Mianwali is a Punjab province district located in the northwest of Punjab, Pakistan, with 32.5839 to the north and 72.5370 to the east. It has a border with Lakki Marwat and Bannu’s districts in the west, Dera Ismail Khan in Southwest, districts of Karak and Kohat in the northwest.
The name Mianwali was named on the name of Syed Mian Ali Sultan Zakriya Shah Gillani Al-Qadri. R.A. The city of Mianwali is located at the east of Indus River and spread over 5840 sq kilometres, comprising three tehsils: Isa Khel, Mianwali and Piplan fifty-one union counsels as well as seven municipal committees. This article contains all the information, including Mianwali History.
|In Urdu :||مِيانوالى|
|City Council:||Government of Punjab|
|Type:||The capital city of Mianwali District|
|Local Language Name:||Punjabi (74% of the population), Saraiki (12%), Pashto (10%) and Urdu (3.5%).|
|Coordinates :||32.585411°N 71.543617°E|
|Elevation:||210 m (690 ft)|
|Type:||Government Of Punjab|
|District Coordination Officer:||Talat Mahmood Gondal|
|Total Area:||5,840 km2 (2,250 sq mi)|
|Total Population:||85,000 (1998)|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+5)|
|Vehicle registration:||Three letters beginning with M and random four numbers|
Alexander The Great
The early history of Mianwali goes back to Alexander The Great, whose conquest brought him to Mianwali, followed by the Indus Valley Civilization (3300-1300c) and Vedic Civilization when the district used to be an agricultural region with forests.
Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi took over Sultan Sebuktegin, his father’s empire in 997c known as Ghaznavid dynasty. Ghaznavi invaded Shahis in Kabul in 1005, which is followed by the conquest of Punjab. The Mughal Emperors and Sultanate of Dehli ruled the area of Mianwali.
Almost all the rulers ruled the region of Mianwali from the Mughal Empire to the British Empire until Pakistan’s independence.
The British ruler made the town of Mianwali as Tehsil headquarter of District Bannu which is later merged with the division of Dera Ismail Khan, Punjab. The District is famous for its natural resources and industries.
The District is bordered with Attock in North-east, Khushab and Chakwal in the east, KPK in the west and Bhakkar in the East. The Northern area is a continuance of Kohistan-e- Namak and Potohar plateau. Desert Thal covers the district’s southern area while Indus River flows through the North to South.
The distance from Mianwali to Lahore is 322kilometers. It is also connected with Rawalpindi and Multan through Railway tracks and roads. The district is famous for its rich minerals and people politics.
- Sugar Cane
- Guar Seed
Other Crops that grown in minor quantity in district Mianwali are;
- Ground Nut
Forest covers 40,019 acres of the district’s area. There is also 1080km plantation alongside canals, roads. Trees grow in the district are Popular, Mulbury, Eucalyptus, Bakain, Simbal, Acacia, Sirin etc.
Mianwali is pretty rich in terms of minerals. Following are a list of minerals excavated in commercial quality in District.
- Fire Clay
- Argillaceous Clay
- Rock Salt
- Silica Sand
- Ground Nut
There are about 260 large, medium and small scale industrial units in this district. The important industrial units that are functioning in the district are;
- Cement Factory
- Drugs and Pharmaceutical (Antibiotics)
- Chemical Manufacturing Units
- Flour Mills
- Oil Mills
- Cotton Ginning and Pressing
- Power Generation
District Mianwali produces 20% cotton and 10% oil while gives cement to the people all over the country. Also contributes to the production of the fruit, soap, baking, Light Steel Fabrication and Brush Manufacturing on the local level.
Mianwali Postal Code and Area Code
Postal Code: 42200
Area Code: 0459
According to 2017 census of Pakistan, the district had a population of 1.546 million people.
Mianwali has an extreme climate of the hot and long summer season and dry and cold winters. The average temperature in June (the hottest month) is 42 centigrade while in winter; the lowest temperature can be 3 to 5-degree centigrade.
Well-known educational institutions of District are;
- NAMAL College
- Government Technical Training Institute
- Vocational Training Institute
- Govt. College of Commerce
- Leads Group of Colleges
Following are some of the Tourism sites that you must visit whenever you go there.
- Namal Lake
- Kalabagh Dam
- Jinnah Barrage
- Chashma Barrage
Traditional Dishes include;
- Beef Curry
- Barley Grains
The culture of this district is tribal. Heroic traditions of hospitality, courage, honesty and chivalry are the remarkable factors of the people of this city. In village areas, the women go freely to anywhere without a veil, and still, there are no scandals of rape or any other misbehaviour.
Fairs and Urs
The festival of fairs and urs is the annual horse and cattle show held every year at several places in district Mianwali. Horse and cattle show is often held in February in the stadium of District Council. Thousands of people attend this show every year.
Tribes in Mianwali
- Syed and Quraishi
Hockey is considered the traditional game of the District and has formed many Olympians. Cricket has now become popular, and people love to play cricket. The people here also play kabaddi, Volleyball and Football.
People mainly speak