Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in Pakistan has witnessed many ups and downs during the period, though it has been the dominant political force in two major cities of Sindh since it inception in 1984. Altaf Hussain is the Founder of MQM Party. Farooq Sattar is the member of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) Pakistan.The story of MQM starts with the formation of a student organisation, All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organisation (APMSO) in 1978.
|Government Seats in 2014 Election|
|National Assembly:||24 / 342|
|Senate:||8 / 104|
|Sindh Assembly:||50 / 168|
|Charity Wing:||Khidmat-e-Khalq Foundation (KKF)|
|Paramilitary Wing:||Wafa Parast|
|Students wing:||All Pakistan Muttahidda Students Organization (APMSO)|
|Founder:||Altaf Hussain, Azeem Ahmed Tariq|
|Founded:||March 18, 1984|
|Headquarters:||Nine Zero; 494/8, Azizabad, F.B Area Karachi, Pakistan|
|Color:||Red, green and white|
|Ideology:||Liberalism Social liberalism Muhajir nationalism Secularism|
The All Pakistan Mohajir Students Organisation launches the party, Mohajir Qaumi Movement.
MQM formally enters politics, after winning local municipal elections in Karachi and Hyderabad.
Differences developed between the PPP and MQM after dozens were killed at an MQM congregration by Sindhi nationalists, and the alliance fell apart in the wake of ensuing violence. The MQM lent its support to Nawaz Sharif’s Islami Jamhoori Ittehad instead.
In the 1990 election, MQM again emerged as the third largest party forming an alliance and a coalition government with PML-N, the leading party at the time.
MQM chief Altaf Hussain leaves for London for medical treatment. He has not returned since then.
The army launches the infamous ‘Operation clean-up’, ostensibly to rid the city of terrorism. The operation targeted the MQM in particular. As a result, a breakaway faction known as the MQM-Haqiqi emerged. Meanwhile, party leaders went into hiding and party offices were shut down.
Elections are held once again. The MQM boycotts the national assembly polls, but sweeps provincial elections, and once again allies with the PPP in Sindh. Their participation was despite on-and-off action against the party all the way till 1996.
Benazir Bhutto’s government is dismissed on charges of the murders of MQM workers in fake encounters by the police. The MQM wins national and provincial assembly seats in the 1997 polls, and allies with PML-N again.
After much deliberation and delay, the Mohajir Qaumi Movement changes its official name to Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).
The murder of Hakim Sayeed, a famous Pakistani philanthropist leads to the imposition of Governor rule in Sindh. The MQM and PML-N’s alliance came to an end.
The then President Pervez Musharraf, who had overthrown Nawaz in a military coup, held elections. The MQM performed well, and became a coalition partner of its arch enemy, the military government.
MQM threatens to quit the coalition government, ostensibly over army operations in Balochistan. It later retracts the ultimatum.
MQM was accused by anti-Musharraf parties and sections of the media for instigating violence on the streets of Karachi when Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry arrived in the city to address a lawyers’ meeting.
In the 2008 election, the party again became part of the ruling coalition government at the centre and in Sindh — once again with the PPP.
The MQM’s office in London was raided in connection with Farooq’s murder.
MQM chief Altaf Hussain criticised the judiciary and said that judges of the Supreme Court should apologise for their remarks about delimitation of Karachi’s constituencies or face consequences.The Supreme Court ordered the MQM chief to appear before it in person and explain why he should not be charged with contempt for “his contemptuous assertions against the judiciary”.
Hussain files an unconditional apology, which was accepted by the apex court.
The MQM announced that it had decided to quit the federal and provincial governments in protest against what it described as the ‘negative attitude’ of the PPP.The Sindh People’s Local Government Act, 2012 is repealed. The act had been seen a major prize for the MQM for its oft-broken alliance at the centre and in Sindh for providing for a separate local government system for its powerbase of Karachi.
MQM sweeps elections across most of Karachi and in parts of lower Sindh. Allegations of rigging in NA-250 bring MQM-PTI tensions to the forefront, with polls delayed there.The London Metropolitan police launched an investigation against the MQM chief following complaints by hundreds of British and Pakistani citizens.Following the death of PTI office bearer Zahra Shahid Hussain, the tensions between the two parties continued to flare up after PTI chief Imran Khan directly accused Altaf Hussain of her murder. MQM boycotted the polls in NA-250, and PTI won the constituency’s provincial and national seats.MQM’s Karachi Organising Committee is disbanded, in an apparent reaction to ‘hooliganism’The MQM’s Rabita (Communication) Committee was disbanded. The decision was made by the committee itself and was approved by Hussain, according to MQM. The decision followed the party chief’s proclamation to rid the party of ‘corrupt elements’.
Initially, it was established to counter the Islami Jamiat-e-Talba, a student wing of Jamat-e-Islami Pakistan which ruled the roost in Karachi at that time.
It soon transformed itself into Muhajir Qaumi Movement in 1984 under the leadership of Altaf Hussain and Azim Ahmad Tariq with Aafaq Ahmad and Amer Ahmad Khan being the founding members.
Purpose to Launch
It was launched to protect and fight for the rights of the Muhajir community against the alleged discrimination in employment opportunities and admissions in educational institutions.
Generally known as a secular political party mainly representing the Urdu-speaking population in the urban areas of Sindh, it wields significant power in Karachi and Hyderabad. MQM won the November 1987 Local Bodies elections in the two cities. Currently being the second largest party in Sindh Assembly and the fourth largest in the National Assembly, the MQM has earned the distinction of being the only political party in Pakistan which has been part of almost every government in the Centre and Sindh since the 1980s.
Leader of MQM Altaf Hussain
Altaf Hussain is a Pakistani Politician. He was born in Karachi, Pakistan. Hussain’s father name is Nazir Hussain and mother name is Khursheed Begum. He is the founder of Muttahida Qumi Movement (MQM), which is the fourth largest political party in the Pakistan, that are representing Muhajir Community. He belongs to muhajir family who came from India in the partition of 1947.
Dr. Muhammad Farooq Sattar Peerwani is a politician from Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. He is Deputy Convener and Parliamentary leader of the political party MQM. He has also served as Provincial Minister in the Sindh Cabinet for Local Bodies and is one of the senior Members of the MQM Co-Ordination Committee. Dr Farooq Sattar was also heading Foreign Relations Committee in the Senate.On 16 March 2008, he was nominated as a candidate for the seat of the Prime Minister of Pakistan by the MQM.
Restorated Registration of MQM
The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) restored on Thursday 1/02/2018 the registration of as many as 13 political parties, including Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P).
Speaking before the ECP, MQM-P’s counsel Barrister Farogh Naseem requested that their party’s registration was suspended for not submitting the Rs0.2 million fees, adding that the party had erred as it was not aware of the new laws but now it has completed all the formalities.MQM-Pakistan leader Dr Farooq Sattar thanked the ECP for taking into consideration his party’s request.
|Seat Type||No. of Seats|
|Dr. Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui||MQM||House 301/8 F.B. Area Karachi. J50, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 2109090|
|Syed Waseem Hussain||MQM||House No: E425, Mohi Mukhi Narain Das Gali, Hyderabad E-411, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 321 3679090|
|Mohammad Salman Khan Baloch||MQM||114/4-A, 10th Lane, Phase-VII, Main Khayaban-e-Ittehad, D.H.A., Karachi E-410, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9267021|
|Sohail Mansoor Khawaja||MQM||H.No.2/87, Street No.25, Khayaban-E-Muhfiz Phase- VI, D.H.A, Karachi E-408, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 321 9220490|
|S.A. Iqbal Qadri||MQM||H.No R-421 Block 9 F.B. Area Karachi A-207, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 2201026|
|Mehboob Alam||MQM||H.No.591, Sector 11 1/2, Orangi Town Karachi. A-107, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 311 8270665|
|Abdul Waseem||MQM||R/O. H.No.R-5/12, Gulberg Karachi. A-104, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9233404|
|Sheikh Salahuddin||MQM||D-23, Block-4, Near Disco Bakery, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi G-409, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad||+92 321 2443334|
|Muhammad Kamal Malik||MQM||House No.D-76/1, Block F-North Nazimabad||+92 0300 3660155,+92 310 2107938|
|Mr. Kanwar Naveed||MQM||H.No.160, Block-B, Latifabad, Hyderabad||N/A|
|Sufyan Yousuf||MQM||House No. B-60, Block-10, F.B. Area Karachi J-504, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9249558|
|Doctor Muhammad Farooq Sattar||MQM||House No. 268. P.I.B. Colony, Karachi. J-201, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 5012990, +92 300 2201026, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Syed Ali Raza Abidi||MQM||House,No 20-B/2, Khayaban E Ghazi, Phase V, D.H.A Karachi G-404, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad||+92 332 2353900|
|Abdul Rashid Godil||MQM||606 Arfif Arcade Bahadurabad Plot No.48 Karachi J503, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 333 3174046|
|Muhammad Muzammil Qureshi||MQM||A-274 Block-2 Gulshan-E-Iqbal E-204, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 321 2919090|
|Mr. Muhammad Ali Rashid||MQM||House No. 203/1, 27th Street, Kh-e-Qasim, Ph.8, DHA Karachi J-406, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 8244390|
|Syed Asif Hasnain||MQM||House No AA- 2141/07 , Maria Luxary Apartment,Muhalla Shadman Town,North Karachi. J-402, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9277831|
|Iqbal Muhammad Ali Khan||MQM||Flat # D-8-7/14, Maymar Square Gulshan-E-Iqbal Block-14, Karachi. A-405, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9273267|
| Sajid Ahmed||MQM||House No.G-14/1, Khokharapar, Malir. J-502, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 9206884|
Reserved Seats for Women
|1||Kishwer Zehra||MQM||House No.179-D, KDA, Scheme-1, Tipu Sultan Road,Karachi E-407, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad||N/A|
|2||Dr. Fouzia Hameed||MQM||14-D, Askari-III, School Road, Karachi Cantt. F-107, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad||N/A|
|3||Saman Sultana Jafri||MQM||B-148, Block-6, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi E-409, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||N/A|
|4||Dr. Nikhat Shakeel Khan||MQM||A-230, Long Life Homes, Block-17, Gulshan-e-Johar, Karachi||N/A|
Reserved seats Minority
|1||Sanjay Perwani||MQM||House No. 1-A, Block 2, Scheme 1 Satellite Town Mirpurkhas G-406, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.||+92 300 8246000|