Kalat (City)

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Kalat or Qalat (Brahui/Urdu:قلات) is a historical town located in Kalat District, Balochistan, Pakistan. Kalat is the capital of Kalat District and is known locally as Kalat-e-brahui and Kalat-e-Sewa.[1] Viking f-anthropology, Issue Qalat, formerly Qilat, is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, .

Title Description
Location: Pakistan
Name : Kalat
In Urdu : قلات‎‎‎
City Council: Government Of Balochistan
Type: Kalat District, Balochistan
Local Language Name: balochi ,bravi
Province: Balochistan Pakistan
Coordinates : 29.030°N 66.589°E
District: Kalat District
Region: Balochistan
First settled: March 1954
Elevation: 2,007 m (6,585 ft)
Official Language: Urdu
Native Language: Brahui
Other Languages: Brahui,Urdu ,Engish
Government Type: Government Of Balochistan
District Administrator: Abid Salim
Assistant Commissioner: Sultan Ahmed Bugti
Total Area: 6,621 km2 (2,556 sq mi)
Total Population: 500,000 (2002 Estimate)
Time zone
Time zone: PKT (UTC+5)
Postal code: 88300
Dialing code: +92844
Vehicle registration: Three letters beginning with K and random four numbers


Kalat Historical Image
Kalat Historical Image
Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. It was the capital of the Kalat Khanate. The current Khan of Kalat is a ceremonial title held by Mir Suleman Dawood Jan, and efforts have been made by the Pakistani government to reconcile with him, his son Prince Mohammed, who is next in line to be the Khan of Kalat is pro-Pakistan.Kalat was notified as a district on February 3, 1954. At that time Khuzdar and Mastung districts were sub-divisions of Kalat (which then also included Kachi, Jhal Magsi and Naseerabad (Dera Murad Jamali); these were separated in 1965 as Kachhi District). Khuzdar became a separate district by notification of 1 March 1974, while Mastung was announced to be separate district on 18 February 1992. The district draws its name from the ancient city of Kalat. The old name of the district headquarters was Kahan. The current district consists of two sub-divisions, i.e. Kalat and Surab, five tehsils: Kalat Mangochar, Johan, Gazgz, and Surab, 81 patwar circles and 614 mauza (villages).The climate is arid, hot in summer and cold in winter, with most rainfall occurring in the winter. The terrain is mountainous with several valleys and one main river, mount Harboi in Kalat is known for Juniper old trees, the Moro River. The main economic activities are agriculture and livestock farming. The current Khan of Kalat is a ceremonial title held by Mir Suleman Dawood Jan, and efforts have been made by the Pakistani government to reconcile with him, his son Prince Mohammed, who is next in line to be the Khan of Kalat is pro- Pakistan


Kalat Historical Place
Kalat Historical Place
It has been known in earlier times as Kalat-i-Seva (from a legendary Hindu king) and Kalat-i Nichari which connects it with the Brahui Speaking tribes of Nichari , which is generally accepted as belonging to the oldest branch of the indigenous Brahois .The town of Kalat is said to have been founded by and named Qalat-e Sewa (Sewa's Fort), after Sewa, a legendary hero of the Brahui people.The Brahui Speaking tribes arrived in the Qalat area at around the same time as the Balochi speaking Baloch tribes from the west. The Brohis established a large kingdom in the 15th century, but it soon declined and the region fell to Mughals for a short period. The brahui speaking Khans of Qalat were dominant from the 17th century onwards until the arrival of the British in the 19th century. A treaty was signed in 1876 to make Qalat part of the British Empire.In 1947, the Khan of Kalat reportedly acceded to the dominion of Pakistan. In 1948, Qalat became part of Pakistan when the British withdrew. The last Khan of Qalat was formally removed from power in 1955, but the title is still claimed by his descendents. The current Khan of Qalat is Mir Suleman Dawood Khan Ahmadzai.


With virtually no rainfall during the year, Kalat features a cold desert climate (BWk) under the Kppen climate classification. The average temperature in Kalat is 14.1 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 163 mm. June is the driest month with 1 mm of rainfall, while January, the wettest month, has an average precipitation of 36 mm.July is the warmest month of the year with an average temperature of 24.8 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 3.4 °C.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3 (50.5) 12.1 (53.8) 17.1 (62.8) 22.1 (71.8) 27.4 (81.3) 31.9 (89.4) 32.6 (90.7) 31.7 (89.1) 28.6 (83.5) 23.3 (73.9) 17.5 (63.5) 13.1 (55.6) 22.31 (72.16)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4 (38.1) 5.3 (41.5) 9.8 (49.6) 14.3 (57.7) 18.9 (66) 22.7 (72.9) 24.8 (76.6) 23.4 (74.1) 19.4 (66.9) 13.8 (56.8) 8.6 (47.5) 4.9 (40.8) 14.11 (57.37)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5 (25.7) −1.5 (29.3) 2.6 (36.7) 6.6 (43.9) 10.5 (50.9) 13.5 (56.3) 17.0 (62.6) 15.2 (59.4) 10.3 (50.5) 4.3 (39.7) −0.2 (31.6) −3.3 (26.1) 5.96 (42.73)

Khanate of Kalat

It was a princely state that existed from 1666 to 1955 in the centre of the modern-day province of Balochistan, Pakistan. Prior to that they were subjects of Mughal emperor Akbar. Ahmedzai Baloch ruled the state independently until 1839, when it became a self-governing state in a subsidiary alliance with British India. After the signature of the Treaty of Mastung by the Khan of Kalat and the Baloch Sardars in 1876, Kalat became part of the Baluchistan Agency. It was briefly independent from August 1947 till March 1948, when its khan acceded his state to the new Dominion of Pakistan. It remained a princely state of Pakistan until 1955, when it was incorporated into the country.The state capital was the town of Kalat. The current Khan of Kalat, a ceremonial title, is Mir Suleman Dawood Jan. Efforts have been made by the Pakistani government to reconcile with him. His son Prince Mohammed, who is next in line to be the Khan of Kalat is pro-Pakistan

Rulers of Kalat

Tenure Khan of Kalat
1512–1530 Mir Bijar Khan Mirwani
1530–1535 Mir Zagar Khan Mirwani
1535–1547 Mir Ibrahim Khan Qambrani ( Changed his Royal family name from Mirwani to Qambrani )
1547–1549 Mir Gwahram Khan Qambrani
1549–1569 Mir Hassan Khan Qambrani
1569–1581 Mir Sanjar Khan Qambrani
1581–1590 Mir Malook Khan Qambrani
1590–1601 Mir Qambar Sani Khan Qambrani
1601–1610 Mir Ahmad Khan Qambrani I
1610–1618 Mir Suri Khan Qambrani
1618–1629 Mir Qaisar Khan Qambrani
1629–1637 Mir Ahmad Sani Khan Qambrani II
1637–1647 Mir Altaz Khan Qambrani I
1647–1656 Mir Kachi Khan Qambrani
1656–1666 Mir Altaz Sani Khan Qambrani II
1666–1695 Mir Ahmad I Khan Qambrani III ( Changed his Royal family name from Qambrani to Ahmadzai )
1695–1697 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai I
1697–1714 Mir Samandar Khan Ahmadzai ( Amir al-Umara Amir of Amirs)
1714–1716 Mir Ahmad II Khan Ahmadzai
1716–1731 Mir Abdullah Khan Ahmadzai ( Eagle of the Mountain and The Greatest )
1731–1749 Mir Muhabbat Khan Ahmadzai ( Beglar Begi )
1749–1794 Mir Muhammad Nasir Khan I Ahmadzai ( Noori, Ghazi, Wali and The Great )
1794–1817 Mir Mahmud Khan I Ahmadzai
1817–13 November 1839 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai II
1839–1841 Mir Shah Nawaz Khan Ahmadzai
1841–1857 Mir Nasir Khan II Ahmadzai
1857–March 1863 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai (1st time); during his rule, there were seven major and many minor rebellions.
March 1863–May 1864 Mir Sherdil Khan Ahmadzai (usurped throne)
May 1864–15 August 1893 Mir Khudadad Khan (2nd time)
10 November 1893–3 November 1931 Mir Mahmud Khan II Ahmadzai
3 November 1931–10 September 1933 Mir Mohammad Azam Jan Khan Ahmadzai
10 September 1933–14 October 1955 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai (1st time); declared independent on 5 August 1947; agreed to accede to Pakistan on 30 March 1948
14 October 1955 State of Kalat merged into One Unit of West Pakistan
20 June 1958–1979 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai (2nd time Pretender)
1979–1998 Mir Dawood Jan Ahmadzai (pretender)
1998–2006 Mir Agha Sulaiman Jan Ahmadzai (self exiled pretender)
2006–present Prince Mir Mohammad Khan Ahmadzai (pretender)