Gujar Khan is one of the tehsils among other six tehsils of District Rawalpindi in Province Punjab, Pakistan. Southern tehsil of District Rawalpindi, lying between 33’4 -33’26 north, 72’56 – 73’37 east, has an area of 567sq miles.
Tehsil of Gujar Khan is the largest among all other tehsils by area land, located on the GT Road from Rawalpindi to Lahore. It is located at the southeast of Islamabad and has a distance of 55 kilometres approximately, northwest of Lahore (Capital of Punjab) and has a distance of 220 kilometres around.
It is bordered with Rawalpindi, Attock and Islamabad on the north, Gujrat Jehlum and Lahore on the south, Kahuta and Azad Kashmir Khushab and Chakwal on the west. The Railway lines link the tehsil with the nearby towns of Islampura and Bewal. Furthermore, many roads link the towns and villages of tehsil with the city of Lahore.
|In Urdu :||گوجر خان|
|City Council:||Government of Punjab|
|Type:||City in Rawalpindi District|
|Local Language Name:||Pothowari, Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto.|
|Coordinates :||33.253°N 73.304°E|
|Elevation:||461 m (1,512 ft)|
|Other Languages:||Urdu, Punjabi, English|
|Type:||Government of Punjab|
|Total Area:||1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)|
|Density:||49.7/km2 (129/sq mi)|
|Total Population:||57,152 (1998)|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+5)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with G and random four numbers|
Gujar Khan History
The name of Tehsil “Gujar Khan” was named after “Gujjars, (Gujjar settlement in Mughal Empire)”, while they formerly ruled the Kingdom of Gurjara Pratihara for centuries. The Sultanate of Dehli and Mughal Emperors ruled the region of the tehsil.
In 997c Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi invaded his father’s empire, Ghaznavid Dynasty and took over Shahis in Kabul in 1005 followed by the reign of Dehli Sultanate, Mughal Empire and British rulers till the independence of Pakistan.
The region of Punjab became Muslims mainly due to the missionary Sufi Saints. Gujrat also contained Sikh and Hindu population who either migrated to India after 1947 or converted to Islam. However, the Hindu Temples and Sikh Gurdwaras have still existed in the region which is not maintained through years.
Land of Shaheed
The area is also famous for “Land of Shaheeds”, and has produced two recipients of the Nishan-i-Haider (The highest military award of Pakistan). The first one is Sarwar Muhammad Husain Shaheed, and the second one is Captain Raja Muhammad Sarwar Bhatti Shaheed.
The Maharaja of Kashmir builds Sangni forte on this district and Kashmir’s border, situated on the road to Bewal through Daryala.
According to 2017 census, the population of Gujar Khan tehsil was six lacs and 78 thousand.
Reserves of Gas and Oil
In 2002, large reserves of gas and oil were discovered at Tobra, located about 10 kilometres from Gujar Khan. Oil and Gas Development Company has developed the field and produces 1600 barrels of crude oil daily. The Ahdi field of oil and gas is 30 kilometres from Gujar Khan, situated near Daultala, operated by Petroleum of Pakistan.
Oil and Gas Development Company reported that colossal gas and oil reserves have been discovered in Missa, have a distance of 10 kilometres from Gujar Khan. Agriculture and cattle at home are considered to be the primary profession of the people of this district.
Gujar Khan Famous Places
Main shopping places of tehsil are;
- Main Bazaar
- Halwai Gali
- Railway Road
- Sabzi Mandi (Fruits and Vegetables)
- Al-Noor Restaurant & Marriage Lawn
- Wasim & Brothers Restaurant
- AROMA Restaurant
- Aladdin Pizza Hut
- Shinwari Restaurant Gujar Khan
- Mian Ji Restaurant
- Bawli Restaurant
- New Afghan Logar Hotel
- Tehsil Headquarter Hospital
- Govt. Rural Health Centers
- Basic Health Units
- International Hospital (Bewal)
- Private Hospitals
- Islamabad Zoo
- Orchid Park
- Race Course Park
- Masjid Rajgan
The tehsil is administratively divided into thirty-six union councils, while the municipal committee is administering Gujar Khan’s city. Names of the Union Councils of Tehsil are as follow;
- Changa Bangial
- Gujar Khan I
- Gujar Khan II
- Gujar Khan III
- Jand Mehlo
- Jarmot Kalan
- Kalyam Awan
- Kaniat Khalil
- Karumb Ilyas
- Mankiala Branmma
- Mohra Noori
- Panjgran Kalan
- Sui Cheemian
- Syed Kasran
- Kuri Hazaro
- Mohammad Husain Janjua
- Raja Mohammad Sarwar
- Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
- Mohammad Amir
- Najaf Shah
Gujar Khan Climate
The climate of tehsil is mild and generally temperate and warm. In summer, there is more rainfall than in winter. The average temperature in summer is about 22-23 degrees centigrade, and the lowest temperature in winter is about 3-6 degrees centigrade.
The people generally use buses, taxis, wagons and rickshaws as their transport services throughout the region or even abroad.
The Tehsil is situated on the Grant Trunk Road from Islamabad to Lahore. Many minor roads are linking the towns, and people use it on a local basis.
The Railway Station is situated in the city’s centre and linked with Lahore, Jehlum and Rawalpindi through Railway Line.
Notable Educational Institutions
- Super Wing College of Commerce and Management VU Campus
- Punjab Group of Colleges
- TEVTA Govt. Vocational Institute
- STS College
- Govt. Institute of Commerce
- Super Wings College
- Fatima Jinnah Girls College
- Mentorus College
- PEACE Education System
Pothowari is the primary language spoken in Tehsil, while other languages spoken in the region are;
Gujar Khan Postal Code
Postal Code: 47850
Dialling Code: 0513