Malik Nur Khan (Security Forces)

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Article Upload Date: Mon 19 Feb 2018
2018-02-19 09:42:02Malik Nur Khan
Malik Nur Khan commonly known as Nur Khan was a three star rank air force general.Air Marshal Malik Nur Khan was also a politician, sports administrator and the Commander in Chief of Pakistan Air Force.He served many posts like Chairman of the Pakistan Cricket Board,President of the Pakistan Hockey Federation,Managing-Director of the Pakistan International Airlines,Air Force Commander in Chief and Governor of West Pakistan.He participated in World War II on the side of the United Kingdom and opted for Pakistan as an aftermath of the partition of British India in 1947.
  • Personal
  • Name:

    Malik Nur Khan

  • In Urdu:

    ملک نور خان

  • Famous As:

    Three-Star Rank Air Force General

  • Nickname(s) :

    Man of Steel

  • Nationality:

    British Subject (1923–1947), Pakistani (1947–2011)

  • Education:

    Rashtriya Indian Military College

  • Religion:

    Islam

  • Profession:

    Politician

  • Service/Branch :

    Indian Air Force (1941–1947) Pakistan Air Force (1947–1969)

  • Political Party :

    Independent Pakistan Peoples Party

  • Years of service :

    1941–1970

  • Rank:

    Air Marshal (Lieutenant-General)

  • Born
  • Date:

    22 February 1923

  • Place:

    Tamman (Talagang), Attock District, Punjab, British Indian Empire, (now Pakistan)

  • Died
  • Date:

    15 December 2011

  • Rest Place:

    Rawalpindi Punjab Pakistan

  • Resting Place :

    Westridge cemetery

  • In Office
  • Preceded by:

    Air Mrshl Asghar Khan

  • Succeeded by :

    Air Mrshl A. R. Khan

  • In Office 2
  • Preceded by:

    Lt. Gen. Tikka Khan

  • Succeeded by :

    Lt. Gen. Attiqur Rahman

Biography

History is made by the individuals who display extraordinary caliber and talents. Malik Nur Khan is one amongst them who will always be remembered for his good works and contributions. He was born in Tamman District Attock. He hails from a family with military traditions, whose elders belonged to the Malik Awan tribe of ancient repute. His father, Malik Mehr Khan was a captain in the Indian Army and served in 20th Lancers. Maternally, the family is related to Malik Ameer Muhammad Khan, the Nawab of Kalabagh.[1]  Biography 

Education

Nur Khan got his primary education from government middle school Tamman. When he was in fifth class, joined Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College Dehra Dun. Mr. M Hailey, remarked on his forms that it was "An excellent military family from a very military center. The boy has been well educated and is more advanced than many Awans of his age. He is physically fit and should make an officer anyhow, he is the right type".

Career

To satiate his flying urge, Malik Nur Khan learnt flying at Lahore Flying Club Walton at the family expense. On successful completion of flying training, he got his pilot's A-license on Tiger Moth biplane. He was inducted as an Indian Air Force volunteer reserve. In December 1940 he went for air crew training. He was commissioned on 6 January, 1941 as a fighter pilot in the Royal Indian Air Force, at the age of seventeen years ten months only. After initial training, he flew with RAF instructors on the more powerful Hawker Hart and Audax biplanes. On completion of the course, he earned the honour to be the only student of his course to have achieved "Above Average" assessments from the RAF in armament, gunnery and bombing".

First Operational Posting

His first operational posting was to No.3 Squadron of the original IAF at Peshawar, where he flew Addaxes and Hawker Harts. In 1942, he underwent instructors' course on Harvards at Ambala, where he while converting on Vultee Vengeance dive-bombers, again proved to be the best gunner. During the following years, he served on the Burma front and also rendered services in Japan with the Commonwealth countries occupying forces.

Migrated To Pakistan

On partition in 1947, he and Asghar Khan, both opted for Pakistan. He was given the command of Air Base Chaklala. In January, 1948, he was sent to London to serve as a Liaison Officer in the Pakistan High Commission. After a brief stay there, he returned to Pakistan and was posted as Commandant of PAF College, Risalpur in September, 1948

Commander in Chief of Pakistan

Air Marshal (retd) Malik Nur Khan was the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Air Force from 1965 to 1969. He led the Pakistan air force in achieving parity over the three times bigger Indian air force on the first day of the 1965 war.[2]  Commander in Chief of Pakistan He later served as the Governor of West Pakistan.

Member of the National Assembly

Nur Khan was also a member of the National Assembly from 1985 till 1988. He contested in 1988 election on a PPP ticket from NA 44 Chakwal II but wasn’t successful. After defeat in the 1988 elections he decided to retire from politics and his cousin Malik Mumtaz Khan Tamman and Malik Allah Dad Awan began contesting elections from the same constituency.

PAF Academy

Notable amongst his assignments before partition was that of a flight commander in No 4 Squadron. In the RPAF, he commanded the PAF Academy and, as an air commodore, of No. 1 Group at Peshawar. He also had a stint at the Air Headquarters as the Assistant Chief of Staff Air.[3] PAF Academy

Six Day War

Nur Khan was also part of the Pakistani contingent that clashed with the Israeli Air Force during the Six Day War. Israel President Ezer Weizman, who was also Commander of the Israeli Air Force and the Minister of Defense of Israel, wrote in his autobiography that: “He was a formidable fellow and I was glad that he was Pakistani and not Egyptian”. Nur Khan was the Air Marshal of Pakistan Air Force, Governor of West Pakistan and the Chairman of Pakistan International Airlines.

PIA Managing Director

In 1960, PIA imported its first jetliner (a Boeing 707-321 leased from Pan Am) under Nur Khan. Nur Khan was PIA’s Managing Director from 1959 to 1965. He succeeded in making PIA profitable basis within six years. Under his charismatic and inspirational leadership PIA became one of the leading and respected airlines of the world. Under his tenure PIA became the first Asian airline to operate jet aircrafts.

Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) Chief

The roots of Pakistan's most successful cricket era can be traced to Nur Khan's tenure as PCB chief. He took over in February 1980 and remained at the helm for four years. He brought professionalism, accountability, and the cleanest of intentions to Pakistan's cricket administration. He was also a visionary. His far-reaching achievements include making the Asia Cup an enduring reality, and being an important part of the initiative that brought the World Cup to the subcontinent for the first time.[4]  Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) Chief 

Sports Administrator

As a sports administrator, Nur Khan had transformed Pakistan's squash players and field hockey team into world titleholders. His method was to focus intensely on performance, while leaving no stone unturned in arranging the resources required. There was a keen expectation that he would bring some of that Midas touch to cricket. Yet not everyone was enthused. How could a man who had dabbled in hockey and squash handle something as complicated and outsized as cricket?He is by a distance the most beloved PCB chairman, adored by fans, players, journalists, broadcasters and officials alike. Contrasted with some of the other characters who had led the board before and have since, he towers like a giant among pygmies.

Awards

Military awards

  1. Hilal-e-Jurat
  2. Sitar-e-Shujaat
  3. Order of Independence (Jordan)
  4. Order of the Cedar (Lebanon)
  5. Order of Orange-Nassau

Civilian Awards

  1. Hilal-i-Quaid-e-Azam
  2. Sitara-e-Pakistan

Death

Nur Khan was an Air Chief Marshal of Pakistan Air Force, Governor of West Pakistan and the Chairman of Pakistan International Airlines.Air Marshal (retd) Malik Nur Khan, the veteran of the 1965 Pak-India war, who later served as the Governor of West Pakistan died at Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Rawalpindi after protracted illness.[5]  Death 

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