Naushara

Naushara (City)

Article Upload Date: 2017,Jan 17

Naushera, also Naoshera is a historical town of the Soon valley of Salt Range in the Punjab, Pakistan. Naushera is surrounded by high hills, beutifull lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. Naushera is also blessed with ancient civilization , natural resources, and fertile farms. The major settlement of the valley Nausehra lies almost in the geographical centre of the valley and is located at 72 29 north latitude and 32 34 58 west longitude. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3000 feet.[1] naushera - wordpress.com Naushehra, (Urdu: نوشہره), is a town and sub-Tehsil (administrative subdivisions) of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.[2] Local Government - Elections It is the main town of Soon Valley. The town is situated 48 kilometers (30 mi) from Khushab city and 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Kallar Kahar town in the heart of valley, surrounded by high hills, lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. It is also an area of ancient civilization, natural resources, and fertile farms. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2,500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3,000 feet.

Title Description
Information
Location: Pakistan
City Council: Government of Punjab
Type: Town and sub-Tehsil of Khushab District
Local Language Name: Pashto
Province: Punjab Province
Coordinates : 32°34'08
District: Khushab District
Region: Punjab
Language
Official Language: Urdu
Native Language: Punjabi
Other Languages: Urdu,Punjabi,English
Government
Government Type: Government of Punjab
Area
City: Naushara
Population
Total Population: 103,1,000( 2006)
Time zone
Time zone: PST (UTC+5)
Codes
Postal code: 24100
Dialing code: 454
Vehicle registration: Three letters beginning with N and random four numbers


Details

History

At some time between the era of Mahmud of Ghazni and Sultan Shahab ud din Ghori Arabs marauders captured the mountainous region of Salt range and settled in the mountains after they defeated the Janjuas, Gakhars, and other Rajput tribes until they permanently settled here.[3] History - naushera It is stated in the Imperial Gazetteer of India that They are essentially a tribe of the Salt Range, where they once held independent possessions of very considerable extent, and in the western and central portions of which they are still the dominant race.While writing about the Chiefs of Punjab, Sir Lepel Henry Griffin states in his book entitled, The Panjab Chiefs: the most authentic book on the subject that; All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of Ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.[4] sites - google.com

People

Awan are the major people inhabiting Naushera. H.A. Rose writes, "But in the best available account of the tribe, the Awans are indeed said to be of Arabian origin and descendants of Qutb Shah."[5] A Glossary - Tribes Sir Lepel H. Griffin writes in his book The Panjab Chiefs (1865 Edition) that: All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.The head of the tribe or village in the Soon valley was known as Raees-Azam. The last Raees-Azam of Naushera was Qazi Mazhar Qayyum. With the growth of industrialization in the country and lack of development programs in the area and migration of people of Naushera towards big cities of the country and even foreign countries, the tribal solidarity is becoming weak. The process of industrialisation has been rapidly destroying the age-old customs and traditions of this ancient tribe and patriarchal society. The other sub branches and small tribes of Naushera are Latifal, Jurwal, Radhnal, Sheraal.[6] Sir Michael - O'Dwyer

Martial Race

With the advent of the British Raj a new profession was opened for the local people. The Awans were classified to be "martial race". The British recruited army heavily from Naushera for service in the colonial army, and as such, the Awans also formed an important part of the British Indian Army, serving with distinction during World Wars II and I. Of all the Muslim groups recruited by the British, proportionally, the Awans produced the largest number of recruits during the First and Second World Wars. Contemporary historians, namely Professor Ian Talbot and Professor Tan Tai Yong, have written works that cite the Awans (amongst other tribes) as being looked upon as a martial race by not only the British, but neighbouring tribes as well. Of these perhaps the most interesting were the Awans of the Salt Range.It occurred to Wilson and me, who spent much time among them and every year had to send hundreds of them to prison for violent breaches of the peace, that it would be for their good and ours to open a career for the young" bloods" in the Army. A new battalion was then being raised. We induced the Commandant to come down to the great Horse Fair in 1888 or 1889, and persuaded the Awan graybeards to bring in some hundreds of their young men- preferably the wilder spirits. Recruiting caught on like wild-fire, and in twenty years the Awan soldier had made his name and was to be found in nearly every Mohammedan company or squadron recruited in the Punjab. The material benefits were of no small value to a poor and frugal tribe; but they valued even more the increased izzat (honour) which military service confers in the Punjab. In the Great War nearly every fit man of military age came forward from these Awan villages, and an inspiring sight was to see the batches of young recruits escorted for miles on their way by their mothers, wives, and sisters, singing songs of the brave deeds of their forefathers and urging the young men to emulate them.[7] I knew it - 1885-1925

Culture

Being a tribe of Arab origin, the local people follows Islamic culture and traditions. Unlike the other parts of Punjab where most people, follow the Indian form of the marriage ceremony, the marriages in Naushera are still arranged according to Islamic traditions and the wedding ceremony usually takes place at the mosques. Nikah is attended by close family members, relatives, and friends of groom and bride. Usually, the men and women are made to sit separately, in different rooms, or have a purdah (curtain) separating them. Luddi is famous folk dance on occasions of happiness. Also dhol and shehnai are famous musical instruments for celebrations.[1] naushera - wordpress.com

Qazis of Naushera

Naushera has produced families of qadis, Muslim jurists who used to live in the Mahalla Qazian Wala. The best known qazis of this family were Qazi Kalim Allah, Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. Qazi Mian Ahmad, Qazi Mazhar Qayyum, Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Qazi Zafar Hussain.Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad was born of the qadis family of Naushera, Soon Valley. He was a descendant of Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam from Al-Abbas ibn Ali. He was grand son of Qazi Kalim Allah, the Muslim qadi and jurist of Naushera in the time of Mughal emperors. He was a legal scholar of the Hanafi school of Islamic law. During the period of British government, he rendered legal opinions on Islamic laws and Fiqh.Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera was the second son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. He was known as Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera. He was a scholar of Islamic law. In the age of British government when cases were decided according to English law, Muslims consulted him for his legal opinions on Islamic laws. He issued many "fatwas" like his father and was well known in the field Hanafi school of law. His son Dr. Mazafar ul Haq was the first of those Pakistanis who had a M.B.B.S. degree. He died in 1954 and was buried in Naushera.Khan Sahib Qazi Zafar Hussain, was the third son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. In 1945, he was awarded by the title of Khan Sahib by the British Government in recognition of his services. He used his family and political influence to help the people of his area. He died in 1968. He was buried in Naushera, Soon Valley.[8] naushera apageof - history

Tehsils of District Noushera

There are three Tehsils in district Nowshera they are
  1. Jahangira Tehsil
  2. Nowshera Tehsil
  3. Pabbi Tehsil

National Assembly Seats according to 2013 General Elections

  1. NA 5 Nowshera-I MNA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  2. NA 6 Nowshera-II MNA Siraj Muhammad Khan (PTI)

KPK Assembly seats according to 2013 General Election

  1. PK 12 Nowshera-I MPA Khaleeq ur Rehman (PTI)
  2. PK 13 Nowshera-II MPA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  3. PK-14 Nowshera-III MPA Jashaid uddin (PTI)
  4. PK 15 Nowshera-IV MPA Muhammad Idrees (PTI)
  5. PK 16 Nowshera-V MPA Qurban Ali Khan (PTI)

Naushara Union Councils

Naushera District Council LG Elections Held On 30 May 2015 Naushera Tehsil Councils Naushera Village (Neighborhood) Council
Tehsil Council Pabbi
No. of Ward Name of Ward / Area Name Of Ward / Area No. of Ward Name Of Ward / Area
Ward No. 1 Akbar Pura Ward No. 1 Akbar Pura Ward No. 1 Akora Khattak-I
Ward No. 2 Balu Ward No. 2 Balu Ward No. 2 Akora Khattak-II
Ward No. 3 Kurvi Ward No. 3 Kurvi Ward No. 3 Akora Khattak-III
Ward No. 4 Chowki Mamrez Ward No. 4 Chowki Mamrez Ward No. 4 Akora Khattak-IV
Ward No. 5 Taru Ward No. 5 Taru Ward No. 5 Shaidu-I
Ward No. 6 Mohib Banda Ward No. 6 Mohib Banda Ward No. 6 Shaidu-II
Ward No. 7 Dag Behsood Ward No. 7 Dag Behsood Ward No. 7 Shaidu-III
Ward No. 8 Jadozai Ward No. 8 Jadozai Ward No. 8 Bheri Khattak-I
Ward No. 9 Shah Kot Ward No. 9 Shah Kot Ward No. 9 Bheri Khattak-II
Ward No. 10 Dag Ismail Khel Ward No. 10 Dag Ismail Khel Ward No. 10 Marhatti Banda
Ward No. 11 Spin Khak Ward No. 11 Spin Khak Ward No. 11 mera Misri Banda
Ward No. 12 Aman Kot Ward No. 12 Aman Kot Ward No. 12 Misri Banda
Ward No. 13 Dagai Ward No. 13 Dagai Ward No. 13 Ali Muhammad Meshak
Ward No. 14 Aza Khel Bala Ward No. 14 Pabbi Ward No. 14 Mugelki
Ward No. 15 Aza Khel Payan Ward No. 15 Khudraizi Khan Sheikh Garhi Ward No. 15 Nandrak
Ward No. 16 Pirpai - - Ward No. 16 Mian Isa
Ward No. 17 Manki Sharif - - Ward No. 17 Surya Khel
Ward No. 18 Pahari Kati Khel - - Ward No. 18 Ayyub Abad
Ward No. 19 Ziarat Kaka Sahib - - Ward No. 19 Alhaq
Ward No. 20 Badrashi - - Ward No. 20 Adam Zai
Ward No. 21 Deri Katti Khel - - Ward No. 21 Issori Chashmai
Ward No. 22 Mera Akora Khatak - - Ward No. 22 Mulla Kale (Malikhel)
Ward No. 23 Adam Zai - - Ward No. 23 Dang Dang
Ward No. 24 Khairabad - - Ward No. 24 Kati Miana
Ward No. 25 Mandori - - Ward No. 25 Nari Nodeh
Ward No. 26 Inzari - - Ward No. 26 Khairabad
Ward No. 27 Kahi - - Ward No. 27 Khawree
Ward No. 28 Nizampur - - Ward No. 28 Hissar Tang
Ward No. 29 Mugalki - - Ward No. 29 Toha Ghareeb Pura
Ward No. 30 Misri Banda - - Ward No. 30 Jabbi
Ward No. 31 Zara Miana - - Ward No. 31 Inzari
Ward No. 32 Pir Sabaq - - Ward No. 32 Khan Koi
Ward No. 33 Rashkai - - Ward No. 33 Kahi-I
Ward No. 34 Bara Banda - - Ward No. 34 Kahi-II
Ward No. 35 Gandheri - - Ward No. 35 Shagai
Ward No. 36 Kheshki Payan - - Ward No. 36 Namal Sara Toya
Ward No. 37 Kheshki Bala - - Ward No. 37 Garu
Ward No. 38 Pabbi - - Ward No. 38 Nizam Pur
Ward No. 39 Khudrezi Khan Sher Garhi - Ward No. 39 Khalilabad
Ward No. 40 Aman Garh - - Ward No. 40 Ashoorabad
Ward No. 41 Nowhera City - - Ward No. 41 Aman Garh
Ward No. 42 Chowki Town - - Ward No. 42 Shamar Garhi
Ward No. 43 Nawan Kali - - Ward No. 43 Nawan Kalli
Ward No. 44 Kabul River - - Ward No. 44 Behram Khan Khel
Ward No. 45 Akora Khattak - - Ward No. 45 Mana Khel
Ward No. 46 Jahangiria - - Ward No. 46 Bara Khel
Ward No. 47 Shedu - - Ward No. 47 Allah Yar Khel
- - - - Ward No. 48 Dagi Khel
- - - - Ward No. 49 Kabul River
- - - - Ward No. 50 Aza Khel Bala-I
- - - - Ward No. 51 Aza Khel Bala-II
- - - Ward No. 52 Aza Khel Bala-III
- - - - Ward No. 53 Aza khel Payan-I
- - - - Ward No. 54 Aza khel Payan-II
- - - - Ward No. 55 Aza Khel Payan-III
- - - - Ward No. 56 Aza Khel Payan-IV
- - - - Ward No. 57 Pirpiai-I
- - - - Ward No. 58 Pirpiai-II
- - - - Ward No. 59 Pirpiai-III
- - - - Ward No. 60 Phari Katti Khel
- - - - Ward No. 61 Sheikhi
- - - - Ward No. 62 Spin Kani Kalan
- - - - Ward No. 63 Manki Sharif
- - - - Ward No. 64 Meraji
- - - - Ward No. 65 Tangi Khattak
- - - - Ward No. 66 Ziarat Kaka Sahib
- - - - Ward No. 67 Spin Kani Khurd
- - - - Ward No. 68 Walai
- - - - Ward No. 69 Manahi
- - - - Ward No. 70 Badrashi-I
- - - - Ward No. 71 Badrashi-II
- - - - Ward No. 72 Badrashi-III
- - - - Ward No. 73 Badrashi-IV
- - - - Ward No. 74 Badrashi-V
- - - - Ward No. 75 Badrashi-VI
- - - - Ward No. 76 Khat Kallay
- - - - Ward No. 77 Dheri Katti Khel
- - - - Ward No. 78 Zara Miana
- - - - Ward No. 79 Turlandi
- - - - Ward No. 80 Kandar
- - - - Ward No. 81 Behram Kalay
- - - - Ward No. 82 Ganderi
- - - - Ward No. 83 Rashkai-I
- - - Ward No. 84 Rashkai-II
- - - Ward No. 85 Rashkai-III
- - - - Ward No. 86 Mera Kander
- - - - Ward No. 87 Bara Banda
- - - - Ward No. 88 Kotar Pan
- - - Ward No. 89 Kalinjar
- - - - Ward No. 90 Kheshgi Payan-I
- - - - Ward No. 91 Kheshgi Payan-II / Saadat Abad
- - - - Ward No. 92 Kheshgi Payan-III / Hamza Rashkai
- - - - Ward No. 93 Kheshgi Bala-I / Batak Zai
- - - - Ward No. 94 Kheshgi Bala-II / Doranabad
- - - - Ward No. 95 Kheshgi Bala-III / Tareenabad
- - - - Ward No. 96 Kheshgi Bala-IV / Baba G Kalay
- - - Ward No. 97 Kheshgi Bala-V / Ahmed Nagar
- - - - Ward No. 98 Peer Sabaq-I
- - - - Ward No. 99 Pir Sabaq-II
- - - - Ward No. 100 Zando Banda
- - - - Ward No. 101 Khudrezi
- - - - Ward No. 102 Khan Sher Garhi
- - - - Ward No. 103 Pabbi-I
- - - - Ward No. 104 Pabbi-II
- - - - Ward No. 105 Jabba Khalisa
- - - - Ward No. 106 Taru
- - - - Ward No. 107 Qasim
- - - - Ward No. 108 Chowki Mamriz
- - - - Ward No. 109 Chand Bibi
- - - - Ward No. 110 Khush Makam
- - - - Ward No. 111 Kandi Tazadin
- - - - Ward No. 112 Balu
- - - - Ward No. 113 Kitara
- - - - Ward No. 114 Babi
- - - - Ward No. 115 Ali Baig
- - - - Ward No. 116 Dag Ismail Khel-I
- - - - Ward No. 117 Dag Ismail Khel-II
- - - - Ward No. 118 Chapri
- - - - Ward No. 119 Dakhli Spin Khak
- - - - Ward No. 120 Kharji Spin Khak
- - - - Ward No. 121 Jarooba
- - - - Ward No. 122 Aman Kot-I
- - - - Ward No. 123 Aman Kot-II
- - - - Ward No. 124 Aman Kot-III
- - - - Ward No. 125 Chowki Drub
- - - - Ward No. 126 Jaba Daud Zai
- - - - Ward No. 127 Garhi Momin
- - - - Ward No. 128 Tarkha
- - - - Ward No. 129 Mufti Ali Shah
- - - Ward No. 130 Zakhi
- - - - Ward No. 131 Moheb Banda
- - - - Ward No. 132 Banda Sheikh Ismail
- - - - Ward No. 133 Banda Malah Khan
- - - - Ward No. 134 Kurvi
- - - - Ward No. 135 Akbar Pura-I
- - - - Ward No. 136 Akbar Pura-II
- - - - Ward No. 137 Akbar Pura-III
- - - - Ward No. 138 Dagbehshub-I
- - - - Ward No. 139 Dagbehshub-II
- - - - Ward No. 140 Wazir Garhi
- - - - Ward No. 141 Jalozai Mahal
- - - - Ward No. 142 Jalozai Mera
- - - - Ward No. 143 Dagai-I
- - - - Ward No. 144 Dagai-II
- - - -
- - - Ward No. 146 Pushtoon Garhi
- - - - Ward No. 147 Banda Nabi-I
- - - - Ward No. 148 Banda Nabi-II
- - - - Ward No. 149 Kottli
- - - - Ward No. 150 Saleh Khana
- - - - Ward No. 151 Jabba Khattak
- - - Ward No. 152 Bakhtai
- - - - Ward No. 153 Shah Kot

Literacy

Total 593 people in the village are literate, among them 343 are male and 250 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Naushera is 78%. 89% of male and 67% of female population are literate here.[9]  Literacy 

Workers

Naushera has 32% (265) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 11% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 8% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.[10]  Workers 

Percentage of Working Population

- Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 32.1% 28.2% 3.9% 67.9%
Male 52.8% 48.2% 4.6% 47.2%
Female 11.2% 8% 3.2% 88.8%

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