Pakistan was thus born on 14 August 1947. The new state of Pakistan consisted of two wings : West and East Pakistan. West Pakistan comprised West Punjab, Sindh , Balochistan and the North West Frontier Province. In addition , ten princely states joined Pakistan ,including Bahawalpur, Khairpur , Chitral , Lasbela and Kalat. East Pakistan consisted of the old province of East Bengal, with the addition of district of Sylhet , which had voted in a referendum to join Pakistan. After the excitement and joy of independence , the first government of Pakistan had to look at its problems.
First Governor General and Prime Minister of PakistanThe Quaid-i-Azam , Muhammad Ali Jinnah had been sworn in as the first governor-general of Pakistan with Liaquat Ali Khan , his faithful lieutenant as the first prime minister . The territory of the new state was in two parts , separated by thousands of kilometers of Indian land.
Challenges for new StateThe new country lacked skilled manpower, an educated workforce and even a basic physical and administrative machinery. It was not until 16 August 1947 that Pakistan was even told the exact demarcation of its border with India . However perhaps the most serious problem for the new state was one of which it was unaware : The father of the nation was dying and had been very ill even as he was working hard to create the state .
Father of NationJinnah had spent the previous few years in severe pain, fighting against tuberculosis . He knew that he had little time to live and had been worried that the protection he sought for the Muslims may not be achieved during his lifetime. Although the post of governor-general was supposed to be a ceremonial one, it was impossible for Jinnah to rest at all. Further , as father of the new nation, he was looked to for guidance and for the future direction of the state of Pakistan. The vision that the Quaid had for Pakistan was laid out clearly in his speech on 11 August 1947 to the future Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, before the flag of Pakistan had even b een unfurled . It is important enough to be quoted in full. Without his firm guidance and iron will, it is doubtful whether the state of Pakistan would have survived the first year. The major issues facing the new state included the distribution of assets, Problems with the princely states , the mass movement of refugees irrigation water disputes with India , security worries, linguistic problems and Kashmir. This was in addition to the basic social problems of every poor nation , such as the provision of health and education . To add to these problems , political leadership , if one excluded the Quaid and a few others was severely lacking . Rarely in modern political history has any national movement been so dominated by one man . This is not only a poor reflection of the other Muslims figures at the time, it is also tribute to our great leader. It is hardly surprising , given the background of the partition that the majority of Pakistan's problems were related to dusputes with India.
Created By: Khansa
Edit By: nonePakpedia