Muttahida Qaumi Movement

Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Political Party)

Article Upload Date: 2017,Dec 09

Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in Pakistan has witnessed many ups and downs during the period, though it has been the dominant political force in two major cities of Sindh since it inception in 1984. Altaf Hussain is the Founder of MQM Party. Farooq Sattar is the member of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) Pakistan.The story of MQM starts with the formation of a student organisation, All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organisation (APMSO) in 1978.

Title Description
Government Seats in 2014 Election
National Assembly: 24 / 342
Senate: 8 / 104
Sindh Assembly: 50 / 168
Party Wing
Charity Wing: Khidmat-e-Khalq Foundation (KKF)
Paramilitary Wing: Wafa Parast
Students wing: All Pakistan Muttahidda Students Organization (APMSO)
Convener: Nadeem Nusrat
Founder: Altaf Hussain, Azeem Ahmed Tariq
Founded: March 18, 1984
Headquarters: Nine Zero; 494/8, Azizabad, F.B Area Karachi, Pakistan
Leader: Altaf Hussain
Color: Red, green and white
Slogan: Empowering People
Ideology: Liberalism Social liberalism Muhajir nationalism Secularism



The All Pakistan Mohajir Students Organisation launches the party, Mohajir Qaumi Movement.


MQM formally enters politics, after winning local municipal elections in Karachi and Hyderabad.


The MQM swept the 1988 election in Sindh’s urban areas and entered into a cooperation agreement with PPP, enabling it to become part of the government.


Differences developed between the PPP and MQM after dozens were killed at an MQM congregration by Sindhi nationalists, and the alliance fell apart in the wake of ensuing violence. The MQM lent its support to Nawaz Sharif’s Islami Jamhoori Ittehad instead.


In the 1990 election, MQM again emerged as the third largest party forming an alliance and a coalition government with PML-N, the leading party at the time.


MQM chief Altaf Hussain leaves for London for medical treatment. He has not returned since then.


The army launches the infamous ‘Operation clean-up’, ostensibly to rid the city of terrorism. The operation targeted the MQM in particular. As a result, a breakaway faction known as the MQM-Haqiqi emerged. Meanwhile, party leaders went into hiding and party offices were shut down.


Elections are held once again. The MQM boycotts the national assembly polls, but sweeps provincial elections, and once again allies with the PPP in Sindh. Their participation was despite on-and-off action against the party all the way till 1996.


Benazir Bhutto’s government is dismissed on charges of the murders of MQM workers in fake encounters by the police. The MQM wins national and provincial assembly seats in the 1997 polls, and allies with PML-N again.


After much deliberation and delay, the Mohajir Qaumi Movement changes its official name to Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).


The murder of Hakim Sayeed, a famous Pakistani philanthropist leads to the imposition of Governor rule in Sindh. The MQM and PML-N’s alliance came to an end.

October 2002

The then President Pervez Musharraf, who had overthrown Nawaz in a military coup, held elections. The MQM performed well, and became a coalition partner of its arch enemy, the military government.


MQM threatens to quit the coalition government, ostensibly over army operations in Balochistan. It later retracts the ultimatum.


MQM was accused by anti-Musharraf parties and sections of the media for instigating violence on the streets of Karachi when Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry arrived in the city to address a lawyers’ meeting.


In the 2008 election, the party again became part of the ruling coalition government at the centre and in Sindh — once again with the PPP.


The MQM’s office in London was raided in connection with Farooq’s murder.


MQM chief Altaf Hussain criticised the judiciary and said that judges of the Supreme Court should apologise for their remarks about delimitation of Karachi’s constituencies or face consequences.The Supreme Court ordered the MQM chief to appear before it in person and explain why he should not be charged with contempt for “his contemptuous assertions against the judiciary”.


Hussain files an unconditional apology, which was accepted by the apex court.


The MQM announced that it had decided to quit the federal and provincial governments in protest against what it described as the ‘negative attitude’ of the PPP.The Sindh People’s Local Government Act, 2012 is repealed. The act had been seen a major prize for the MQM for its oft-broken alliance at the centre and in Sindh for providing for a separate local government system for its powerbase of Karachi.


MQM sweeps elections across most of Karachi and in parts of lower Sindh. Allegations of rigging in NA-250 bring MQM-PTI tensions to the forefront, with polls delayed there.The London Metropolitan police launched an investigation against the MQM chief following complaints by hundreds of British and Pakistani citizens.Following the death of PTI office bearer Zahra Shahid Hussain, the tensions between the two parties continued to flare up after PTI chief Imran Khan directly accused Altaf Hussain of her murder. MQM boycotted the polls in NA-250, and PTI won the constituency’s provincial and national seats.MQM’s Karachi Organising Committee is disbanded, in an apparent reaction to ‘hooliganism’The MQM’s Rabita (Communication) Committee was disbanded. The decision was made by the committee itself and was approved by Hussain, according to MQM. The decision followed the party chief’s proclamation to rid the party of ‘corrupt elements’.[1] History


Initially, it was established to counter the Islami Jamiat-e-Talba, a student wing of Jamat-e-Islami Pakistan which ruled the roost in Karachi at that time. It soon transformed itself into Muhajir Qaumi Movement in 1984 under the leadership of Altaf Hussain and Azim Ahmad Tariq with Aafaq Ahmad and Amer Ahmad Khan being the founding members. [2]  Details 

Purpose to Launch

It was launched to protect and fight for the rights of the Muhajir community against the alleged discrimination in employment opportunities and admissions in educational institutions.

Urdu Speaking

Generally known as a secular political party mainly representing the Urdu-speaking population in the urban areas of Sindh, it wields significant power in Karachi and Hyderabad. MQM won the November 1987 Local Bodies elections in the two cities. Currently being the second largest party in Sindh Assembly and the fourth largest in the National Assembly, the MQM has earned the distinction of being the only political party in Pakistan which has been part of almost every government in the Centre and Sindh since the 1980s. [3]  Urdu Speaking 

Leader of MQM Altaf Hussain

Altaf Hussain is a Pakistani Politician. He was born in Karachi, Pakistan. Hussain's father name is Nazir Hussain and mother name is Khursheed Begum. He is the founder of Muttahida Qumi Movement (MQM), which is the fourth largest political party in the Pakistan, that are representing Muhajir Community. He belongs to muhajir family who came from India in the partition of 1947.[4] Leader of MQM

Farooq Sattar

Dr. Muhammad Farooq Sattar Peerwani is a politician from Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. He is Deputy Convener and Parliamentary leader of the political party MQM. He has also served as Provincial Minister in the Sindh Cabinet for Local Bodies and is one of the senior Members of the MQM Co-Ordination Committee. Dr Farooq Sattar was also heading Foreign Relations Committee in the Senate.On 16 March 2008, he was nominated as a candidate for the seat of the Prime Minister of Pakistan by the MQM.[5]  Farooq Sattar 

Restorated Registration of MQM

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) restored on Thursday 1/02/2018 the registration of as many as 13 political parties, including Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P). Speaking before the ECP, MQM-P's counsel Barrister Farogh Naseem requested that their party’s registration was suspended for not submitting the Rs0.2 million fees, adding that the party had erred as it was not aware of the new laws but now it has completed all the formalities.MQM-Pakistan leader Dr Farooq Sattar thanked the ECP for taking into consideration his party’s request.  [6] 2018 Elections

Seats Distribution

Seat Type No. of Seats
General 19
Reserved 4
Minority 1
Total: 24

General Seats

Constituency Name Party Address (Permanent/Local) Phone
NA-219 Hyderabad-II Dr. Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui MQM House 301/8 F.B. Area Karachi. J50, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 2109090
NA-220 Hyderabad-III Syed Waseem Hussain MQM House No: E425, Mohi Mukhi Narain Das Gali, Hyderabad  E-411, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 321 3679090
NA-239  Karachi-I  Mohammad Salman Khan Baloch MQM 114/4-A, 10th Lane, Phase-VII, Main Khayaban-e-Ittehad, D.H.A., Karachi  E-410, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9267021
NA-240  Karachi-II Sohail Mansoor Khawaja MQM H.No.2/87, Street No.25, Khayaban-E-Muhfiz Phase- VI, D.H.A, Karachi  E-408, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 321 9220490
NA-241  Karachi-III S.A. Iqbal Qadri MQM H.No R-421 Block 9 F.B. Area Karachi  A-207, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 2201026
NA-242  Karachi-IV Mehboob Alam MQM H.No.591, Sector 11 1/2, Orangi Town Karachi.  A-107, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 311 8270665
NA-243  Karachi-V Abdul Waseem MQM R/O. H.No.R-5/12, Gulberg Karachi.  A-104, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9233404
NA-244  Karachi-VI Sheikh Salahuddin MQM D-23, Block-4, Near Disco Bakery, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi G-409, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad +92 321 2443334
NA-245  Karachi-VII Muhammad Kamal Malik MQM  House No.D-76/1, Block F-North Nazimabad +92 0300 3660155,+92 310 2107938
NA-246  Karachi-VIII Mr. Kanwar Naveed MQM H.No.160, Block-B, Latifabad, Hyderabad  N/A
NA-247  Karachi-IX Sufyan Yousuf MQM House No. B-60, Block-10, F.B. Area Karachi  J-504, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9249558
NA-249  Karachi-XI Doctor Muhammad Farooq Sattar MQM House No. 268. P.I.B. Colony, Karachi.  J-201, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 5012990, +92 300 2201026,
NA-251  Karachi-XIII Syed Ali Raza Abidi MQM House,No 20-B/2, Khayaban E Ghazi, Phase V, D.H.A Karachi G-404, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad +92 332 2353900
NA-252  Karachi-XIV Abdul Rashid Godil MQM 606 Arfif Arcade Bahadurabad Plot No.48 Karachi  J503, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 333 3174046
NA-253  Karachi-XV Muhammad Muzammil Qureshi MQM A-274 Block-2 Gulshan-E-Iqbal E-204, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 321 2919090
NA-254  Karachi-XVI Mr. Muhammad Ali Rashid MQM House No. 203/1, 27th Street, Kh-e-Qasim, Ph.8, DHA Karachi J-406, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 8244390
NA-255  Karachi-XVII Syed Asif Hasnain MQM House No AA- 2141/07 , Maria Luxary Apartment,Muhalla Shadman Town,North Karachi.  J-402, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9277831
NA-256  Karachi-XVIII Iqbal Muhammad Ali Khan MQM Flat # D-8-7/14, Maymar Square Gulshan-E-Iqbal Block-14, Karachi.  A-405, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9273267
NA-257  Karachi-XIX Sajid Ahmed MQM House No.G-14/1, Khokharapar, Malir.  J-502, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 9206884

Reserved Seats for Women

1 Kishwer Zehra MQM House No.179-D, KDA, Scheme-1, Tipu Sultan Road,Karachi  E-407, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad N/A
2 Dr. Fouzia Hameed MQM 14-D, Askari-III, School Road, Karachi Cantt.  F-107, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad N/A
3 Saman Sultana Jafri MQM B-148, Block-6, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi  E-409, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. N/A
4 Dr. Nikhat Shakeel Khan MQM A-230, Long Life Homes, Block-17, Gulshan-e-Johar, Karachi  N/A

Reserved seats Minority

Constituency Name Party Address (Permanent/Local) Phone
1 Sanjay Perwani MQM House No. 1-A, Block 2, Scheme 1 Satellite Town Mirpurkhas  G-406, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad. +92 300 8246000

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