, cutlery, ceramics. Milk Plant Engro Foods.[13] www.great - sukkur

Languages

  1. Sindhi: 74.07%
  2. Urdu: 13.82%
  3. Punjabi: 6.63%
  4. Pashto: 1.53%
  5. Baluchi: 1.47%
  6. Seraiki: 0.99%
  7. Others: 1.49%

Religion

  1. Islam: 96.13%
  2. Hinduism: 3.28%
  3. Christianity: 0.51%
  4. Ahmaddiya: 0.04%
  5. Others: 0.1%

Population of District Sukkur Census 2017

 - Rural Urban Total
Population 767788 720115 1487903
Male 399295 376964 776259
Female 368485 343102 711587
Transgender 08 49 57
Household 135906 127136 263042
 Complete Address of MSU District Sukkur
 
Sr.No. Name of outlet / Centre Name of Incharge Telephone/Cell No. of the Incharge  Complete Address with Location
01 MSU Rohri Najamul Nisa FTO +92 333 4171692 Near Taluka Hospital Rohri
02 MSU Pano Akil Gulzar Begum, FWW - Near NBP Mandar Gali Pano Akil
03 MSU Saleh Pat Kalsoom Akhtar Soofi, FTO +92 301 2394460 Nar Bus Stop Saleh Pat

Sukkur Barrage

The Sukkur Barrage has 66 Gates. The Sukkur barrage (formally called Lloyd Barrage), built under the British Raj on the Indus river, controls one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Construction of the bridge was started in 1923 and completed in January 1932. The 5000 feet long barrage is made of yellow stone and steel and can water nearly 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of farmland through its seven large canals. Some of the canals are larger than the Suez Canal. In November 2004, the government of Pakistan initiated a rehabilitation project to revitalize its water storage capacity and distribution efficiency. The project was completed in July 2005, (with less than the allocated amount of Rs. 887 million). Experts believe that the rehabilitation of the barrage has enhanced its efficiency for another 60 to 70 years.[14]  Sukkur Barrage 

Sukkur People Supported Parties

Historical Perspective of Sukkur

Historical Perspective of Sukkur

The most part of the Muslim population supported Pakistan Movement and Muslim League. Soon after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Hindus and Sikhs were migrated to India where as the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Sukkur. A project was initiated by the government of Punjab in November 2004, to invigorate its water storage capacity and supplying competence and the project was concluded in July 2005. Professionals consider that the rehabilitation of the barrage has improved its effectiveness for another 60 to 70 years. The city is also considered to be the hub of several small and large scale industries.[15]  Sukkur People Supported Parties 

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