Hunza
Hunza

Mountainous valley situated to the north of hunza river in gilgit baltistan is  known as hunza valley the world Renowned hunza valley is a heaven for tourists..the capital of hunza is karimabad ( Baltit ) ,Prince karim agha khan is the spiritual head of shia ismaili nizari community and karimabad is named after him ,it is surrounded by three beautiful peaks Rakhaposhi,Diran and Ultar.hunza valley is surrounded by some of the high peaks namely Rakhaposhi, Hunza Peak ,Darmyani peak,ghenta sar, ultar sar,Bojahagur Duanasir and lady finger peak[1] history – pak.com  Hunza valley is perhaps one of the most beautiful and attractive areas in northern areas.this area boasts of some of the most spectacular scenery in the world.many of the highest mountains in the world are located in hunza and gilgit.the people are exotic and varied.[2] blog – spot.com

Title Description
Information
Location: Pakistan
Type: Mountainous valley in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan
Local Language Name: ہنزہ
Coordinates : 36.3167° N, 74.6500° E
Details
Province: Northern part of Pakistan
District: Hunza Nagar District
Elevation: 2,500 metres (8,200 ft)
Total Area: 7,900 kilometres (3,100 sq mi)
Population : Predominantly Muslims
Time zone: PST (UTC+5)
Area dialing code: 14301
Languages: Burushaski,Urdu,English

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About

Hunza

History

Hunza

Hunza was formerly a princely state bordering Uyghurstan also called Xinjiang (autonomous region of China) to the northeast and Pamir to the northwest, which survived until 1974, when it was finally dissolved by  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto . The state bordered the Gilgit Agency to the south and the former princely state of Nagar to the east. The state capital was the town of Baltit (also known as Karimabad); another old settlement is Ganish Village. Hunza was an independent principality for more than 900 years. The British gained control of Hunza and the neighbouring valley of Nagar between 1889 and 1892 through a military conquest. The then Mir/Tham (ruler) Mir Safdar Ali Khan of Hunza fled to Kashghar in China and sought what would now be called political asylum.[3] www.skardu – pk

Princely State

Hunza

  • The ruling family of Hunza is called Ayeshe (heavenly). The two states of Hunza and Nagar were formerly one, ruled by a branch of the Shahreis, the ruling family of Gilgit, whose seat of government was Nager. First muslim came to Hunza-Nagar Valley some 1000 years (At the time of Imam Islam Shah 30th Imam Ismaili Muslims). After the introduction of Islam to Gilgit, married a daughter of Trakhan of Gilgit, who bore him twin sons, named Moghlot and Girkis. From the former the present ruling family of Nager is descended. The twins are said to have shown hostility to one another from birth. Thereupon their father, unable to settle the question of succession, divided his state between them, giving Girkis the north/west, and to Moghlot the south/east bank of the river.[4] Hindoo Koosh – John

The traditional name for the ruler or Prince in Hunza was Tham (also Thom or Thum), which is also a respectful greeting used by the people of both Hunza and Nager who belong to the clan of Boorish. The Shin use the term Yeshkun for the Boorish.

  • Both Thams are also addressed as Soori, a title of respect. This appears to be the same as Sri, commonly prefixed to the names of Hindu princes in India, to denote their honour and prosperity. The Tham’s wives are styled ghenish which is almost identical with the original Sanskrit word for mother, and their sons are called gushpoor.[5] Sang  meel – publication

Geography

Upper Hunza

Hunza

Upper Hunza comprises the Gojal tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:

  • Gulmit
  • Borith
  • Misgar
  • Chipursan
  • Passu
  • Shimshal
  • Jamalabad
  • Wakhi
  • Ghulkin

Central Hunza

Central Hunza consists of the parts of Aliabad tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:

  • Aliabad
  • Dourkhan
  • Karimabad
  • Baltit Fort 
  • Ganish Village
  • Garelt
  • Hassanabad
  • Murtazaabad

Lower Hunza

Lower Hunza comprises the parts of Aliabad tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:

  • Nasirabad
  • Khanabad
  • Mayon
  • Hussainabad
  • Khizerabad
  • In 1902, eight families from Nasirabad came to the place (the old name was Jhok Das) and built water channel with the help of stones (without machines) through the mountains. Then Mir of Hunza sent 4 families from central Hunza also and they were also settled there. Now, after 111 years, the population of the village is around 1850 and the number of households is around 280.

Others

Transport

Travelling up the valley from the south, Hunza is to the left, and the former state of Nagar to the right of the  Hunza River . Regular bus and van services operate between Gilgit and Central Hunza (Ganish Village, Aliabad and Karimabad) and also between Gilgit and Sost Gojal. PTDC Office at Gilgit, Sost and  Islamabad arranges tours and transport for visitors. NATCO (Northern Area’s Transport Co) runs a daily bus from  Rawalpindi  to Hunza.[6] Transport – pak.com

Climate

The temperature in May reaches a maximum of 26 °C (79 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F); the October maximum is 23 °C (73 °F) and the minimum 2 °C (36 °F). Hunza’s tourist season is generally from May to October, because in winter the Karakoram Highway is often blocked by the snow.[7] Climate – blogspot

Agricultural

  • Hunza is an agricultural city. Miles and miles of fruit orchards can be seen as the tourist approaches karimabad.
  • Apricots are the major diet in summers and are stored throughout the winters. Some wonderful green fields with trees in them.

Tourist Point

Attabad Lake

Attabad lake, gojal, also known as gojal lake, is a lake in the gojal valley of northern  Pakistan  created in January 2010 by a landslide dam.The lake was formed due to a massive landslide at attabad village in Gilgit-Baltistan, 9 miles (14 km) upstream (east) of karimabad that occurred on January 4, 2010.The landslide killed twenty people and blocked the flow of the Hunza river for five months.The lake reached 13 miles (21 km) long and over 100 meters (330 ft.) in depth by the first week of June 2010 [8] Tourism – historypak  

Hopar Glacier

Hopar valley is a cluster of villages around a natural bowl at a bend of bualtar glacier. Opposite hopar the white bualtar is joined by the barpu glacier.  This is a base camp for treks into the high, glacier-draped peaks called the hispar muztagh. This valley is full of natural resources and natural beauty but due to ingnorance of government and local politicians add to its backwardness. The 12 km length of hopar glacier you can actually hear it groan while standing at its side since it is the fastest moving glacier in  Pakistan .[9] Glacier – hunza-2

Shimshal

Shimshal is a village present in the Hunza-nagar district of Gilgit-Baltistan,  Pakistan . It lies at a height of 3100m above sea level and is the highest settlement in the hunza valley. It is a bordering village that connects china with Pakistan. Shimshal is comprised on 3800 square kilometer, there are almost 2000 inhabitants with total of 240 households.Shimshal has a hydro electricity base known as odver stream, which give electricity for five months when water isn’t frozen from june to October. Non-availability of electricity is a big problem for the residents of shimshal for the other seven months. They use different resources like kerosene oil, firewood and gas cylinders as an alternative.The village was inaccessible since 2003 when a new road is constructed from karakoram highway at passu. This non-metallic road was started in 1985 and completed in 2003 and now it takes maximum 3 hours to shimshal from passu.[10] Shimshal – hunzavalley

Golden peak

Golden peak or spantik is a mountain present in karakoram subrange of nagar valley, Gilgit-Baltistan. Its north west has an hard route known as “ golden pillar”. Golden Peak  was first climbed in 1955.The mountain is very popular with organized commercial expeditions. Many commercial expeditions have been taken place such as Aus-Pak expedition in july 2011. Another expedition named the China-Pakistan Friendship Expedition was also organized and Dr. Abdul jabbar bhatti was supervising this expedition.

Nagar Valley

Nagar valley is situated in the northern most part of gilgit-Baltistan. It was a princely state till 1974 when it was merged with Pakistan. Until 1947, it was in subsidiary alliance with British india and bordered the Gilgit agency to the south and Hunza valley to the north and east. Until 1974, the capital of princely state was the town of nagar. Nagar valley is present in the north of Pakistan.The geography of nagar consists of difficult mountains and it gives a lot of protection against the invading forces. The highest mountain in nagar valley is mount rakaposhi situated in the south of Nagar. The karakoram highway passes nagar and connects Pakistan with china through khunjerab pass.The total population of nagar is 90,000. There are two main ethnicities in nagar- the burushaski speakers and shina speakers. An older type of burushaski dialect is still spoken in the valley.Third language, Bedishki is spoken in chalt nagar.The population belongs to Ismaili shia sect.Following sectarian viloences in January 2005, a six point agreement is signed between two sects to make peace in the region.[11] Nagar valley – history