Kotli and Poonch remained independent until subdued by Ranjit Singh in 1815 and 1819 respectively.” … Before its name was Kohtali mean (under mountain) after that people changed its name to Kotli. Kotli is the largest district of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
|Coordinates :||33.5145° N, 73.8993° E|
|District:||Kotli District (Urdu: ضلع کوٹلی ) is one of ten districts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Kotli is the chief town of the district|
|Number of Tehsils::||5|
|Highest elevation:||3,000 m (10,000 ft).|
|Other Languages:||Gojri, Pahari and Punjabi. English Etc|
|Government Type:||Azad Kashmir Legislative Assembly|
|Water:||32°C, Wind SW at 16 km/h, 60% Humidity|
|Density:||12/km2 (30/sq mi).|
|Time zone:||PST (UTC+5).|
|Summer (DST):||PDT (UTC+6)|
|Vehicle registration:||3; CIRCLE-03, KOTLI; Sardar Riaz Khan; 05826-920152; 05826-920701. 4; CIRCLE-04, RAWALAKOT; Muhammad Tehseen; 05824-920139; 05824-920139.|
Kotli is a beautiful place in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan, which is a chief town of Kotli District. In 15th century a royal family of Kashmir founded it which is documented in the history of Punjab Hill states. Kotli and Poonch stayed autonomous until restrained by Ranjit Singh in 1815 and 1819 correspondingly.” Kotli was first known as Kohtali means “under mountain” but later the local residents changed its name to Kotli. In Azad Kashmir there is a famous saying about Kotli which is “Kotli Mangrallan da, Rajouri Jarrallan da, Bhimber Chiban da, Mirpur Gakharan da” and its translation is:
Ruled By the Mangral Rajputs
“ Kotli is ruled by the Mangral Rajputs, Rajouri is ruled by the Jarral Rajputs, Bhimber is ruled by the Chib Rajputs and Mirpur is ruled by the Gakhar Rajputs”.By two metallic roads Kotli is connected with Kotli one is through Rajdhani and other one is through Charchoi. Kotli is also directly allied with Rawalkot through Trarkhal and a double road that connects it with the rest of Pakistan from Islamabad and Pindi. The garrisons of kotli were abandoned by the Indian Army in November 1947 then soon after that the army of Pakistan along with Jatts and Rajputs of Azad Kashmir with the support of tribesmen of the North West Frontier Province reached and counter-attacked, compelling the army of India to dispose of and since that time Koti is under Pakistani rule.Kotli is known as “winter town” now a day. Sarda point, gori park, butt fire, Tinda rest house, Peer Lasura and roli hills are the prominent places to visit. Kotli is heading towards in almost all aspects of life. Three Khan Wali Fortresses, Tehsil guest house and Jame Masjid Ghosia Balyah are the famed and outstanding places in the town. Jam-e- Masjid Firdous Gulhar is the main distinction of the city, as it is the spiritual center of brilliance and it integrates more then seven hundred mosques from all around the globe and most of these mosques are in Azad Kashmir.
This foundation was laid by Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Sadiq and now his son Mr. Haafiz Muhammad Zahid Sultani is administrating the organization competently. The region has international associations all over Western Europe and North America as many Azad Kashmiris are living in the outer edge of Mangla Dam in Mirpur. Kotli has attached with a lot of European cities for example Hamburg, Amsterdam and particularly the superior industrial cities of northern and central England. Kotli is also famous as the “city of mosques” it is just because it encompasses more than three hundred mosques. This place is an ideal place to visit.
History Of Kotli
As stated in History of the Punjab Hill States by J.Hutchinson and J.P. Vogel: “Kotli was founded about the fifteenth century by a branch of the royal family of Kashmir. Kotli and Poonch remained independent until subdued by Ranjit Singh in 1815 and 1819 respectively.
The royal family of Kashmir Hutchinson and Vogel are referring to is the family of Raja Mangar Pal. Before its name was Kohtali mean (under mountain) after that people changed its name to Kotli. Kotli was historically known as Kotli.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2013, Kotli was ranked 32 out of 145 districts in Pakistan in terms of the quality of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 137 out of 145.
In 2014, Kotli achieved an education rank of 16 out of 146 districts in Pakistan. The district has an infrastructure score of 133 out of a total of 146 districts. A detailed picture of the district’s education performance is also available online.
In 2015 Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Kotli is now ranked 143 out of 148 districts in Pakistan in terms of the school infrastructure. In terms of the quality of education the district is ranked 18 out of 148 districts.
The area now comprising district Kotli was a sub-division of Mirpur District up to the year 1975 and was known as Kotli Mangralan. Prior to 1947, it was a part of the Kashmir and Jammu area, it comes under the Jammu section which is part of the greater dispute between India and Pakistan. The district is bounded by the occupying Indian forces of Indian-administered Kashmir in the east, and by Mirpur District in the south and Rawalakot to its north.
The district is divided into five tehsils sub-divisions.
- Kotli (City).
- Fatehpur Thakiala or Nakyal.
District Kotli has five seats
- Kotli (City, Raj Mahal,goii) LA 08 Kotli 1.
- Fatehpur Thakiala or Nakyal LA 09 Kotli 2.
- Sehnsa LA 10 Kotli 3.
- Charhoi LA 11 Kotli 4.
- Khuiratta LA 12 Kotli 5.
The district covers a total area of 1862 square kilometres. Kotli is now the largest city by population (740,000)
- Kotli is a hilly area rising gradually towards the high mountains of Poonch District.Its climate is more moderate than that of Mirpur due to the sub-mountainous topography.
- The river Poonch passes through Kotli to be joined by a smaller river called the Baan at Brahli, a short distance from Kotli.
- The district headquarters is at a distance of 141 km from Islamabad – the capital of Pakistan.
- It is linked with Mirpur by two metalled roads, one via Gulpur and Rajdhani, and the other via Dhungi and Charohi.
- It is also directly linked with Islamabad and Rawalpindi via Sehnsa and Holar.
- Kotli has basic facilities like a main bazaar, banks, hospitals, colleges, telephone and telegraph office and hotels.
- kotli has a scenic landscape with many mosques. Dahmole is a beautiful village near by Kotli and is a great place to live. At a distance of 26 km from Kotli via a metalled road lies Tattapani, a popular tourist and mythical destination. Thousands of people flock to the sulphur springs each year in the hope to find magical cures for illnesses..
Southeast of Kotli is the town of Khoi Ratta, is famous for its annual Baisakhi festival..
Rivers and Streams
- The Poonch is the main river in this area, and enters the district from the north at Tata Pani and flows south passing west of Kotli town and finally enters Mirpur district before flowing into Mangla Lake.
- Jhelum rivers makes the western boundary of the district and flows in north-south direction.
- The Rangpur Nala is an important western tributary of the Poonch river while two important streams namely Ban Nala and Mahuli Nala join it from the east.
- The River Poonch passes through Kotli to be joined by a smaller river called the Baan at Brahli, a short distance from Kotli..
- Kotli’s climate is more moderate than that of Mirpur due to the sub-mountainous topography. The climate of the district is generally hot in summer and cold in winter.
- The Eastern and northern parts are dry and cold. Where as the western areas are a little hot. June is the hottest month with the mean maximum and minimum temperature of about 38 C to 25 C respectively & some time less then 0c.
- January is the coldest in month with the mean maximum and minimum temperatures of about 18C and 5C respectively & some time less then 0c. The mean annual rainfall is about 1300 millimetres, more than half of which occurs during July and August.
The native languages spoken in this district are Gojri, Pahari and Punjabi.
- Four privately owned cable Television systems: Family Cable Network, Kashmir Cable Network, Media Cable Network, Kehkashan Cable Network and Janjora Cable Network, are available in Kotli, which transmit Pakistani and international television programs.
- A local FM radio station also broadcasts at FM 96.5.
- Cell phone service is available through six private cell phone operators: Zong, Mobilink, Ufone, Warid, Telenor and SCOM. PTCL Wireless is also available.
Indo-Pakistan War of 1947-48
In November 1947, the Indian Army reached Kotli and evacuated the garrisons of the town. The Pakistani Army along with the Rajputs and Jats of Azad Kashmir aided by the tribesmen of the North West Frontier Province arrived and counter-attacked, forcing the Indian Army to abandon it. Kotli has been under Pakistani rule since.