Sindh High Court (Law (Court))

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The High Court of Sindh is the highest (law-related) institution of the area of control/area of land of  Sindh   Pakistan. It was established in 1906.It is located at (related to a local area) capital Karachi Pakistan. Apart from being the highest Court of Appeal for Sindh in civil and criminal matters, the Court was the District Court and the Court of Session in Karachi.

Title Description
Basic Information
Formed: 1906
Details
Court Name: Sindh High Court
In Urdu: سندھ عدالت عالیہ
Established: 1906
Country : Pakistan
Location: Principal Seat: Karachi, Sindh Circuit Benches: Hyderabad, Sukkur & Larkana
Composition Method: Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of Pakistan and Governor of Sindh.
Authorized By: Constitution of Pakistan
Decisions are Appealed to: Supreme Court of Pakistan
Judge Term Length: Till 62 years of age
Number of Positions: 40
Current Executive: Justice Ahmed Ali M. Sheikh
Since: 14 Dec 2015
Website: http://www.shc.gov.pk/


History

A Sadar Court for the Province of Sindh was established by Bombay Act XII of 1866. This Sadar Court was the Highest Court of appeal for Sindh in Civil and Criminal matters and was presided over by a Judge called the "Judicial Commissioner of Sindh". In 1906 the Bombay Act XII of 1866 was amended by the Sindh Courts Amending Act (Bom. I of 1906) and the Sadar Court was converted into the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Sindh consisting of three or more Judges. Apart from being the highest Court of Appeal for Sindh in civil and criminal matters, the Court was the District Court and the Court of Session in Karachi. On 21st August, 1926 the Sindh Courts Act (Bom. VII of 1926) was passed into law-making provision for the establishment of a Chief Court for the Province of Sindh.

Government of India Act 1935

On the coming into operation of Part III of the Government of India Act, 1935, on 1st April, 1937, Sindh became a separate Province and the Judges of the Court of Judicial Commissioner of Sindh were appointed by Royal Warrant by the British Government.

Sindh Courts Act

As the Sindh Courts Act, 1926 followed closely the lines of the Letters Patent of the Bombay High Court, it was felt that the immediate need of the Province could be satisfied by bringing that Act into operation thereby raising the status of the Court to that of the Chief Court of Sindh. Ultimately the Government of India Act, 1935, was suitably amended by Parliament and on 15th April, 1940 the Sindh Courts Act, 1926, was brought into operation and the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Sindh became on that day the Chief Court of Sindh.

Judicial Commissioner

In 1907, the Court consisted of a Judicial Commissioner, and three Additional Judicial Commissioners. However, in 1935, the number of Additional Judicial Commissioners was increased from 3 to 4, and in that year the following were the Judges.Judicial Commissioners of Sindh V.M. Forrers, Esq., I.C.S. (Retired, May 1935). Godfrey Davis, Esq., I.C.S. (From June, 1935) Additional Judicial Commissioners of Sindh Rupchand Bilaram, Esq., B. A., LL. B. Dadiva C. Metha, Esq., M.A., LL. B. M.A. Havelivala, Esq. Bar-at-Law. Charles M. Lobo, Esq., B. A., LL.B. (Officiating).In 1937 the Judicial Commissioners, by the Order in Council were designated as the Judges. Significantly for the first time that in 1938 a Muslim namely, Mr. Hatim B. Tyabji, Bar-at-Law was appointed as the Acting Judge of the Court.

Chief Judge

In 1947 Mr. Hatim B. Tyabji became the Chief Judge of Sindh Chief Court and the Court consisted of the following Judges. The Hon'ble Mr. Dennis Nail O'Sullivan, Bar at Law. The Hon'ble Mr. T. V. Thadani, Bar-at-Law. The Hon'ble Mr. George Baxandell Constantine,B.A.(Oxen), I.C.S., Bar-at-Law. The Hon'ble Mr. Hassanali G. Agha, B.A. LL.B. The Mr. Maneksha Rustomji Mehar, I.C.S. (Offg.)"At the time of establishment of the High Court of West Pakistan the number of the Judges of the Karachi Bench was almost the same but subsequently it was increased to 15 and on separation of Sindh & Balochistan High Courts 12 Judges were allocated to the Sindh High Court and 3 Judges to Baluchistan High Court. The present approved strength of Judges is 40.

Construction

The construction of existing main building was commenced in 1923, at an estimated cost of Rs. 39,75,248 but it was completed on 22-11-1929, at actual cost of Rs. 30,35,000. This building which was meant for 5 Judges with some provision for expansion in 1929 is now accommodating Benches, Court Rooms and 18 Judges in Chambers. Some Judges have to hold Courts in Chambers. Besides, it also provides accommodation for the offices of the Attorney-General, Deputy Attorney-General,Federal Shariat Court Registry, Advocate-General, Sindh, Additional Advocate General, Sindh, Assistant Advocate General, Sindh and High Court Bar Library. Before shifting Supreme Court Registry from High Court premises two Court rooms and three Chambers were used by the Supreme Court Judges. When the Supreme Court comes to Karachi in bigger strength some more chambers are provided to the Judges of the Supreme Court.

An Annexe Building

In 1974, An Annexe Building on the North-East side of the compound of the High Court was constructed at a cost of Rs. 4.4 Millions but it did not ease the situation much, for it is accommodating the offices of this Court and also provides office accommodation for the Secretary, Ministry of Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Standing Counsel, Official Assignee, Special Banking Court, Registry of the Federal Shariat Court and Sindh Bar Council. Thus, it will be seen that there is acute shortage of accommodation.

Provincial Government

The provincial Government has allocated a token amount of Rs. One Lac few years back for construction of Annexe Building of South-East of the present building in order to make the scheme as ongoing scheme. The building was estimated in 1984 to cost a sum of Rs. 13.35 millions. The cost now may go up slightly because of inflation. Unless the Federal Government provides funds or the Provincial Government give preference to the construction of this building and provide necessary funds, the building is not going to be completed within a year or two.

Constitution of Pakistan 1973

After the 18th amendment to the constitution of Pakistan 1973, a Judge of High Court is appointed according to the Article 175(A). According to the Article 175(A), a Judicial Commission, chaired by the Hon'ble Chief Justice of Pakistan recommends the names of eligible persons to be appointed as Judge of High Court. The nominations are forwarded to the parliamentary committee.

Parliamentary Committee

The Parliamentary Committee confirms the nominee by majority within fourteen (14) days otherwise the nominees shall be deemed to have been confirmed. The confirmed names are forwarded to the Prime Minister who forwards the same to the President of Pakistan for appointment.No person is appointed as a Judge of the High Court unless he is a citizen of Pakistan having forty years and has been an advocate of the High Court or has held a judicial office for ten years and has for a period of not less than three years served as or exercised the functions of a District Judge in Pakistan. A Judge of a High Court holds office until he attains the age of sixty-two years, unless he sooner resigns or is removed from office in accordance with the Constitution. Note: -The details of Article 175(A) Appointment of Judge may be seen at the website of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Principal Seat

The principal seat of the High Court of Sindh is at Karachi with a Bench at Sukkur and Circuit Court at Hyderabad and Larkana. The High Court may have more Benches at other places as the Governor on the advice of the Cabinet and in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court may determine Jurisdiction.[1] History

Chief Justice

Mr. Justice Ahmed Ali M. Shaikh was elevated as an Additional Judge, High Court of Sindh on 25th September, 2009 and taken oath as a confirmed Judge on 19th September, 2011. From 16th December, 2015 till 14th March, 2017 he remained as senior Puisne Judge. He also acted as Chief Justice, High Court of Sindh, from 03.03.2016 to 12.03.2016 and 04.08.2016 to 10.08.2016. Mr. Justice Ahmed Ali M. Shaikh took oath as the Chief Justice of High Court of Sindh on 15th March, 2017.[2]  Chief Justice 

Honourable Justice

  1. Enrolled as an Advocate of the Lower Court on September 10, 1989.
  2. Enrolled as an Advocate of the Hon’ble High Court on October 27, 1991.
  3. Enrolled as an Advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan on October 06, 2008.[3] Judge

List of Honble Chief Justices

S.No Name of Hon'ble Judges Duration
1 Mr. Justice Abdul Kadir Shaikh from 01-12-1976 to 30-06-1979
2 Mr. Justice Ahga Ali Hyder[4]  List of Hon'ble Chief Justices from 01-07-1979 to 24-03-1981
3 Mr. Justice Abdul Hayee Qureshi from 25-03-1981 to 19-01-1986
4 Mr. Justice Naimuddin Ahmed from 21-01-1986 to 03-09-1988
5 Mr. Justice Ajmal Mian from 04-09-1988 to 12-12-1989
6 Mr. Justice Sajjad Ali shah from 13-12-1989 to 04-11-1990
7 Mr. Justice Saeed-uz-Zaman Siddiqui from 05-11-1990 to 21-05-1992
8 Mr. Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid from 23-05-1992 to 15-04-1994
9 Mr. Justice Abdul Hafeez Memon (Acting Chief Justice) from 16-04-1994 to 14-04-1996
10 Mr. Justice Mamoon Kazi from 15-04-1996 to 04-11-1997
11 Mr. Justice Wajihuddin Ahmed from 05-11-1997 to 04-05-1998
12 Mr. Justice Kamal Mansur Alam from 05-05-1998 to 21-04-1999
13 Mr. Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqui from 22-04-1999 to 03-02-2000
14 Mr. Justice Syed Deedar Hussain Shah from 04-02-2000 to 27-04-2000
15 Mr. Justice Saiyed Saeed Ashhad from 28-04-2000 to 04-04-2005
16 Mr. Justice Sabihuddin Ahmed from 05-04-2005 to 03-11-2007
17 Mr. Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali from 28-08-2008 to 02-08-2009
18 Mr. Justice Sarmad Jalal Osmany from 03-08-2009 to 13-02-2011
19 Mr. Justice Mushir Alam from 14-02-2011 to 19-09-2013
20 Mr. Justice Maqbool Baqar from 20-09-2013 to 16-02-2015
21 Mr. Justice Faisal Arab from 17-02-2015 to 13-12-2015
22 Mr. Justice Sajjad Ali Shah from 14-12-2015 to 14-03-2017
23 Mr. Justice Ahmed Ali M. Shaikh from 15-03-2017 to date

Former Judges

List of Hon'ble Former Judges of Sindh High Court.
S. No Names of Judges Retired/ Elevated/Resigned Appointment Date Retirement / Elevated / Resignation Date
1 Mr. Justice (Retd) Durab F. Patel[5] Former Judges Elevated 04-09-1967 07-01-1976
2 Mr. Justice Muhammad Haleem Elevated 25-03-1969 07-01-1977
3 Mr. Justice (Retd)Z.A. Channa Retired 02-10-1972 19-05-1979
4 Mr. Justice Abdul Qadir Shaikh Elevated 01-02-1976 01-07-1979
5 Mr. Justice (Retd) Dr. I. Mehmood Retired 07-08-1972 11-08-1979
6 Mr. Justice (Retd) Mushtaq Ali Kazi Retired 18-09-1973 20-12-1979
7 Mr. Justice Fakhruddin G. Ibrahim Eleveted 07-08-1972 17-06-1980
8 Mr. Justice Abdul Hafeez Memon Retired 12-09-1973 25-03-1981
9 Mr. Justice (Retd)G.M Shah Retired 26-02-1977 25-03-1981
10 Mr. Justice (Retd) Agha Ali Haider Retired 05-04-1971 14-07-1981
11 Mr. Justice Zaffar Hussain Mirza Elevated 01-10-1975 04-08-1981
12 Mr. Justice (Retd) S.A Nusrat Elevated 25-02-1977 04-08-1981
13 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ghulam Muhammad Kourejo Retired 17-05-1980 31-07-1982
14 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ghous Ali Shah Retired 18-07-1979 05-04-1985
15 Mr. Justice (Retd) Abdul Hayee Qureshi Retired 09-02-1972 19-01-1986
16 Mr. Justice (Retd) Munawar Ali Khan Retired 26-11-1981 19-06-1986
17 Mr. Justice (Retd) k.A Ghani Retired 19-10-1980 06-12-1986
18 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ibadat Yar Khan Retired 16-07-1983 02-07-1987
19 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ali Madad Shah Retired 16-06-1983 26-08-1987
20 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Zahoor-ul-Haq Retired 10-08-1978 11-11-1987
21 Mr. Justice Naimuddin Ahmed Elevated 01-10-1975 04-09-1988
22 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ahmed Ali U. Qureshi Retired 29-07-1985 25-10-1988
23 Mr. Justice (Retd) Abdul Razzaq A. Thaim Retired 16-07-1983 17-10-1989
24 Mr. Justice Ajmal Mian Elevated 20-03-1978 13-12-1989
25 Mr. Justice (Retd) Dr. Tanzil-ur-Rehman Retired 05-03-1980 16-06-1990
26 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Mazhar Ali Retired 05-02-1987 20-09-1990
27 Mr. Justice Sajjad Ali Shah Elevated 10-08-1978 05-11-1990
28 Mr. Justice Saleem Akhtar Elevated 19-10-1980 25-03-1991
29 Mr. Justice Abdul Rasool Agha Retired 05-02-1987 28-09-1991
30 Mr. Justice Saeed-uz-Zaman Siddiqui Elevated 05-03-1980 22-05-1992
31 Mr. Justice (Retd) Syed Abdur Rahman Retired 29-07-1985 27-01-1993
32 Mr. Justice Qaisar Ahmed Hamidi Deceased 10-09-1988 06-10-1993
33 Mr. Justice (Retd) Haziqul Khaidri Retired 10-09-1988 05-11-1993
34 Mr. Justice (Retd) Syed Haider Ali Pirzada Retired 16-07-1983 31-12-1993
35 Mr. Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid Elevated 17-05-1980 16-04-1994
36 Mr. Justice (Retd) Imam Ali G. Kazi Retired 10-09-1988 06-05-1994
37 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Aslam Arain Retired 11-11-1990 11-05-1995
38 Mr. Justice (Retd) Salahuddin Mirza Retired 10-09-1988 09-22-1995
39 Mr. Justice (Retd) Abdul Rahim Kazi Retired 10-09-1988 03-10-1995
40 Mr. Justice (Retd) G. H. Malik Retired 11-11-1990 10-11-1995
41 Mr. Justice Mukhtar Ahmed Junejo Elevated 10-09-1988 31-03-1996
42 Mr. Justice Agha Saifuddin Khan Retired 10-04-1995 23-06-1996
43 Mr. Justice Mamoon Kazi Elevated 29-07-1985 05-11-1997
44 Mr. Justice Wajihuddin Ahmed Elevated 10-09-1988 05-05-1998
45 Mr. Justice (Retd) Majida Razvi Retired 06-06-1994 18-01-1999
46 Mr. Justice Kamal Mansur Alam Elevated 11-11-1990 22-04-1999
47 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ali Muhammad Baloch Retired 06-06-1994 31-08-1999
48 Mr. Justice (Retd) Dr. Ghous Muhammad Retired 10-04-1995 26-01-2000
49 Mr. Justice (Retd) Rasheed A. Rizvi Cease to hold office 10-04-1995 29-01-2000
50 Mr. Justice (Retd) Mushtaq A. Memon Cease to hold office 11-01-1997 29-01-2000
51 Mr. Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqui Elevated 24-03-1992 02-02-2000
52 Mr. Justice Rana Bhagwan Das Elevated 06-06-1994 02-02-2000
53 Mr. Justice (Retd) Amanullah Abbasi Retired 10-04-1995 04-04-2000
54 Mr. Justice Syed Deedar Hussain Shah Elevated 06-06-1994 28-04-2000
55 Mr. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza Elevated 10-04-1995 28-04-2000
56 Mr. Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar Elevated 10-04-1995 28-04-2000
57 Mr. Justice (Retd) Abdul Ghani Shaikh Retired 28-10-1997 11-11-2000
58 Mr. Justice (Retd) S. A. Rabbani Retired 20-04-1999 05-06-2002
59 Mr. Justice (Retd) Zahid Kurban Alavi Retired 27-05-1998 20-08-2003
60 Mr. Justice (Retd) Syed Ahmed Sarwana Retired 28-10-1997 31-12-2003
61 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Roshan Essani Retired 28-10-1997 31-12-2003
62 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Ashraf Leghari Retired 20-04-1999 31-12-2003
63 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ghulam Nabi Soomro Retired 27-05-1998 26-04-2004
64 Justice (Retd.) Shabbir Ahmed Retired 27-05-1998 19-12-2004
65 Justice (Retd.) Wahid Bux Brohi Retired 20-04-1999 06-02-2005
66 Mr. Justice Saiyed Saeed Ashhad Elevated 11-01-1997 05-04-2005
67 Justice (Retd.) Ata-ur-Rehman Retired 27-05-1998 18-07-2005
68 Justice (Retd.) Ali Aslam Jafri Retired 11-10-2000 12-10-2005
69 Justice (Retd.) M. Sadiq Leghari Retired 27-08-2002 30-06-2006
70 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Mujeebullah Siddiqui Retired 11-10-2000 31-12-2006
71 Justice (Retd) Syed Zawwar Hussain Jaffery Retired 10-10-2000 23-04-2007
72 Mr. Justice (Retd) Muhammad Moosa K. Leghari Retired 11-10-2000 31-12-2007
73 Mr. Justice Sabihuddin Ahmed Retired 11-01-1997 19-09-2008
74 Justice (Retd) Azizullah M. Memon Retired 27-08-2002 31-03-2009
75 Mr. Justice Ghulam Rabbani Retired 27-05-1998 14-04-2009
76 Mr. Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali Elevated 27-05-1998 01-08-2009
77 Mr. Justice Khilji Arif Hussain Elevated 27-08-2002 05-09-2009
78 Mr. Justice Rahmat Hussain Jafferi Retired 27-08-2002 07-09-2009
79 Justice Dr. Agha Rafiq Ahmed Khan Retired 14-12-2007 09-10-2009
80 Justice (Retd) Muhammad Afzal Soomro Retired 10-10-1999 11-10-2009
81 Justice (Retd) Mrs. Qaiser Iqbal Retired 25-10-2005 11-10-2009
82 Justice (Retd) Nadeem Azhar Siddiqi Retired 25-10-2005 11-10-2009
83 Justice (Retd) Munib Ahmed Khan Retired 25-10-2005 19-10-2009
84 Mr. Justice (Retd) Ali Sain Dino Metlo Retired 25-10-2005 19-10-2009
85 Justice (Retd) Zia Perwez Retired 11-10-2000 02-11-2009
86 Justice (Retd) Mrs. Yasmeen Abbasey Retired 25-10-2005 20-04-2010
87 Mr. Justice Sarmad Jalal Osmany Elevated 27-05-1998 14-02-2011
88 Mr. Justice Amir Hani Muslim Elevated 27-08-2002 14-02-2011
89 Justice (Retd) Muhammad Athar Saeed Retired 25-10-2005 28-09-2011
90 Mr. Justice Gulzar Ahmed Elevated 27-08-2002 16-11-2011
91 Justice (Retd) Shahid Anwar Bajwa Retired 25-09-2009 04-10-2012
92 Mr. Justice Mushir Alam Elevated 20-04-1999 20-09-2013
93 Justice (Retd.) Ghulam Sarwar Korai Retired 25-09-2009 04-04-2014
94 Justice (Retd.) Nisar Muhammad Shaikh Retired 18-02-2010 17-11-2014
95 Mr. Justice Maqbool Baqar Elevated 27-08-2002 17-02-2015
96 Justice Muhammad Tasnim Resigned 18-02-2010 07-05-2015
97 Mr. Justice Faisal Arab Elevated 25-10-2005 14-12-2015
98 Justice (Retd.) Shahnawaz Tariq Retired 31-08-2013 01-02-2017
99 Justice Sajjad Ali Shah Elevated 25-10-2005 14-03-2017
100 Justice Syed Saeeduddin Nasir Deceased 30-05-2014 16-03-2017
101 Justice (Retd.) Syed Muhammad Farooq Shah Retired 27-06-2012 30-09-2017
102 Justice (Retd.) Sadiq Hussain Bhatti Retired 01-06-2012 13-12-2017