Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (Religious)

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Article Upload Date: Tue 24 Oct 2017
2017-10-24 10:45:54Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani
    
Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani was born in 1943 in Deoband, India. He is the sonnof late Maulana Muhammad Shafi, the Grand Mufti of pakistan. He obtained his Takhassus degree in Islamic education from Darul Uloom Karachi, the largest and most advanced islamaic educational institution in Pakistan. He also obtained the Master Degree in Arabic litrature from Punjab University, and a law degree (LLB) from Karachi University. He currently teaches Sahih al-Bukhari, fiqh, and Islamic economics at Darul Uloom Karachi and is known for his Islahi Khutbat. He was a key member of a team of scholars which helped declare Ahmadis (Qadianis), as non-Muslims by Pakistan's National Assembly during the era of former Pakistani president,  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , in the 1973.
[1] Biography of Mufti taqi Usmani
  • Personal
  • Name:

    Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani

  • In Urdu:

    مفتی محمد تقی عثمانی

  • Famous As:

    Taqi Usmani

  • Denomination:

    Sunni

  • Jurisprudence:

    Hanafi

  • Era:

    21st-century philosophy

  • Movement:

    Deobandi

  • Nationality:

    Pakistani

  • Residence:

    Karachi, Pakistan

  • Education:

    He graduated from the University of Karachi with a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws with distinction from the University of Karachi and Master of Arts in Arabic literature, with distinction, from the University of Punjab

  • Religion:

    Islam

  • Position:

    Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith, Jamia Darululoom Karachi

  • Profession:

    Scholar of Islamic jurisprudence

  • Books:

    He wrote many books in English, Urdu as well as in Arabic

  • List of Books:

    Ahkam-ul-Auraq An-Naqdiyah, Ahkam-uz-Zaba'ih, Khatm-e-Bukhari Shareef, Uloom-ul-Qur'an, The Language of the Friday Khutbah and many more

  • Website:

    www.muftitaqiusmani.com

  • Notable ideas:

    Evolution of Islamic economics, Islamic banking

  • Main interests:

    Shari'a, Hadith, Islamic finance, Tafsir, Sufism

  • Born
  • Date:

    5 October 1943

  • Place:

    Deoband, British India

  • Family
  • Parents:

    His Father was a Grand Mufti of Pakistan, Maulana Muhammad Shafi

  • Siblings :

    He is the brother of Islamic scholars Muhammad Rafi Usmani, Muhammad Wali Razi, and Muhammad Razi Usmani, Urdu poet Muhammad Zaki Kaifi

Birth and Education

Muhammad Taqi Usmani was born on 5 October 1943 (5 Shawwal 1362 AH) in Deoband, a city in the Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India. In 1958, Usmani passed the Fazil-e-Arabi (Arabic language examination) with distinction, administered by the Punjab Board. In 1959 he graduated from the Alim course at Darul Uloom Karachi. He then specialised in fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) under the guidance of his father, the Mufti of Darul Uloom Karachi, Muhammad Shafi, receiving his Takhassus degree (equivalent to a PhD) in fiqh and ifta (issuance of Islamic legal opinions) from Darul Uloom Karachi in 1961, earning the title of Mufti. He graduated from the University of Karachi with a Bachelor of Arts in 1964, then received a Bachelor of Laws with distinction from the University of Karachi in 1967. He received a Master of Arts in Arabic literature, with distinction, from the University of Punjab in 1970.

Achievements

According to The Muslim 500 website, he is a leading scholar of Islamic Finance, "Usmani's chief influence comes from his position as a global authority on the issue of Islamic finance." In March 2004, United Arab Emirates Vice President and Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum presented an award to Taqi Usmani in recognition of his lifetime service and achievement in Islamic finance during the annual International Islamic Finance Forum (IIFF) in Dubai.

Positions

Mufti Taqi Usmani: Key Islamic Principles for Reforming the Global Financial System
Mufti Taqi Usmani: Key Islamic Principles for Reforming the Global Financial System
He is currently working on various posts.
  • Current Positions
  • Positions in the past

Current Positions

  1. Chairman, Sharia Board of State Bank of Pakistan
  2. Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith, Jamia Darululoom Karachi
  3. Chairman, International Shariah Standard Council, Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions, Bahrain
  4. Permanent Member, Vice Chairman, International Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah, organ of the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC)
  5. Member, Islamic Fiqh Academy of Rabita-al-‘Alam-e-Islami, Makkah
  6. Permanent Member International Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah, sponsored by OIC.
  7. Chairman Centre for Islamic Economics Pakistan since 1991
  8. Chairman Shariah Board Central Bank of Bahrain
  9. Chairman Shariah Board Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, U.A.E.
  10. Chairman Shariah Board Meezan Bank Limited, Karachi, Pakistan
  11. Chairman Shariah Board International Islamic Rating Agency, Bahrain
  12. Chairman Shariah Board Pak-Kuwait Takaful, Karachi
  13. Chairman Shariah Board Pak-Qatar Takaful, Karachi
  14. Chairman Shariah Board JS Investments Islamic Fund, Karachi
  15. Chairman Shariah Board of JS Islamic Pension Savings Fund
  16. Chairman Shariah Board Arif Habib Investments – Pakistan International Islamic Fund, Karachi
  17. Member Shariah Board Arcapita Investment Fund, Bahrain
  18. Member Unified Shariah Board Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah
  19. Member Shariah Board Guidance Financial Group, USA

Positions in the past

  1. Judge, Shariat Appellate Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan (1982 to May 2002)
  2. Chairman, Center for Islamic Economics, Pakistan since 1991
  3. Judge, Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan from (1980 to 1982)
  4. Member, Syndicate University of Karachi (1985 to 1988)
  5. Member, Board of Governors, International Islamic University Islamabad, 1985 to 1989.
  6. Member, International Institute of Islamic Economics (1985 to 1988)
  7. Member, Council of Islamic Ideology (1977 to 1981)
  8. Member, Board of Trustees International Islamic University, Islamabad (2004 to 2007)
  9. Member, Commission for Islamisation of Economy of Pakistan

List of the books

An Introduction to Islamic Finance
An Introduction to Islamic Finance
He wrote many books in Arabic, Urdu and English as well, These books are very famous not only in Pakistan but also in India, Bangladesh and many other countries in the World.  

Arabic Books

  1. Ahkam-ul-Auraq An-Naqdiyah (Rulings regarding paper money).
  2. Ahkam-uz-Zaba'ih (The Legal Rulings on Slaughtered Animals)
  3. Bahouth Fee Qadaya Fiqheyah Ma'asirah (Fiqh discussions on some important contemporary issues).
  4. Ma Hea An-Nasraniyah? (What is Christianity?)
  5. Nathrat 'Abarah Houl At-Ta'limi Al-Islamiyah (About Islamic Education).
  6. Takmila Fathul Mulhim (An encyclopaedic work of interpretation of Saheeh Muslim in 6 volumes, complimentary to Fathul Mulhim by 'Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani)
  7. Fiqh-ul-Buyoo' (2 Volumes)
  8. Usool al Ifta wa A'dabuhu
  9. Mu'aqqaf Ummat-ul-Islamiyah Minal Qadiyaniyah (The View of the Ummah on Qadiyanism/Qadiyanism on Trial)
[2] Mufti's Arabic Books

Urdu

  • Tauzeeh Al-Qur'an/Aasan Tarjuma-e-Qur'an (The Urdu Translation of the Holy Qur'an with commentary) (3 Volumes)
  • 'Uloom-ul-Qur'an (An Approach to the Qur'anic Sciences)
  • Ina’mul Bari (Explanation of famous Hadeeth collection Saheeh Bukhari) (8 volumes published as yet)
  • Khatm-e-Bukhari Shareef
  • Dars-e-Tirmidhi (3 Volumes) (Explanation of famous hadith collection Sunan-e-Tirmidhi)
  • Taqreer-e-Tirmidhi (2 Volumes)
  • Hudhur (Salla-Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) ney Farmaya (Sayings of Prophet Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam)
  • Aik Hazar Hadeeth (with Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Jameel Ahmad Thanwi, and Wahid Uddeen Panipati (R'A))
  • Hujjiyat-e-Hadeeth (The Authority of Sunnah)
  • Deen Kya Hai?
  • Asr-e-Haazir Mein Islam Kaise Naafiz Ho
  • Namazein Sunnat Ke Mutabiq Parhey (Offer Salah according to the Sunnah)
  • Aap Zakat Kis Tarah Ada Karein?
  • Ahkam-e-I'tikaf (The Rules of I'tikaf)
  • Pur Noor Duain (Radiant Prayers) (Collection of Prayers for all occasions)
  • Aasan Nakiyan (Easy Good Deeds)
  • Taqleed Ki Shari'i Hasiyat (The Legal Status of Following a Madhab)
  • Deeni Madaris ka Nisab wa Nitham
  • Zabet-e-weladat (Birth Control: Islamic rulings)
  • Maghribi Mumalik Kay Jadeed Fiqhi Masa'il Aur Un Ka Hal
  • Mahe Rawjabb Chand Galat Fehmiyon Ka Azala
  • Tarashay (Excerpts from Islamic works)
  • Akabir 'Ulama-e-Deoband Kya Thay? (The Scholars of Deoband Islamic Seminary)
  • Irshadat-e-Akabir - Ifadaat (collected)
  • Nuqoosh-e-Raftigan (Obituaries of Islamic Scholars and other dignitaries)
  • Meray Walid Meray Sheikh (My Father, My Shaikh)
  • Ma'asir Hazrat Arifi (Sayings and memories of Dr Adbul Hai Arifi)
  • Hakeemul Ummat Kay Siasi Afkar (The Political Thoughts of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi)
  • Islam aur Seasate Hazra (Islam and Contemporary Politics)
  • Islam Aur Siyasi Nazriyat
  • Andulus Mei Chand Roz (Travelogue) (A Few Days in Andalusia)
  • Dunya Meray Aagay (Travelogue)
  • Jahaney Deda (Travelogue)
  • Safar Dar Safar (Travelogue)
  • Hadhrat Ameer Mu'awiyah (Radi-Allahu 'anhu) aur Tareekhi Haqa`iq (Hadhrat Mu'awiyah (Radi-Allahu 'anhu) and the Historical Facts)
  • Qadiyani Fitnah aur Millat-e-Islamiyah Ka Mu'aqqaf (with Samiul-Haqq) 
  • Bible Kya Hai? (What is the Bible?)
  • 'Eesayat Kya Hai?
  • Islam Mein Khula Ki Haqeeqat
  • Islam Mein Pooray Dakhil Ho Jao
  • Islami Bankari Ki Buyadayn
  • Islami Bankari
  • Jalsay O Jaloos
  • Jhoot Aur Uski Murawwaja Sooratayn
  • Allah Keliye Jeena Marna
  • Andhera Ho Raha Hai Bijli Ki Roshni Mein
  • Aulad Ki Islah-o-Tarbiyat Waldain Ki Zimmadari Hai
  • Azadi-e-Niswan ka Faraib
  • Bidat - Aik Ghumrahi
  • Bismillah Ki Ahmiyat
  • Daulat-e-Qur'an Ki Qadr-o-Azmat
  • Dunya K Uss Paar (Beyond this World)
  • Dunya Say Dil Na Lagao
  • Durood Shareef Aik Ehm 'Ibadat Hai
  • Falsafa-e-Hajj O Qurbani
  • Ghair Soodi Bankari
  • Gunahgar Say Nafrat Mat Kijiyay
  • Haqooq-ul-'Ibadd Aur Mu'amalat
  • Harawm Ashiya Se Ilaj Ka Hukm
  • Hasad - Aik Muhlik Bemari
  • Hudood - Aik Ilmi Jaiza (The Case of the Hudood Ordinances)
  • 'Ilm Par A'mal Karein
  • Islam aur Jidat Pasandi (Islam and Modernism)
  • Islah-e-Ma'ashara (Perfecting society)
  • Islahi Mawa’iz (Discourses for spiritual perfection) (3 volumes)
  • Islahi Majalis (Discourses on Tasawwuf) (7 volumes published as yet)
  • Islahi Khutubat (The Discourses on the Islamic Way of Life) (16 volumes published as yet)
  • Islam aur Humaray Zindagi (10 Volumes)
  • Islam aur Jadeed Mu'ashi Masa'il (8 Volumes)
  • Fiqhi Maqalat (6 volumes) (Collection of articles on Islamic Jurisprudence)
  • Maqalat-e-Uthmani (2 Volumes)
  • Fatawa-e-Uthmani (3 Volumes)
  • Zikr o Fikr (Collection of articles written for Daily newspaper Jang)
  • 'Idalatey Faislay (Court Rulings)
  • Nashri Taqreerain (Speeches aired on Radio Pakistan)
  • Dastoor-ul 'Amal baeraey Talibeen e Islah (Instructions for aspirants of spiritual improvement)
  • Fard Ke Islah (Individual Reform)
  • Milkiyat-e-Zamion aur uske Tahdeed (Land ownership and its limitation)
  • Nifaz-e-Shariat aur uske Masa'il (The Establishment of Sharee'ah and its Rulings)
  • Hamaray 'A`eli Masa`il (Our Family Issues)
  • Hamara Ta'lemi Nizam (Our Educational System)
  • Hamara Ma'ashi Nizam (Our Economic Sysytem)
  • Islam aur Jadeed Ma'eeshat wa Tijarat (Islam and Modern Economics & Commerce)
  • Mu'amalaat Saaf Rakhayn (Live like Brothers, Deal like Strangers)
  • Mu'asharti Huqooqq O Fara'iz
  • Nafs Ki Kashmakash
  • Namoos-e-Risalat Ki Hifazat Kijiyay
  • Parosion K Huqooq
  • PLS Account Ki Haqeeqat
  • Prize Bond Ki Sharee Haseeat
  • Qatal Aur Khana Jangi
  • Rahat Kis Tarah Hasil Ho
  • Ramadan Kis Tarah Guzaarein
  • Rizqq Ka Sahih Istemaal
  • Roza Hum Say Kia Mutalba Kerta Hai
  • Sahafat (Article)
  • Seerat-un-Nabee (S) Aur Hamari Zindagi
  • Sood Per Tareekhi Faisla (The Historic Judgement on Usury-Interest)
  • Soodi Nizam Ki Kharabiyan Aur Uss Ka Mutabadil
  • Taqdeer Per Raazi Rehna Chahiye
  • Tawakkul K Ahmiyat
  • Tawakkul Ki Haqeeqat
  • Waldain Ki Khidmat - Jannat Ka Zariya
[3] Urdu Books of Mufti Taqi

English Books

  1. The Meanings of the Noble Qur'an with explanatory notes (2 Volumes) (2007), revised with Indo-Pak Arabic script in a single volume (2016)
  2. Qur'an-e-Kareem (The English Translation of the Qur'an) (2007)
  3. An Introduction to Islamic Finance
  4. The Language of the Friday Khutbah
  5. Hajj - Merits and Precepts
  6. Islamic Months - Merits and Precepts
  7. The Present Financial Crisis - the Causes & the Remedies from the Islamic Perspective
  8. Contemporary Fatawa
[4] English books of Mufti Taqi

Attack on Mufti Taqi

Mufti Muhammad has escaped from an attack in Karachi by a random gunman who opened fire on him when he along with his wife was in a car which results in the killing of 2 of his security forces while 2 people are injured and are in a critical condition. The Chief Minister of Sindh Murad Ali Shah has ordered for the instant arrest of the murderers.


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