Sindhi Culture (Culture)

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Article Upload Date: Thu 20 Jun 2019

The Culture of Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ جي ثقافت‎,Urdu: سندھ کی ثقافت‎) has its roots in the Indus Valley Civilization. Sindh has been shaped by the log of the largely desert region, the natural resources it had available and the continuous foreign influences. The Indus or Sindhu River that passes through the land, and the Arabian Sea (that defines its borders) also supported the seafaring traditions among the local people.The local climate also reflects why the Sindhis have the language, folklore, traditions, customs and lifestyle that are so different from the neighbouring regions[1] Sindh Culture Jhulelal Sindhi culture is also practiced by the Sindhi diaspora.

Title Description
Details
Languages: Sindhi
Festivals: Eid-ul-Adha, Eid-ul-Fitr, Folk dance of Bhagat, folk dances, music
Province: Sindh
Highest Temerature : 53.5 A°C (128.3 A°F)
Area: 140,915 Km
Sports: Wanjh wati, Kodi Kodi, Beelarhoo, Thipai Rand, Notinn, Biloor,cricket,football
Urs of Hazrat Sachal Sarmast (R.A): 13, 14, and 15th of Ramazan-ul Mubarak
Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalander (R.A): 18, 19 and 20th of Shaaban
Urs of Hazrat Abdullah Shah Ghazi (R.A): 20, 21 and 22nd of Zil Haj
Urs of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai: 14, 15 And 16th of Safar
Sindhi Topi and Ajrak Day: First Sunday of December
shrines in Sindh Pakistan: Abdullah Shah Ghazi Karachi,Sachal Sarmast Khairpur,Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Sehwan Sharif,Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Bhit shah
Famous Sindhi musicians: Abida Parveen,Humera Channa,Allan Faqir,Shaman Ali Meerali
Sindhi sufi music: Shah Jo Raag
Famous historical places: Ranikot,kotdiji,umarkot,pacco qillo,naukot
Poet: Talib-ul-Mola,Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai,Sachal Sarmast,Anwar Pirzada,Shaikh Ayaz,Qadir Bux Bedil,Imdad Hussaini,Elsa Kazi
In Urdu: سندھی ثقافت


Sindhi Culture

Tradition of Sindh

Tradition of Sindh

sindhi culture is one of the oldest culture in the sub continent the sindhi culture in Pakistan is also richest this tradition includes sindhi Topi ajrak and his own cultural dresses.Sindh has a very rich culture that is significantly known over the world. We have historical evidences, which manifest its deep roots in society. Hospitality, peace-loving attitude, strong cultural and social values etc, are some of the well-known features of Sindhi culture. As everything is subject to change, new inventions and innovations have definitely caused many changes in our culture from time to time. [2] Tradition of Pakistan Sindh

History of Sindhi Culture

History of Sindh Culture

History of Sindh Culture

The roots of Sindhi culture and civilization go back to the distant past. Archaeological researches during 19th and 20th centuries showed the roots of social life, religion and culture of the people of the Sindh: their agricultural practices, traditional arts and crafts, customs and tradition and other parts of social life, going back to a ripe and mature Indus valley civilization of the third millennium B.C. Recent researches have traced the Indus valley civilization to even earlier ancestry.

Archaeological Discovries

Mohenjo Daro

Mohenjo Daro

Archaeological discoveries sometimes help to unfold the certain latent aspects of a specific culture. The excavations of Mohenjo-daro have unfolded the city life of a civilization of people with values, a distinct identity and culture. Therefore, the first definition of the Sindhi culture emanates from that over the 7000 year old Indus Valley Civilization. This is the pre-Aryan period, about 3,000 years B.C., when the urban civilization in Sindh was at its peak.

Islam In Sindh

From the beginning of Muslim rule of the Sindh in 713 CE, the Muslim technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and Sufis travelled from the rest of the Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in Sindh, and settled there permanently. The majority of Sindhis converted to Islam by the Sufi mystics from Middle East and Central Asia. The Sindh became distinct in its identity and culture, and many contemporary writers in medieval age referred to Sindh and Hind as two different countries. The Sindhi culture flourished with a new stimulus from Islamic sources from Persia and Afghanistan. Many Baloch and Afghan tribes also settled in Sindh, adopting Sindhi culture.

About Sindhi Language

Sindhi language evolved over a period of 2400 years. The language of the people of Sindh, after coming in contact with the Aryan, became Indo-Aryan (Prakrit). Sindhi language, therefore, has a solid base of Prakrit as well as Sanskrit, the language of India, with vocabulary from Arabic, Persian, and some Dravidian – descendants from Mediterranean sub-continent. Initially, Sindhi had close contacts with Arabic- speaking Muslims. Therefore the language adopted many of the Arabic words. Sindhi language is an ancient language spoken in Pakistan and many other parts of the world. It is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by approximately 41 million people in Pakistan, and 12 million people in India; it is the second most spoken language of Pakistan, mostly spoken in the Sindh province. It is a recognized official language in Pakistan, and also an official language in India. Government of Pakistan issues National Identity Cards to its citizens only in two languages; Sindhi and Urdu. Sindhi language is also greatly influenced by Sanskrit and about 70% of the words in Sindhi are of Sanskrit origin. Sindhi is a very rich language with a vast vocabulary; this has made it a favorite of many writers and so a lot of literature and poetry has been written in Sindhi. It has been the inspiration for Sindhi art, music, literature, culture and the way of life. The language can be written using the Devanagri or Arabic script[3] Sindhi Languages

Sindhi literature

Sindhi poetry

Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai

Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai

Sindhi poetry is also prominent in Sindhi culture. Poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai &. Sachal Sarmast is very famous amongst all of Pakistanis. Regional poets are Shaikh Ayaz, Ustaad Bhukhari, Ahmed Khan MAdhoosh, Adal Soomro, Ayaz Gull, Abdul Ghaffar Tabasum, Rukhsana Preet, and Waseem Soomro. Many Sindhi poets are doing their poetry work continuously.

Sindhi Music

Sindhi Music

Sindhi Music

Music from Sindh province is sung in Sindhi, and is generally performed in either the "Baits" or "Waee" styles. The Baits style is vocal music in Sanhoon (low voice) or Graham (high voice). Waee instrumental music is performed in a variety of ways using a string instrument. Waee, also known as Kafi, is found in the surrounding areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Kutch.[4] History of Sindh Culture

Festivals

The people of Sind love their religion and the two festivals of Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr are celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm. Different domestic festivals are arranged by the local people to provide people with new things they buy on Eid’s occasion. On different occasions, the Folk dance of Bhagat is also performed by professionals to entertain the visiting people. Hence, a Sindhi Cultural Festival is a compound of folk dances, music and cheap entertainment for local people.

Lifestyle

People of Sindh are more inclined towards an agricultural based lifestyle. The fertile Indus Plains provide a valuable source of income for the local people who practice farming on these lands. Inland fishing is also practiced along the Indus River in Upper Sind providing further opportunities for local people. Itinerant way of lifestyle is commonly seen in the desertic regions of Thar where people move from place to place in search for drinking water sources along with their animals.

Arts and Music

Sindhi society is dominated by great Sufis, the mystics and the martyrs. It has always been the land of peace, love, romance, and great cultural and artistic values. There were the great theologians of the Naqsh bandi order in Thatta who translated the fundamentals of the religion of Islam into their mother tongue. There were the great Sufi (mystic) poets like Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai who was the cherisher of truth and spent all his life in its propagation, pursuit and quest. Bhitai was also an excellent musician. He invented a new type of musical instrument, Tambura (drone instrument), which till today, is a primary source of music in rural Sindh. The beauty of Shah’s verses is enhanced by his blending of traditional Indian rag with the Sindhi folk songs and music.

Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage

The historic Sindhi civilization was the area, where the elegant utilization of freedom was freely accommodated. There have been some proofs, that the revelation of places dating back to 3000 B.C. is also correct, about 1200 years ago when Jaina Dakshiniya Chihna elaborated the distinctive characteristics of Sindhis in this style: “Dignified with a slow, beautiful and soft walk, they are fascinated by the arts of harvas (Song/Dance) and complete devotion towards the country.” The Sindhi people celebrate Sindhi Cultural Day on 6th December by wearing Sindhi cap and Ajrak at that day.[5]  Cultural Heritage 

Cultural Character

The ancient Sindhi civilization was the place, where the aesthetic utilization of leisure was freely indulged. There has been evidence, that the excavations of sites dating back to 3000 B.C. (all over Sindh) is also true, around 1200 years ago when Jaina Dakshiniya Chihna (778 A.D.) described the distinguished features of Sindhi’s in this way: “Elegant, with a lovely, soft and slow gait, they are fond of the art of harvas (that is, songs, music and dancing) and full affection towards their country.” Sindhi’s celebrate Sindh Cultural day worldwide on 6th December by wearing Ajrak & Sindhi Topi on that time.[6]  Cultural Character 

Sindhi Cuisine

Sindhi cuisine

Sindhi cuisine

Sindhi cuisine (Sindhi: سنڌي کاڌا) refers to the native cuisine of the Sindhi people from Sindh, Pakistan. The daily food in most Sindhi households consists of wheat-based flat-bread (phulka) and rice accompanied by two dishes, one gravy and one dry.

Sports Malakhra

Malakhra

Malakhra

Malakhra (Urdu: ملاكهرا ‎) or Malakhro (Sindhi: ملاکڙو‎) is a ancient Sindhi form of wrestling in Pakistan, which dates back 5000 years.The match begins with both wrestlers tying a twisted cloth around the opponent's waist. Each one then holds onto the opponent's waist cloth and tries to throw him to the ground. Malakhra is one of the favorite sports among males in Sindh, Pakistan. Malakhro matches are generally held on holidays and Fridays and are a feature of all fairs and festivals. Rich feudal lords and influential persons maintain famous Malhoo (wrestlers) and organize matches for them.[7] Enter Reference Here

Wanjh Watti

The province of Sindh welcomes and hosts the traditional sports like Kabaddi, Malakhra and Wanj Watti, deployed on their specific associations, are now being ignored through SOA. Leader of Sindh Wanj Watti Association, Mumtaz Shoro, said that cultural sports ought to be the heart of these festivals. The SOA, based on Shoro, has provided them Rs. 10,000 to arrange the Wanj Watti competition for three days and also the gamers+players, owned by a kind background, were not even provided appropriate equipment.

Kodi Kodi

Kodi Kodi is also a popular game of Sindh Province. It is a 2 team game played by 2 teams. One of the player from the one group go to the other one and the other group has to catch him and his goal is to touch one of them and run hurriedly back to his group. This game is also conducted and played well in Punjab. Not merely Punjab this is also played in India and globally. Some other games that are popularly played in Sindh province are:
  • Horse Dancing
  • Horse Racing
  • Cattle Race
But recently, the most favorable popular game in Sindh that is also played world widely is Cricket. The above mentioned traditional games are played In Sindh and are of a major significance in remote and rural areas, they also gamble in these regional sports and win and lose lacks and thousands of their money.[8] Sports

Common Instruments Used In Sindhi Regional Music

Culture

Culture

  • Ektara known as Yaktaro in Sindhi
  • Tanpura known as Danburo in Sindhi
  • Alghoza Flute
  • Bansuri
  • Pungi known as Been in Sindhi
  • Narr
  • Naghara
  • Dhol
Culture