AboutThe ministry's political executive figure is known as the Minister for Law, Justice and Human Rights, who must be an elected legislator and Parliamentarian. The Minister for Justice is associated with enforcing laws and administration of government judicial departments, and is a public face of the government in legal services required by the state. The ministry is also represented by the Attorney General as the chief law enforcement officer of the federal government, representing it in civilian Supreme Court cases, and assisting the Minister for Justice and the government in legal cases. Both the Minister for Justice and Attorney General are nominated by the Prime Minister of Pakistan , and are members of the Cabinet. As of November 2012, the Minister for Justice is Parliamentarian Mr. Zahid Hamid and the current Attorney General is Ashtar Ausaf Ali.
- Competition Appellate Tribunal
- Accountability Courts
- Banking Court
- Commercial Courts
- Customs Appellate Tribunal
- Human Rights Wing
- Intellectual Property Tribunal
- Special Court (Anti Terrorism)
- Special Court (Central)
- Special Court (Protection of Pakistan Act)
- Special Courts (Control of Narcotics Substances)
- Special Courts (Offences in Banks)
Accountability Courtsspan classtooltip-cn ref-link idref-link-3a hrefref-link-dt-3 sup3supaspan classtooltiptextAccountability a hrefhttpwww.molaw.gov.pkfrmDetails.aspxoptmisclinksid7 classexternal-link target_blank Courtsaspanspan
Establishment of Accountability CourtsAccountability Courts established under the National Accountability Bureau Ordinance, 1999. At present 21Accountability Courts are working on following stations:
AccountabilityThe Accountability Courts have been established for speedy disposal of cases involving corruption and corrupt practices, abuse of power, misappropriation property, kick backs, commission and formatter connected and ancillary or incidental thereto. The very purpose of constitution of these Courts is to adjudicate cases of corrupt officials/persons and to recover outstanding amounts from those persons who have committed default in the repayment of amounts of banks, financial institution, Government and other agencies. The Courts are successfully achieving the objectives of National Accountability Ordinance, 1999 (XVII of 1999) by convicting the corrupt officials/persons and recovering considerable amounts which they had misappropriated, etc, and imposing as fines.
Appointment of JudgesSection 5(g) of the National Accountability Bureau Ordinance, 1999 stipulates that a Judge of Accountability Court shall be appointed by the President of Pakistan, in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned, and shall hold office for a period of three years.Section 5(h) ibid provides that the Judge of the Accountability Court shall be a serving District and Session Judge qualified to be appointed as Judge of the High Court. These Judges are appointed on deputation.
Appointment of RegistrarServices of Civil Judge/Senior Civil Judge are borrowed from Provincial Judiciary on deputation basis for a period of three years, Secretary, Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs is the appointing authority.
Drug CourtsDrug Courts have been established under section 31 of the Drugs Act, 1976 (an Act to regulate the import, export, manufacture, storage, distribution and sale of drugs. A Chairman of the Drug Court adjudicate the matter provided under the Act and administer the justice.
Human Rights WingAn independent Human Rights Commission headed by Justice (R) Durab Patel, was established in 1993. After the election in 1993, the Human Rights Commission was converted into a cell in the Ministry of Interior to deal with Human Rights issues. The cell was transferred to Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs in 1994. In 1995, the Government of Pakistan established a full-fledged Ministry of Human Rights. After one year, the Ministry of Human Rights was merged with Ministry of Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs in 1996. It continued its functions as a wing. It was again upgraded in 2007 as Human Rights Division. In 2008 this Division attained the status of a full- fledged Ministry of Human Rights. After devolution, some subjects of the erstwhile Ministry of Women Development were transferred to Ministry of Human Rights on 1st July, 2011. In 2013, Ministry was again merged as a Wing with Ministry of Law and Justice. On 23rd November 2015, the Wing was birfurcated from Ministry of Law and Justice as a seprate Ministry of Human Rights. Currently, the Human Rights Division has following offices/sub-offices:
- Four Regional Offices (Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta).
- National Commission for Child Welfare and Development (NCCWD)
- Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Crises Centre for Women, Islamabad (SBBCCW)
- National Child Protection Center, Islamabad. (NCPC)
Special Court Anti TerrorismFor the purpose of providing for the speedy trial of the cases referred to in subsection (2) and subsection (3) of section 39-A under the Special Courts Anti Terriorism Act., and of scheduled offences, the Federal Government, or if so directed by the Government, the Provincial Government may establish by notification one or more Anti-terrorism Courts in relation to ; Where more Anti-Terrorism Courts than one have been established in any area, the Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court shall designate a member of any such Court to be an administrative member.
Special Courts Control of Narcotics SubstancesSpecial Courts (Control of Narcotics Substances) were constituted under the Control of Narcotics Substances Act, 1997. Presently there are six Special Courts (Control of Narcotics Substances) two atKarachi and one each at Lahore, Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Peshawar and Quetta headed by a Presiding Officer (District & Sessions Judge). All these Special Courts are functional. Besides these Special Courts (CNS), powers have also been conferred on most of the District and Sessions Judges of Pakistan under the said Act to try narcotics cases.
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