Muzaffargarh is a district of province Punjab, Pakistan situated on the bank of River Chenab. Indus River lies on the west of the region. The coordinates of the region are 30’20 to the north and 71’05 to the east. The district contains the area of 8,435 square kilometres.
The city is the district’s capital, which is the 39th largest populated city of Pakistan. During Indus Valley Civilization, the region used to be an agricultural one and the inhabitants of the area used to cultivate wheat and cotton. The British ruler had exported fine cotton of Muzaffargarh to the Europe and Gulf countries in a considerable amount.
Muzaffargarh is named after Nawab Muzaffar Khan who founded the region who was the governor of Multan in 1794. The region has remained under the rule of almost all rulers of Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi followed by Mughal rulers till British Raj. This article contains all the information about the city, including Muzaffargarh History.
|In Urdu :||مظفر گڑھ|
|City Council:||Government of Punjab|
|Type:||It lies on the bank of the Chenab River.|
|Local Language Name:||Punjabi|
|Coordinates :||30°20 N 71°05 E|
|Elevation:||122 m (400 ft)|
|Type:||Government Of Punjab|
|District Coordination Officer:||Ibrar Ahmed|
|Capital City Police Chief:||Zeeshan Asghar|
|Total Area:||8,435 km2 (3,257 sq mi)|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+5)|
|Summer (DST):||PDT (UTC+6)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with M and random four numbers|
The history of this region goes back to Alexander the Great following by Ghaznavid Dynasty which was invaded by Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi in 997. In 1005, he invaded the Shahis of Kabul. Sultanate of Dehli and Mughal Empire ruled the area.
Sikhs occupied the district just before the beginning of Mughal Empire. Muslims faced different restrictions during the Sikh Empire. British rulers came in 1848 and occupied the region of Punjab. They ruled the district till the independence of Pakistan in 1947.
The population of Muzaffargarh contains the majority of Muslims due to the missionary Sufi Saints who were Islam’s preachers. The area also had Sikh and Hindu people who migrated to India or converted to Islam’s Religion after Independence of Pakistan.
The district is further divided into four tehsils and twenty-three Union Councils. Tehsils of the district are as follow:
- Kot Addo
According to 2017 census of Pakistan, the district had a population of 3,826,000.
Muzaffargarh Postal Code and Area Code
Postal Code: 34200
Area Code: 066
The district is one of the oldest districts of Pakistan. Still, it has only one Virtual University Campus, and the literacy rate of the region is also shallow. The city is famous for its private educational system, contain about 600 private schools. All of the institutions are affiliated with Punjab Education Foundation and are funded by them.
Tests are taken by Punjab Education Foundation (PEF) every year for quality assurance. Children are getting quality education due to the Punjab Education Foundation. NTS and NEEF are the main Tests conducting agencies.
The district has an agricultural land famous for its cotton, wheat and sugarcane production. Other crops such as jawar, moong masoor, Bajra, Moosh, oils seeds, groundnut and maize are also cultivated in the district at minor quantity.
Main fruits of the region are citrus, mangoes, pomegranates and dates. Other fruits of the region are bananas, pears, Jaman and phalsa are also grown in the district in minor quantity.
Peas, onions, cauliflower and carrots are the main vegetables of the region. Some other fruits grown in minor quantities are turnip, potato, ladyfinger, garlic, tomato, and chillies.
Forest covers an area of 100,864 acres of the district. Significant trees grown in the region are coconut, kikar, Millbury, bamboo and Shisham.
The climate of the region is dry and hot. Fifty-four degrees centigrade is the district’s highest recorded temperature while its lowest recorded temperature is 1-degree centigrade. 127 mm is the average recorded rainfall of the area.
The district contains flour mills, cotton ginning, textile production, paper production, oil milling, electrical power production, petroleum production, chemical units and textile spinning. There are two main power stations in Muzaffargarh, including KAPCO and Thermal Power stations.
KAPCO has a capacity of producing 1600 megawatts while Thermal Power Station produces 1370 megawatt annually.
Multan International Airport is used by the people to travel worldwide and to Pakistan’s other cities. Different Airlines are providing services which include Pakistan International Airlines, Air Blue and many other airlines.
The national highway connects the region all major cities of Pakistan such as Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad and Bahawalpur. Minor road links the region with the local areas of the district.
- Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani
- Hina Rabbani Khar
- Ghulam Noor Rabbani Khar
- Nawabzada, Nasrullah Khan
- Ghulam Mustafa Khar
- Azhar Hussain
- Jamshed Dasti
There are many places of attraction in the district. People from all over the country love to visit and see different historical sites of Muzaffargarh. Some of the places of attraction are as follow:
- United Mall
- Tomb of Shah Ali Akbar
- Shrine of Khwaja Awais Kagha
- Multan Arts Council
- Fort Kohna
- Shrine of Mian Maharban
- Tomb of Shah Rukne Alam
- Clock Plaza
- Fort Kohna
Many games are played in the District. The people love to play football, cricket, hockey and volleyball. Other indoor and outdoor games are also played by the people such as snooker, table tennis, squash, chess and carom board.
The people speak many languages, but the most widely spoken languages are Urdu, Punjabi and English. 78% of the population speaks Punjabi, while 15% speaks Urdu. The people speak English in offices and commercial areas. 7% of the peoples speak other languages such as Hindko, Saraiki and Pashto.