Former Chief Justice of Pakistan
20th Pakistan's Chief Justice
Elena Kagan giving award to Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Family BackgroundHis father was a police officer. His father made residency in a famous city of jalander of east Punjab. His rujputi dignity mixed with sweet Punjabi of jalander. They migrated from jalander after the establishment of Pakistan. They made residing in Quetta the city of Pakistan. His second son name is iftikhar but parents did not know that one day this child will make glory not only them but also for their country, and not only changed high judicial but also the history of Pakistan.
- Arsalan Iftikhar Chaudhry (Son)
- Ahmed Balach Iftikhar (Son
- Ayesha Iftikhar (Daughter)
- Palwasha Iftikhar (Daughter)
- Ifrah Iftikhar(Daughter)
EducationChaudhry received his early education in Balochistan before moving to Sindh province, where he studied law at Hyderabad University, receiving an LL.B. with special concentration in constitutional law, criminal law, and tax and revenue law. He established a legal practice as an advocate in 1974 and became an advocate for the Balochistan High Court in 1976. In 1985 he enrolled as an advocate before the Pakistan Supreme Court. Chaudhry was then named (1989) advocate general of the Balochistan High Court, was designated (1990) additional judge of the Balochistan High Court, and held several other judiciary positions.
Career in Law
Judge of High CourtBesides remaining as Judge of High Court, he discharged duties as Banking Judge, Judge Special Court for Speedy Trials, Judge Customs Appellate Courts as well as Company Judge. Chaudhry also remained President of High Court Bar Association, Quetta, and was elected twice as Member of the Bar Council. In 1992 he was appointed as Chairman of Balochistan Local Council Election Authority and thereafter for second term in 1998. He also worked as Chairman, Provincial Review Board for the province of Balochistan and was twice appointed as Chairman of the Pakistan Red Crescent Society, Balochistan.
Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan
Suspension and Reinstatement 2007On March 9, 2007, Chaudhry was suspended by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. Musharraf also filed a Presidential reference against Chaudhry for misconduct. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf forwarded the case to Supreme Judicial Council as per procedure in constitution of Pakistan.
Pakistani Supreme Court
TraveledOn May 5, 2007, Chaudhry with his counsel and politician friend Atizaz Ahsan, who is also the party member of the PPP, traveled from Islamabad to Lahore to address the Lahore High Court Bar Association. Demonstrations of support along the route slowed his motorcade to the point that it took him 25 hours to reach the dinner the association was holding in his honor.
ReinstatedOn July 20, 2007, Chaudhry was reinstated to his position as Chief Justice in a ruling by the thirteen-member bench of Pakistani Supreme Court headed by Justice Khalil ur Rehman Ramday. He was represented by Aitzaz Ahsan, Shahid Saeed, Gohar Khan and Nadeem Ahmed against 16 senior lawyers representing the Federation. The ruling combined 25 constitutional petitions filed by various parties, but referred most of the issues raised by the 24 petitions not filed by Chaudhry himself to lower courts for extended adjudication. All thirteen of the sitting justices agreed that Musharraf’s action had been illegal, and ten of the thirteen ordered Chaudhry was to be reinstated and that he “shall be deemed to be holding the said office and shall always be deemed to have been so holding the same". 2007 State of Emergency On Saturday, Nov 3, 2007, General Pervez Musharraf, who was the President and Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan at the time, declared a state of emergency and suspended the nation’s constitution and parliament at the same time. The declaration accused the judges of violating article 209 of the Constitution of 1973.On 15 November Geo News reported that Chaudhry had ordered the Islamabad Inspector General of Police to take action against his and his family’s house arrest and their possible relocation to Quetta. According to the channel, Chaudhry held the interior secretary, the commissioner, the deputy commissioner and the assistant commissioner responsible for his house arrest. He said he was still the Chief Justice of Pakistan and the official residence was his by right.
Reinstatement 2008-09Just after general elections in February, on March 24, 2008, on his first day of premiership the Pakistani PM Yousaf Raza Gillani ordered Chaudhry’s release from house arrest.In October 2008, Chaudhry visited the Supreme Court building.The Lawyers’ Movement announced a “long march” for the restoration of the judges, especially Chief Justice Iftikhar from 12 to 16 March 2009. The government of Pakistan refused to reinstate the judges and declared section 144 in effect in three of the four provinces of Pakistan thereby forbidding any form of gatherings of the “long march”. Arrangements were made to block all roads and other means of transport to prevent the lawyers from reaching the federal capital, Islamabad. Workers of the main political parties in opposition and the lawyers movement as well as other known persons from the civil society were arrested. Despite these efforts, the movement continued and was able to break through the blockade in Lahore en route to Islamabad in the night between 15 and 16 March 2009. A few hours later, on the morning of March 16, 2009, the prime minister of Pakistan restored Chaudhary Iftikahar as chief justice of Pakistan through an executive order. after which the opposition agreed to stop the “long.
Historical and Famous Judgements
- 7th Amendment and President’s Uniform Case 2005
- Dismissal of petition challenging Legal Framework Order (LFO) 2002
- PCO judges Case
- Karachi law and order case
- New Murre housing project
- NICL scam
- Hajj corruption case
- National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO)
- Power Rental Case
- Disappeared activists from Baluchistan province
- Environmental catastrophe case
- PTCL’s Employees Case
Pakistan Justice Democratic Critic Party PJDCPFormer CJ of SC of Pakistan, Mr. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhary announced his own political party on 25 December 2016. The name of new party was proposed “Pakistan Justice Democratic Critic Party”. Founder and first President of PJDCP is Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhary itself. He announced 25 points agenda of his party in Lahore.
- His lordship attended 22nd Biennial Congress on the Law of the World held in Beijing & Shanghai, China in September, 2005 and participated in International Conference and Showcase on Judicial Reforms held in the Philippines in November, 2005.
- He also visited United Kingdom in February, 2006 in connection with The UK-Pakistan Judicial Protocol on Child and Family Laws.
- Attended XVII World Congress of the “International Association of Youth and Family Judges and Magistrates” at Belfast, Northern Ireland in August, 2006.
- Visited Malaysia in August, 2006 to deliver a Public Lecture on the topic, “The Relationship between Law and Mortality in Islamic Common Law System”.
- Visited India on Golden Jubilee Celebration of Indian Law Institute in November, 2006.
- Attended the Symposium on 47th Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of Turkey in April, 2009.
- Attended the 17th Commonwealth Law Conference on “Emerging Economics and the Rule of Law - Opportunities and Challenges” in Hyderabad, India in February, 2011.
- His lordship attended International Conference of Jurists 28th-29th May, 2012, United Kingdom.
- He was also awarded different awards by the International Organizations including the National Law Journal, published in the United States,honoured him as the lawyer of the year for 2007.
- The Nova Southeastern University conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa. The Honorary Degree Citation of May 10, 2008.
- The Association of the Bar of the City of New York also granted Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry an honorary membership in the association on November 17, 2008, recognizing him as a “symbol of the movement for judicial and lawyer independence in Pakistan.”