The Pakistan Muslim League N is a centre-right political party of Pakistan. It is among Pakistan’s three largest political parties. Former PM Nawaz Shareef founded the party in 1993 after the dissolution of Islami Jamhoori Ittihad. The party’s platform is conservative, supporting lower taxes, private ownership, free markets, and deregulation.
In 2011, Nawaz Shareef was appointed President of the party. Party’s central working committee elect secretaries and presidents and is also responsible for fostering activities of PML-N. The meetings of this committee are organized at the National Convention Center in Islamabad.
The council is also assigned the task of raising funds and coordinating campaign strategy. The local committees are in every province of Pakistan and large countries, cities, and legislative districts. The article carries every detail about the party, including Pakistan Muslim League N History.
|Government Seats in 2014 Election|
|National Assembly:||188 / 342|
|Sindh Assembly:||7 / 168|
|GB Assembly :||21 / 33|
|AJK Assembly :||37 / 49|
|Senate:||27 / 104|
|Punjab Assembly :||310 / 371|
|KPK Assembly :||16 / 124|
|Balochistan Assembly :||21 / 65|
|Founded:||17 August 1988|
|Headquarters:||Central Secretariat, Islamabad Capital Venue|
|President :||Nawaz Sharif|
|Chairman :||Raja Zafar ul Haq|
|A leader in Senate :||Raja Zafar ul Haq|
|Secretary-General :||Iqbal Zafar Jhagra|
|Ideology:||Conservatism Nationalism Economic liberalism Fiscal conservatism Liberal conservatism Federalism Islamic democracy|
|Political Position :||Centre-right|
Pakistan Muslim League N History
PML-N represents the journey of Muslims through their history in South-Asia encompassing several centuries. The hardships that the Muslim community faced in South-Asia under colonial rule directed Muslim leaders at the start of 20th century to assemble themselves under the banner of a political association capable of protecting their interests and rights in India.
The party’s vision is to assure Pakistan’s prosperity. The Government of PML-N took the country’s reins at an unstable time. The party inherited the economy in a mess, a security condition that was undefendable, and a shortage of power that was difficult to overcome.
The PML-N Government, through its visionary ideas and hard work and bold initiatives, not only navigated the country away from the wreck but also defined a new and positive direction of security, prosperity, and growth.
It desires to respond to the modern world’s challenges by unleashing new and innovative infrastructure efficient enough to bolster economic growth, strengthen democratic and Government institutes, national security, and prioritize human development 1st to empower and protect every Pakistani citizen.
The party aims to introduce the agro-industrial reforms to transform Pakistan’s economic landscape into one that would bring many employment opportunities and a bright and secure future for Pakistani youth.
Establishment of All India Muslim-League
On 30th December 1906, Muslim-India leaders gathered in Dacca and resolved to set up ‘All India-Muslim League.’ In 1930, Allama Iqbal gave a separate land for South-Asian Muslims to solve their economic and political issues.
On 23rd March 1940, under Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s visionary leadership, All India-Muslim League accepted Pakistan Resolution in Lahore, striving to establish a separate and an independent state.
Succeeded in getting Separate Land
Within 7-years it succeeded in getting a separate homeland for South-Asian Muslims through a long democratic struggle, and on 14th August 1947, Pakistan emerged on the world’s map. After independence, All India Muslim-League changed its name to ‘Pakistan Muslim League.’ The leadership of PML successfully lead Pakistan during a period of difficulties.
De-railing of Democracy
Military rulers de-railed the democracy the mid-50s at the behest of the military rulers, leading to martial law sovereignty and was transformed into a drawing-room party.
Pakistan Muslim League Success
However, when Mr Muhammad Nawaz Shareef took control of the party, it re-appeared as the country’s largest political party in the 1990 elections. In elections of Oct 1993, it won the largest share of votes.
In Feb 1997 it secured a two-thirds majority in Pakistani general elections and became the only party to win seats in all Pakistani provinces. It started long-term reforms in almost all sectors of society and economy.
Reforms by PML-N
In 1st term, it introduced pro-business amendments towards privatization liberalization and deregulation. In the 2nd term, financial reforms conferring autonomy to Pakistan State Bank to perform as an independent body, de-politicizing the state’s banks and putting professional management in place.
The administration introduced reforms in the agriculture sector and capital markets.
The Government started an extended range of grass-root development and public welfare projects to generate employment chances under the program ‘Tameer-e-Wattan.
The party administration also launched developmental infrastructure projects like Motorways, New Karachi & Lahore airports, Kohat Tunnel, Gwadar seaport, Chashma nuclear power plant, fibre optic and digital-based telecommunication setup, provision of free medical treatment to deserving kidney patients, provision of electricity to over 5000 villages, Makran Coastal Highway, and conservation/development of water resources.
Struggles for Democracy
The credit for making Pakistan atomic power also goes to the leadership of the party. On 12th October 1999 military rulers overthrew PML-N’s elected Government unconstitutionally. It started a historical struggle under Mr Nawaz Shareef’s visionary leadership and became a symbol for the rehabilitation of democracy in Pakistan due to its efforts.
Pakistan Muslim League N Slogan
The slogan of PML-N is ‘Vote Ko Izat Do, Khidmmat Ko Vote Do.’
The party has worked a lot for Pakistan’s different sectors to put it on the path of success and glory.
Works for Country’s Economy
- Obtained resonant growth without reflation
- Unleashed Development
- Attracted the investments for the country’s infrastructure
- Improved performance of state-owned enterprises
- Increased access to money
CPEC-A Game Changer
- Generated employment opportunities
- Built developmental infrastructure
- Focus on the economic growth of less-developed regions
Works in the field of Agriculture
- Supported small peasants
- Encouraged research projects
- Strengthened policy and legislative framework
Works in the Tourism Sector
- Increased accessibility
- Enhanced inflow
- Stimulated demand
Pakistan Muslim League N Principals
- Supremacy over the whole world belongs to Allah only, and the power to be possessed by the Pakistanis within limits established by the Allah Almighty is a noble act.
- In Pakistan, the Government shall practice its authority and power via elected representatives: and values of independence, democracy, equality, peace, social justice and tolerance as laid down by Islam should be thoroughly observed.
- Wherein Muslims should be allowed to live in compliance with the principles and guidelines of Islam as laid out in the Qur’an and sunnah.
- Appropriate provision should be prepared for minorities to profess and follow their religious beliefs openly and establish their culture.
- Fundamental rights including equal status, opportunities, political justice, belief, worship, expression, faith shall be conferred.
Pakistan Muslim League Leaders
- Muhammad Nawaz Shareef-Quaid
- Raja Muhammad Zafar-ul-Haq-Chairperson
- Muhammad Shahbaz Shareef-President
- Ahsan Iqbal-Secretary General
- Sardar Yaqoob
- Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
- Sartaj Aziz
- Pir Sabir Shah
- Sardar Ayyaz Sadiq
- Hamza Shahbaz
- Parvaiz Rasheed
- Mariam Nawaz
- Chaudhary Barjees
- Khawaja Saad Rafique
- Dr Darshan Laal
- Khurram Dastgir
- Muhammad Zubair
- Mian Javaid Lateef
- Raheela Durrani
- Sardar Mehtab
- Rana Tanvir Hussein
- Abid Sher Ali
- Nelson Azim
- Asad Khan Junejo
- Attaullah Tarar
- Farhan Zafar
- Bilal Azhar
- Ms Sorath Thebo
- Abbas Afridi
- Talal Chaudhary
- Parvaiz Malik
- Mariam Aurangzaib
- Ayesha Raza
- Tariq Fatemi
- Ishaq Dar
- Romeena Khursheed
- Shaza Fatima
- Chaudhary Noor-ul-Hassan
Different Wings of PML-N
- Minority Wing
- Business and Commerce Wing
- Women Wing
- Traders Wing
- Professionals Wing
- Kisaan Wing
Supported by Military
Shareef’s power and authority are credited to backing and funding from ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence) and military. Ex-Director General of Inter-Services Intelligence confessed that he established Islami Jamhoori Ittihad to counter PPP’s power.
Operation Against Allies
Nawaz Sharif during his 1st term as PM of Pakistan initiated a military-operation against his allies in MQM, Government for accusations against Jinnahpur Conspiracy. ISPR later denied any Jinnahpur conspiracy information hugely publicized in press media before the launch of the operation.
Many MQM workers were killed, leaders were arrested, and MQM Altaf Hussein’s head escaped to the United Kingdom.
During his 2nd tenure as PM Nawaz started an operation against Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) that were allies of Shareef government on charges of murdering Hakim Saeed.
Due to militant activities of MQM Nawaz was forced to terminate alliance with Altaf’s party MQM for the benefit of the nation. The operation leads to bloodshed in Pakistan, and many MQM leaders were arrested.
Allegations of Plane hijacking
In 1999 Nawaz was accused of hijacking the plane in which then CAS (Chief of Army Staff) was travelling to Karachi, but on the control, tower instructed to landplane in India instead of Pakistan.
The army forced courts to punish Shareef. Gen Pervez Musharraf decided to hang Shareef, but due to immense pressure from USA President Bill Clinton and Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah, he didn’t hang Shareef.
The party was accused and criticized for corruption in economic projects such as NDRP (National Debt Retirement Program), Nandipur Power-Project, and Yellow-Cab scheme. The evidence of these corruptions wasn’t found, and it was declared that these were just accusations by opponent political parties.
An International newspaper then published Panama Papers mentioning Shareef’s sons’ names among those who owned offshore companies.
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