Javed Iqbal (Urdu: جاوید اقبال; born 1 August 1946), is a Pakistani judge, professor of law, and jurist who formerly served as the Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 2004 until his retirement in 2011. Prior to the appointment at the Supreme Court, Justice Iqbal shortly tenured as the Chief Justice of the Balochistan High Court which lasted only a month.
|In Urdu:||جاوید اقبال|
|Famous As:||Chief Justice|
|Education:||LLM Degree in International Law|
|Institution:||University of Balochistan|
|Field:||Philosophy of Law|
|Alma mater:||Punjab University, International Islamic University, University of Western Australia|
|Profession:||Javaid Iqbal is a Pakistani judge, professor of law, and jurist|
|In 2007 Nominated By:||Shaukat Aziz|
|Appointed By:||Pervez Musharaf|
|Preceded By:||Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry|
|Succeeded By:||Rana Bhagwandas|
|In 2000 Nominated By:||Shaukat Aziz|
|Appointed By:||Pervez Musharaf|
|Date:||1 August 1946|
Early Life and Education
Javed Iqbal was born on 1 August 1946 and raised in Quetta (Remember he was not son of Allama Iqbal). After graduating from the Sandman High School (SHC) in Quetta, he moved to Lahore, Punjab Province to study law. Admitted at the Punjab University, he obtained LLB degree in 1968, and MA degree in Political science in 1970 from the Punjab University. For his advanced studies, Iqbal went to Australia where he attended the University of Western Australia, subsequently submitting his thesis to obtained LLM degree in International law in 1971.
Professorship and judicature career
In 1971, he moved to his native city, Quetta, where he became Public prosecutor and government pleader at the Balochistan High Court. In 1973, he joined the law branch of the Government of Balochistan Province which he retained until 1977. Iqbal later acted as the Deputy Secretary at the Law Department in 1981 and later served as the Officiating Secretary Law till 1982. The same year he resigned from the provincial government’s legal branch after accepting the professorship in law at the Balochistan University and became honorary lecturer at the Balochistan University. In 1982, he was appointed as a session judge at the district court, and gave verdicts in anti-corruption and custom cases. In 1985, Iqbal attended the International Islamic University (IIU) in Islamabad where he gained master’s degree in Islamic law where his thesis contained the work on jurisprudence in Islamic Faqīh and Sharia laws, in 1987. During the same period, he attended an advanced course National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA). In 1988, he was also appointed as the Judicial Member, Income-Tax Appellate Tribunal, but the Government of Balochistan did not relieve him. In 1990, he became Registrar of theBalochistan High Court which he retained until 1993.
On 13 April 2005, a bench headed by, then Chief Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqui, with other members of bench being Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, Javed Iqbal, Abdul Hameed Dogar and Faqir Muhammad Khokhar, unanimously dismissed all petitions challenging the 17th Constitutional Amendment and the dual office of General Pervez Musharraf as the President as well as the Chief of Army Staff. However, a decision in a case relating to the retirement age of the superior court judges was withheld. On 28 September 2007, Javed Iqbal along with Abdul Hameed Dogar, M. Javed Buttar, Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi, Faqir Muhammad Khokhar, and Falak Sher formed a majority opinion in holding that petition challenging General Pervez Musharraf candidature for the second term as the president as non maintainable. Head of the benchRana Bhagwandas, with two other members Sardar Muhammad Raza Khan and Mian Shakirullah Jan dissented. On 3 November 2007, Iqbal was the member of seven-panel bench headed by Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry which unanimously declared the 2007 Pakistani state of emergency as illegal and passed an order restraining all judges of Supreme Court and High Courts from taking oath under Provisional Constitutional Order. The other members of the bench were Rana Bhagwandas, Mian Shakirullah Jan, Nasir-ul-Mulk, Raja Muhammad Fayyaz Ahmad, and Ghulam Rabban.
Javaid Iqbal Appointed NAB Chief
After several meetings between the prime minister and opposition leader in the National Assembly, the government has appointed Justice . Javed Iqbal the chairman of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) for next four years. A formal notification in this connection was issued by Ministry of Law on Sunday, just a day ahead of the retirement of outgoing NAB chief Qamar Zaman Chaudhry. As per statutory requirement, Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and Leader of Opposition in National Assembly Syed Khurshid Shah held four meetings wherein the names proposed by the government and opposition sides were reviewed. After threadbare deliberations on the credentials of the candidates, both finally agreed on the name of Justice Javed Iqbal. Earlier in the day Khurshid Shah, who hails from the Pakistan Peoples Party, disclosed the agreement on the name of Justice Javed in a media chat in Sukkur. He hoped that the new NAB chairman would come up to the expectations and take further the cause of accountability, working diligently against the menace of corruption.
Under the NAB Ordinance, a meaningful consultation between the leader of the opposition and the prime minister is mandatory for the appointment of new chairman and the law is silent in case both of them fail to evolve a consensus. The government and the opposition had come up with their separate lists of three candidates each for selection of new NAB chairman and then a discussion on the credentials of the candidates was initiated between the prime minister and the leader of the opposition. Government suggested the names of incumbent Intelligence Bureau Director General Aftab Sultan, Justice Rehmat Jaferi and Justice Ch Ejaz while the opposition side floated the names of Justice Saghir Mohammad Kokar, Justice Javed Iqbal and Election Commission of Pakistan ex-secretary Ishtiaq Ahmad. Khurshid Shah shared the names proposed by the PTI and the MQM in the last meeting with PM Abbasi they finalised the name of Justice (r) Javed Iqbal.
Achievements of Javaid Iqbal
Javed Iqbal was appointed additional judge at High Court in Quetta in 1993 than he became the Chief Justice of Balochistan High Court. He remained a judge at Supreme Court of Pakistan from 2004 to 2011. Justice (retd) Iqbal was appointed as a Supreme Court justice in 2000 and retired in 2011. He headed the Abbottabad Inquiry Commission, formed to probe the controversial raid by US Special Forces which led to the killing of wanted terrorist Osama bin Laden. Justice (retd) Iqbal was appointed as a Supreme Court justice in 2000 and retired in 2011. He headed the Abbottabad Inquiry Commission, formed to probe the controversial raid by US Special Forces which led to the killing of wanted terrorist Osama bin Laden. The commission interviewed around 300 witnesses on Osama Bil Ladenkilling case, and gave 200 recommendations in its 700-page report to the then Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf on January 4, 2013.
It is pertinent to mention here that Justice (retired) Javed Iqbal had refused to take oath under PCO in 2007.