Sheikh Anwar ul Haq

Sheikh Anwar ul Haq

Sheikh Anwar ul Haq

Anwarul Haq also famous as Chief Justice Sheikh Anwarul Haq, was a Pakistani jurist.He served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan from 23 September 1977 until resigning on 25 March 1981.

Name:Sheikh Anwar ul Haq
In Urdu:شیخ انوارالحق
Famous As:Chief Justice
Education:Master’s Degree in Economics,M.A. (Economics)
Alma Mater :Kanpur University University of the Punjab
Chief Justice of Pakistan:23 September 1977 – 25 March 1981
Appointed by:Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Preceded by :Muhammad Yaqub Ali
Succeeded by :Mohammad Haleem
Date:11 May 1917
Place:Jullundur, British Raj
Date:3 March 1995
Rest Place:Lahore, Pakistan
Aged:77 Year

Pakistani JuristGeneral Zia ul Haq, Governor of Punjab Qureshi, Justice Anwar ul Haq, Dr. M. A Soofi are sitting in the marriageFormer Chief Justice of PakistanChief Justice of Lahore High CourtSheikh Anwarul Haq in Wedding Party


Born in Jullundur, British Raj (now Jalandhar, India), Haq received early education in Wazirabad and Jullundur, passing his Matriculation Examination from the Government High School, Jalandhar, in 1932. He ranked first in his school and secured a scholarship. He graduated from D.A.V. College, Jullundur in 1936 with Economics and Political Science as his majors. He was awarded two scholarships and chose to attend Islamia College (Lahore), where he earned a master’s degree in Economics. He ranked first in the 1938 M.A. (Economics) Examination at Punjab University, setting a new record in that subject. Haq participated in a large number of declamation contests and prize debates and was often judged as the best speaker.[1]  Biography


In 1962, he was nominated to be served in the Supreme Court and later appointed as Chief Justice of Lahore High Court in 1970 before his reappointment as a Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 1971. He 1972, he earned public and international notability when he co-chaired the War Enquiry Commission with Chief Justice Hamoodur Rahman to investigate the economic and military collapse of Pakistan in a war against India in 1971 that led to the succession of East Pakistan as Bangladesh.

Supreme court and chief justice

In 1957, he was elevated as district-session judge in Sindh High Court but later moved to Lahore High Court in Punjab in 1958.In 1959, he was appointed as a judge in the West Pakistan High Court and moved on to the Supreme Court as a senior justice in 1962. In 1965, he was appointed as the deputy leader of the Pakistan Delegation to the Third Commonwealth and Empire Law Conference held at Sydney, Australia in 1965. In 1967, he was appointed as a member of the Law Reform Commission led by Chief Justice Alvin Robert Cornelius that conducted the various case studies on land reforms in Pakistan.In 1969, he was selected to lead a Legal Expert Delegation to Somalia to provide expertise in overviewing the constitutional crises in Somalia. In 1970, he was elevated as Chief Justice of the Lahore High Court by President Yahya Khan who issued the decree, the LFO No. 1970 that dissolved the status of West Pakistan.He witnessed the war between India and Pakistan that resulted in the succession of East Pakistan as Bangladesh.On December 26 1971, he was named as a member of the War Enquiry Commission (WEC) alongside with Chief Justice Hamoodur Rahman, and the chief justices of the Sindh, Balochistan, and Punjab High Court, formed by the Chief Justice Rahman on the request of then-President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. On 1 January 1972, he was re-elevated as the senior justice at the Supreme Court.

Judicial Conservative

He was known for his judicial conservative philosophical leanings and is noted in country’s political history for providing legality for the martial law upheld by chief of army staff General Zia-ul-Haq to restore law and order, in the light of doctrine of necessity, as part of his conservative leanings. In addition, he also heard the case of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and controversially upheld the capital sentence by the Lahore High Court for authorizing the murder of a political opponent.In 1981, Haq notably refused to taken an oath under the imposed PCO, resigning on conscientious grounds.

Training at Oxford

Selected for the Indian Civil Service as a result of competitive examination held in 1939, Haq received a year of training at Oxford. Upon his return to India in November 1940, he was appointed Assistant Commissioner at Ferozepur. He later served at Simla, Gurgaon, and Hissar (in East Punjab), and held various posts in central and provincial government as follows:[2] Career

Temporal OrderName of PostFromTo
1Secretary to the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province Public Service Commission. Secretary to Government of Punjab, Pakistan, Medical & Local Government Department22 February 194429 February 1944
2Under-Secretary to Government of Punjab, Pakistan Revenue Department, Lahore1 March 19441 May 1944
3Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Dalhousie, India2 May 1944
4Special Sub-Judge at Lahore for Judicial training9 November 1944
5Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Dalhousie28 May 1945
6Deputy Commissioner, Gurdaspur, IndiaJune 1945July 1945
7District and Sessions Judge, Gurdaspur3 November 1945
8Assistant Commissioner, Gurdaspur23 February 1946
9Deputy Commissioner, Hisar, India27 March 1946
10Secretary to the Partition Steering Committee for Punjab, Pakistan9 July 1947
11Deputy Commissioner, Rawalpindi, Pakistan8 August 1947
12Deputy Commissioner, Montgomery (now Sahiwal), PakistanOctober 1948
13Deputy Commissioner, SialkotApril 1950
14Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan, RawalpindiJanuary 1952December 1954
15Training at Imperial Defence College (IDC), LondonJanuary 1955December 1955
16Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan, KarachiAugust 1956
17Joint Secretary, Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan, KarachiAugust 1956
18District and Sessions Judge, KarachiFebruary 1957
19District and Sessions Judge, LahoreJune 1958
20Additional Judge, High Court of West Pakistan, Lahore24 October 1959
21Permanent Judge, High Court of West Pakistan, Lahore24 October 1962
22Member of the Law Reforms CommissionMay 1967
23Acting leader of the legal expert delegation to the Republic of SomaliaJuly 1969
24Chief Justice Lahore High Court, Lahore, on dismemberment of One Unit1 July 1970
25Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan16 October 1972
26Chief Justice of Pakistan23 September 197725 March 1981
27Acting President of Pakistan20 April 19787 May 1978

Conference in Sydney Australia

Haq attended the Third Commonwealth and Empire Law Conference in Sydney, Australia in August–September 1965 as leader of the Pakistan delegation. He was interested in academic and educational activities and had been a member of the Syndicates of:

  1.  Punjab University
  2.   University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
  3.  Agricultural University of Lyallpur (now Faisalabad)
  4.  Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad