The Kabul River the classical Cophes is a 700-kilometre (430 mi) long river that emerges in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and empties into the Indus River near Attock, Pakistan . It is the main river in eastern Afghanistan and is separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Pass. The Kabul River passes through the cities of Kabul and Jalalabad in Afghanistan before flowing into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan some 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of the Durand Line border crossing at Torkham. The major tributaries of the Kabul River are the Logar, Panjshir, Kunar, Alingar, Bara and Swat rivers.
|Local Language Name:||دریائےکابل|
|Coordinates :||33°55,0 N 72°13,56 E|
|Countries:||Afghanistan & Pakistan|
|Left:||Panjshir River, Kunar River, Alingar River, Swat River|
|Right -:||Logar River, Bara River|
|Location:||Hindu Kush Mountains|
|Elevation:||2,400 m (7,874 ft)|
|Location:||Indus River Attock|
|Length:||700 km (435 mi)|
|Basin:||66,000 km2 (25,483 sq mi)|
|Dams:||Naghlu, Surobi, and Darunta, Warsak Dam|
|Warsak Dam:||Approximately 20 km northwest of the city of Peshawar|
In Arrian’s The Campaigns of Alexander, the River Kabul is referred to as (Latin spelling Cophen), the accusative of (Latin spelling Cophes). Punjab and even beyond the Punjab on the borders of the Kubha river the Kowpher in Kabul. The gradual diffusion of these people from this point towards the east, beyond the Saraswati and Hindustan as far as the Ganges, can be traced almost step by step in the later portions of the Vedic writings.The Kubha is the modern Kabul river which flows into the Indus a little above Attock and receives at Prang the joint flow of its tributaries the Swat (Swastu) and Gauri In the older parts of the Rigved the Indian people appear to be settled on the north western border of India, in the
The Kabul River is impounded by several dams. The Naghlu, Surobi, and Darunta dams are located in Kabul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. The Warsak Dam is in Pakistan , approximately 20 km northwest of the city of Peshawar .
The Kabul river itself is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows. Its largest tributary is the Kunar River, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacier in Chitral, Pakistan and once it flows south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan. The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of the name. It is also called Sardryab near Distt: Charsadda where it provides a fine avenue for recreation and refreshment. Sardryab is famous for its fishing annd having a worthy fish economy.
- The Swat River (Urdu: دریائے سوات) flows from the Hindukush Mountains through the Kalam Valley into the Kabul River in the Peshawar valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
- The Panjkora River rises rises high in the Hindu Kush at lat. 35.45 and joins the Swat River near Chakdara, Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Its name is derived from the Persian for ‘panj’ (meaning ‘five’) and ‘kora’ (meaning ‘river’).