bHistorybThe history of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission goes back to 1956, when the Atomic Energy Research Council was established. In 1964, 1965 and 1973 reorganization took place and the Atomic Energy Commission was incorporated as a statutory body under an Act, with considerable autonomy. In 1972 the commission was transferred from the Science and Technology Research Division to the President's Secretariat.
bNow a DaysbPAEC is now the largest S & T organization of the country, both in terms of scientific/technical manpower and the scope of its activities. Starting with a nuclear power reactor at Karachi (KANUPP) and an experimental research reactor at Nilore, Islamabad (PARR-I), the emphasis in the early years remained focussed on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Consequently research centres in agriculture, medicine, biotechnology and other scientific disciplines were set up all over the country. As the emphasis shifted towards concerns for national security, important projects were also initiated in this area.
bFunctionsbPAEC is charged with the promotion of, and research work on the peaceful uses of atomic energy in the fields of agriculture, medicine and industry, as well as the execution of development projects involving nuclear power stations and the generation of electric power, and to perform such other functions relating to the peaceful uses of atomic energy as may be agreed to between the Commission and the government.
bAccordingly the Commission is Engaged inb
- Programmes to develop nuclear power and fuel-cycle facilities
- Promotion of use of radiation and radio-isotopes in agriculture, medicine and industry
- Research, development and training of manpower to support the programmes of nuclear power and radio-isotope applications
bNational Defence ComplexbPakistan’s development of solid-fueled ballistic missiles began at the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).Benefiting from substantial Chinese assistance, the PAEC historically competed with the North Korea-assisted liquid-fuel missile programs at the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL).The 1999-2001 command-and-control reforms consolidated the bulk of nuclear weaponization activities, including missile development, under the National Defence Complex (NDC).
bFocusesbThe PAEC now focuses on civilian research, and hosts a wide range of such programs ranging from nuclear medicine to biotechnology.The PAEC also actively collaborates with the European Organization for Nuclear Research on fundamental particle physics research, providing both human capital and financial contributions.
bNuclear Test -1998bFollowing Pakistan’s 1998 nuclear tests, the Clinton Administration sanctioned the PAEC and roughly 20 of its subsidiaries under the Arms Export Control Act for involvement in “nuclear or missile activities.”President George W. Bush waived these sanctions in 2001 to facilitate post-September 11 cooperation with Pakistan.
bResearch DevelopmentbR&D efforts at Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission are focused on nuclear science and technology as well as the allied fields of physical and chemical sciences through well-defined and goal oriented projects. The major thrust of the program is geared towards direct applications in the peaceful uses of atomic energy. In order to keep the program well balanced and tuned to the need of the future, basic research is also carried out.
bPakistan Institute of Nuclear Science Technologyb
bPakistan Research Reactor - I PARR-Ib
bPakistan Research Reactor - II PARR-IIb
- Nuclear Power
- R & D
- Agri & Biotech
- Cancer Hospital
bProject and Plantsb
bKarachi Nuclear Power Plant KANUPP Unit 1bKANUPP is Pakistan's first nuclear power plant, inaugrated on November 28, 1972, with a total gross capacity of 137 MW.
bChashma Nuclear Power PlantsbUnit-1 (C-1), Unit-2 (C-2) & Unit-3 (C-3):C-1 and C-2 are 2 x 325 MW pressurized water reactors (PWR), performing with a high capacity factor.C-3 is 340 MW pressurized water reactors (PWR) with a design life of 40 years.
bChashma Nuclear Power ProjectbUnit-4 (C-4):C-4 is 340 MW pressurized water reactors (PWR) with a design life of 40 years. The plant is under construction.
bKarachi Nuclear Power ProjectbUnit-2 (K-2) & Unit-3 (K-3):K-2 and K-3 are 2 x 1100 MW PWRs. Groundbreaking of K-2 and K-3 at Karachi near KANUPP was performed on November 26, 2013.
bEngineeringbThe provision of engineering services and equipment is vital to keep industrial plants in good operating condition. This is especially true for Chemical, Mechanical, Conventional and Nuclear Power plants. PAEC has therefore established its own engineering support setup, known as SES. The purpose of this setup is to provide state of the art heavy mechanical as well as high precision engineering equipment support to all the projects and plants of PAEC. In addition it has the capacity to provide engineering services to other public/privates sectors industries in Pakistan.
bHeavy Mechanical Complex HMC-3bHeavy Mechanical Complex-3 has in house design, manufacturing, inspection, testing facilities and is capable of manufacturing heavy equipment of nuclear power plants, chemical & processing industries. All equipment are designed accordance with the relevant international codes and standards such as API – 1 stamp, ASME – 4-5 stamps etc., PNRA – Safety class 1,2,3, ISO 9000 / ISO 9001 certificate. It also has boiler manufacturing license from Govt of Pakistan.
bAgriculture BiotechnologybPakistan Atomic Energy Commission has taken the lead in utilizing nuclear technology to improve productivity of Agriculture sector through the introduction of new crop varieties, pest control technologies, plant nutrition and water management, animal health and productivity and food decontamination and preservation. Agriculture centers of PAEC also organize ‘Farmer’s Days”, field visits and awareness programs to educate the farmers about newly released varieties, advanced methods of cultivation and water saving techniques.
- Development of New Varieties
- Utilization of Marginal Lands
- Plant Nutrition and Water Management
- Reduction of Losses to Pests and Pathogens
- Improved Export Potential
- Human Resource Development
bCancer HospitalsbPakistan Atomic Energy Commission gives high priority to the application of nuclear technology in health sector. Through its 18 medical centers spread all over the country, patients receive state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment facilities either free of charge or at subsidized rates. PAEC NM&O Hospitals are also involved in the national cancer awareness and prevention program.
- Diagnostic Imaging (Nuclear Medicine & Radiology)
- Oncology (Radiation & Medical)
- Medical Physics
- Teaching and Training
bHuman Resource DevelopmentbAppropriate human resource development is essential before undertaking any highly technical or scientific endever. PAEC has setup many training institutes/centres, fully equipped with latest and state of the art facilities, aiming to provide high quality education and training to its workforce. Its leading institutes are Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Karachi Institute of Power Engineering (KINPOE) and CHASNUPP centre of Nuclear Training (CHASCENT). These institutes not only provide education related to nuclear fields but also contribute towards the Research & Development (R&D) programs of Pakistan.
- Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences (PIEAS)
- Karachi Institute of Power Engineering (KINPOE)
- CHASNUPP Centre of Nuclear Training (CHASCENT)
- P.O. Box: 1114, Islamabad, Pakistan
- Telephone:PABX: +92 51 9209032-37
- E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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