Muhajir Culture (Culture)

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Article Upload Date: Mon 24 Apr 2017
2017-04-24 18:48:18Muhajir Culture
Culture is defined in Merriam Webster as “characteristic features of everyday existence shared by people in a place or time”. Culture can also be understood by saying that it is a set of behaviors learned and shared over the period of time, culture is transferred from generation to a generation. Culture and society are often goes hand in hand whenever we talk about culture we talk about society but there is a fine line between culture and society which differentiates one from the other. Culture is a set or range of learned behaviors while society is the group or collection of people sharing same culture or set of behaviors. The word culture has never been retracted to only human beings its just depends on how narrowly or broadly you define the term.
  • Details
  • Province:

    Sindh,Punjab

  • In Urdu:

    ‎مہاجر ثقافت

  • Languages:

    Urdu

  • Religion:

    Islam (Mostly Sunni, Minority Shia)

  • Total population:

    9,939,656 (1998)

  • Cuisine :

    Chapatti, Rice, Dal, Vegetable, Meat Curry, Biryani, Gorma, Kofta, Seekh kabab, Nihari and Haleem, Nargisi Koftay, Roghani Naan, Naan, Sheer-qurma (sweet), Gourma, Chai (sweet, milky tea), Paan and Hyderabadi Cuisine,

  • Sports :

    Javed Miandad, Saeed Anwar, Asif Iqbal, Mohsin Khan, Sikhander Bakht, Rashid Latif, Basit Ali and Moin Khan

  • Art and Music:

    Nazia Hassan, Mehdi Hassan, Munni Begum, Ahmed Jahanzeb and Maaz Moeed Zoheb Hassan

  • Poetry:

    Mir Taqi Mir, Mir Aman Dehalwi, Khawaja Mir Dard, Jigar Muradabad

  • Provinces of Pakistan by Urdu speakers (1998):

    Rank Division: Federally Administered Tribal Areas,Urdu speakers:5,717

  • Provinces of Pakistan by Urdu speakers (1998):

    Rank Division: Balochistan,Urdu speakers:63,032

  • Provinces of Pakistan by Urdu speakers (1998):

    Rank Division: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,Urdu speakers:3,320,320

  • Provinces of Pakistan by Urdu speakers (1998):

    Rank Division: Punjab,Urdu speakers:6,407,596

  • Provinces of Pakistan by Urdu speakers (1998):

    Rank Division: Sindh,Urdu speakers:9,939,656

  • Arabic:

    مهاجر

  • Spelled:

    Mahajir and Mohajir

Muhajir People

Muhajir (also spelled Mahajir and Mohajir) (Urdu: مہاجر‎, Arabic: مهاجر‎‎) is an Arabic-origin term used in Pakistan to describe Muslim immigrants, of multi-ethnic origin, and their descendants, who migrated from various regions of India after the Partition of India to settle in the newly independent state of Pakistan.[1] Muhajir People

Politician

Altaf Hussain

MQM Leader
MQM Leader
Altaf Hussain (Urdu: الطاف حسین‎;  born 17 September 1953 in Karachi) is a Pakistani politician presently residing in Britain.He is the founder of the fourth largest political party of Pakistan, Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), a party aimed at not only defending the rights and interests of the Muhajir community but the 98% Pakistanis in general and to form an egalitarian society. Hussain received his early education from the Government Comprehensive School in Azizabad. He later enrolled in the Government Boys Secondary School to complete his matriculation in 1969. For the first year of his intermediate education in pre-medical sciences, he attended the National College Karachi. He later moved to City College Karachi for his second year. In 1974, Hussain graduated from the Islamia Science College with a Bachelor of Science. In 1979, he graduated from the University of Karachi with a Bachelor of Pharmacy. After graduating from the university, Hussain began his career as a trainee at the Seventh-day Adventist Hospital in Karachi while simultaneously working for a multinational pharmaceutical company.[2] Altaf Hussain

Farooq Sattar

Farooq Sattar
Farooq Sattar
Muhammad Farooq Sattar Pirwani (Urdu:محمد فاروق ستار پیروانی; born c. 1959) is a Pakistani politician who is the current Chief of Muttahida Quami Movement Pakistan (MQM). Convener of the MQM coordination committee, Khan was born in Karachi and educated at the Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi. Sattar begun his political career in 1979 after joining then newly formed student body All Pakistan Muttahidda Students Organization Sattar remained one of its active members until 1986.[ APMSO later a precursor to Muttahida Qaumi Movement. In 1987, Sattar was made the Mayor of Karachi by the MQM at the age of 28, reportedly, making him the youngest mayor in the world at that time. He served there until 1992. Sattar was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the first time in Pakistani general election, 1988 on the ticket on MQM from Karachi's south constituency. Sattar was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the second time in Pakistani general election, 1990 on the ticket on MQM from Karachi's south constituency. Sattar was elected as the member of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh for the first time in Pakistani general election, 1993 on the ticket on MQM from Karachi's south constituency.[3] Farooq Sattar

Syed Mustafa Kamal

Pak Sir Zameen Leader
Pak Sir Zameen Leader
Syed Mustafa Kamal (Urdu:سید مصطفىٰ کمال) (born: December 27, 1971) is a Pakistani politician who is founder and current leader of Pak Sarzameen Party. He was the Senator in the Senate of Pakistan and served as the Mayor (Nazim) of the Pakistan's largest city of Karachi, Pakistan. He was previously affiliated with the Pakistani liberalist party Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).[4] Syed Mustafa Kamal

Language

Although some of them speak different languages at the native level, they are primarily identified as native Urdu speakers and hence are called Urdu-speaking people.

Culture

Muhajirs of sindh basically have no culture of there own it is  a mix of the two cultures by saying this I doesn’t mean its not a rich and diverse culture on contrary what im saying that in there culture a great diversity and ememse richness could be seen because of the fact that these muhajirs actually belonged to Delhi, uttar pardaisha and bihar post partition these were the places who actually were rich in culture the poetry the literature the language in shot they boast of almost of every ingredient of the culture they carried so when such up straight people were forced to migrate to a new location they just did not migrated they took this high headedness with them when they settled in  sindh they took over and adopted and took over host sindhies culture. So as a result these muhajirs of sindh not just have and enjoy the only culture of there own which they brought with themselves from Delhi, uttar pardaish and bihar they also learned the culture of sindh. They created a fusion of two cultures each was rich even alone but now when they are together and in a fusion it is extremely peculiar culture now. [5] Culture

Poetry

Muhajirs brought their rich poetic culture along with them which they held in their original states centuries ago prior to independence. Some of the most notable ones historic poets are Mir Taqi Mir, Mir Aman Dehalwi, Khawaja Mir Dard, Jigar Muradabad etc. Subsequent to independence, many notable Urdu poets migrated to Pakistan, besides a large number of less famous poets, authors, linguists and amateurs. Consequently, Mushaira and Bait Bazi became a part of the national culture in Pakistan. Josh Malihabadi, Jigar Moradabadi, Akhtar Sheerani, Tabish Dehlvi, Nayyer Madani and Nasir Kazmi are a few of the noteworthy poets. Later, Jon Elia, Parveen Shakir, Dilawar Figar, Iftikhar Arif, Rafi Uddin Raaz and Raees Warsi became noted for their distinction.[6] Poetry

Art and Music

The Muhajir community brings a rich culture with it. Muhajirs have and continue to play an essential role in defining and enriching Pakistani culture and more significantly, music. Some famous Muhajir Pakistani musicians include: Nazia Hassan, Mehdi Hassan, Munni Begum, Ahmed Jahanzeb and Maaz Moeed ,Zoheb Hassan. Muhajirs contribution has not been limited to pop but has spanned various music genres, from traditional Ghazal singing to rock. Muhajirs in Pakistan are also famous for their contribution towards the art of painting. Syed Sadequain Ahmed Naqvi, one of the most famous painter of the world, was a Pakistani painter who was born in Amroha, India.[7] Contribution in Art and Music

Sports

Muhajir are active in many sports in Pakistan. Muhajirs are playing in the Pakistani cricket team with well-known players such as Javed Miandad, Saeed Anwar, Asif Iqbal, Mohsin Khan, Sikhander Bakht, Rashid Latif, Basit Ali and Moin Khan.There are now younger players like Asad Shafiq, Fawad Alam, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Khurram Manzoor playing for the international team. Muhajirs are notably involved in hockey, tennis, squash and badminton. Bodybuilding and weightlifting are increasing in popularity among younger members of the Muhajir community. [8] Contribution in Sports

Cuisine

Nihari the national dish of Pakistan was brought to Pakistan by the Muhajir people from India.

Nihari
Nihari

Boti Kabab

Thali with naan sultani dal raita and shahi paneer.

Naan Sultani Dal Raita
Naan Sultani Dal Raita

Kebabs are an important part of the ancient Muslim cuisine..

Kebabs
Kebabs

Faluda an ancient Hyderabadi dessert.

Faluda
Faluda

Paan Shop

Paan Shop
Paan Shop

Prose

With the emergence of Muhajirs in urban areas of Pakistan, Urdu virtually became the lingua franca. The country's first Urdu Conference took place in Karachi in April 1951, under the auspices of the Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu. The Anjuman, headed by Maulvi Abdul Haq, not only published the scattered works of classical and modern writers, but also provided a platform for linguists, researchers and authors. Among them Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Shahid Ahmed Dehlvi, Josh Malihabadi, Qudrat Naqvi, Mahir-ul-Qadri, Hasan Askari, Jameel Jalibi and Intizar Hussain are significant names. Whereas Akhtar Hussain Raipuri, Sibte Hassan and Sajjad Zaheer were more inclined to produce left-winged literature. Among women writers, Qurratulain Hyder, Khadija Mastoor, Altaf Fatima and Fatima Surayya Bajia became the pioneer female writers on feminist issues.[9]  Prose 

Contribution in Science and Technology

Muhajirs have played an extremely important and influential role in science and technology in Pakistan. Scientists such as Ziauddin Ahmed, Raziuddin Siddiqui and Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, gave birth to Pakistan Science and later built the integrated weapons program, on request of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Muhajir later forwarded to developed the Pakistan's space program and other scientific and strategic programs of Pakistan. Many prominent scientists come from the Muhajir class including Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Murtaza, Raziuddin Siddiqui, Dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy, Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, and Atta ur Rahman to name a few.[10]  Contribution in Science and Technology 

Contribution in Business and Industry

After partition in 1947 by the then British Government through Indian Independence Act 1947; the Muslims who immigrated to Pakistan were well educated and consisted of journalists, urban intellectuals, professors, bureaucrats, lawyers, teachers, academics and scholars etc. Although there were those that had migrated who were the bourgeoisie consisting of merchants, industrialists or capitalists, a large number of those who immigrated from the rural areas and villages also consisted of labourers and artisans. The eminent business groups that shifted from India to Pakistan were Habib Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank, Orient Airways, among others. Other businesses were established in Pakistan by some of the notable figures as United Bank Limited, Hamdard Pakistan Limited, Schon group. It is also known that besides founding several Governmental organizations like State Bank of Pakistan, they played an influential role in initiating the Atomic Energy Commission, Kanup, and several other institutions. Muhajirs were also found in administration, establishment and politics. The initial business elites of Pakistan were Muhajirs. Prominents example of businesses started by them include Habib Bank Limited, Hyesons, M. M. Ispahani Limited, Schon group etc. Nationalization proved to be catastrphpic for Muhajir-owned businesses, and the final blow was delivered as a result of discriminatory policies during the dictatorship of Gen. Zia-ul-Haq. In recent years, many Muhajirs have established their businesses in Pakistan, with a focus on textile, garment, leather, food products, cosmetics and personal goods industries. Many of Pakistan's largest financial institutions were founded or headed by Muhajirs, including the State Bank of Pakistan, EOBI, Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation, United Bank Limited Pakistan, First Women Bank et cetera.

Culture

Culture
Culture


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