The census organization was established in 1950 but the first census of Pakistan took place in 1951. It is a process of counting Pakistan’s population on census day. Until now 6 census took place in Pakistan. The last was held in 2017 which started on 15th March 2017 till 25th May 2017, next expected census will be held in 2027.
|Location:||Plot #21, Mauve Area Islamabad, G-9/1 Pakistan|
|Date taken :||15 March 2017 to May 25, 2017|
|People:||Asif Bajwa (Chief Statistician/Chief Census|
|Next event :||2027|
|Previous event :||March 14, 2017|
|Inaugurated :||1951 (age 65 66)|
|Phone:||Phone No. 051-9106528|
|Deputy Census Commissioner :||Mr. Maratab Ali|
|Director Census Planing and Coordination :||Mr. Rizwan Bashir|
|Census Commissioner :||Mr. Ayazuddin|
|Director General (Admn):||Mr. Muhammad Bashir Janjua|
|Member, Economic Statistics :||Dr. Sajjad Akhtar|
|Member, Census and Surveys :||Mr. Habib Ullah Khan|
|Member, Resource Managment:||Mr. Mahmood Akhtar|
Functions of Population Census Wing of PBS
The main functions of Population Census Wing are as under:
- Planning and execution of decennial Population & Housing Census.
- Processing and dissemination of data in the form of Census Reports.
- Analysis of census data and demographic research.
- Evaluation of census results.
- Intercensal sample studies/surveys in related areas.
- Supply of census data to the data users.
- Tabulation of data to meet specific demand of data users.
History of Census
Pakistan has a long history of Census taking and the first regular Population Census in the area now comprising Pakistan was held in 1881. Since then regular censuses have been conducted after every ten years in the year ending at one. After independence, the first census of Pakistan was conducted in 1951, the second in 1961 while the third census was held in 1972 instead of 1971 due to political environment in the country and war with India. The fourth census was held in March 1981 and fifth one which was due in 1991 could be held in March, 1998 due to specific circumstances.
There are two approaches of census enumeration:
(a) De-jure in which persons are counted at their usual place of residence and
(b) De-fecto in which persons are counted where they are found on the census data. In 1998 census both the approaches were applied simultaneously during enumeration, but the data was tabulated and published on de-jure basis for comparability of data over time.
Legality for the Census
The Census (Population & Housing) is a Federal subject as listed at Sl. NO. 38 of Federal Legislation list, Part-1, Fourth Schedule, Constitution of Pakistan. The seats in the National Assembly are allocated to each Province/FATA and Federal Territory on the basis of the population in accordance with the last preceding census officially published under Article-51(3) of the Constitution. Further, distribution of funds between the Federation and the Provinces are made through National Finance Commission. Article-160(2) speaks about the formation of the National Finance Commission which also uses census figures. The quota for recruitment to Federal posts is also worked out on the basis of population ratios as given by the census. Establishment Divisions O.M. No. 8/9/72, TRV, dated 31st August, 1973, refers in this regard. First 5 censuses were undertaken with the legal cover of Census Ordinance, 1959 amended from time to time. The 6th Population and Housing Census will be conducted under the legal cover of General Statistics (Re-organization) Act, 2011.
After Partition of India, the population of West Pakistan was 27 million. According to 1951 census, the population of Pakistan was 75 million, with 33.7 million residing in West Pakistan and 42 million residing in East Pakistan.Hindus constituted 12.9% of the population, which made Pakistan the second largest Hindu country in the world – West Pakistan had 1.6% of the Hindu population, while East Pakistan had 22.05%.
According to 1961 census, the population of Pakistan was 93 million, with 42.8 million residing in West Pakistan and 50 million residing in East Pakistan.The literacy was 19.2%, in which East Pakistan had a literacy rate of 21.5% and West Pakistan 16.3% literacy rate.Hindus in East Pakistan were 18.4% while the population growth rate at that time was 2.4%.
The scheduled 1971 Census was postponed due to the political crisis of 1970 followed by the War of 1971 and subsequent loss of East Pakistan.
According to the 1972 census, the population of Pakistan was 65.3 million. After 1972, the Census Organization was merged into the Ministry of Interior.
According to the fourth census of Pakistan, 1981, the population of Pakistan was 83.782 million which is expected to shoot up to 110 million by the end of 1991.
Population was 100 million
According to the 1998 census, the population of Pakistan was 130,857,717. With the inclusion of the population of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, the population was 134,714,017 in 1998.
Population about 15 million in karachi
Population was 130.345 million
2017 census in Pakistan is sixth census of Pakistan, after its independence in 1947. The census of 2017 started on 15 March 2017 till 25 May 2017. The census was being conducted by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. This census was held after a period of 19 years.
Census was conducted under security provided by Pakistan army, 200,000 security personnels at disposal. It included 91,000 Enumerators from different government sector servants.
This was be first time when Pakistan officially added a third gender to its database.
Census included total of 9 languages, with exception to regional languages that count to 70.
Distribution of Districts
The census was conducted in 2 phases. The first phase last from 15 March to 13 April and coverd 63 districts of the country. The second phase began on 25 April and last till 24 May covering the remaining 88 administrative districts. However, census in the capital territory of Islamabad, and its neighboring districts of Attock and Rawalpindi, though included in the second phase, began on 30 March and conclude on 23 May. Furthermore, for administrative purposes, census in the Kech District of Balochistan likely to be spread over both phases.
Functions of Agriculture Census Wing
Agriculture Census Wing (ACW) is responsible for planning, execution and publication of data on the censuses / surveys relating to agriculture on decennial basis, namely
- Agriculture Census during the years ending with digit zero.
- Agriculture Machinery Census during the years ending with digit four
- Livestock Census during the years ending with digit six along with a few surveys.
- Mouza (Village) Census during the years ending with digit eight.
- The data collected through the above mentioned censuses are presented in country and provincial reports. The country reports present data on country and provincial levels while the provincial reports present data for the province concerned and for its all the districts.
Annual Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Reports
The following Contraceptive Performance Reports have so far been released by Population Welfare Statistics Section (PWSS) of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics:
- Annual Contraceptive Performance Report 2014-15
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report April-June, 2014
- Annual Contraceptive Performance Report 2013-14
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report January-March, 2014
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report October-December, 2013
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report July-September, 2013
- Annual Contraceptive Performance Report 2012-13
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report April-June, 2013
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report January-March, 2013
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report October-December, 2012
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report July-September, 2012
- Annual Contraceptive Performance Report 2011-12
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report April-June, 2012
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report January-March, 2012
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report October-December, 2011
- Annual Contraceptive Performance Report 2010-11
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report July-Sep, 2011
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report April-June, 2011
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report January-March, 2011
- Quarterly Contraceptive Performance Report October-December, 2010
The key Indicators of Quarterly and Annual Contraceptive Performance Reports are as under
- Contraceptive Usage by Data Source
- Contraceptive Usage by Method
- Comparative Analysis of Contraceptive Usage by Source & Method
- Outlet-Wise Usage of Contraceptives
- Comparative Analysis of Contraceptive Usage by Outlet & Method
- Method And Outlet-Wise Average Performance
- Percentage Distribution of Total CYP by Source
- Percentage Distribution of Total CYP by Service Outlet
- Percentage Distribution of Total CYP by Method
- Family Planning and Mother & Child Health (MCH) Services
- Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) by modern methods
Demographic and Research
Demographic and Research section was established in early Eighties in order to conduct Pakistan Demographic Survey (PDS) and Demographic Research Activities. The main objectives of the Pakistan Demographic Survey are:
to collect statistics of births and deaths in order to arrive at various measures of fertility and mortality for Pakistan and its rural and urban areas.
to estimate current rate of natural increase of population at national level.
to collect information on other selected characteristics of population to assess the impact of family planning and other Socio-Economic development programmes.
Function of the Energy Mining Section
Collection of Data (Monthly)
Collection of Mineral Production Data from Provincial Directorates of Mines and Minerals Punjab, Sindh, KPK, Balochistan and FATA.
Collection of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production data from Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources.
Electricity Generating Data from respective agencies i.e. WAPDA, KESC, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission(PAEC), Pakistan Steel and Independent Power Plant (IPPs)
- Supply of Data (Monthly/Quarterly/ Annual)
- Monthly Bulletin of Statistics
- UN Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (UNSD)
- UNSD Quarterly Questionnaire
- U.S. Geological Survey
- Statistical Pocket Book (PP Section, PBS Karachi)
- Statistical Year Book (PP Section, PBS Karachi)
- State Bank of Pakistan
- Pakistan Economic Survey
- Budget Speech
- National, International Agencies and researchers (as and when required)
Census of Mining and Quarrying
Census of Mining and Quarrying is one of the regular activities of Energy &Mining Section. The first census was conducted in 1962-63 and so far 24 reports have been completed which covers the data for all minerals at National and Provincial levels. The last census was conducted in 2005-06. The main objective of the census was to collect statistical data for deriving GDP estimates of Mining Sector.
Census of Electricity Establishment
Census of electricity establishments is also one of the regular activities of E.M. Section since 1962-63and about 28 reports have been published so far. The last census was conducted in 2005-06.