Fazal Elahi Chaudhry (Politician)

2018-01-01 09:53:27Fazal Elahi Chaudhry
Fazal Ilahi was born in a Gujjar family in village Marala, near the city of Kharian, Gujrat district in Punjab province on January 01, 1904. He joined the Muslim League in 1942.Fazal Elahi contested the elections of the Punjab Legislative Assembly on the Muslim League ticket in 1951 and was elected as a member of the Punjab Assembly.In the 1956 elections, he was elected as member of the assembly and later as the Speaker of the National Assembly. He remained as Speaker till 1958.In 1962, when Ayub Khan announced the elections, Fazal Elahi was selected as the Deputy Opposition Leader of the House on the basis of his experience and knowledge about parliamentary proceedings. [1] Fazal Elahi Chaudhry
  • Personal
  • Name:

    Fazal Elahi Chaudhry

  • In Urdu:

    فضل الہی چودہری

  • Native Name:

    Chaudhry Fazal

  • In Urdu:

    چوہدری فضل

  • Famous As:

    Politician

  • Nationality:

    Pakistani

  • Residence:

    Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

  • Education:

    Aligarh Muslim University & University of the Punjab

  • Religion:

    Islam

  • Profession:

    Politician

  • Born
  • Date:

    1 January 1904

  • Place:

    Kharian, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)

  • Family
  • Ethnicity:

    Chaudhry

  • Children:

    Chaudhry Ata Elahi

  • Siblings :

    Haji Rehamdad Ilahi

  • Relatives:

    Chaudhry Safdar

  • Died
  • Date:

    2 June 1982

  • Age :

    78 Years

  • Rest Place:

    Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

  • Career
  • Political Party:

    Pakistan Peoples Party

  • Serve As:

    5th President of Pakistan

  • Dates:

    14 August 1973 – 16 September 1978

  • Prime Minister :

    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1973–77) & None (1977–78)

  • Preceded by :

    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

  • Succeeded by :

    Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

  • Member of the National Assembly
  • Role:

    Speaker of the National Assembly

  • Dates:

    15 August 1972 – 13 August 1973

  • Deputy:

    Mohammad Haneef Khan

  • Preceded by :

    Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

  • Succeeded by :

    Sahibzada Farooq Ali

Details

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry taking aoth
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry taking aoth

Mini Bio

Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry was born on January 1, 1904, in Gujrat. He received his early education from his hometown and went to Aligarh University for higher education. He did his M. A. in Political Science in 1925 and took his degree of Law from the University of Punjab in 1927. After completing his education, he went back to Gujrat and started practicing Law. He took part in the election of Gujrat District Board and was elected unopposed.After the successful promulgation of country's constitution in 1973, Chaudhry was elected as the president, succeeded Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and became the first president of country from the Punjabi class of the Punjab Province. Taking an active role in the Pakistan Movement through the platform of the Muslim League, Chaudhry was appointed minister in the Liaquat Ali Khan government in 1947, and further joined the Pakistan permanent representative's delegation to the United Nations in 1951. [2] Mini Bio -  Mini Bio 

As A Parliamentary Secretary

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry was a out off country
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry was a out off country
After Independence, he was given the post of Parliamentary Secretary. He was later appointed Minister for Education and Health. In 1951, he contested the elections of the Punjab Legislative Assembly on the Muslim League ticket and was elected as a member of the Punjab Assembly. In 1952, he represented Pakistan in the United Nations.[3] As Parliamentary Secretary 

As A Speaker of the National Assembly

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry was praying
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry was praying
In the 1956 elections, he was elected as member of the Assembly and later as the Speaker of the National Assembly. He remained as Speaker till 1958. In 1962, when Ayub Khan announced the elections, he was selected as the Deputy Opposition Leader of the House on the basis of his experience and knowledge about parliamentary proceedings. He joined the Convention Muslim League, and after the 1956 elections, he was elected as the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly.

As A Deputy Opposition Leader

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry in a ceremony
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry in a ceremony
In 1962, when Ayub Khan announced the elections, he was selected as the Deputy Opposition Leader of the House on the basis of his experience and knowledge about parliamentary proceedings. He joined the Convention Muslim League, and after the 1956 elections, he was elected as the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly. He was elected as member of the National Assembly in 1970 on the ticket of Pakistan Peoples Party and was later elected as the Speaker of the National Assembly. He would end up joining the Pakistan Peoples Party and would be made President in 1973, when the head of the PPP, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was made Prime Minister.[4] As An Deputy Opposition Leader 

Interesting Fact

Fazal Elahi Chaudhry with Zulefqar Ali Bhutto
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry with Zulefqar Ali Bhutto
Chaudhry Fazal Ilahi was largely a figurehead (because he was threatened by the unrest created by the political parties and had no choice but to comply with the politicians actions; a feud between the Prime Minister and President would have further weakened the country), and was the first President with less power than the Prime Minister. This was due to the new constitution of 1973 that gave power to the Prime Minister. Previously, the President had been the chief leader of Pakistan, having the power to appoint Prime Ministers. Chaudhry Fazal Ilahi would remain President until 1978, when he would resign after the military took control of the government under General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. General Zia respected him dearly and came to visit him on his death-bed.

Death

Chaudhry Fazal Ilahi died on June 2, 1982. His family since then has taken a very active role in politics to make Pakistan into the country it was meant to be. His brother Haji Rehamdad Ilahi was a Senator; his son Chaudhry Ata Elahi was an MNA; his nephews: Chaudhry Safdar was a Member of Provincial Assembly of Punjab and Major(retired) Muhammad Akram was former Inspector General Police (IGP) of Islamabad. Numerous members of the late Presdients family are in politics, the  Pakistan Army and police.


References


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