Mehdi Hassan (Artist)

Disclaimer: As an encyclopedia,'s articles contains shared information which has collected from different sources and people. We welcome everyone for corrections and updates, Thank you.
Article Upload Date: Thu 08 Jun 2017
2017-06-08 03:53:48Mehdi Hassan
Mehdi Hassan was a Pakistani ghazal singer, famously called the "King of Ghazal" or "Shahanshah-e-Ghazal". He was a highly influential figure in the history of ghazal, known for his deep and husky baritone voice. He is credited to have exposed ghazal singing to a wider audience with his hauntingly melodious voice. Born into a musical family, he was naturally inclined towards the art from a young age. He claimed to belong to the 16th generation of hereditary musicians hailing from the Kalawant clan of musicians. As a young boy he received his primary training in music from his father who himself was a prominent traditional Dhrupad singer; his uncle was also an important early influence. He started performing at quite an early age and seemed to be headed for a successful musical career when the partition of India happened. Joining several other Muslims, Hassan and his family migrated to Pakistan and suffered severe financial hardships over the next few years. He struggled to establish himself as a singer and made ends meet by working odd jobs. His hard work eventually paid off and he received the opportunity to sing on Radio Pakistan which gained him considerable fame. He went on to establish himself as one of the greatest ever ghazal singers and received much recognition for his contribution to classical music.[1] famously called the -  " Shahanshah-e-Ghazal" [2] As a young boy he received his - primary training
  • Personal
  • Name:

    Mehdi Hassan

  • Famous As:

    Khan Sahab King of Ghazal

  • Nationality:


  • Residence:

    Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Religion:


  • Profession:

    Singer music composer

  • Website:

  • Awards :

    So Many

  • Born
  • Date:

    18 July 1927

  • Place:

    Luna, Rajasthan, British India

  • Family
  • Children:

    14 children (9 Sons)&(5 Daughters)

  • Parents:

    Ustad Azeem Khan

  • Siblings :

    Ghulam Qadir

  • Died
  • Date:

    13 June 2012

  • Rest Place:

    Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Career
  • Occupation(s):

    Singer, music composer

  • Genres:

    Classical music, ghazal, playback singing, filmi

  • Instruments :

    Vocals , Harmonium

  • Years active :

    1957–1999 (retired)

  • Musicians in his group:

    Ustad Pir Bakhsh Tabla Player, Ustad Mohammed Hussain

  • Students in his group:

    Pervaiz Mehdi, Talat Aziz, Ghulam Abbas, Salamat Ali Afzal,Munni Subhani, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Savita Ahuja, Shamshad Husain Chanda, Asad Farooq, Shahnaz Begum (Bangladesh), Yasmin Mushtari (Bangladesh), Hariharan (singer)


Mehdi Hassan Majestic Voice
Mehdi Hassan Majestic Voice

Early life and background

Mehdi Hassan Sing A Gazal
Mehdi Hassan Sing A Gazal
Hassan was born in the village of Luna in Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan, India in 1927 into a Shia Muslim family of rich traditional musicians. He claims to be the 16th generation of hereditary musicians hailing from the Kalawant. Kala means "Art" and Kalawant means "artist".He received his musical training under his father, Ustad Azeem Khan and his uncle Ustad Ismail Khan who were classical musicians, well-versed in the dhrupad style of singing. They instructed him in classical music and voice production within the framework of classical forms of thumri, dhrupad, khayal and dadra, from the young age of eight.Hassan started to perform at a young age and the first concert of dhrupad and kheyal with his elder brother is reported to have been held in Fazilka Bungla near Ferozepur After the Partition of India, 20-year-old Hassan and his family migrated to Pakistan and suffered severe financial hardships. To make ends meet, Hassan began working in a bicycle shop and later became a car and diesel tractor mechanic. Despite the hardships, his passion for music didn't wither and he kept up the daily routine of practice.[3] Hassan started to perform at a -   young age


Mehdi Hassan Live Performance
Mehdi Hassan Live Performance
The struggle ended when Mehdi Hassan was given the opportunity to sing on Radio Pakistan in 1952, primarily as a thumri singer, which earned him recognition within the musical fraternity. At the time, Ustad Barkat Ali Khan, Begum Akhtar and Mukhtar Begum were considered the stalwarts of ghazal gayaki.He also had a passion for Urdu poetry and began to experiment by singing ghazals on a part-time basis. He cites radio officers, Z.A. Bukhari and Rafiq Anwar as additional influences in his progression as a ghazal singer. They gave him ample opportunities to display his mastery over the ghazal on radio. He sang ghazals of all the renowned Urdu poets and his innovative style was soon appreciated by both masses and discerning audiences.Mehdi Hassan is universally acclaimed as the finest ghazal singer of his time. His unsurpassed vocal range and his mastery over even the most difficult of raags makes him the undisputed emperor of ghazals. His popularity amongst the masses, appreciation by the masses, and continued success over five decades makes him on par with Noor Jehan in the league of the greatest Pakistani singers of all time. The ultimate tribute to his greatness was from the eternal nightingale, Lata Mangeshkar, who compared his songs to " voice of god " . he is only the singer whose low note are matchless among all singers of subcontinent.[4] Mehdi Hassan is universally -   acclaimed Mehdi Hassan also had a passion for Urdu poetry and began to experiment by singing ghazals in a very unique way that was never done in past history. He chose his raagas to define the feelings through notes of each word of poetry. He sang ghazals of all the renowned Urdu poets such as Ghalib, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Qateel Shifai, Ahmed Faraz, Daagh, Parween Shakir, Farhat Shezad, Mir Taqi Mir, Saleem Kuser, Bahador Shah Zafar. His innovative style was soon appreciated by both masses and discerning audiences. History shows Ustad Mehdi Hassan sung a wide variety of Songs, Ghazals and Thumri all combined since 1950s-2000.[5] Mehdi Hassan also had a passion - Urdu poetry

Later career

Mehdi Hassan
Mehdi Hassan
Following a severe illness in the late 80s, Mehdi Hassan stepped down from playback singing. Later due to severity of his illness he completely departed from music. He now lives a secluded life in Karachi which he has made his permanent residence. Nevertheless he often visits Lahore where he spends most of his time with his children and other family members.[6] Mehdi Hassan stepped down - playback singing

Major Works

Mehdi Hassan Great Singer
Mehdi Hassan Great Singer
Mehdi Hassan was famously known as the "King of Ghazal" or the "Shahanshah-e-Ghazal” and is considered next only to Begum Akhtar in the world of Ghazal Gayeki. Some of his most famous ghazals are ‘Ranjish hi Sahi’, ‘Baat karni mujhe mushkil’, ‘Ghazab kiya tere waade pe’ and ’Gulon mein rang bhare’.[7] Some of his most famous ghazals - ‘ Ranjish hi Sahi

Awards Achievements

Mehdi Hassan
Mehdi Hassan
  • He was duly honored by the Government of Pakistan with several awards including Pride of Performance, Tamgha-e-Imtiaz, Hilal-e-Imtiaz, and Nishan-e-Imtiaz.
  • The Government of Nepal decorated him with Gorkha Dakshina Bahu in 1983 and the Government of India bestowed upon him the K. L. Saigal Sangeet Shahenshah Award.
  • He was also the recipient of several Nigar Awards, the official awards of Pakistani film industry to honor the show business personalities of Pakistan.

Personal Life Legacy

Mehdi Hassan an Old Photo
Mehdi Hassan an Old Photo
  • Mehdi Hassan was married twice. He had 14 children, many of whom became acclaimed singers in their own rights.
  • He started suffering from ill health in the late 1980s, especially from a serious lung condition. He died on 13 June 2012, aged 84.


  • Kehna Usey
  • Nazarana
  • Live at Royal Albert Hall
  • Andaz-e-Mastana
  • Classical Ghazals vol. 1, 2, 3
  • Dil Jo Rota Hai
  • Ghalib Ghazals
  • Ghazals For Ever Vol 1
  • Golden Collection Of Mehdi Hasan Vol 1, 2
  • Golden Greats
  • In Concert
  • Khuli Jo Aankh
  • Life Story
  • Live at Khambays
  • Live Concert in India
  • Mehdi Hassan
  • Mehdi Hassan Ghazals Vol. 1
  • Sada E Ishq
  • Sarhadein
  • Sur Ki Koi Seema Nahin
  • The Finest Ghazals
  • The Legend
  • Yaadgar Ghazalen Vol. 1
  • Tarz(with Shobha Gurtu)
  • Naqsh-e-Faryadi
  • Mehdi Hassan (EMI-Pakistan Released)VOLUME 1
  • Mehdi Hassan Sings Punjabi Film Hits (EMI-Pakistan Released)
  • Mehdi Hassan (EMI-Pakistan Released) VOLUME 2


  • Aage barhe na qissa -e -ishq -e- butaan se hum
  • Aaj Tak Yaad Hai Woh Piar Ka Manzar
  • Aankhon Se Mili Aankhen
  • Aap Ki Aankhon Ne
  • Aaye Kuchh Abr Kuchh Sharaab Aaye
  • Ab Ke Hum Bichde To Shaayad Kabhi Khwaabon Mein Mile
  • Ae Raushnion Ke Shahr
  • Aik Bus Tu Hi Nahin
  • Apnon Ne Gham Diye To Yaad Aa Gaya
  • Bhuuli bisri chand umeedein
  • Chalte ho to chaman ko chaliye
  • Charaag-e-toor Jalao Bada Andhera Hai
  • Dekh to dil keh jaan se uthta hai
  • Dil-E-Nadan Tujhe Hua Kya Hai ( Lyrics: Mirza Ghalib )
  • Dil Ki Baat Labon Par Laakar
  • Dil Men Toofan Chupae Betha Hon
  • Duniya Kisi Ke Pyaar Mein Jaanat Se Kam Nahin
  • Dayam Pada Hua Tere Dar Pe Nahi Hoon Main
  • Ek Bar Chale Aao
  • Ek Sitam Aur Meri Jaan, Abhi Jaan Baqi Hai
  • Fikr Hii Thaharii To Dil Ko Fikr-E-Khubaa.N Kyo.N Na Ho
  • Ga Mere Dewane Dil
  • Garmii-E-Hasarat-E-Naakaam Se Jal Jaate Hai.N
  • Gulo.N Me.N Rang Bhare, Baad-E-Naubahaar Chale
  • Gulshan gulshan shola e gul ki
  • Guncha-e-Shauq Laga hei Khilne
  • Hamari Sanson Men Aaj Tak
  • Har Dard Ko
  • Hum mei koi ghum nahi tha ghum-e-aashiqi sai pahlay
  • Ik Husn Ki Dewi Se Mujhe Pyaar Hua Thaa
  • Jab Bhi Aati Hei Teri Yaad Kabhi Shaam ke Baad
  • Jab Bhi Chahen Ek Nai Sorat
  • Jab Bhi Pee Kar
  • Jab Koi Piar Se Bulaae Ga
  • Jahan Jake Chain
  • Kahan Gai Woh Wafa
  • Khuli Jo Aankh Woh Tha
  • Kiya Hei Pyaar Jisse Humne Zindagi ki Tarah
  • Kya Bhala Mujhko Parakhne Ka Nateeja Nikla
  • Kyoon Humse Khafa Ho Gaye Ae Jaan-E-Tamanna
  • Main Hosh Mein Tha
  • Main Khyala hu kisi aur ka
  • Mohabat Karne Wale
  • Mohabat Zindagi Hai Aur Tum Meri Mohabat Ho
  • Mujhe Tum Nazar Se Gira To Rahe Ho
  • Naavak andaz jidhar diida-e-jaana honge
  • Patta Patta Boota Boota
  • Phuul hi phuul khil utthe
  • Pyaar Bhare Do Sharmile Nain
  • Rafta Rafta Wo Meri Hasti Ka Saamaan Ho Gaye
  • Ranjish Hi Sahi Dil Hi Dukhaane Ke Liye Aa
  • Rim Jhim Ki Barsaat Hai Aur Jaage Huye Jazbaat Hain
  • Saamne Aa Ke Tujhko Pukara Nahin
  • Sahar Ho Rahi Hai
  • Shikwa Na Kar Gila Na Kar Ye Duniya Hai Pyaare
  • Shola Tha Jal Bujha Hoon
  • Tanha Thi Aur Hamesha Se Tanha Hai Zindagi
  • Tark-e-Ulfat Ka Sila
  • Tere Bheege Badan Ki Khooshboo Se
  • Tere Mere Piar Ka Aisa Nata Hai
  • Toote Hue Khwabon Ke Liye
  • Thah ar Thorri Der To
  • Tu Meri Zindagi Hei (Copied by Nadeem Sharavan in "Ashiqi" Hindi Movie India)
  • Usne Jab Meri Taraf
  • Uzr Aane Mein Bhi Hei Aur Bulaate bhi nahin
  • Wo Dil Nawaaj Hei Lekin Nazar Shinaas Nahin
  • Yaaro Kisii Qaatil Se Kabhii Pyaar Na Maa.Ngo
  • Ye Dhooan Kahan Se Uthta Hei
  • Ye Kaghzi Phool Jaise Chahre
  • Ye Mojazaa Bhii Muhabbat Kabhii Dikhaaye Mujhe
  • Ye Tera Naazuk Badan Hai Ya Koi Mehka Gulaab
  • Yoon Zindagi Ki Raah Mein Takra Gaya Koi
  • Zindagi Mein To Sabhi Pyaar Kiya Karte Hain
  • Zulf Ko Teri Ghataon Ka Payam Aaya Hai

Edit By: none
Pakpedia Logo

Rate This Article No Thanks

Context and Writing Standards :
Keywords, Headings and Images :
References and Data Quality :

Overall ratings: