Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (f) (Political Party)

2018-01-22 16:17:40Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (f)
The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam is a political party in Pakistan.It formed a combined government in national elections in 2002 and 2008. The party has split into two separate parties: one is led by Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman and is known as "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Fazlur Rehman)", or "JUI-F", while the other is led by Maulana Sami ul Haq and is known as "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Sami ul Haq)" or "JUI-S".
  • Information
  • President:

    Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman

  • Founder:

    Mufti Mahmud (founded JUI)

  • Founded:

    Founded 1988

  • Headquarters:

    Karachi Pakistan

  • Leader:

    Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman

  • Preceded by :

    Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

  • Ideology :

    Islamism, Clericalism, Social conservatism, Religious conservatism

  • Political Position :

    Far-right

  • National Affiliation :

    Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal

  • Colors :

    Black & White

  • Senate :

    5 / 104

  • National Assembly :

    13 / 342

  • Punjab Assembly :

    1 / 371

  • Pakhtunkhwa Assembly :

    16 / 124

  • Balochistan Assembly :

    8 / 65

  • Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly :

    1 / 33

  • Election Symbol:

    Book

  • Website:

    https://juipak.org.pk/

  • Reserved Seats Minority:

    Aasiya Nasir

  • Last Past Party Head:

    Past Party Heads

  • General Seats:

    9

Details

It has consistently opposed liberal and progressive policies, equating them with ‘imposition of western culture’ which it deems inappropriate for an Islamic state. It pursues the ideal of enforcement of Shariah law in the country. JUI (F) is a religio-political party, based on the Deobandi school of thought.[1]  Details 

History

The JUI-F was formed from within the ranks of the JUI, a party that itself had taken shape from the cadres of Jamiat Ulema-i-Hind (JUH). The JUH was formed in 1919 with anti-colonial aims and was an ally of the Indian National Congress. JUI broke away from JUH over its support for the creation of Pakistan as a separate homeland for the subcontinent’s Muslims.

Mufti Mahmud

In its present form, JUI was restarted in the 1960s by Mufti Mahmud, supposedly in order to stand in opposition to Ayub Khan’s regime. In 1980, Mahmud was succeeded by his son Maulana Fazlur Rahman.

Maulana Fazlur Rahman

Under Rahman’s chairmanship, the party joined the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy(MRD) after the then military ruler, Zia ul Haq, went back on his promise to hold a general election in the country.

Religious Schools and Seminaries

JUI-F depends more or less entirely on Deobandi mosques and madrassahs for recruitment of new members, which is fundamentally why its middle and top ranks comprise mostly of madrassah-oriented theologians. Moreover, most of the party’s workers are those who have previously been trained in religious schools and seminaries.The party’s organisational hierarchy is determined by seniority with respect to a member’s religious education and training as opposed to his or her political muscle.

Political Meetings and to Rally

Although the party attempts to hold political meetings and to rally support in all parts of the country, its key constituencies are situated in parts of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan provinces.Since the 1980s, JUI-F has continually oscillated between politics of ideology and politics of pragmatism.[2] History

Political Stance

The positions taken by JUI-F on many important issues confronting Pakistan reflect the party’s ideology and policy, albeit on a rather broad level.The JUI-F has been known to call for the enforcement of Sharia law in Pakistan, which was also one of the key aims of the Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal (MMA) a six party alliance of which it was a part in the 2002 general election.

Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee

The JUI-F chief has also served as chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Kashmir. As a member of the religious right, the party has maintained a staunch position on the issue. Rehman has stated that there is a need to prioritise Kashmir as far as foreign policy is concerned and also declared that the Pakistani government would continue to extend moral and diplomatic support to the Kashmiri people.

Regard to Women’s Rights

The party’s policy with regard to women’s rights and the role of women in society has been a matter of contention in various circles. The JUI-F has previously boycotted parliamentary committee sessions on the domestic violence bill, terming it a “conspiracy to promote western culture” in Pakistan and threatening nationwide protests if the bill was made law.

MRD in 1983

JUI-F joined the MRD in 1983 under Rahman’s chairmanship and since then it has oscillated between various positions. During the 1990s, JUI-F alternated between supporting and opposing the policies of PPP- and PML-N-led governments, headed by Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif respectively.

Election Victories

The JUI is part of the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA), an alliance of religious parties that won 11.3% of the popular vote and 53 out of 272 elected members in the 2002 elections.In the 2008 Pakistani general election, only the JUI-F participated because the other major component party of the MMA, the Jamaat-e-Islami, boycotted the elections to protest issues of the eligibility of President Pervez Musharraf and the restoration of the judiciary.Unlike the 2002 elections when the MMA swept national and provincial assemblies, in 2008 the JUI-F only won 6 general seats in the National Assembly, which garnered them 1 additional seat in the Women Reserved section, raising the total to 7 NA seats. In the provincial assemblies, it won 14 seats in the NWFP Assembly, but could only muster 2 seats in the 371-seat Punjab Assembly. The party received strong support in Pakistan's western regions.[3]  Election Victories 

Key People

  1. Maulana Fazlur Rahman
  2. Maulana Gul Naseeb Khan
  3. Maulana Mohammad Khan Sherani
  4. Akram Khan Durrani
  5. Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haideri

Participation in Elections

  1. 1970
  2. 1988
  3. 1990
  4. 1993
  5. 1997
  6. 2002
  7. 2008

Past Party Heads

  1. Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani
  2. Maulana Ahmed Ali Lahori
  3. Maulana Mufti Mahmood

Seats Distribution

Seat TypeNo. of Seats
General9
Reserved3
Minority1
Total:13

General Seats

ConstituencyNamePartyAddress (Permanent/Local)Phone
NA-7 Charsadda-IMaulana Muhammad Gohar ShahJUI-FGohar Abad, Babara, Tehsil & District Charsadda  G-206, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.+92 300 9019821
NA-22 BattagramQari Mohammad YousifJUI-FShangli Bala, Tehsil & District Battagram  G-104, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.+92 300 5319912
NA-24 D.I.KhanMaulana Fazal Ur RehmanJUI-FShahbaz Khel, Abdul Khel, Tehsil Paharpur, D.I.Khan  G-209, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad+92 300 8506684
NA-26 BannuMr Akram Khan DurraniJUI-FMewa Khel ,Surrani ,Tehsil & District Bannu  Durrani House, Park Road, Chatta Bakhtawar, Islamabad.+92 346 6060060
NA-42 Tribal Area-VIIMr Muhammad Jamal ud DinJUI-FManitoi, Tehsil Tiarza, South Waziristan Agency  J-09, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.+92 300 9090986
NA-261  Pishin-cum-ZiaratMoulvi Agha MuhammadJUI-FKilli Muhammad Raza, Dist.&Tehsil Pashin.  G-205 Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.N/A
NA-263  LoralaiMolana Ameer ZamanJUI-FHashmi Muhallah Ward No. 4 Loralai. (Dob 1952).  H-10, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.0300-3863225
NA-264  Zhob-cum-Killa-Sherani SaifullahMoulana Mohammad Khan SheraniJUI-FKilli Mir Alikhel District Sherani  J-107, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.0333-5233887
NA-269  KhuzdarMolana Qamar ud DinJUI-FGazgi, Khuzdar, Markazi Jamia Masjid, Khuzdar  J-01, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad0333-7983542

Reserved Seats For Women

Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

ConstituencyNamePartyAddress (Permanent/Local)Phone
1Shahida Akhtar AliJUI-FHasham Cottage, Hashmi Street No.1, Bilal Town, Kakul Road, Abbottabad.  G-208, Parliament Lodges, IslamabadN/A
2Naeema Kishwar KhanJUI-FGujar Garhi,Mardan  J-105, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.+92 300 5737029, +92 332 4444291, mkishwarkhan@gmail.com

Balochistan

1Mrs. Aliya KamranJUI-FKamran Murtaza, H.No.524, G-9/3, Main Ibn-e-Sina Road, Opp: F-9 Park, Islamabad  F-407, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.N/A

Reserved Seats Minority

ConstituencyNamePartyAddress (Permanent/Local)Phone
1Aasiya NasirJUI-FNasir House, Arbab Karam Khan Road, Quetta.  F/212, Parliament Lodges, Islamabad.N/A

Contact Information

  1. Address: Jamia Madnia, Kareem Park, Ravi Road, Lahore
  2. Contact Number: +92 42 7720944


References


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