EducationSaqi passed his matriculation examinations from Local Board High School, Chachro in 1962. Later, he studied at Government College, and Sachal Sarmast Arts College Hyderabad, and Sindh University, Jamshoro from where he did his Master’s. He told in an interview that a retired primary teacher Inayatullah Dhamchar who visited our school on October 16, 1961, where I delivered a speech on Liaquat Ali Khan in a debate was impressed by me and brought me in touch with the underground Communist Party of Pakistan.
Personal LifeSaqi was imprisoned for more than 15 years because of his political activities. During his period of jail his wife Sukhan have suicided as she read a news paper in which she read news assumption about Jam Saqi death. He left the Communist Party in 1991 and joined the Pakistan Peoples Party and the Trotskyist The Struggle group. He than got married to married to Akhtar Sultana.
Political CareerJam Mohammad remained the president of the Sindh National Students Federation in the 1960s. Jam Saqi is remembered as the leading advocate against the one-unit formula. In the 1970s, he became a member of Comrade Haider Baksh Jatoi’s Sindh Hari Committee and was joint secretary of the National Awami Party. Afterward, he joined the Communist Party of Pakistan and became its secretary general. He remained detained during the General Zia ul Haq government for eight years on charges of treason. In his political career, he spent around 15 years behind bars in total. Jam Saqi left the communist party in 1991 and joined the Pakistan Peoples Party in 1993. He authored seven books.
ArrestmentJam Saqi has been to jail for a number of times. He was first arrested on March 5, 1967 for agitating against the intervention of bureaucracy in universities. Total time he has spent behind the bars -- including the days he was kept at Lahore's infamous Shahi Qila detention centre -- is no less than 14 years with the longest single stint being eight years long. During Zia's dictatorship he was tried in Karachi by a military court for treason, a charge that carries death penalty. People who appeared during the trial as his defence witnesses included Khan Abdul Wali Khan, Ghous Bux Bizenjo and Benazir Bhutto.
Book on Jam Saqi's Lifehe Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) hosted the launch of Challe Chalo Keh Woh Manzil Abhi Nahi Aye, a book authored by Ahmed Salim and Nuzhat Abbas on the life of veteran politician and political activist Jam Saqi. It highlights various dimensions of Saqi’s struggle for the restoration of democracy and for ensuring fundamental human rights. This beautifully written, simple book traces the tale of communist Pakistan including the murder of Hassan Nisar, the difficulties communists underwent, their underground lives and the sacrifice of a personal life. With this book we see a revival of progressive communist Urdu literature.”
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