Bannu is a district of  Khyber PakhtunKhwa  Province (old name of the province was N.W.F.P – North West Frontier Province), in  Pakistan . [1] Encyclopdia – Britannica It is situated at a distance of 190 km, in the south of  Peshawar . Its population is more than half a million. Majority of the population live in villages. Still the Urban area is overcrowded with people.[2] – pk Bannu is approximately 192 km (119 mi) south of  Peshawar and lies within a sedimentary basin. It is flanked on all sides by the hard and dried mountain ranges of Koh-e-Safed and Koh-e-Suleiman. The Kurram River and its tributaries make it a scenic part of the southern region, with meadows, crops and orchards. Every kind of crop and fruit can be grown here, but its banana, date, fig and rice crops are especially unique in taste, smell and shape.[3] District –

City Council:Govt of KPK
Type:Principal city of the Bannu District
Local Language Name:بنوں
Province:Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Coordinates :32°59’10″N 70°36’15″E
District:Bannu District
Region:Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Official Language:Urdu
Native Language:Pushto
Other Languages:Urdu,Pushto,English
Government Type:Govt of KPK
Total Area:1,227 km2 (474 sq mi)
Density:552/km2 (1,430/sq mi)
Total Population:1,073,000 (2014)
Time zone
Time zone:PKT (UTC+5)
Postal code:28100
Dialing code:928
Vehicle registration:Three letters beginning with B and random four numbers

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Bannu (Bana) is located in the KPK province, approximately 120 kilometers South-West of Kohat City and 140 kilometers North of Dera Ismail Khan City. Bannu District covers an area of approximately 1227 and has a population of nearly 7 Lakh people, most of whom are Pakhtoons (Pashteen) although there is a very small population of Hindus, Sikhs and Christians present there. Pashto (Pashtay) is the main language spoken in the city and villages with a tiny mix of the Hindco, Marwati, and Waziri dialects in some places like the main city bazar (Bazore). The Kurram River (Koorma) flows through Bannu providing a rich source for the agricultural area.[4] Located –  Located 

Founding of Bannu


The town was founded in 1848 by Herbert Benjamin Edwardes, a Lieutenant in the 1st Bengal European Fusiliers Regiment of the East India Company’s private army. He ordered the construction of the fort  named Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh) in honour of the Maharajah of Lahore  at the same time.[5] Bannu Town – Imperial At the time of its founding the town was named Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). Its name was later changed to Edwardesabad in 1869. In 1903, it received its current name, Bannu.[6] Bannu Pakistan – Retrieved

British Raj

Bannu is a district of Khyber PakhtunKhwa

Bannu formed the base of operations for all punitive expeditions undertaken by troops of the British empire to the Tochi Valley and the Waziristan frontier. A military road led from the town of Bannu toward Dera Ismail Khan.[7] Chisholm, Hugh – ed This road was built by military engineers under the supervision of a Bannu engineer, Ram N. Mullick. Mullick, graduated from Banaras Engineering College had served in Iraq and Lahore before the independence of  Pakistan  in 1947 as an expert in heavy earth-moving equipment.The population in 1901 was> 14,291, including cantonment and civil lines (4,349). It was founded in 1848 by Lieutenant (afterwards Sir Herbert) Edwardes, who selected the site for political reasons. The fort, erected at the same time, bore the name of Dhulipgarh (Dalipgarh), in honour of the Maharaja of Lahore; and the bazar was also known as Dhulipnagar (Dalipnagar). A town gradually grew up around the bazar, and many Hindko speaking Hindu traders moved there from Bazar Ahmad Khan, which had formed the commercial center of the Bannu valley prior to annexation. The Church Missionary Society supports a small church and a high school founded in 1865. The cantonment centers in the fort of Dhulipgarh. Its garrison consists of a mountain battery, a regiment of native cavalry, and two regiments of infantry. The municipality was constituted in 1867.{[8] British Raj – bannu The municipal receipts and expenditure during the ten years ending 1903 1904 averaged Rs. 46,000. In 19031904 the income was Rs. 47,000 chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 55,000. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 19023 averaged Rs. 4,200 and Rs. 3,700. The profuse irrigation and insufficient drainage of the surrounding fields render Bannu an unhealthy station. The town has a considerable trade, including fish guts and butts. Also, embracing the whole traffic in local produce of the Bannu valley. The nearest railway station is at Kohat on the Khushalgarh-Thal branch of the North-Western Railway, 79 miles distant by road. A weekly fair collects an average number of 8,000 buyers and sellers. The chief articles of trade are cloth, live-stock, wool, cotton, tobacco and grain. Bannu possesses a dispensary and two high schools, a public library and a town hall known as the Nicholson Memorial.[9] Bannu – index.php

Post Independence

In 1990, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced that Bannu will be upgraded as a Divisional Headquarters. The Bannu District was divided in two, with the Lakki Marwat District separating and becoming its own district.The main language of the district was Pashto but the then Hindu people were in practice to speak in Banisee (Bannuwali). The language spoken by the Hindus was also known as Karakkri by the Ethnic Pashtoons. Hopefully as the Hindus were called Kiraarhs by the Pashtoons so may be the language spoken by them was considered as Karakkri. The population consisted of native-born called Banisee.[10] Independence – bannu


Bannu is situated at a distance of 190 km, in the south of Peshawar

The men of Bannu wear Kameez Shalway (Khat Pardeeg) usually with a Waistcoat and a Shawl (Parkai) and the traditional Bannu sandals (Supleeyay)(much like the national dress of Pakistan). They also prefer the Charsadda/Kohati chappal and many of them wear a cap of some sort all the time. Most men either grow beards or only a mustache with rarely anyone clean shaven. Also, the men like to put on rings with some stones preferably Yaqoot. Formal dressing is similar but without the Shawl and with Charsadda/Kohati chappal and usually a Blazer in the winters. The women-folk wear colourful clothes at home but go outside only in a full Burqa (also known as a shuttlecock burqa). Bannu Woolen Mills is famous all over Pakistan for producing the great quality fabrics.[11] Culture –  Culture 


Eid (Akhtaar) is the biggest festival celebrated in Bannu. It brings the people together in a way that is unparalleled anywhere else in Pakistan. On the eve of Eid, the all the men gather in the village centers (Chaaok) around huge bonfires and dance and celebrate with music and fireworks and aerial firing while the women gather in the houses with their own bonfires. On Eid-ul-FItr, every household cooks rice, either plain white with ‘Desi Ghee’ (Sheecha Ghwaree) or the Palao. [12] Festival –  Festival 

People of Bannu

A majority of the people of Bannu (Banisai or Banisee) live in the villages surrounding the city. There is a strong tribe system prevalent in the region. The major tribes are Banisee, Niazi, Wazirs, Marwats , Abbasies, Bhittaan, Syeds and Awan with many more sub-tribal groups and factions within each larger tribe.[13] People of Bannu 

Famous Market

Chowk Bazar is the most famous market in the entire region. Every day, after Asar prayer (Mozdigar) the people gather and celebrate festivities, dancing to the traditional dhol rhythm and eating and sharing sweetries. Some say that Eid is celebrated every day at Chowk Bazar.[14] Famous Market 

Insignificant Bannu

Within historical times, Bannu has never been a theatre for great events, nor have its inhabitants ever played a conspicuous part in Indian history. The secret of its insignificance was that. It lies off all the great caravan routes between Hindustan and Kabul. True, the valley has been occasionally traversed by conquering armies from the west; and Masson, and others, have written of it as being a “highway” between India and Kabul. But in point of fact such armies first debouched upon what is now British territory either by the Khaibar or the Kuram route, which latter commences at the head of the Miranzai Valley in the Kohat district. Thus Timur Lang (Tamerlane) when in 1398 he marched via Bannu and Dang Kot on the Indus into the Panjab, most probably came by this Kuram “route,” and a century later (1505) when Babar ravaged Bannu, his army had advanced by the Khaibar Pass to Kohat and thence to Bannu. It therefore seems erroneous to write of Bannu as being a “highway” between India and Kabul. Of the five trans-Indus districts, it is really the only one from which no great route leads westwards. These routes are the Khaibar, the Kuram, the Gomal, (Gwalari) and the Bolan, and they respectively appertain to Peshawar, Kohat, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh. The Dera Ghazi Khan district, besides being indirectly connected with the Bolan, has two important passes of its own, the Sakhi Sarwar and the Chachar, one or both of which promise soon to become valuable trade routes. Under the circumstances it appears only reasonable to attribute the historical unimportance of Bannu to its secludedness. If so, research into its past can have nothing more than a local interest, and it can only be profitable to inquire when and how the allocation of the tribes now settled in the district was effected. Mahmud of Ghazni is said to have ravaged the district, expelling its Hindu inhabitants, and reducing the country to a desert. Thus there was no one to oppose the settlement of immigrant tribes from across the border.[15] Insignificant Bannu 

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