Josh Malihabadi (Artist)

2018-02-20 12:30:52Josh Malihabadi
Born Shabbir Hasan Khan in Malihabad which was at that time part of British India. He adopted the name Josh and later Josh Malihabadi (Josh of Malihabad) as a nom de plume for his early writing (mostly in Urdu). Josh can be translated as Passion.He was popularly known as Shayar-e-Inquilab (poet of revolution) was an Urdu poet.He wrote many books,ghazals and poetry in Urdu language.He was considered top in the list of Urdu literature who uses thousands of high sounding rich words in his poetry.
  • Personal
  • Name:

    Josh Malihabadi

  • In Urdu:

    جوش ملیح آبادی‬

  • Famous As:

    Shayar-e-Inquilab

  • Nationality:

    Indian (till 1958), Pakistani

  • Education:

    St. Peter's College, Visva-Bharati University

  • Religion:

    Islam

  • Profession:

    Poet

  • Awards :

    2

  • Born
  • Date:

    5 December 1898

  • Place:

    Malihabad, North-Western Provinces, British India

  • Beautiful Couplets Wrotes:

    100,000

  • Rubaiyat Wrote:

    1,000

  • Famous Ghazal:

    Yaadon ki Barat

  • Poet:

    Urdu Language

  • Family
  • Parents:

    Bashir Ahmed Khan (Father)

  • Died
  • Date:

    22 February 1982

  • Rest Place:

    Islamabad, Pakistan

  • Aged:

    83

Biography

Soz-e-Gham Gazal
Soz-e-Gham Gazal
Josh Malihabadi was a very famous and talented poet of Pakistan. He was born in Malihabad. His real name was Shabbir Hassan Khan. Josh Malihabadi said his first poetry in 1907 at the age of 11. Josh migrated to Pakistan from India in 1955 at the age of 58. He married in 1916. Josh Malihabadi has one son named Sajjad Haider and one daughter named Syeda Khatoon.[1] Biography

Education

He studied at St Peter’s College in Aggra and later at Tagore’s University. As well as English and Urdu and the other standard subjects of the day he also studied Arabic and Persian. In 1925 he was a translator at Osmania University in Hyderabad but was subsequently exiled for writing against the Nizam of Hyderabad.[2] Education

Element of Uniqueness

Insan - Ghazal
Insan - Ghazal
Carrying forward the legacy that he inherited from his great grandfather, grandfather and father, Josh started writing poetry at an early age. He was labelled as a poet of revolution because of his thematic concerns and his grandiloquence. He is notable among the Urdu poets for his acute socio-political concerns on the one hand and romantic preoccupations on the other. For expressing himself with conviction, he developed an exclusive kind of charged diction and a new set of implicated metaphors. These qualities imparted an element of uniqueness to his poetry. 

Career

Mila Jo Moqa - Ghazal
Mila Jo Moqa - Ghazal
In 1925 Josh started work at the Osmania University supervising translation work. He was exiled from the state of Hyderabad for writing a nazm against the Nizam. He then started the newsletter/magazine called the ‘Kaleem’ in which he openly wrote articles in favour of independence and against the British. Soon, he was being called “shaayar-e-inquilaab”. He also got actively involved in the freedom struggle and became close to quite a few of the political leaders of that era, specially Jawahar Lal Nehru.[3]  Career 

Wrote Songs

On the advice of director W.Z.Ahmed,[4] Director he also wrote songs for Shalimar Pictures. During this time, he was staying in Pune. After independence, he became the editor of ‘Aajkal’. He was later honoured with the Padmabhushan. [5] Wrote Songs

Important Works

Some of Josh’s important works are: 
  1. Shola-o-Shabnam 
  2. Junoon-o-Hikmat
  3. Fikr-o-Nishaat
  4. Sunbal-o-Salaasal
  5. Harf-o-Hikaayat
  6. Sarod-o-Kharosh 
His autobiography is titled “Yaadon ki Baarat”.

Published Several Collections

Josh published several collections of his poetry which include:
  1. Rooh-e-Adab
  2. Shaayer ki Raatein
  3. Naqsh-o-Nigar
  4. Shola-O-Shabnam
  5. Fikr-O-Nishat
  6. Junoon-O-Hikmat
  7. Harf-O-Hikaayat
  8. Aayaat-O-Naghmaat
  9. Arsh-O-Farsh
  10. Raamish-O-Rung
  11. Sumbul-O-Salaasil
  12. Saif-O-Suboo
  13. Surood-O-Kaharosh
  14. Sumoom-O-Sabaa
  15. Tulu-i-Fikr
  16. Qatra-O-Qulzum
  17. Nawaaredaat-e-Josh

List of Ghazals

  1. aa fasl-e-gul hai gharq-e-tamanna tere liye 
  2. aao kabe se uThen su-e-sanam-KHana chalen 
  3. aazada-manish rah duniya mein parwa-e-ummid-o-bim na kar 
  4. aish ki jaanib jo mail kuchh tabiat ho gai 
  5. apne mein jo ab bhule se kabhi rahat ka taqaza pata hai 
  6. behoshiyon ne aur KHabardar kar diya 
  7. dil-e-azada-rau mein wo tamanna thi bayaban ki 
  8. dosto waqt hai phir zaKHm-e-jigar taza karen 
  9. dur-andesh marizon ki ye aadat dekhi 
  10. fikr hi Thahri to dil ko fikr-e-KHuban kyun na ho 
  11. gudaz-e-dil se baatin ka tajalli-zar ho jaana 
  12. hairat hai aah-e-subh ko sari faza sune 
  13. is baat ki nahin hai koi intiha na puchh 
  14. is qadar Duba hua dil dard ki lazzat mein hai 
  15. jab se marne ki ji mein Thani hai 
  16. ji mein aata hai ki phir mizhgan ko barham kijiye 
  17. kafir banunga kufr ka saman to kijiye 
  18. lillahil-hamd ki dil shola-fishan hai ab tak 
  19. main ro raha hun teri nazar hai itab ki 
  20. meri haalat dekhiye aur unki surat dekhiye 
  21. mila jo mauqa to rok dunga jalal roz-e-hisab tera 
  22. mujhse saqi ne kahi raat ko kya baat ai josh 
  23. na chheD shair rabab-e-rangin ye bazm abhi nukta-dan nahin hai 
  24. naqsh-e-KHayal dil se miTaya nahin hanuz 
  25. numayan muntaha-e-sai-e-paiham hoti jati hai 
  26. phir aashna-e-lazzat-e-dard-e-jigar hain hum 
  27. phir sar kisi ke dar pe jhukae hue hain hum 
  28. qadam insan ka rah-e-dahr mein tharra hi jata hai 
  29. sari duniya hai ek parda-e-raaz 
  30. sarshaar hun sarshaar hai duniya mere aage 
  31. sayyaad dam-e-zulf se mujhko riha kare 
  32. soz-e-gham de ke mujhe usne ye irshad kiya 
  33. subh baalin pe ye kahta hua gham-KHwar aaya 
  34. subu uTha ki faza sim-e-KHam hai saqi 
  35. tabassum hai wo honTon par jo dil ka kaam kar jae 
  36. tajrabe ke dasht se dil ko guzarne ke liye 
  37. udhar mazhab idhar insan ki fitrat ka taqaza hai 
  38. wo sabr de ki na de jis ne be-qarar kiya 
  39. ye baat ye tabassum ye naz ye nigahen 
  40. ye nasib-e-shairi hai zahe shan-e-kibriyai 
  41. zalim ye KHamoshi beja hai iqrar nahin inkar to ho[6] Ghazals

Awards

  1. Padma Bhushan, 1954
  2. Hilal-e-Imtiaz, 2013

Death

Josh spent the latter part of his years in Pakistan.He passed away on 22nd February, 1982 in Islamabad. Josh remained in Pakistan until his death but he was unappy with the lack of status accorded to himself and his views.


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