Haripur is situated in Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. The city is the administrative headquarter of the Haripur district. The town borders Swat valley in the northwest, Swabi, and Buner in the west, Mansehra in the north, Abbottabad District in the northeast, Mardan in the northwest, Islamabad in the southeast, Attock in the southwest and, Rawalpindi in the southeast.
Haripur is 152.8 km from the provincial capital, Peshawar. The town is famous for its proximity to Terbela and Khanpur Dams. It is the birthplace of several notable politicians and military officers. This article contains all the information about the city, including Haripur History.
|City Council:||Govt of KPK|
|Type:||City of the Haripur District in Hazara|
|Local Language Name:||Urdu, Pashto, English|
|Coordinates :||33.988°N 72.955°E|
|Elevation:||520 m (1,710 ft)|
|Other Languages:||Urdu, Pushto, English|
|Government Type:||Govt of KPK|
|MNA:||Babar Nawaz Khan|
|MPA:||Akbar Ayub Khan|
|Total Area:||1,725 km2 (666 sq mi)|
|Density:||466/km2 (1,210/sq mi)|
|Total Population:||803,000 (Estimated)|
|Time zone:||PKT (UTC+5)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with H and random four numbers|
Table of Contents
Alexander the Great
Haripur is a historical place that dates back to the Gandhara Civilization. Historians describe that Alexander the Great established his rule over a large part of Hazara after conquering parts of Northern Punjab, and later in 327 B.C., he handed over this territory to Abisaras, the ruler of Poonch state.
Shahab ud Din
After the reign of several rulers, Timur, the Muslim warrior, upon his return to Kabul, put his Turkish soldiers in Hazara in 1399 to protect the vital route between Kabul and Kashmir. Shahab-ud-Din came from Kabul in 1472 and established his rule over that area. At that time, this city was a part of Pakhli Sarkar.
In 1819, Sikh took over this region, and historians attribute Haripur to Hari Singh Nalwa, a Sikh General of Ranjit Singh Army. He also served as the governor of Kashmir from 1822 to 1823. The city was built in 1822, resembling a fort with 15m high and 3.7m thick walls.
There were four gates to enter or leave the city. The city means the town of Hari (or Hari’s town). The British seized control of the region from Sikhs in 1849 that lasted until 1947.
Geographical coordinates of Haripur are 33°59′39″N (latitude) and 72°56′0″E (longitude), and it is 1,710 ft. (520 mi) above sea level. The total area of the district is 1,725 km2 (666 mi2) in length.
In Haripur, the average temperature for the year is 20.6°C. Generally, the warmest month is June, with an average temperature of 31.7°C. The warm weather commonly lasts for 4.3 months. Usually, the coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 10°C.
The winter season usually lasts for 2.9 months. The city faces extreme seasonal variation in monthly precipitation. In Haripur, rain falls over the whole year. July is the month with the maximum amount of rainfall, 246mm. With the minimum amount of rainfall, 30.5 mm, November is the driest month.
The city is home-town to 804,000 people, according to the 2017 census. It is the 14th highest populated city in KPK and 115th in Pakistan. The population of is 1,003,031, with a population density of 580/km2 (1,500 mi2).
People here are hospitable, friendly, and generous. There are several food streets in the town where people can enjoy the taste of traditional delicious meals. Popular food items include delicious dishes such as; Sarsoo Ka Sagh, Makki di Roti (Corn Loaf), Chatni, Lassie, Dessi Ghee, Karhi, and Kala khan Fish.
People of Haripur cherish and celebrate traditional and religious festivities actively. During the annual wheat harvest, a three-day festival known as Jashn-e-Hazara Festival is observed to entertain local communities with various cultural activities.
Some notable events of the festivals are:
- Bull Race
- Dogs Fight
- Horse Dance
- Marathon Race
During the festival, men perform and enjoy popular Haripur dances such as Ghatka, Hazara Number, and Kumar in groups.
Haripur Famous Personalities
- Anwar Shamim, Air Marshal (23 July 1978 – 5 March 1985)
- Ayub Khan, Field Marshal & 2nd President of Pakistan (27 October 1958 – 25 March 1969)
- Babar Nawaz Khan-Former MNA (6 November 2015 – 31 May 2018)
- Faisal Zaman, MPA (21 November 2016 – 28 May 2018)
- Gohar Nawaz Khan, Former MPA (2013)
- Omar Ayub Khan, MNA Federal Minister (18 April 2019)
- Pir Sabir Shah, Former CM KPK (20 October 1993 to 25 February 1994)
- Raja Sikandar Zaman, Former Chief Minister MPA, MNA (1996 – 1997)
- Sardar Muhammad Mushtaq Khan, MPA & MNA (2008–2013)
The literacy rate is gradually improving. According to 2016-17 statistics, the literacy rate is 53.7%, with 63.6% for the male and a 37.4% literacy rate for the female. New public and private sector educational institutions are increasing in number to impart education to the young people.
According to the statistics published by the government of KPK in 2016-17, there are:
- Primary Schools for Boys: 500
- Primary Schools for Girls: 354
- High Schools for Boys: 66
- High Schools for Girls: 55
- Higher Secondary Schools for Boys: 17
- Higher Secondary Schools for Girls: 10
Some of the educational institutions in the city include:
- Allama Iqbal Open University
- Commercial Computer Training Institute
- Commercial Computer Training Institute
- Frontier Education Complex
- Frontier Institute Of Medical Sciences
- IIUI Schools Haripur
- ISDP Institute of Technical & Professional Education
- LAPS Schools Shaheen Campus
- NRTC, Training Institute
- Pak-Austria Fachhochschule Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology
- Punjab College
- Punjab Group of Colleges
- RITE College Boys
- Scholar Institute of Science and Technology
- Technocrats Institute of Engineering & Technology
- The academy of jewels
- The Apex School and College
- The University of Haripur
- Virtual University, Haripur Campus
- WEST College
The people are fond of playing and watching sports such as:
- Marathon Race
- Table Tennis
Agribusiness and industry collectively contribute a handsome amount of their share toward Pakistan’s economic development and GDP. Over the last 19 years, the city has seen a population increase of about 45%. Industries located in Hattar industrial estate generate a considerable amount of revenue and provide work opportunities to the local people and people of the surrounding regions.
In addition to established industrial and horticulture facilities, natural mining resources are an additional revenue generation opportunity. Another sector that provides an opportunity to generate employment and a source of income for local people is tourism.
Haripur is well-known for Hattar Industrial Estate, which is located 16 kilometers from Kot Najibullah. In 1985-86, it was built on a total land area of 4.18 km2 (1,032 acres). More than 400 operating units consist primarily of carpets, cement, chemical, ceramics, food and beverage, leather goods, paper printing, publishing, rubber, and textiles.
The Telephone Industries of Pakistan (TIP), Asia’s largest telecommunications industry, is another industrial complex on the town’s outskirts. The National Corporation of Radio Telecommunication (NRTC) is also headquartered. These industries play an essential role in Pakistan’s economic growth.
Some industrial units in Hattar Industrial Estate include:
- Chemical Industry
- Fazal Chemical Industry
- Frontier Cable Industries
- Ghee Industry
- Hazara Fertilizer
- National Radio Telecommunication Corporation (NRTC)
- Pak-China Fertilizer
- Pak China Tele Cable Industry (Pvt) Ltd.
- Pharmaceutical Industry
- Qarshi Industries
- Razzaq Blanket Industry
- Telephone Industries Of Pakistan (TIP)
- Terbela Cotton Mills
- Textile Industry
The city is agricultural land; the soil is highly fertile and conducive for cultivation. Several types of crops, vegetables, and fruits are grown here. Lush green fields throughout the region make a green valley. Well-known fruits of this town are; apricot, Pear, Plum, Peach, Guava, Litchi, loquat, and red-blood Orange.
Significant crops of the city include Corn, Cucumber, Garlic, Colocasia esculenta (Kachalu), Turmeric, Sugarcane, Wheat, and so on.
Because of its geographical location, it has some beautiful tourist attractions and a source of revenue generation. Tourist favorite spots include:
- Rawal Lake
- Dharmarajika Stupa & Monastery
- Margalla Hills
- Pir Sohawa Hotel
- Monal Islamabad
- Khanpur Dam
- Tarbela Dam
- Sarkari Bagh
- Nori Waterfall
Following languages are spoken and understood in Haripur:
- Hindko (almost 94% as a first language)
A network of motorways and national highways link the city with the outer region. The city can be reached through Hazara Motorway M-15, National Highway N-35, or Karakoram Highway. Several transport services are running for this region throughout Pakistan.
Haripur Hazara is also connected with a railroad network. Railway station in the city works as a junction for inbound and outbound trains. There is no domestic airport located here. Nearest airports are:
- Benazir Bhutto International Airport Islamabad (ISB), 44.99 km
- Muzaffarabad Airport Muzaff (MFG), 65.13 km
- Rawalkot Airport Rawalakot (RAZ), 81.43 km
Area and Postal Code
Postal Code: 22620
Area Code: 0995