The Himalayas is the highest mountain of the world. The western part of Koh-Himalaya is located in Pakistan. The highest peak of this mountain range, Nanga Parbat, 8126 meters high above the sea level is located in Pakistan. In this mountain range are present the most beautiful valleys of the world including the valley of Kashmir.The sub-Himalayas or the Siwalik Hills. The Lasser Himalayas or the Pir Punjal Mountain Range. Great Himalayan Mountain Range. The Ladakh Mountain Range or Interior Himalayas. North Western and Western Mountains: The mountain ranges situated in the north west of Pakistan are known as western branches of Himalayas.
|Location:||A mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Pakistan subcontinent|
|Coordinates :||27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E|
|Elevation:||8,848 m (29,029 ft)|
|Himalayas include:||Over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in elevation|
|Highest peak outside Asia:||Aconcagua, in the Andes – is 6,961 metres (22,838 ft) tall|
|Himalayan range:||Bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges|
|Himalayan Population:||Inhabited by 52.7 million people|
|Major rivers of Himalaya:||Indus river rise in the Himalayas|
|Himalayas western side:||Reach their western end in the dramatic 8000 m peak of Nanga Parbat|
|Above From:||Rises over 7000 m above the Indus valley|
|Westerly summits :||Most westerly of the 8000 m summits|
|Himalayan range:||One of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consists|
|Glaciers:||Third-largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica|
|Number of Glaciers:||About 15,000 glaciers, which store about 12,000 km3 (3,000 cubic miles) of fresh water|
|Lakes:||Himalayan region is dotted with hundreds of lakes|
|Lakes are founded:||Altitudes of less than 5,000 m|
|Parent Range:||Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges|
|Length:||2,400 km (1,500 mi)|
|Climate:||Wide range of climates|
|Temperature:||Fall by 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for every 1000m rise in altitude|
The Pakistani Himalaya is located south and east of the Indus River, which originates close to the holy mountain of Kailash in Western Tibet, marking the ranges true western frontier. The river enters Pakistan from India flowing north-west to Skardu. It then continues on this bearing and is joined by the Hunza River south of Gilgit. From here it flows south and west eventually flowing from the Himalayan foothills onto the Indian planes. The Himalaya is a totally separate range to the Karakoram which runs parallel to the north.
The Himalayan ranges can be grouped into four parallel longitudinal mountain belts of varying width, each having distinct physiographic features and its own geologic history. They are designated, from south to north, as the Outer, or Sub-, Himalayas (also called the Siwalik Range); the Lesser, or Lower, Himalayas; the Great Himalaya Range (Great Himalayas); and the Tethys, or Tibetan, Himalayas. Farther north lie the Trans-Himalayas in Tibet proper. From west to east the Himalayas are divided broadly into three mountainous regions: western, central, and eastern.
One of the remarkable things about the Himalaya in Paksitan is how green and fertile it is compared to the arid Karakoram and Hindukush further north. The Himalaya has a considerably higher precipitation level during the monsoon months creating the environment for rich pine forests and grassy meadows that more closer resemble Canada or Kyrgyzstan than the Karakoram mountains of the Karakoram.
They were formed geologically as a result of the collision of the Indian subcontinent with Asia. This process of plate tectonics is ongoing, and the gradual northward drift of the Indian subcontinent still causes earthquakes. Nanga Parbat stands on the southern tectonic plate while Rakaposhi stands on the northern plate with the Indus River dividing the two. While the Himalaya formed relatively slowly the Karakoram were rapidly pushed upwards resulting in their comparitively dense topography.
The Himalaya is spread across three of Pakistan’s provinces. The Northern area encompasses the Nanga Parbat massif and her surrounding valleys, Azad Jammu & Kashmir and extreme south-east corner of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) include portions of the Lesser Himalaya, also known as the Middle Himalaya. As with the rest of the country the region has a strong muslim identity. Most are Sunnis with some Shi’as in the Astor Valley’s upper tributaries. Languages spoken include Shina, Pashto, Hindko and Kohistani however nearly everybody also speaks Urdu. The people south of the Gilgit are contrasting in ethnicity and culture making the region nteresting to visit for this reason alone.
The threats that Himalayan ibex face are the illegal hunting, human disturbance, habitat loss and competition for forage with domestic livestock. However, the ibex has a wider distribution and is plentiful and its future survival is not so threatened in Pakistan largely due to the inaccessibility of its habitat, due to extensive concentration of high mountain ranges in the extreme north western regions.
1st British surveyor
It was 1887 the 1st British surveyor came to this region from Kashmir via Brogil Pass, Goodwin Austen discovered peaks and glaciers in this area, he tried to climb peaks but some reasons he couldn’t manage. Due to its very high altitudes and sub-zero temperatures these mountainous regions are also one of the most heavily glaciated part of the world outside the polar regions. Together, the Himalayan mountain system is the planet’s highest and home to the world’s highest peaks: the Eight-thousanders, including Mount Everest (Nepal/Tibet) and K2 (Pakistan’s Northern Areas).