Chakwal is the capital of the district of Chakwal which is located in Province Punjab, 90 km south-east of the federal capital, Islamabad, Pakistan. It is a 65th largest city of Pakistan that has 207 villages. In the present sub-divisions, this district consists of Kallar Kahar, Tala gang, Choa Saidan shah and Chakwal.
Chakwal District has 68 union councils and is primarily an agricultural area. This article has all the information about the district, including Chakwal History.
|In Urdu :||چکوال|
|City Council:||Punjab Government|
|Type:||Main City of Chakwal District|
|Local Language Name:||Dhani, Majhi, and Potohari dialects of Punjabi Language|
|Coordinates :||32°55’49″N 72°51’20″E|
|Elevation:||498 m (1,634 ft)|
|Type:||Government of Punjab|
|District Coordination Officer:||Mehmood Javed Bhatti|
|Total Area:||6,524 km2 (2,519 sq mi)|
|Total Population:||104,365 (2012)|
|Time zone:||PKT (UTC+5)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with C and random four numbers|
Chakwal is the former tehsil of the distinct of Jhelum during the British rule. With the population of 164,912 according to the 1891 Indian census, which had declined to 160,316 in 190. It included the towns of Chakwal and Bhaun and 28 villages. In 1903-4, land revenue and cessation amounted to 3 – 300,000. It has a vibrant history.
In Mughal emperor, Babar’s time 7 tribes incorporate Mair Minhas, Awans, Mughal Kassar, Bhatti Rajputs, Waince, Khokhar Rajputs and Kahut Quraish were settled in this region.
Chakwal is also the land of the military. Many citizens participate in the armed forces. It has created a lot of army officers and soldiers, and its history is full of bravery and courage.
Agriculture point of view
Chakwal is predominantly an area of farming that is famous for the growth of global standard wheat, barley, oranges, cane and many other vegetables and fruits. Loqat is grown in the large farms of Kallar Kahar and Choha Saiden Shah.
Coal mines and Salt mines are also present, most of which are possessed by people in the area, and local workers are working.
Many multinational cement companies have planted their factories in the town whose successes are debatable in terms of environmental issues.
A semi-arid region with a water shortage, there are a few lakes that are natural and created by man. Humans carry out agriculture. The area is widely cultivated with Mustard, grains, maze, peanuts, sesame, and Tara Mira.
In Kallar kahar and Choha Saiden Shah, Loquat is grown in large farms. Also present are coal mines and salt mines , which are mostly operated by locals and are worked by local employees. The way people think and behave affects this kind of geographical climate considerably.
Education Point of view
At the beginning of the 20th century, Arya Smaj founded the first school in Chakwal, followed by others, both religious and secular.
- Mayers College Chakwal
- Swedish Institute of Technology
Education is of great significance to people. In this area are situated several army schools (the PAF, Fauji Foundation etc.), govt and private schools. Women like working in colleges and women don’t like other occupations. In the middle of the 80s, many uneducated, but skilled people also migrated to the Gulf region, sending money into the region’s families.
People often wear shalwar Kameez while a few also wear turbans or Dhoti, however, that is not acknowledged. Men from rich families generally wear a coat on shalwar kameez. Women may wear a big black ‘Burqa’ to cover themselves with their clothing overflowing clothing.
There are mostly worn sandals and chappal/flip flops. Girls receive large dowries on marriages, and Mehndi ceremony is held. The ‘Gharoli Bharna’ custom is also popular at weddings.
Life is comfortable in the district villages of Chakwal. Many homes have their water wells, and several newly built homes have the latest systems for water extraction. Ancient home architecture varies from new houses of a modern style. There are old homes and new homes in villages.
Famous villages of Chakwal
- Ratta Sharif
- Mulhal Mughlan
- Dhok Talian
- Chak Baqar Shah
- Neela Dullah
At the beginning of the Pothohar Plateau and the Salt Range, Chakwal is a district of the Barani region, and the land is mostly mountainous and is covered by scrub forests in the south-west.
There are almost 86 historical places in Chakwal, and some critical and famous areas are discussed below:
Kalar Kahar is the subdivision of Chakwal. Emperor Babar described Kalar Kahar a charming spot in “Takhat e Babari.” In the mountains of salt range, this is a fascinating valley. It is Pakistan’s first fossil museum.
Dulmial is a union council and a village, an administrative division of the district of Chakwal in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is linked to Choa Saidan Shah Tehsil and has a population of nearly 30,000. In Pakistan, Dulmial is known as the “Village with a gun.”
Shri Katas Raj Temples, also known as Qila Katas, is a complex of many Hindu temples connected by walkways. The temple complex surrounds a pond called Katas, which is considered sacred by the Hindus.
On top of a hill in the town of Malot, about 40 km from Chakwal city and 12 km from Kallar Kahar, Malot Fort was built. Old fort’s remains. The river Jhelum, Chenab and Sargodha are also a viewpoint.
Swaik lake (Khandowa Lake) Pakistan is another natural beautiful waterfall lake come from the Kallar Kahar Chakwal Pakistan. It’s ten kilometres, Chakwal, from Kallar Kahar.
Around the area, the small dams have become beautiful picnic spots. Some of the well-known Dams are:
- The dam of Dhok Taali
- Kot Raja dam
- Zer Dam Khokhar
- Dharab dam
- Ghazi dam
- Walang dam
Chakwal Postal Code
48800 is its Postal Code.