Mirpur Khas

Mirpur Khas (City)

Article Upload Date: 2017,Jan 17

Mirpur Khas is a famous city in the province of Sindh in the country of Pakistan. It is the capital city of Mirpur Khas District. It is the 4th greatest city in Sindh with an estimated population of 488,590. Its soil is very rich and fertile. The city is famous known for its horticultural produce and farming, as well as mango cultivation, with various varieties of mangoes produced every year. Mirpurkhas is also developing in I.T Software Education and Business.[1] sindhi - dunya.com Mirpur (Khas)  is a city in the province of Sindh in Pakistan. It is the capital city of Mirpur Khas District and was the capital of an eponymous princely state. It is the fourth largest city in the province with an estimated population of 488,590 (2009). Its soil is fertile and the city is known for its horticultural produce and farming, as well as mango cultivation, with hundreds of varieties of mangoes produced each year.Mirpurkhas also growing in I.T Software Education and Business.[2] History - Mirpur Khas

Title Description
Information
Location: Pakistan
City Council: Municipal Committee
Towns: 5
Nickname: Mirpur Khas
City Name: میرپور خاص
Type: Capital city of Mirpur Khas District
Local Language Name: Sindhi
Province: Sindh
Coordinates : 25°31'30"N 069°00'57"E
District: Mirpur Khas District
Region: Sindh
Website: N/A
Government Type: Municipal Committee
Calling code: 0233
Population Estimate : 1.506 million(2017)
Vice-Chairman of Mirpurkhas: Fareed Ahmed
Chairman of Mirpurkhas: Farooq Jameel Durrani
Number of Tehsils: 3
Autonomous towns: 5
Language
Official Language: Urdu
Native Language: Sindhi
Other Languages: Urdu,Sindhi,English
Government
Government Type: Municipal Committee
Mayor: Farooq Jameel Durrani
Deputy Mayor: Fareed Ahmed
Population
Total Population: 612,520 (2011)
Time zone
Time zone: PST (UTC+5)
Codes
Postal code: 69000
Dialing code: 0233
Vehicle registration: Three letters beginning with M and random four numbers


History

Mirpur Khas

Mirpur Khas

Early History

Mirpur Khas

Mirpur Khas

Prior to the Islamic conquest of Sindh by the Arabian armies of Muhammad Bin Qasim, the land where Mirpur was situated had a thriving Buddhist settlement known as Kahoo Jo Daro. The remnant stupa still remains and as the armies settled in the area, newer buildings occupied the land and led into massively progressive landscapes. Farming became known to people and horticulture and cotton fields blossomed.[3] World Sindhi - Congress Before the Islamic conquest of province Sindh by the Arabian armies of Muhammad Bin Qasim, the land where Mirpur was located had a thriving Buddhist settlement called as Kahoo Jo Daro. The remains of stupa still exist and as the armies settled in the place, newer buildings captured the land and led into massively progressive landscapes. Farming became famous to individuals and horticulture and cotton fields blossomed.[4] www.talpur - org

British Raj

Mirpur Khas

Mirpur Khas

Later Sindh was made part of the colonial Bombay Presidency and Mirpurkhas was a part of it. Umerkot was made the district's headquarters town and Mirpur Khas was ignored until the advent of the Luni-Hyderabad branch of the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway,[5] Imperial Gazetteer - India a subsidiary of the Scinde Railway to the town. The opening of the Jamrao Canal in 1900 made Mirpur Khas stand out of the rest of the towns in the district. It was constituted a municipality in 1901 and was made the district headquarters in 1906. ZAHID RANDHAWA At the turn of the twentieth century, the population of the town was 2,787 with a density of 82 persons per square mile, however the district, as a whole, saw significant growth in the rise of population from 27,866 (1891) to 37,273 (1901). The cotton produced at Mirpur Khas was considered the best in the country when surveyed and the British exploited the produce by exporting it to other nations.[6] Hunter - William Wilson Mirpurkhas sustained to be the capital of Talpur Mirs of Mirpurkhas until the year 1843 when the province of Sindh was annexed to British India under East India Company. When Charles James Napier invaded the province of Sindh, Mir Sher Muhammad Talpur was the last Talpur ruler to confront the British on the day of 24 March 1843 at the battleground of Dubbo. His war for the liberation of Sindh has gave him the title of the lion of Sindh.[7] British - History

Post Indipendence

Mirpur Khas's big project

Mirpur Khas's big project

Shir Mohammad ibn Tharo alias Mir Sher Muhammad Talpur (1829 - 12 February 1843)) succeeded Mir Ali Murad and built a fort when declared the ruler of the state. He would run a kutchery from within the fort. Mirpur(khas) remained the capital of the Talpur Mirs of Mirpurkhas until 1843, when Sindh was annexed to British India under the East India Company. When Charles James Napier attacked Sindh, Mir Sher Muhammad Talpur was the last Talpur ruler to face the British on 24 March 1843 at the battleground of Dubbo. His battle for the liberation of Sindh has rendered him the title of 'the lion of Sindh'. The kutchery in the fort now has a tablet embedded at the entrance reading, "The fort within which this building stands was residence of Mir Sher Muhammad Khan, the Lion of Sind."Zahid Randhawa .  After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, because of its proximity with the Indian border, Mirpur Khas became the first city to welcome refugees to Pakistan. It acted as a primary railway junction for the first trains to rail across the Rajasthan to the Sindh province.[8] Indipendence - dunya.com

Transportation

Mirpur Khas is a famous city in the province of Sindh

Mirpur Khas is a famous city in the province of Sindh

Railway

Mirpur Khas Railway Station is in middle of city. After 40 years a railway link between Pakistan and India is being opened again. A broad gauge line has been laid from Mirpurkhas to Khokhrapar, which is the border town from Pakistani Side. The new link now connects Karachi (Pakistan) to Jodhpur (India) by the new train service Thar Express. In 2005, work started on converting the metre gauge railway line to Khokhrapar to broad gauge. Mirpurkhas Railway Station has one of the longest platforms in Pakistan.Mirpur Khas Railway Station is deployed in the middle of city. After 40 years a railway link between the countries Pakistan and India is being opened again. A broad gauge line has been laid from the cities Mirpurkhas to Khokhrapar, which is the border town from Pakistani Side. The new link now attaches Karachi to Jodhpur by the new train service known as Thar Express. In the year 2005, work initiated on converting the meter gauge railway line to Khokhrapar to broad gauge. Mirpurkhas Railway Station has one of the longest platforms in the country Pakistan.[1] sindhi - dunya.com

Bus Stands

  • Babar Medicine Company - Mirpur Khas
Model Town, Near Town Hall. Mirpur Khas
  • Ibl International Brands (pvt) Ltd. - Mirpur Khas
D-35, Adam Town. Mirpur Khas. Sindh
  • Ali Bilawal Traders - Mirpur Khas
Market Chowk, Old Subzi Mundi. Mirpur Khas. Sindh[9] Transport - infoisinfo

Others

Mirpur Khas's map

Mirpur Khas's map

Agriculture

The district's very fertile land produces wheat, onion, sugarcane, cotton, corn, mangoes and other crops. Irrigation and farming was revitalised after the Jamrao Canal was built in the 1900s. The city was able to produce and cycle crops to supply mainly grain, cotton products like fabrics, and sugar from the sugarcane cultivations. For a certain period in history, Mirpurkhas enjoyed being the best cotton producer in the country and much of the income of the town came from cotton farming in its heyday.Mirpur Khas is positioned atop a fertile land making conditions apt for farming and irrigation. Being connected to the Indus via irrigation canals like the Let Wah, Mirpur Khas has gained an advantage in horticulture and farming over the years. Primary produce includes mangoes (famous for producing mangoes), sugarcane and cotton, wheat and chilly peppers. Bananas are also widely cultivated around the region and also one of the biggest producer of Bananas in the country.

Education

The city has three government colleges, all affiliated with the University of Sindh. Mirpur Khas has a Sindh University campus with five degree programs: BS-Information Technology, BS-Computer Science, BS-Commerce, BBA, and BS-Geology. The city has numerous schools both private and public. Number of private schools have been increased since last decade.
  • Fauji Faundation Model School
  • The City School
  • Szabist college
  • Little Folks High School
  • The Vision School
  • Govt: S.A.L College

Culture

A road to Mirpur Khas

A road to Mirpur Khas

In late 18th century, many Muslim families were shifted from east Punjab to the area. The biggest Muslim community who settled here, was Arain . The Arains from various districts of eastern Punjab such as Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ferozpur, Ambala, Patiala and Jalandhar moved here and permanently settled. The contributions of Arains towards the agriculture and irrigation systems is remarkable. They live mostly in rural areas with peace and harmony. The city also have well known Sindhi Arain population.[10] Culture - greatest city Irrigation and farming was revitalized after the Jamrao Canal was constructed in 1900s. The city was capable to produce and cycle crops to supply primarily grain, cotton products such as fabrics, and sugar from the sugarcane cultivations. For a specific period in history, Mirpurkhas amused being the best cotton producer in the country and much of the income of the town came from cotton farming in its heyday. In late eighteenth century, many Muslim families were moved from east Punjab to the place. The greatest Muslim community, who settle down here, was Arain community. The Arains from several districts of eastern Punjab like Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ferozpur, Ambala, Patiala and Jalandhar shifted here and permanently settled. The contributions of Arains towards the agriculture and irrigation networks are outstanding. They live mostly in rural and remote places with peace and harmony. The city also has renowned Sindhi Arain population.[11] www.sindhi - dunya

Sports

Mirpurkhas city is also famous for promoting sports in the Sindh province. Cricket, football, hockey, badminton and table tennis are famous sports of Mirpurkhas.Nayyar Ahmed Siddiqui, the International Table Tennis Federation Certified Coach and Certified Member of Olympic Council of Asia, also belongs to this city.

Economy

Mirpur Khas

Mirpur Khas

The city has several shopping centers and bazaars. Though Mirpurkhas has a small industrial park, no industry is functional there. However, there are four sugar mills, Mirpurkhas sugar mills, Mirawah sugar mills, Digri Sugar Mills and Najma sugar mills. Mirpurkhas sugar mills is the oldest one.

Agriculture

Mirpur Khas 4th greatest city in Sindh

Mirpur Khas 4th greatest city in Sindh

The district's very fertile land produces wheat, onion, sugarcane, cotton, corn, mangoes and other crops. Irrigation and farming was revitalised after the Jamrao Canal was built in the 1900s. The city was able to produce and cycle crops to supply mainly grain, cotton products like fabrics, and sugar from the sugarcane cultivation. For a certain period in history, Mirpurkhas enjoyed being the best cotton producer in the country and much of the income of the town came from cotton farming in its heyday. Nowadays, however, the area is much known its mango produce. The city claims to have 252 different varieties of mangoes, of which the most famous variety is the Sindhri Amb, literally the mango from Sindh. The city boasts its mango products at an annual harvest festival showcasing its world-renowned produce. Mirpur Khas is positioned atop a fertile land making conditions apt for farming and irrigation. Being connected to the Indus via irrigation canals like the Let Wah, Mirpur Khas has gained an advantage in horticulture and farming over the years. also here is a horticulture research institute for agriculture farm. Primary produce includes mangoes (famous for producing mangoes), sugarcane and cotton, wheat and chilly peppers. Bananas are also widely cultivated around the region and also one of the biggest producer of Bananas in the country.[12] Agriculture

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