Khuzdar
Khuzdar

Khuzdar (Balochi: خوزدار‎‎, Khuzdār; Urdu: خضدار‎)  is the capital city of the Khuzdar District of central Balochistan, Pakistan. Before March 1974, Khuzdar was a part of Kalat District. The Jhalawani or southern dialect of the Brahui language is spoken.Towns and cities in Balochistan are not as big as compared to other provinces generally due to scarcity of water and abundance of arid and wastelands. Khuzdar, though one of the important cities of Balochistan is a small sized city located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. The city of Khuzdar is situated on National Highway linking Pakistan, Iran and Turkey. It is at a distance of about 400 km from Karachi and 300 km from Quetta, both of them being main cities of the country.

TitleDescription
Information
Location:Pakistan
In Urdu :خضدار
City Council:Government Of Balochistan
Type:Capital of the Khuzdar District
Local Language Name:Brahui,Dravidian
Coordinates :27°48″N 66°37″E
District:Khuzdar District
Region:Balochistan
First settled:1974
Elevation:1,237 m (4,058 ft)
Language
Official Language:Urdu
Native Language:Brahui
Other Languages:Brahu, Urdu ,English
Government
Government Type:Government Of Balochistan
Assistant Commissioner:Mohammad Hashim Ghalzai
Population
Total Population:525,000 in 2005
Time zone
Time zone:PST (UTC+5)
Codes
Postal code:89100
Dialing code:+92848
Vehicle registration:Three letters beginning with K and random four numbers

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About

Khuzdar Tribel Area

History

khuzdar River in somewhere

Khuzdar is located in the centre of Balochistan. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar District. The area was originally part of Kalat District until Khuzdar was established on the 1st of March, 1974. The area was originally part of Kalat District until Khuzdar was established on 1 March 1974. Khuzdar is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 m (4.000 feet).The city of Khuzdar is situated on National Highway linking Balochistan’s capital city, Quetta at a distance of about 300 km to Sind’s capital city, Karachi at a distance of 300km. The former college, now university is constructed on the foot-hills and is spread over an area of 200 acres (0.81 km2).During the Arab rule this region formed the province of Turan and Khuzdar was the capital. It was an important cantonment and was the headquarters of the Arab General Commanding the Indian frontier. Later Khuzdar became a part of the Kalat State. It was the scene of a battle between the people of Jhalawan and the Khan of Kalat in 1869. The Khan of Kalat Mir Khuda Khan was victorious and built here a fort of painted pottery. Close to the town are the ruins of an old fort built by the Arabs. 

As Capital

Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar district. It is a district and divisional headquarters town in Balochistan. It is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 m (4.000 feet). Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Khuzdar district is estimated to be over 525,000 in 2005. Over 95% of the districts population speaks the Brahui language.[1] OCLC- 2196225 [2] Calcutta- pages 16-17 Under a treaty with Kalat, the British appointed a political agent at Khuzdar in 1903. British assistance continued until 1947, after which the area was acceded to Pakistan as part of the two nation theory and became a Democracy. When the Baluchistan States Union became Kalat Division, Khuzdar was established as the divisional headquarters. The divisional administration of Pakistan ended in 2000. Khuzdar was again established as the Divisional headquarters in June 2009 by the Pakistan Peoples Party Government.

Recognized with different names

khuzdar map

Khuzdar has been recognized with different names in the history. The very first name has been KUZDAR (The silk producing place) which later renamed as KHUZDAR by Umero Ibn Abdullah who was the Governor of Gundawa (In history known as QUNDABEL). It was the beginning of Islamic rule in these area in the almost middle of 48 A.H. when the governor was visiting Khuzdar via Moola valley and at the very first look at Khuzdar he was so impressed with the scenic beauty of this land that he declared ‘’MA HAAZA KUZDAR, HAZA KHUZDAR’’ .(It is not a pace of silk but a placed which owns the people forever)  the word KHUZDAR has been derived from Arabian word KHUZ, (to take, to own or to accept forever and the Persian word DAR (place). So the meaning of Khuzdar is A PLACE WHICH OWNS THE PEOPLE AND IS OWNED BY THE PEOPLE. The Governor ordered the shifting of capital from Gundawa, to Khuzdar on the very same moment.[3] The Governor ordered the – shifting of capital

Conquered by the Arabs

khuzdar road way

Khuzdar was conquered by the Arabs during the reign of Ameer Muawya (R.A) but the strategic information collection for the conquest of Khuzdar had been started much before during the later part of the reign of Hazrat Umer (R.A). The task to conquest Khuzdar was assigned to Hazrat Sunnan Bin Salma, a famous Muslim General who had already commanded successfully the military campaigns of Makran and Kalat with the help of Assim Bin Umer and Abdullah Bin Aamir. Hazrat Sunnan Bin Salma was well acquainted with the geography of the area and the martial strateg yand bravery of the people. So he accomplished the assigned task successfully. Although an uprising happened after the conquest of Khuzdar but soon he controlled everything. He was a thorough general but a man of soft temperament. His fighting spirit, material vigor combined with statesmanship qualities considerably helped him not only in the conquest of Khuzdar but also in the administration side as well which led him to the peak of glory and renown. He had his own way to win the heart of the people and it is because of this that an influx of the people of Jhalawan embraced Islam. Hazrat Sunnan Bin Salma preferred to stay in Khuzdar and breathed his last near Poorali and he is sleeping his eternal sleep at Kherawa in Khuzdar where the people even today visit his shrine to pay tribute to this great general and unparalleled preacher of Islam. 

After Arabs

After Arabs, Khuzdar fell into the hands of Subaktageen in 977 AD and then to his son Mehmood Ghaznavi. But the people of Khuzdar started uprising against them which Ghaznavi crushed with a heavy hand. After ghaznavi dynasty, Khuzdar was ruled by Yaqoob Bin Nafees Safari for a short time when the government was snatched from Safaris by Chughtai, the son of Cahngez in the year 1223 AD. But soon after, in 1225 Sultan Shams-udDin Alitmish caprured Khuzdartill Arghooni period which started in 1517. They were followed by Mughuls and Mirza Kamran became the Governor of Khuzdar. Soon he was dethroned in 1511 Mirwanis captured Kalat and made Khuzdar a part of Kalat. The Mirwani Government is known in history as Brahvi Government which went on till Kalat State joined Pakistan after 14th August 1947. [4] Khuzdar was conquered —-   by the Arabs

Khuzdar District

Towns and cities in Balochistan are not as big as compared to other provinces generally due to scarcity of water and abundance of arid and wastelands. Khuzdar, though one of the important cities of Balochistan is a small sized city located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. The city of Khuzdar is situated on National Highway linking Pakistan, Iran and Turkey. It is about 400 km from Karachi and 300 km from Quetta, both of them being main cities of the country.During the Arab rule this region formed the province of Turan and Khuzdar was the capital. It was an important cantonment and was the headquarters of the Arab General Commanding the Indian frontier. Later Khuzdar became a part of the Kalat State. It was the scene of a battle between the people of Jhalawan and the Khan of Kalat in 1869. The Khan of Kalat Mir Khuda Khan was victorious and built here a fort of painted pottery. Close to the town are the ruins of an old fort built by the Arabs. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar district. It is a district and divisional headquarters town in Balochistan. Previously party of the Kalat district, Khuzdar was upgraded as a separate district on 1 March 1974. The district is subdivided into four tehsils: Khuzdar, Zehri, Naal and Wadh. It is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 m (4.000 feet). Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Khuzdar district is estimated to be over 525,000 in 2005. The major tribes in the district are Bizenjo, Mardoi Jattak, Hasni, Siapad, Nausherwani, moosiani Zehri, Mengal, Zarakzai, Ahmadzai’ Rekizai ‘ Sasoli ‘ Kurd’ . A large military complex is near completion near Khuzdar, which would make it the second largest Cantonment in Balochistan after Quetta. A university is at the outskirts of Khuzdar, known as the heart of Balochistan. The city of Khuzdar is situated on National Highway linking Pakistan, Iran and Turkey. The city has an airport near the university. The former college, now university is constructed on the foot-hills and is spread over an area of 200 acres (0.81 km2)

In 1903

khuzdar

In 1903, the British government appointed a political agent at Khuzdar to carry out the administrative affairs of the government .This administrative system continued till the partition of India. Before March 1974, Khuzdar was a sub-division of Kalat district. To serve the people and solve their problems at their doorstep, Khuzdar was awarded the status of district on 15th March 1974. Now, Khuzdar is divisional headquarters of Kalat. The district headquarters is 302 kilometres from Quetta. It lies at an elevation of 1,249 meters above sea level and is situated on the RCD highway connecting it to Iran and Karachi.[5] RCD highway connecting  ——-   it to Iran

Topography

khuzdar over view

The topography of Khuzdar is mostly mountainous and the communication or transport infrastructure is equal to none. The total Road network in Khuzdar is 2084 Kilometers out of which, the blacktop road length is merely 522 Kilometers. It is depressing that almost 60 percent of rural areas of District Khuzdar have no decent or proper means of transport. People still use animals as means of transport which should be a matter of shame for rulers of Balochistan. The ratio of maternal and infant deaths are very high in rural areas as diseases like malnutrition and anemia are common due to abject poverty among rural population of District Khuzdar.[6] The total Road network —–   in Khuzdar

Geography and Climate

Khuzdar Flood

Khuzdar is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 metres (4,058 ft). Despite this altitude, Khuzdar like most of Balochistan has an arid climate (Kppen BWh) with very low and erratic rainfall. Unlike most parts of the province, the heaviest average rainfall comes from the Asian monsoon in July and August, though this rainfall tends to be very erratic and in many summers there is no significant rain at all.[7] . National Oceanic – Administration.

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