Kohat (City)

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Article Upload Date: Sat 21 Jan 2017
2017-01-21 07:47:03Kohat
Kohat is located in the province Khyber pakhtoonkhwa of Pakistan. Kohat is the capital of Kohat district which includes different small villages in it along with their own but almost similar cultures showing the vast similarity of cultures and their customs. The main villages that are being included here are as follows:

  • Khushal Garh

  • Gumbat

  • Qamar and many more



In the beginning there were main three tribes that are being considered as the main part of Kohat but with the change of time the numbers start increasing and other names come along these three i-e (Afridi, khattak & Bangash) but later on Shinwari, Orakzais tribe moved here and settled themselves here.[1] history - pak.com
  • Information
  • Location:

    Pakistan

  • City Council:

    Government of KPK

  • Type:

    City in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province

  • Local Language Name:

    Urdu,Pashto,English

  • Province:

    Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  • Coordinates :

    33°35"N 71°26"E

  • District:

    Kohat District

  • Region:

    Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  • Elevation:

    489 m (1,604 ft)

  • Union councils:

    31

  • Language
  • Official Language:

    Urdu

  • Native Language:

    Pushto

  • Other Languages:

    Urdu,Pushto,English

  • Government
  • Government Type:

    Government of KPK

  • Area
  • Total Area:

    2,545 km2 (983 sq mi)

  • Population
  • Density:

    221/km2 (570/sq mi)

  • Total Population:

    562,640 (1998)

  • Time zone
  • Time zone:

    PST (UTC+5)

  • Codes
  • Postal code:

    26000

  • Dialing code:

    +92 922

  • Vehicle registration:

    Three letters beginning with K and random four numbers

History

Kohat
Kohat

Raja Kohat and Raja Bagmaat

Kohat
Kohat
Two brothers, Raja Bagmaat and Raja Kohat, came here during the Buddhist era. Raja Bagmaat went to the top of Koh kuda and settled there, while Raja Kohat settled near Jungle khel chashmas. Kohat is named after Raja Kohat. The followers of Bagmaat made five fingers of Bagmaat with a stone and began to worship that stone after his death.[2] blog - spot.com Before Hazrat Essa (A.S), Raja Kohat and his Brother Raja Adh came to this area and settled here. Raja Kohat settled near present Fort in the city and named it Kohat. While Raja Adh settled near Mian Gari towards the mountains. The spot is called Adh Samoot.[3] kohatinfo - blogspot

British Era 1849

In the British era, an assistant commissioner used to be appointed to administer Kohat. The present fort of the city, the railway station, the railway line, the Khushal Garh Bridge and the old cantonment were built in the British era.[4] p/history - spot.com The first past talk about of Kohat is to be found in the autobiography of the Emperor Babar. The district was then being full control of by the Bangashes and Khattaks who now hold it. Babar’s records, however, fling little or no light on the degree of their livelihood.

Post Independece

The premature the past of the Kohat district is limited to the vaguest traditions and false talks with such a beautiful rumors. It is thought that in Buddhist times two Rajas named Adh and Kohat settled along the northern border of the district. Raja Kohat gave his name to the town of Kohat and Raja Adh to the ruins of an old fort on the hill side north of Muhammadzai, a village four miles to the west of Kohat. The remains of this fort which are known as the Adh-i-samut which includes the ruins and the memories. The fort has got so much importance due to its location and situation.The only other remnant of the Buddhist days is a road cut out of the mountain aide, near the Kohat Kotal, leading by a very even gradient towards the crest of the hill.[5] khyber html - org The first past talk about of Kohat is to be found in the autobiography of the Emperor Babar. The district was then being full control of by the Bangashes and Khattaks who now hold it. Babar’s records, however, fling little or no light on the degree of their livelihood. He first mention generally that Bangash was a Tummun completely bounded by hills occupied by Afghan robbers, such as the Khogiani, the Khirilchi, the Buri and the Linder, who, lying out of the way, did not happily pay taxes. He then narrate that in the year A.D. 1505, when at Peshawar, he was induced by Baki Cheghaniani to visit Kohat on the false hope of obtain a rich booty. Babar had never before heard even the name of Kohat. He reached the town through the Kohat pass in two marches, and fell on it at luncheon time. After plundering it he sent foraging parties as far as the Indus. Bullocks, buffaloes and grain were the only plunder.[6] Independece - khyber

Development

Tanda Dam

The Tanda dam located in this region is majorly used for irrigation, fisheries and picnic purposes which is constructed on the water of Kohat Toi River. At Kagazi village, river water is diverted towards Tanda dam. Although most of the shoreline is steep, stony devoid of void aquatic vegetation, at the west end there are some areas of gently shelving muddy shores with a small amount of emergent vegetation. Tanda Dam construction was supported by President Ayub Khan. Agricultural lands from Tanda dam up to Jarma and Dohda Sharif are irrigated where vegetables, wheat and sugar cane are cultivated.[7] Development - Kohat

Kohat Tunnel

The tunnel is 1.9 km long road tunnel located in this area which is the proof of Pakistan and Japanese friendship. This tunnel is also known as Pak-Japan Tunnel. The major construction started in 1999 which has been finished in June 2003. This tunnel is helpful for the people who travel form road. This tunnel is the major development for them as it reduces the time between the cities i-e Kohat & Peshawar. With this tunnel we have got two major ways i-e Indus highway & the Kohat tunnel. Now the time is being reduced by 20 minutes and is used by the small traffic. This tunnel is very helpful for the trade purpose and the development of the district.[8] Kohat - pak.com

KDA Kohat Development Authority

KDA is trying to improve the standards of the city by building different kinds of parks, monuments & different type of housing societies to make their city as comparable to other major and developed cities of the country.[9] Kohat Development - Authority The universities that are source of the education for the people of the district are KUST & Preston which are serving the district very well and playing an important role in the development of the city. As cities can be made civilized and prosperous through one of the most important pillar which is thought to be as education.

Transport

Railway

Construction of the railway station and railway line was started in 1897, and was completed in 1902.Kohat is the terminus railway station of Kohat[10] railway station - Pakistan -Jand railway line and has daily train service to Rawalpindi.[11] Traveling - luck.com It was also the terminus station of a narrow gauge (762 mm or 2 ft 6 in) railway line which connected it with Thall. This railway line was closed in 1991.

Air

Kohat Airbase (IATA: OHT, ICAO: OPKT) is an Pakistan Air Force base. A small runway built by the British is in military use. PIA once used the airport using de Havilland Twin Otter, a small two engine plane.[12] khyber.org - publications

Others

Education

Medical college
  • KMU Institute Of Medical Sciences,Kohat (KIMS)
Universities
  • University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar Kohat Campus
  • Kohat University of Science & Technology
  • Preston University in Kohat
Colleges
  • Cadet College Kohat
  • Garrison Cadet College Kohat
  • Govt. Postgraduate College
  • Govt. Degree College

Special Features

The special features which are considered as the most important part of the cities of districts through which our tourism can be enhanced and can earn money which can be used in different areas to make progress. The special features are as follows:
  • Chapali Kababs
  • Peshawari Chapals
  • Handicrfats
  • Guavas
Mouthwatering chapali kababs are the biggest eating purposes to visit this area it is said that if u visits Kohat u should not miss the chapali kababs because they are considered as the basic thing to finish the trip.[13] Special Features - Kohat

Military Importance

Kohat has got so much military importance as the ISSB centre is located here for the recruitment of new commissioned officers for the Armed forces. Pakistan Air Force has got a fully fledged air base in which all the facilities and technology is being places as present in other major air bases on the country. The people of this area are very keen and motivated towards the development of their future and make them prosperous and happy. CMH Kohat is considered as the biggest development as every place needs a major and a full working hospital so that in case of an emergency there should be a place there is a place which is trusted by everyone and they can go and have themselves checked and cured instantly.[14] Military Importance - pak


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