Naushara (City)

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2017-01-16 20:33:06Naushara
Naushera, also Naoshera is a historical town of the Soon valley of Salt Range in the Punjab, Pakistan. Naushera is surrounded by high hills, beutifull lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. Naushera is also blessed with ancient civilization , natural resources, and fertile farms. The major settlement of the valley Nausehra lies almost in the geographical centre of the valley and is located at 72 29 north latitude and 32 34 58 west longitude. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3000 feet.[1] naushera - wordpress.com Naushehra, (Urdu: نوشہره), is a town and sub-Tehsil (administrative subdivisions) of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.[2] Local Government - Elections It is the main town of Soon Valley. The town is situated 48 kilometers (30 mi) from Khushab city and 68 kilometers (42 mi) from Kallar Kahar town in the heart of valley, surrounded by high hills, lakes, jungles, natural pools and ponds. It is also an area of ancient civilization, natural resources, and fertile farms. The general height of surrounding hills is around 2,500 feet above sea level, with several peaks reaching over 3,000 feet.
  • Information
  • Location:

    Pakistan

  • City Council:

    Government of Punjab

  • Type:

    Town and sub-Tehsil of Khushab District

  • Local Language Name:

    Pashto

  • Province:

    Punjab Province

  • Coordinates :

    32°34'08

  • District:

    Khushab District

  • Region:

    Punjab

  • Language
  • Official Language:

    Urdu

  • Native Language:

    Punjabi

  • Other Languages:

    Urdu,Punjabi,English

  • Government
  • Government Type:

    Government of Punjab

  • Area
  • City:

    Naushara

  • Population
  • Total Population:

    103,1,000( 2006)

  • Time zone
  • Time zone:

    PST (UTC+5)

  • Codes
  • Postal code:

    24100

  • Dialing code:

    454

  • Vehicle registration:

    Three letters beginning with N and random four numbers

Details

History

At some time between the era of Mahmud of Ghazni and Sultan Shahab ud din Ghori Arabs marauders captured the mountainous region of Salt range and settled in the mountains after they defeated the Janjuas, Gakhars, and other Rajput tribes until they permanently settled here.[3] History - naushera It is stated in the Imperial Gazetteer of India that They are essentially a tribe of the Salt Range, where they once held independent possessions of very considerable extent, and in the western and central portions of which they are still the dominant race.While writing about the Chiefs of Punjab, Sir Lepel Henry Griffin states in his book entitled, The Panjab Chiefs: the most authentic book on the subject that; All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of Ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.[4] sites - google.com

People

Awan are the major people inhabiting Naushera. H.A. Rose writes, "But in the best available account of the tribe, the Awans are indeed said to be of Arabian origin and descendants of Qutb Shah."[5] A Glossary - Tribes Sir Lepel H. Griffin writes in his book The Panjab Chiefs (1865 Edition) that: All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans.It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.The head of the tribe or village in the Soon valley was known as Raees-Azam. The last Raees-Azam of Naushera was Qazi Mazhar Qayyum. With the growth of industrialization in the country and lack of development programs in the area and migration of people of Naushera towards big cities of the country and even foreign countries, the tribal solidarity is becoming weak. The process of industrialisation has been rapidly destroying the age-old customs and traditions of this ancient tribe and patriarchal society. The other sub branches and small tribes of Naushera are Latifal, Jurwal, Radhnal, Sheraal.[6] Sir Michael - O'Dwyer

Martial Race

With the advent of the British Raj a new profession was opened for the local people. The Awans were classified to be "martial race". The British recruited army heavily from Naushera for service in the colonial army, and as such, the Awans also formed an important part of the British Indian Army, serving with distinction during World Wars II and I. Of all the Muslim groups recruited by the British, proportionally, the Awans produced the largest number of recruits during the First and Second World Wars. Contemporary historians, namely Professor Ian Talbot and Professor Tan Tai Yong, have written works that cite the Awans (amongst other tribes) as being looked upon as a martial race by not only the British, but neighbouring tribes as well. Of these perhaps the most interesting were the Awans of the Salt Range.It occurred to Wilson and me, who spent much time among them and every year had to send hundreds of them to prison for violent breaches of the peace, that it would be for their good and ours to open a career for the young" bloods" in the Army. A new battalion was then being raised. We induced the Commandant to come down to the great Horse Fair in 1888 or 1889, and persuaded the Awan graybeards to bring in some hundreds of their young men- preferably the wilder spirits. Recruiting caught on like wild-fire, and in twenty years the Awan soldier had made his name and was to be found in nearly every Mohammedan company or squadron recruited in the Punjab. The material benefits were of no small value to a poor and frugal tribe; but they valued even more the increased izzat (honour) which military service confers in the Punjab. In the Great War nearly every fit man of military age came forward from these Awan villages, and an inspiring sight was to see the batches of young recruits escorted for miles on their way by their mothers, wives, and sisters, singing songs of the brave deeds of their forefathers and urging the young men to emulate them.[7] I knew it - 1885-1925

Culture

Being a tribe of Arab origin, the local people follows Islamic culture and traditions. Unlike the other parts of Punjab where most people, follow the Indian form of the marriage ceremony, the marriages in Naushera are still arranged according to Islamic traditions and the wedding ceremony usually takes place at the mosques. Nikah is attended by close family members, relatives, and friends of groom and bride. Usually, the men and women are made to sit separately, in different rooms, or have a purdah (curtain) separating them. Luddi is famous folk dance on occasions of happiness. Also dhol and shehnai are famous musical instruments for celebrations.[1] naushera - wordpress.com

Qazis of Naushera

Naushera has produced families of qadis, Muslim jurists who used to live in the Mahalla Qazian Wala. The best known qazis of this family were Qazi Kalim Allah, Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. Qazi Mian Ahmad, Qazi Mazhar Qayyum, Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Qazi Zafar Hussain.Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad was born of the qadis family of Naushera, Soon Valley. He was a descendant of Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam from Al-Abbas ibn Ali. He was grand son of Qazi Kalim Allah, the Muslim qadi and jurist of Naushera in the time of Mughal emperors. He was a legal scholar of the Hanafi school of Islamic law. During the period of British government, he rendered legal opinions on Islamic laws and Fiqh.Qazi Manzoor ul Haq, Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera was the second son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. He was known as Imam Abu Hanifa of Naushera. He was a scholar of Islamic law. In the age of British government when cases were decided according to English law, Muslims consulted him for his legal opinions on Islamic laws. He issued many "fatwas" like his father and was well known in the field Hanafi school of law. His son Dr. Mazafar ul Haq was the first of those Pakistanis who had a M.B.B.S. degree. He died in 1954 and was buried in Naushera.Khan Sahib Qazi Zafar Hussain, was the third son of Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad. In 1945, he was awarded by the title of Khan Sahib by the British Government in recognition of his services. He used his family and political influence to help the people of his area. He died in 1968. He was buried in Naushera, Soon Valley.[8] naushera apageof - history

Tehsils of District Noushera

There are three Tehsils in district Nowshera they are
  1. Jahangira Tehsil
  2. Nowshera Tehsil
  3. Pabbi Tehsil

National Assembly Seats according to 2013 General Elections

  1. NA 5 Nowshera-I MNA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  2. NA 6 Nowshera-II MNA Siraj Muhammad Khan (PTI)

KPK Assembly seats according to 2013 General Election

  1. PK 12 Nowshera-I MPA Khaleeq ur Rehman (PTI)
  2. PK 13 Nowshera-II MPA Pervaiz Khatak (PTI)
  3. PK-14 Nowshera-III MPA Jashaid uddin (PTI)
  4. PK 15 Nowshera-IV MPA Muhammad Idrees (PTI)
  5. PK 16 Nowshera-V MPA Qurban Ali Khan (PTI)

Naushara Union Councils

Naushera District Council LG Elections Held On 30 May 2015Naushera Tehsil CouncilsNaushera Village (Neighborhood) Council
Tehsil Council Pabbi
No. of WardName of Ward / AreaName Of Ward / AreaNo. of WardName Of Ward / Area
Ward No. 1Akbar PuraWard No. 1Akbar PuraWard No. 1Akora Khattak-I
Ward No. 2BaluWard No. 2BaluWard No. 2Akora Khattak-II
Ward No. 3KurviWard No. 3KurviWard No. 3Akora Khattak-III
Ward No. 4Chowki MamrezWard No. 4Chowki MamrezWard No. 4Akora Khattak-IV
Ward No. 5TaruWard No. 5TaruWard No. 5Shaidu-I
Ward No. 6Mohib BandaWard No. 6Mohib BandaWard No. 6Shaidu-II
Ward No. 7Dag BehsoodWard No. 7Dag BehsoodWard No. 7Shaidu-III
Ward No. 8JadozaiWard No. 8JadozaiWard No. 8Bheri Khattak-I
Ward No. 9Shah KotWard No. 9Shah KotWard No. 9Bheri Khattak-II
Ward No. 10Dag Ismail KhelWard No. 10Dag Ismail KhelWard No. 10Marhatti Banda
Ward No. 11Spin KhakWard No. 11Spin KhakWard No. 11mera Misri Banda
Ward No. 12Aman KotWard No. 12Aman KotWard No. 12Misri Banda
Ward No. 13DagaiWard No. 13DagaiWard No. 13Ali Muhammad Meshak
Ward No. 14Aza Khel BalaWard No. 14PabbiWard No. 14Mugelki
Ward No. 15Aza Khel PayanWard No. 15Khudraizi Khan Sheikh GarhiWard No. 15Nandrak
Ward No. 16Pirpai--Ward No. 16Mian Isa
Ward No. 17Manki Sharif--Ward No. 17Surya Khel
Ward No. 18Pahari Kati Khel--Ward No. 18Ayyub Abad
Ward No. 19Ziarat Kaka Sahib--Ward No. 19Alhaq
Ward No. 20Badrashi--Ward No. 20Adam Zai
Ward No. 21Deri Katti Khel--Ward No. 21Issori Chashmai
Ward No. 22Mera Akora Khatak--Ward No. 22Mulla Kale (Malikhel)
Ward No. 23Adam Zai--Ward No. 23Dang Dang
Ward No. 24Khairabad--Ward No. 24Kati Miana
Ward No. 25Mandori--Ward No. 25Nari Nodeh
Ward No. 26Inzari--Ward No. 26Khairabad
Ward No. 27Kahi--Ward No. 27Khawree
Ward No. 28Nizampur--Ward No. 28Hissar Tang
Ward No. 29Mugalki--Ward No. 29Toha Ghareeb Pura
Ward No. 30Misri Banda--Ward No. 30Jabbi
Ward No. 31Zara Miana--Ward No. 31Inzari
Ward No. 32Pir Sabaq--Ward No. 32Khan Koi
Ward No. 33Rashkai--Ward No. 33Kahi-I
Ward No. 34Bara Banda--Ward No. 34Kahi-II
Ward No. 35Gandheri--Ward No. 35Shagai
Ward No. 36Kheshki Payan--Ward No. 36Namal Sara Toya
Ward No. 37Kheshki Bala--Ward No. 37Garu
Ward No. 38Pabbi--Ward No. 38Nizam Pur
Ward No. 39Khudrezi Khan Sher Garhi-Ward No. 39Khalilabad
Ward No. 40Aman Garh--Ward No. 40Ashoorabad
Ward No. 41Nowhera City--Ward No. 41Aman Garh
Ward No. 42Chowki Town--Ward No. 42Shamar Garhi
Ward No. 43Nawan Kali--Ward No. 43Nawan Kalli
Ward No. 44Kabul River--Ward No. 44Behram Khan Khel
Ward No. 45Akora Khattak--Ward No. 45Mana Khel
Ward No. 46Jahangiria--Ward No. 46Bara Khel
Ward No. 47Shedu--Ward No. 47Allah Yar Khel
----Ward No. 48Dagi Khel
----Ward No. 49Kabul River
----Ward No. 50Aza Khel Bala-I
----Ward No. 51Aza Khel Bala-II
---Ward No. 52Aza Khel Bala-III
----Ward No. 53Aza khel Payan-I
----Ward No. 54Aza khel Payan-II
----Ward No. 55Aza Khel Payan-III
----Ward No. 56Aza Khel Payan-IV
----Ward No. 57Pirpiai-I
----Ward No. 58Pirpiai-II
----Ward No. 59Pirpiai-III
----Ward No. 60Phari Katti Khel
----Ward No. 61Sheikhi
----Ward No. 62Spin Kani Kalan
----Ward No. 63Manki Sharif
----Ward No. 64Meraji
----Ward No. 65Tangi Khattak
----Ward No. 66Ziarat Kaka Sahib
----Ward No. 67Spin Kani Khurd
----Ward No. 68Walai
----Ward No. 69Manahi
----Ward No. 70Badrashi-I
----Ward No. 71Badrashi-II
----Ward No. 72Badrashi-III
----Ward No. 73Badrashi-IV
----Ward No. 74Badrashi-V
----Ward No. 75Badrashi-VI
----Ward No. 76Khat Kallay
----Ward No. 77Dheri Katti Khel
----Ward No. 78Zara Miana
----Ward No. 79Turlandi
----Ward No. 80Kandar
----Ward No. 81Behram Kalay
----Ward No. 82Ganderi
----Ward No. 83Rashkai-I
---Ward No. 84Rashkai-II
---Ward No. 85Rashkai-III
----Ward No. 86Mera Kander
----Ward No. 87Bara Banda
----Ward No. 88Kotar Pan
---Ward No. 89Kalinjar
----Ward No. 90Kheshgi Payan-I
----Ward No. 91Kheshgi Payan-II / Saadat Abad
----Ward No. 92Kheshgi Payan-III / Hamza Rashkai
----Ward No. 93Kheshgi Bala-I / Batak Zai
----Ward No. 94Kheshgi Bala-II / Doranabad
----Ward No. 95Kheshgi Bala-III / Tareenabad
----Ward No. 96Kheshgi Bala-IV / Baba G Kalay
---Ward No. 97Kheshgi Bala-V / Ahmed Nagar
----Ward No. 98Peer Sabaq-I
----Ward No. 99Pir Sabaq-II
----Ward No. 100Zando Banda
----Ward No. 101Khudrezi
----Ward No. 102Khan Sher Garhi
----Ward No. 103Pabbi-I
----Ward No. 104Pabbi-II
----Ward No. 105Jabba Khalisa
----Ward No. 106Taru
----Ward No. 107Qasim
----Ward No. 108Chowki Mamriz
----Ward No. 109Chand Bibi
----Ward No. 110Khush Makam
----Ward No. 111Kandi Tazadin
----Ward No. 112Balu
----Ward No. 113Kitara
----Ward No. 114Babi
----Ward No. 115Ali Baig
----Ward No. 116Dag Ismail Khel-I
----Ward No. 117Dag Ismail Khel-II
----Ward No. 118Chapri
----Ward No. 119Dakhli Spin Khak
----Ward No. 120Kharji Spin Khak
----Ward No. 121Jarooba
----Ward No. 122Aman Kot-I
----Ward No. 123Aman Kot-II
----Ward No. 124Aman Kot-III
----Ward No. 125Chowki Drub
----Ward No. 126Jaba Daud Zai
----Ward No. 127Garhi Momin
----Ward No. 128Tarkha
----Ward No. 129Mufti Ali Shah
---Ward No. 130Zakhi
----Ward No. 131Moheb Banda
----Ward No. 132Banda Sheikh Ismail
----Ward No. 133Banda Malah Khan
----Ward No. 134Kurvi
----Ward No. 135Akbar Pura-I
----Ward No. 136Akbar Pura-II
----Ward No. 137Akbar Pura-III
----Ward No. 138Dagbehshub-I
----Ward No. 139Dagbehshub-II
----Ward No. 140Wazir Garhi
----Ward No. 141Jalozai Mahal
----Ward No. 142Jalozai Mera
----Ward No. 143Dagai-I
----Ward No. 144Dagai-II
----
---Ward No. 146Pushtoon Garhi
----Ward No. 147Banda Nabi-I
----Ward No. 148Banda Nabi-II
----Ward No. 149Kottli
----Ward No. 150Saleh Khana
----Ward No. 151Jabba Khattak
---Ward No. 152Bakhtai
----Ward No. 153Shah Kot

Literacy

Total 593 people in the village are literate, among them 343 are male and 250 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Naushera is 78%. 89% of male and 67% of female population are literate here.[9]  Literacy 

Workers

Naushera has 32% (265) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 11% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 8% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.[10]  Workers 

Percentage of Working Population

-Worker (Among total population)Main Worker (Among workers)Marginal Worker (Among workers)Non Worker (Among total population)
Total32.1%28.2%3.9%67.9%
Male52.8%48.2%4.6%47.2%
Female11.2%8%3.2%88.8%


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